Wills of colonial Virginia were for one purpose, to transfer land not following the tenants of common law regarding the rights of the primogenitor. In the terms of the time land was "devised". If no land was devised a written "testament" could be written to bequeath personal property. Treatment of personal property could be included in a will. Prior to 1705 a will had to be recorded in any county where land was to be devised. After 1705 a will also had to be recorded where the person writing the will lived. Many land holders owned land on the frontiers in counties where they did not reside, therefore their will had to be recorded in two counties. The will did not have to be recorded in the county where the person, "legatee", receiving the devised lived. Same was true for bequeathed personal property. In other words,unless it was written specifically in the document, there is no way to tell where the writer or the legatee lived. That information can be proven only in other documents. It should also be noted that a will might be recorded in the county where the executor lived. A will was proved in the county where land was devised only after all debts of the writer had been paid, personal property distributed, and the land devised. The county clerk recorded a will in a "will book" and entered it as proved when all legalities were completed. Unfortunately letters from legatees living in or out of the county, affidavits, powers of attorney, etc. were not documented in the will book. Most County clerks kept this information as "loose papers" or with Chancery Court records filed in a metal box. Most of this information has been lost. The other point that should be considered is why would the name of the father of some but not all of the legatees in Mutus Butler's will be mentioned? The answer lies in the common law of that time. Any person not the age of majority " an infant" was considered chattel of the father. Therefore anything bequeathed to "infants' was also the responsibilityof the father. So with regard to Mutus Butler's will what can we reasonably know? 1. She owned and devised land in Prince George County, Virginia. 2. She knew at sometime in her life those that she devised land to. 3 She knew at some time in her life those that she bequeathed personal property to. What don't we know from the will? Where did the legatees live?Where did Mutus Butler live at the time of her death? We don't know where or when Mutus knew the legatees. So we must say other documents are needed to make any statement about the county of residence of John Pace's daughter, which may have nothing to with where john Pace lived. I have other questions about the will. As I understand the abstract of the 1713 will, there were more than two witnesses. Three witnesses were required only in a "nuncupative" dictated will which were only accepted in cases of death bed dictation. Were there changes from the 1710 will? In the absence of further documentation Mutus Butler's will is not proof that John Pace lived in Charles City County or Prince George County. It is not proof that his daughter lived in Prince George County. Only conjecture can put John's daughter in Prince George, and only conjecture based on conjecture can put John there. Hopefully, someday documents maybe found that will prove where john Pace lived. Until then the only documents of that time put a John Pace in Surry County in 1703, and a decade later in North Carolina. Everything else is supposition which leads only to esoteric argument.