Melungeon Cherokee Malango Bolling maybe solved
The following article is from Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author. Information about the newsletter is available at http://www.eogn.comhttp://www.eogn.com.
The following Myths are from Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter click here for his full list
Myth #5: Our family always spelled the name as ...
Fact: The moment that you insist your surname was always spelled a particular way, you have just labeled yourself as a beginning genealogist. Name spellings have varied widely and, in fact, have only become standardized in the past 100 years or so. The people who created earlier records often were census takers, town clerks, tax collectors, clergymen, and others, who wrote down what they heard. In the days when most people could not read or write, many did not know how to spell their own names. When a clerk asked, "How do you spell that?" the most common answer was, "I don't know." A census taker late for dinner on a long, hot, dusty, summer day may not have cared whether a name was spelled STUART or STEWART.
Include a dozen or so variants of Bolling
Boling Bowling Bolen Bollen
.An Indian who was particularly important to Washington was a Catawba named Captain James Bullen. One of the ways South Carolina Governor James Glen maintained control over the Catawbas was to issue commissions to important individuals. Bullen was commissioned as a "War Captain."85 In mid 1757, Washington mentioned to Dinwiddie a plan that Bullen had in mind for securing the aid of Creek and Cherokee Indians. Washington commented, "... it would be a propitious circumstance and worthy of Bullen: whom I beg leave to recommend to your Honor as deserving particular encouragement for his endeavours to save the Country. He has spent more of his things to inspirit his own people, as well as £10 cash in bringing them in."86 Washington respected the skills of the Catawba captain. Bullen, though considered by Indian matrilineal custom a full Catawba, was one of many mixed blood Indians common in the South after 1740.87 The son of a colonial trader and a Catawba woman, James Bullen, whose Indian name was Spanau, was very important within the Catawba nation.88
Bullen met his end, along with another Catawba called "Captain French" or "French Warrior," in an engagement in the late summer of 1758. Washington was troubled by these losses. He commented, "The loss we sustain by the death of these two Indian Warriors is at this Juncture very considerable as they were very remarkable for their bravery and attachment to Our Interest - particularly poor Bullen, whom (and the other) we buried with Military Honours."89 Washington also praised the courageousness and loyalty of the two Indians to the new governor of Virginia, Francis Fauquier.90
Washington always recognized the importance and the value of giving presents to the Indians.91 He once commented, "... if we depend on Indian assistance we must have a large quantity of proper indian goods to reward their Services, & make them presents; it is by this means alone that the French Command" has "such an interest among them, & that we had so few...."92 Washington informed his early commanding officer, Joshua Fry, that the Indians "must be bought; their friendship is not so warm, as to prompt them to these services gratis."93 Unfortunately for Washington, he often could only give the Indians promises that presents were soon to come. In late 1756 Washington pressed John Robinson, Virginia Treasurer, for more Indian goods, saying that he needed them to get more Indians to join him.94 Early in his command at Winchester, he ordered Christopher Gist to go to the Susquehannah and attempt to recruit any Indians he could. Washington told Gist to promise the Indians anything they asked for as long as they joined up with the English.95
Governor Dinwiddie agreed with Washington on the military skills of the Indians and tried to enlist their aid.
My Views and Inclinat's have always been sanguine in cultivat'g a F'dship with the different Nat's if Inds in Amity with Brittain and these Colonies, particularly with the So'ern Ind's, the Catawbas and Cherokees; their Emperor, King and many of their Chiefs have been here; I always entertain'd them properly, and sent them away pleased with Prest's....96
Treaty between North Carolina and King Hagler and the Catawba ...
docsouth.unc.edu › ... › Colonial and State Records (CSR) - Cached
Mar 24, 2010 – King Hagler and sundry of his headmen and Wariors ... One of the Captains named James Bullin Owned that not Long agoe he and his men ...
Native Heritage Project | Documenting the Ancestors
nativeheritageproject.com/ - Cached
7 hours ago – Other than King Hagler, we only have one, James Bullin. .... One of the Captains named James Bullin Owned that not Long agoe he and his ...
Washington Assumes Command of the Virginia Forces, Part One
www.dreric.org/library/command.shtml - Cached
86 Washington respected the skills of the Catawba captain. ... 87 The son of a colonial trader and a Catawba woman, James Bullen, whose Indian name .... The Catawba eractasswa (chief) King Hagler commented, "Squire Atkin promised me ...
www.catawba-people.com/nisbet_bottoms.htm - CachedIn 1760 King Hagler had little difficulty convincing his people to abandon Pine .... War Captain James Bullen of French and Indian War fame; and War Captain ...
- Person Page 13777
thepeerage.com/p13777.htm - Cached
Armar Lowry-Corry and Geraldine King-King ... Kate Elizabeth Bullen is the daughter of Captain James Bullen.1 She married Arthur Lowry-Corry, son of Admiral ...
Hagler (Arataswa or Oroloswa) | NCpedia
ncpedia.org/biography/hagler - Cached
Arataswa or Oroloswa Hagler, king or head man of the Catawbas (ca. ... Governor James Glen of South Carolina and his counterpart in New York attempted to end ... Also, at about this time Dobbs sent a captain's commission to Jimmy Bullen, ...