Source: Free Baptist Cyclopaedia: Historical and Biographical: the rise of the Freewill Baptist Connection and of those general and open communion Baptists which, merging together, form one people, their doctrines, polity, publications, schools and missions, with brief biographies of ministers and others identified with the growth and strength of the denomination, by Rev. Gideon Albert Burgess, A.M. andRev. John T. Ward, A.M.; published by Free Baptist Cyclopaedia Co., 1889;
BEEDE, Samuel, was converted at Sandwich Centre during the Second General Conference there in October, 1828. He soon after entered the Star office at Limerick, Me., as junior editor. Wm. Burr employed him to write a series of articles which resulted in the establishment of the Book Concern in 1831. He was elected one of the publishing and advisory committee. Jan. 1, 1833, he became editor of the Star. He was removed by death March 28, 1834, in the midst of his usefulness. His wife, Mary E. Beede, sister of Rev. Rufus Spaulding, missionary to Africa, married Rev. Jeremiah Phillips and accompanied him September, 1835, to India.
BURKHOLDER, Rev. Thomas Wesley, son of Christian Wahl and Jane( Allinder) Burkholder, was born at St. Thomas, Pa., in 1850. He was converted in January, 1867, and received license to preach the same year. He studied for a time in Hillsdale College, and graduated from Pennsylvania State College in 1874 and from Crozer Theological Seminary in 1878. He received ordination Oct. 28, 1877. and was for a time pastor of the First church, Harrisburg, Pa. In October, 1878, he sailed as a missionary to India, and was located at Bhimpore, where he has rendered efficient service (see Mission in India ) among the Santals. Nov. 18, 1879, he was married to Miss Julia E. PHILLIPS, daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips. She was born at Jellasore, India, June 5, 1845, and received baptism at Whitestown, N.Y. March 8, 1857. After study at Prairie City, Ill., and at Hillsdale College, Mich. she was appointed a missionary and sailed for India in December, 1864, reaching Calcutta June 21, 1865. She was located at Midnapore, where her labors were very helpful (see .1 fission in India). After a vacation in America, 1875-78, she continued her work at Midnapore until her marriage, since which her time has been given to the Santal work. The home at Bhimpore is cheered by three children, and one has gone above.
GARDNER, Prof. James Salmon, Ph. D., son of Rev. Levi G. Gardner, was born at Lebanon, N. Y., June 24, 1822. He graduated from Whitestown Seminary, N. Y., in 1846, and from Hamilton College, Clinton, N. Y., in the class of 1849. In his studies he won the honors which are accorded to superior scholarship, and the degree of Doctor of Philosophy was bestowed by his Alma Mater in 1863. While yet in school he began teaching, and in 1853 he became principal of Whitestown Seminary, a position which he held until his death, April 28, 1881. The management of the school and its finances devolved largely upon him, but his qualifications for the varied duties of his position were rare. He possessed the faculty of organization, was patient and expert in details, was keen in discerning human nature, and mingled kindness with marked firmness in his government of the pupils. He devoted himself with energy and perseverance to the work in hand. The result was a gradual widening of the usefulness of the school and an increase of its departments and numbers until it came to occupy a very high rank among institutions of its class. He devoted much attention to the successful pursuit of special studies in the sciences, and was interested in every movement for the advancement of education. The year of his graduation he married Elizabeth E. PHILLIPS, sister of the Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, the missionary. Of their seven children, three died before them, and the others reside at Syracuse, Kan., James P. being register of deeds of Hamilton County in that state.
MARSHALL, Rev. Albert J., was born in Shelby, N. Y., Nov. 3, 1847. His parents were Josiah H. and Elizabeth O. (Wood) Marshall. In January, 1864, he entered the army, and was with Sherman's army on its famous march to the sea and thence north, to the end of the war. He was converted in 1869, while at Rochester Seminary, Wisconsin. After this he studied at Evansville Seminary and at Hillsdale College, where he completed the theological course and the larger part of the college course. He received license to preach in 1870, and ordination April 26, 1872. While at Hillsdale he was pastor successively of the churches at Butler, St. Joseph River, gathered by his labors, and Cook's Prairie, where a considerable revival resulted.
While in the junior class at Hillsdale, the needs of the foreign work were so great that he devoted himself to it, and set sail for India in September, 1873. He was accompanied by his wife, Emily L., a daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, and a graduate of Hillsdale in the class of 1870, whom he married July 15, 1873. On reaching India, they were located at Balasore, where they labored with success untilt their return in 1882. Brother Marshall was called to the pastorate of the Evansville, Wis. church, and a year and a half later he became principal of Rochester Seminary, which prospered under his direction. He then served a year as editor of the Free Baptist (a. v.), and entered upon his duties as president of Winnebago College.
MILLER, William G., son of William and Rhoda (Phillips) Miller, was born March 1, 1829, in Dryden, N. Y. Converted in 1849, he was licensed in 1870. He has worked as a home missionary, and a good number have been converted. In December, 1849, he married Mary T. Cook. They live in Putnam, Conn.
PHILLIPS, Miss Harriet Preston, daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, was born at Jellasore, India, March 11, 1848. She consecrated her life to God in 1860, and in June, 1868, was graduated from Hillsdale College, Michigan, where she held a high position in the respect and esteem of all. She was for nine years, 1869-78, a teacher in the city schools at Chicago, Ill. In October, 1878, she sailed for India, under appointment of the Woman's Society, and has rendered efficient service as a teacher in the Bible School at Midnapore, and also in zenana and other work at Balasore. See Mission in India.
PHILLIPS, Miss Ida Orissa, daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, was bor n at Whitestown, N. Y., July 24, 1856. She spent six years (1865-71) with her parents in India. On her return she studied at Hillsdale College, where she graduated in 1877. In October of the same year she sailed for India, under direction of the Woman's Missionary Society, and there rendered efficient service (see Mission in India), until her return for rest in 1887. Yet, while here, she did not allow herself complete rest. She labored among the General Baptists, as well as among Free Baptists, to promote an interest in missions; and July 5, 1889, while with her sister in Winnebago City, Minn., she passed to her rest in heaven. She was a missionary of great promise, being by nature and culture especially well fitted for the work. Her early death was a sad loss to the mission to which she expected soon to return.
PHILLIPS, Rev. James L., M. D., D.D., (Bowdoin College 1878), son of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, was born at Balasore, India, Jan. 17, 1840. His mother died when her twin sons, James and John, were six mouths old. Her last audible words, spoken upon seeing James, were, "God bless my darling child!" In March following, his father removed from Balasore to Patna, one mile from Jellasore. Here James spent his boyhood. When twelve years of age he and his brother were sent to America to be educated. He prepared for college at Whitestown, N. Y., entered Bowdoin College, Maine, in 1856, and graduated in 1860. He studied theology at New Hampton, N. H. He then took a medical course at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, and received the degree of M. D. in September, 1864. In December following he sailed for India. He was married Aug. 10, 1864, to Miss Mary R. Sayles, of Pascoag, R. I. His ordination took place in New York City, Sept. 28, 1862.
His father, Rev. J. Phillips, his father's wife, and their daughter, Miss Julia E. Phillips (Mrs. Burkholder), were in company with him and his wife when they went out to India. They arrived in Calcutta after a voyage of more than six months around the Cape of Gocd Hope June 22, 1865. He was located at Midnapore, and while engaged iii various missionary work there and in the district, prepared himself for Santal work. In 1873, he removed to the Bimpore station, and January 1st following organized the Santal church there. In March, 1875, he sailed for America, and arrived in May. During this term of service he was the missionary of the Free Baptists of New Brunswick. Until he sailed for India again, in October, 1878, he was at work among the churches in behalf of the mission. He visited also the churches of New Brunswick. The last two years of his vacation he served as corresponding secretary of the Foreign Mission Society. During this vacation he raised an endowment fund of $25,000 for the India Bible School. Upon his return to the field he founded the Bible School at Midnapore, and was its principal several years. Mrs. Phillips' health failing, she returned to America with the children, and in about a year he followed, arriving Dec. 25, 1885. He preached for the Auburn, R. I., church for a time, and then became chaplain of the state institutions of Rhode Island. He resigned his position and accepted the secretaryship of the Evangelical Alliance of Philadelphia about the beginning of 1889. He has been editor of the missionary department of the Morning Star since 1886. He was moderator of the General Conferance at Marion, O., in 1886. Articles from his pen have appeared in the leading religious periodicals of India and in the most prominent undenominational religious and missionary periodicals of America.
PHILLIPS, Mrs. James L., (Mary R.,) daughter of Whipple and Sophia (Arnold) Sayles, was born in Pascoag, R. I. She was converted in 1850. She studied at Providence, R. I., and at New Hampton, N. H. Aug. 10, 1864, she married J. L. Phillips, and, entering upon the work of our missionary field, she has identified herself fully with the work of her husband as a cheerful helper and a precious companion. They have five children.
PHILLIPS, Rev. Jeremiah, D.D., son of Parley and Hannah (Crumb) Phillips, was born in Plainfield, N. Y., Jan. 5, 1812. When nine years old, he was baptized by Rev. Wm. Hunt and united with the church in his native place. His thoughts were early directed to the work of the ministry, and by the aid of his father, who was a farmer, he began a course of study at the Literary and Theological Seminary at Hamilton, N.Y., now known as Madison University. While there, Amos Sutton, D.D., of the English General Baptist Mission in India, visited America and addressed the students of this and other schools. Brother Phillips with others decided to devote his life to missionary service. His course of study was not completed, for it seemed important that he should accompany Doctor Sutton on his return to India. He was appointed a missionary Aug. 11, 1835, ordained at Plainfield, September 2, married at Boston, Mass., September 15 to Mrs. Mary Spaulding Beede, of Dover, N. H., and embarked for Calcutta September 22, reaching that port Feb. 5, 1836. His first station was Sambhalpur, 250 miles from Cuttack up the Mahanadi River. Here Mrs. Phillips, after taking up the work most hopefully, died Nov. 3, 1837, bequeathing her property to the society, and leaving to the world a most worthy example of Christian devotion and heroism. This station was given up in 1838, and Brother Phillips was next located at Balasore, and in 1840 at Jellasore. In January, 1839, Brother Phillips married Miss Mary Ann Grimsditch, of Serampore. Her father, a British officer, lost his life in the Burmese war when she was a child, and her careful training in a missionary family, as the adopted daughter of Rev. J. Mack, prepared her for great usefulness. But the next year in July she became sick with fever and died August 16, at Midnapore, whither she had been taken for relief. She left twin sons six months old, John H., since a merchant and broker of Chicago, Ill., known for his interest in every Christian work, and James I/., prominent in missiouarv labor.
In 1841 Brother Phillips was married a third time, to Miss Hannah W. Cummings, daughter of Thomas and Hannah (Webster) Cummings. She was born in Hudson, N. H., April 13, 1818, and received her education at Pittsfield, N. H., and at Lowell, Mass., where she was converted in 1835. Devoting her life to missionary work, she sailed from Boston, May 16, 1840, arriving at Balasore October 12, and the next year becoming Mrs. Phillips at Jellasore, where their united labors were blessed of God. The reader is referred to the article on the India Mission for a more extended account of the labors of Brother Phillips and family. In December, 1853, Mrs. Phillips, with their children, embarked for America, and in February, 1855, Brother Phillips followed, being in greatly impaired health. Several years of outdoor life in Illinois and Iowa so thoroughly restored his energies that in 1864 he, with his wife, sailed again for India, remaining there in active work until June, 1879, when they returned to America. After a few weeks' suffering he died at Hillsdale, Mich., Dec. 9 of that year, and his earthly remains were laid away in Oak Grove cemetery, north of the college grounds.
Brother Phillips was the first to reduce the Santal language to writing, and their elementary books were prepared by him. For his work in behalf of the Santals he received the thanks of the British government ; and in all his service he evinced the character and spirit of a true missionary of the cross. His memory is cherished with gratitude and esteem by the native converts in India, and with love by the people whom he represented as Christ's ambassador among the heathen.
In November, 1881, Mrs. Phillips returned to the field and has since continued in the work. Her long and useful life has brought abundant blessings to the mission. Of her children, Julia (Mrs. Burkholder), Hattie, Emily (Mrs. Marshall), Nellie and Ida are known as missionaries; while Mrs. Platt, of Hillsdale, Mich., Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, Jr., of West Derby, Vt., and Mrs. Durgin, of Sanford, Me., are active workers in the home field.
PHILLIPS, Rev. Jeremiah, son of Rev. Jeremiah Phillips, was born at Jelasore, India, Dec. 24, 1846. He was brought to Christ under the labors of his brother, Dr. J. L. Phillips, in 1860, and the following year was baptized by his father. He studied at the Prairie City Academy, Illinois, and at Hillsdale College six years, where he graduated in 1871. He was ordained in Wisconsin in June, 1872, and has been pastor at Hillsboro, Wis., Big Foot, Ill., Hinckley, Chagrin Falls and Orange, Burgh Hill, and Sheffield, O., Gardiner City, Me., and Pawtucket, R. I. In 1887 he accepted his present pastorate at West Derby, Vt. He was married June 8, 1875, to Miss Altie F. Wright, of Kingsville, O. Of six children, five are living.
PHILLIPS, Rev. Mowry, died in Gloucester, R. I., July 4, 1881. He was born in Lancaster, N. Y., Aug. 20, 1820. His grandmother and mother lived at Pascoag, where they were baptized by John Colby. When fifteen years of age, his mother died at Marcellus, N. Y., where the family then resided. She was the only Christian in the famity. Years after, he thus speaks concerning himself at that time: "At this time I was a wicked, prayerless boy, yet when the truth flashed upon me that my mother was no more, I rushed to a solitary place, threw myself upon my knees, and prayed as sincerely and earnestly as I ever did, that God would bless the stricken flock, and shelter those little ones left without a mother's care. However, this was the only vocal prayer which I offered for months, or even years." Soon after his father gave him his time. He worked in Manchester, N. Y., two years, in Marcellus one year, a few months in Michigan, and then attended school at Alexander Academy, New York. While there he was cheered with the news that his father was converted. Returning home in the spring of 1841, he himself yielded to Christ, was baptized, and joined the M. E. church in Marcellus. He then studied at the Onondaga Academy. Moving to Rhode Island, he united with the Free Baptist church at Waterford. The following year he was licensed to preach. He was acting pastor of the Reformed Methodist church at Millville, Mass., two years. March 1, 1845, he was ordained at Pascoag by the Western Rhode Island Q. M. In April, 1846, he became pastor of the Georgiaville church. During this pastorate of eighteen years many were converted and the church edifice was built. He was next pastor of the Pascoag church ten years, during which time many were gathered into the church, and the church edifice was refitted and enlarged. On account of sickness, he moved to a farm in Gloucester. After years of rest he became pastor of the West Scituate church, six miles away, but did not change his residence. He preached his last sermon in the fall of 1880, when he was so feeble through consumption that he was obliged to sit during the discourse. He was a man of fervent piety and greatly beloved. Jan. 25, 1846, he married Miss Sally Sargent, of Blackstone, Mass., who survived him.
PHILLIPS, Parley, Jr., was born in Plainfield, N. Y., March 22, 1810. His maternal grandfather, Waitstill Crumb, was the first deacon in the Plainfield church. His father was also deacon of that church, and held a prominent position in the esteem of the people, serving in various local offices, among them that of town clerk about twenty years. Parley, Jr., an older brother of Jeremiah Phillips the missionary, has been true to the family history in his service to the church. He was converted in early life, and has been active in caring for the interests of the church and denomination. He has served as clerk of the Q. M. some eighteen years, also as clerk and as moderator of the Y. M., and twice as delegate to the General Conference.
PHILLIPS, Rev. Stephen, brother of Rev. Mowry Phillips, was born in Marcellus, Onondaga County, N. Y., Oct. 6, 1833. He studied three years at Smithville Seminary under Hosea Quinby. Converted in 1847, he was licensed in 1859 by the Rhode Island Q. M., and was ordained in 1863, by the Western Rhode Island Ministers' Conference. He was pastor of the West Seituate church from 1862-70. In 1865-66 he baptized twenty as the result of revivals. From 1870-80 he was confined at home by sickness. In 1883 he entered upon his present pastorate at North Foster. He married, Oct. 24, 1855, Mary E. S. Brown, and May 27, 1858, Abby L. Paine. He has five children, four of whom are teachers.
PHILLIPS, Rev. Welcome A., son of Esek and Ann (Parker) Phillips, was born in Foster, R. I., June 3, 1838, and so named to indicate the family welcome to the first son and eighth child. He was consecrated to the Lord by a pious mother, and in 1862 he made the consecration his own. Sixteen years later he was licensed to preach, and March 2, 1884, was ordained by the McDonough Q. M., New York, of which he was clerk. He has labored in the home Q. M., and for a time in the Kanawha valley, W. Va.
PHILLIPS, Rev. William, a brother of Rev's Mowry, Augustus and Stephen Phillips, was born in Cayuga County, N. Y., May 10, 1827. His parents, Augustus and Asenath (Baker) Phillips, were natives of Rhode Island. This pious mother, converted under the labors of Elder J. Colby, at her death in 1836, called her four sons to the bedside, gave words of counsel, and prayed that they all might preach the gospel. Their subsequent conversion and ministry give evidence that God hears his children. Brother Phillips was converted in 1844, and ordained by the Adams and Waushara Q. M. (Wis.) April 6, 1873. He organized the Lincoln and Packwaukee churches, and was pastor of them and the Harrisville church from 1872 to 1882, when failing health compelled him to retire from active service. He was married March 15, 1855, to Isabella Watson; and their three sons, one a graduate of Ripon College, all occupy good positions.
WALDRON, Rev. Orrin Wynant, son of Wynant V. and Ann (West) Waldron, was born at North Creek, N. Y., July 13, 1859. He consecrated his life to God in 1878, and was educated at Hillsdale College, Michigan, in the college and theological departments, receiving honors from his literary society for excellence in oratory. While in college he supplied the churches at Scipio, Litchfield and Hadley's Corners, and afterwards became pastor of the church at Marion, O., receiving ordination Oct. 12, 1884. After a successful pastorate of three years he entered upon the work with the church at Saco, Me. He has baptized about thirty converts and assisted in revival work. Aug. 5, 1884, he was married to Mary E. Phillips.