Re: Johann Josef Niquet
I hope you're still active in this forum.I haven't been here in quite a while.
I do research on the French-Canadian branches of my family NIQUETTE, or NIQUET (older spelling).This includes tracing them back to France in the 1600's, when the ancestor of my family left for Canada.
The reason I'm responding to your post about a German NIQUET family is that I have found some information about possible links between French and German NIQUET families.The link occurs back near 1580, shortly after the Huguenots fled France to escape persecution by the Catholics.Some NIQUET families eventually settled in Canada (my direct ancestors).
Others moved into Flanders and the surrounding countries.Descendents of the NIQUET families in Flanders later established a "Huguenot Colony in Berlin" and gave rise to many NIQUET families in Germany.It is possible that your family descended from the Flanders branch.
In addition, NIQUET families in Australia can trace their ancestries to a NIQUET ancestor who migrated there from Germany in the 1800's.He in turn is probably a descendant of the Flanders NIQUET families in Germany.
The data for all this is in part historical and can be found on various internet web sites.
Here is a good history of the arrival of Peter Johann NIQUET in Queensland Australia around 1838.He worked as a mason (stone worker) at the new Lutheran mission there.Later he moved to Sydney to study to be a minister.
The current NIQUET families in Australia trace their ancestry to him.
In 1997 I received two documents from Dr Marcel NIQUET in Frankfurt.He was interested in the Flemish roots of the German NIQUET families.I had originally contacted him by searching the internet for NIQUET families around the world.
The documents are copies of an old text by "Goltzius", I believe, and describe a very early Flemish family member named Jan NICQUET or NIQUET.Because of the dates, I believe that Jan NIQUET was a Huguenot or other Protestant who left France to settle in Flanders.Very possibly he was one of the Huguenot refugees who fled the St Bartholemew Day massacre of Huguenots in France.
Dr. Marcel NIQUET told me that this was one of his ancestors, whose descendants later migrated to Germany; from there, Peter Johann NIQUET left for Australia with other Lutheran mission volunteers in 1837.
In conclusion, it seems that the NIQUET families in Germany and Australia are descended from French Huguenot refugees, including at least one family in Flanders (Jan NIQUET).Theexodus of the Huguenot NIQUET families happened in the late 1500's around the time of the St Bartholemew day massacre.
The NIQUET immigrant to Quebec in 1663 left France from the area of St Jean-d'Angely on the west coast near La Rochelle.It is possible that he too was a Huguenot or descended from Huguenots, because St Jean-d'Angely was a Huguenot stronghold during the time of the massacre.That area of France seems to have remained a safe haven for Huguenots for some time after the massacre.
However, I'm not certain of this.His marriage to a French immigrant from Paris took place in Quebec in 1666.The marriage was performed by contract, not in a Catholic Church.However, his children and all their descendants were raised as Catholics.It was a custom for Catholics in those days to permit marriages to spouses of other religions, but only by contract and provided the children were raised as Catholic.Perhaps this is all coincidence.We may never know.
The massacre in France occurred in the generation of my immigrant's grandfather.There are records of a Huguenot named Spire NIQUET in Paris, a Protestant (i.e. Huguenot) bookseller who was killed during the massacre.Since Spire was known to be a Huguenot, he is likely to have been related in some way to Jan NICQUET.Unlike Jan, however, Spire did not survive by emigrating to Flanders.
That is a summary of all that I know about the connections between French, Flemish, German, and Australian NIQUET families.I believe that there is persuasive evidence that you are descended from Jan NIQUET, who in turn was descended from Huguenot members of the NIQUET family in France - possibly at least one branch in the area of Paris.Whether or not those families are also related to mine in the area of St Jean-d'Angely we can only guess.
Someday maybe we will have better proof.Until then, I hope you find the current collection of data interesting.If you would like copies of the Jan NIQUET documents, let me know either by posting a message in this forum or sending me an email message via the "Contact" button on my website. Here is the site address: