Pannebeckers (American Name) come from the Netherlands
Why does the Dutch homeland have two names, Holland and the Netherlands?Since the sixteenth century, the official name of the Dutch homeland has been the Netherlands. It is often incorrectly referred to by foreigners as Holland. This is because the people of the Netherlands call themselves Hollanders or Nederlanders.Again, the English-speaking world insists on calling them Dutch, much to their consternation.
Holland is actually only one small region of the Netherlands. This province, which comprises 16 percent of the national land area, was the center of the nation's wealth and home to many of the early Dutch explorers who traveled the world's oceans during the sixteenth century. Because these sailors called themselves Hollanders, foreigners inferred that they must have come from a country called Holland. The Dutch people became so offended by the invasion of the English language over the last three centuries that, in 1934, their government officially banned the use of the word Dutch, mandating the use of the word Netherlands whenever possible. The use of the word "Dutch," in the English language, to represent something inferior, is one example of what the Dutch resent. For instance, "Dutch treat" means a meal where everyone pays their own way, and "in Dutch" means in trouble.
Early Americans also slighted the Dutch, mistakenly calling the German settlers of Pennsylvania "Dutch,"instead of the German word "Deutsch," meaning German. All this friction between the Dutch and the English goes back to 1624 when Dutch soldiers attacked the English at Amboina, East Indies. Not content to beat the English, the Dutch went on to massacre the survivors. England was furious but was in no position to retaliate. The Dutch attacked the English again in 1653 and sailed through the English Channel, arrogantly savoring their victory.
Another war broke out in 1665. These and other incidents made the English hate everything Dutch. They ridiculed their enemy by calling anything spurious "Dutch." Happily, William of Holland married Princess Mary of England in 1677, and the two countries patched things up. However, the ethnic slurs lived on. Another interesting thing about the Netherlands is that it has two capital cities, The Hague and Amsterdam. In 1795, invading French troops captured Amsterdam and made it the Capital. They renamed the country the Batavian Republic.
In 1806, Napoleon I changed it to the Kingdom of Holland. The Dutch drove the French out in 1813 and restored their government in The Hague in 1814.However, the capital stayed in Amsterdam, where it remains today.