I found this article on a website. I found the comments about the variations of the names to be interesting, although I don't know how accurate the info is:
March 29, 2000
While not occurring in large number, the Loes surname is encountered throughout the United States and Canada, most of which have roots in areas of Europe that were at one time under Prussian influence.The Loes surname is found in early English records (Faith Loes, circa 1597 Ipswich, Suffolk, England) and in areas of northeast Germany.Those Loes families I am particularly interested in originated in Luxembourg, in the region around Medingen and Contern.Many decendants of my ancestors still live in Luxembourg.The predominant pronunciation is ‘less’ as in “not as much”.However, some families prefer the ‘lose’ to rhyme with hose pronunciation.That pronunciation is used to identify a particular soil type. loess, that was named after a researcher named Loes.
Because of the Franco-Prussian wars and changing political influence, many name variations were encountered, depending upon contemporary authority in power.For instance, the same person may be Pierre, Peter, or Petrus depending upon whether the priest making the entry in the baptism, marriage, or death record chose to write respectively in French, German, or Latin.Many towns are still known by both their German and French names, even as the state of Luxembourg had the contemporary spelling Luxemburg during much of its history.
The name Loes appears with several variations such as: Liess, Lees, Les, Los, Loss, Löss, Loesse, Less, Lesch, and Loesch.The Loesch variation seems to have been prevalent during the years of Napoleonic influence.Many of these variations are a result of the transliteration of the German script of: L, O with an umlat, i.e. ö, and a final S or sometimes what appears as a final double S.The closest English transliteration is Loes and was the form generally used by the immigrant when he wrote his own name.The phonetic American spelling, as was sometimes written by others was Less.One variation of Loes to Less occurred in the Cascade, Iowa area when two Matt Loeses were frequently getting each other’s mail.One decided to end the problem by changing the spelling of his name to Less.
My earliest records at present date back to Jacobus Liess, who was born in the 1640s in Strassen, Luxemburg.His wife was Catharine.I am indebted to Anne Err-Loes of Luxembourg for this very early information.I am also indebted to many other people who contributed information to this document.I hesitate to mention names because so many have been involved over the years that I cannot recall all of them and I am at great fault for not being meticulous is in keeping detailed notes on each item of information and its collaboration.Nevertheless, I will take the risk and mention a few instances because the excitement I enjoyed when I obtained that information was so memorable.
First, we all owe a debt to our ancestors and their contemporaries who took the time to record those births, marriages, and deaths.Without those records, our genealogy would be very disappointing.
Next, I want to mention Michael J. Neiers, who in the early 1900s prepared a genealogy of the Neiers and Loes families.This provided a starting point that bridged the distance back to Luxembourg.
Some others who provided significant quantities of information that was key to tying together the many families are:Father Pierre Marten of Burmerange, Luxembourg, who provided many details on the family of Michael Loes and Margaret Entringer; Father John Wey of Trintingen, Luxembourg who provided much information on the Neiers family; and Mrs. Wilfred Knepper of Dubuque, Iowa, who helped me with the Nicholas Loes and Margaret Gehrens descendants.I must mention Mark Loes, then of Cedar Rapids, Iowa and now of California, who helped me with many of the obscure connections within the Neiers and Loes families, who filled in much of the information on the Mathias Loes and Margaret Neiers family, and who most of all, rekindled my enthusiasm for the Neiers/Loes genealogy.Note that he did this twice, once in 1985 and again as of this writing in 1999.I am especially indebted to Mrs. Anne Err-Loes who helped tie together two Loes families that I knew had to be related, each with roots in the same Luxembourg locations, and each with contemporary migrations to the eastern Iowa.I must mention Joy Pealer because of the extensive information she recently provided me on the "other half" of Dubuque County that I previously did not know were part of the Loes family.
To all that have contributed information, I say a loud THANK YOU!!I also beg forgiveness for mistakes, which I am sure I have many.Yet, I want to make this information available and hope that when you discover errors you will inform me that I may correct them.I also am soliciting any additional information that the reader may be able to provide that I may continue to make this a complete record of the Loes family.
With its documented origins in Strassen, Luxemburg, a town about 4 km west of Luxembourg City, the family moved east to the Contern and Medigen area.Contern is about 9 km southeast of Luxembourg City.Most of the descendants of Jacobus and Catherine lived in that southeast corner of Luxemburg, with such towns as Moutfort/Mutfort, Waldbredimus, Syren, Assel, Bous, Remich, Erpeldange, Dalheim, Filsdorf, Roedt/Trintingen, Hassel, and Burmeringer/Buermerange in the far southeast corner on the Mouselle River bordering France and Germany being listed as birth, death, and marriage locations for both the Loes and Neiers families.Burmeringer was the last residence of my direct Loes ancestors before they emigrated to Iowa.
Jacobus Liess and Catharina of Strassen had one son, Johannes Löss, born in Strassen 11 MAR 1677.He married Barbara Nommers 7 FEB 1707 at Contern.Barbara was born in Contern 26 JAN 1681, daughter of Nicolaus Trintges and Barbara.This seems to have been the predominant factor in the move away from Strassen to Contern.Johannes and Barbara had six children: Nicolaus, born 17 AUG 1706 and married first to Catharina Heldand and, after her death, to Catharina Kops; Jacob, born 3 OCT 1708 and married first to Elisabeth Conter, and after her death, to Appolonia Ludig; Petrus, born 2 SEP 1711 and married to Elisabeth Mart; Johannes Michael, born 25 DEC 1713 and married to Barbara Mart; Maria, born 5 MAY 1716 and married to Christian Bertreng; and Barbara, born 9 NOV 1721 and married to Nicolaus Becker.