I have transcribed the will of Charles ODINGSELL which I found at the Georgia Archives' Virtual Vault website http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/Vault/ArcVirtualVault/default.aspxhttp://sos.georgia.gov/archives/Vault/ArcVirtualVault/default.aspx . I have had some difficulty navigating the site this morning or would have included a link to the image. For now, this is the link to the Virtual Vault, where there are many images of interesting documents, including several Colonial Will books. Viewing them can be a challenge, but maybe it's just me!
This Charles Odingsell is the earliest one I have information on at this time. I have him born about 1721 in Georgia, marrying first Ann GRIMBALL, and second (7 March 1766 in SC) Sarah, the widow LIVINGSTON. I have added some punctuation and made some corrections to spelling for clarity's sake. Words in brackets were sections that I couldn't be sure of and made a best guess.
A list of relatives and slaves mentioned in the text follows the will. I broke down the slaves into rough age categories using the wordage in the will.
My ancestrial line is through Charles' daughter Mary "Esther" ODINGSELL - SCREVEN.
p. 375 of the Colonial Will Book
Written: 27 July 1770
[filed?] 10 January 1771
Recorded: 18th January 1771
In the name of God, Amen. I, Charles Odingsell of the province of Georgia in ye parish of Christ Church, Planter being in a frail & weak condition though of sound mind & memory, thought proper to settle my Worldly concerns this Twenty Seven Day of July, One Thousand, Seven Hundred & Seventy in the manner following:
Item: I bequeath my Soul into the hands of Almighty God who gave it me, trusting in the merits of my Redeemer, ‘twill meet with a free pardon of all my sins and be reunited to my Body at the Great Day. My Body I[desire?] may [be placed & duly interred] without any Spirituous Liquor at the same. And as for what Earthly Good it hath pleased God Almighty to [bestow upon me] I desire may be Disposed of in Manor and form following:
Item: I give to my Beloved Wife Sarah all that I had by her, both what was Left her by her former Husband Livingston & what fell to her by the Death of her Daughter Dory with whose Household furniture I bought of Livingston’s Estate, with my [?odening] chair and these horses by name, Dragon and the Large Bay.I likewise Bequeath and give to my said wife the Negro Boy by Name Alex & the sum of One Thousand, --- Hundred Pounds, Lawful Currency of South Carolina to be paid her within Eighteen Months after my Decease.[p. 376] The above Legacy to my wife is in lieu of her Right of Dower to my estate both real and personal.
Item: I bequeath and give to my daughter Mary Screven those New Negro Boys which I bought for her & which she now hath in [her] possession with the young wench Merriam & the wench Sue & their issue.
Item: I Bequeath and give unto my son [Rev?] Charles Odingsell the following Six Negroes, viz. Solomon, Cato, Quacco***, Cyphax, Ned and the Girl Dauphnie with her future issue.
Item: I Bequeath and give to my son Benjamin Odingsell the following seven Negroes viz. Prince Diamond, Shoemaker, Sam, Africa, Little Cuffe, Little Charles and the Girl Dina and her future issue, the Negro Boys to be bound with my son Benjamin to Anthony Toomer to learn the bricklayer’s business.
Item: I Bequeath and give to my daughter Elizabeth Odingsell, the wench Pepp with her two children, Jeany & Betty and their future issue with the wench Martha, and her issue, Joe, [Affe] and all their future issue and the boy Maurice.
Item: I Bequeath and give to my Daughter Sarah Odingsell the following Negroes viz. Kitchen Betty with her Issue, Will, James, Jetty and the mullato child Diannah and the child Phoebe with their future issue. In case my daughter Sarah should Die before marriage or the age of twenty-one, then it is my will and pleasure those Negroes left to my [said] Daughter Sarah be Divided Amongst my other Children that might be then alive.
Item: For the faithful Services to my family from my two Old Servants Amoss & Old Mimah, it is my will and pleasure that they be acquitted from All Services to my family & I hereby give*them their freedom, they paying annually During life, five shillings Carolina Currency on Every New Year’s Day to my son Charles Odingsell & he on the same Day During their life to give them each a suit of Clothes such as he Shall think proper of not less value than five pounds Carolina Currency.
Item: It is my will and pleasure [that] the two tracts of land [S????] Screven [?] now Lives, Known by the Name [p. 367] [of] Rest Park and London Derry with the other two tracts opposite which I bought of Johnson & Alex Wylly, be advertised three months & continued in Both Carolina & Georgia Papers & then be sold within Eighteen Months after my decease in Chas Town upon the best terms my Executors shall then think proper and what Land that I have in Carolina be sold at the same time with the remainder of my Negroes, that is, those who are not already given away, the monies arising from the sale of my said Lands & Negroes after my Debts are paid to be** Divided amongst My Children that shall be then alive. My Exors, whom I appoint as Guardians to my respective children to take each of them [the] Share of Each Particular Child as well their Negroes under their particular Charge & the monies so arising or Dividends to be put to use till each Particular Child Marries or attains the age of twenty-one, then to be put in the Peaceable Possession, their respective Inheritance or Legacies.
Item: It is my pleasure that the Lands Granted to me in St. Davids & St Andrews parish in this province be Kept till my son Benjamin Arrives to the age of twenty-one & then divided by lot Between My sons Charles & Benjamin Should they approve of it, or sold and the monies Divided Among my Said Two Sons.
Lastly, I nominate my well Beloved Son-in-law James Screven [Executor] of my Estate and Guardian to my Son Charles & my Daughter Elizabeth Odingsell.I Nominate & appoint my Beloved Kinsman Anthony Toomer of Charles Town, So. Carolina [Executor] of my Estate and Guardian of my son Benjamin Odingsell.
Item: I hereby revoke all former wills by me & acknowledge this to contain my last will and Testament and no others.
Signed, Sealed, published and acknowledged to contain the last will & Testament of the testor in the presence of us: John Stack, Mary Ash, John Screven
Georgia) Before his Excellency James Wright Esq., Captain General, Governor in Chief of his Majesty’s province and Ordinary of the Same---
Personally appeared John Stack of the parish of Christ Church. Gentlemen, one of the Subscribing Witnesses to the above written last Will & Testament of Charles Odingsell of the same parish Esquire, Deceased who, being duly Sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God made Oath that he was present and did see the said Testor Sign, Seal, publish, pronounce & Declare the same to be and Contain his Last Will & Testament And that he was of Sound and Disposing Mind and memory to the best of his Knowledge and belief and that he, with Mary Ash and John Screven subscribed their names as witnesses thereto at the request and in the presence of the said testor and in each other’s presence at the same time James Screven one of the Executors named on the said will Qualified. Given under my hand the 10th January 1771.Ja Wright
Here ends the transcript of Charles Odingsell’s will.
*The accidental second writing of the phrase “& I hereby give,” which occurs in the original, was omitted for ease of reading.
** The accidental second writing of the phrase “after my Debts are paid to be,” which occurs in the original, was omitted for ease of reading.
I took the liberty of adding some punctuation and correcting some spelling for ease of reading and clarity. Most common spelling changes I made: from “There” to “Their.”
Wife: Sarah, the widow Livingston
Daughter:Mary Screven, [Mary Esther Odingsell – Screven, by his first wife Ann Grimbal, married to James Screven (future Brigadier General.)]
SON:Rev. Charles Odingsell [appointed a guardian, so under 21?]
SON:Benjamin Odingsell [under 21 in July 1770]
DAUGHTER: Elizabeth Odingsell [appointed a guardian, so under 21?]
DAUGHTER: Sarah Odingsell [under 21 in July 1770]
Kinsman: Anthony TOOMER, [in Bricklaying business in Charleston, SC]
Dory Livingston [wife Sarah’s late daughter with previous husband, died before 1770]
Men- Solomon,Cato,Quacco***(see below),Cyphax,Ned,Prince Diamond,Shoemaker,Sam,Africa,Little Cuffe,Little Charles,Will,James,Jetty,Amoss [old, given his freedom]
Girls & ‘wenches’-Merriam,Sue,Dauphnie,Dina,Martha,Diannah,Phoebe
Women-Pepp and her children Jeany &Betty;Kitchen Betty,Old Mimah [given her freedom.]
Negro couple: Joe & Affe [double-check original, unsure of notes regarding Affe]
*** Savannah Georgia Gazette, April 26, 1775
RUN AWAY from the subscriber at Little Ogechee, A NEGROE FELLOW named QUACO, about five feet eight inches high, speaks good English, a carpenter by trade, had on when he went away a blue negroe cloth jacket and trowsers, and oznabrig shirt. This is to forewarn all persons from harboring said fellow, as they will be prosecuted as the law directs. Whoever will deliver said fellow, to the subscriber, or to the Warden of the Work-House, shall receive a reward of twenty shillings, besides all reasonable charges.
CHARLES ODINGSELL [Son of Charles Odingsell, of the will]