I have no Pinns in my line, however, I came across this while searching for Indians & Free Persons of Color and want to pass it along to anyone here who might find it useful.
The web site ishttp://aagsnc.org/library/dec98col.htmhttp://aagsnc.org/library/dec98col.htm
Rolly Pinn of Lancaster & Amherst County Virginia:
The Pinn family originated on the Eastern Shore of Virginia as Yeocomico Indians [part of the Powhatan Confederation]. Rolly's father is thought to be Robert Pinn I [about 1710-1760] whose wife's name was Margaret, Robert and Margaret had 2 son's Robert II and Rolly. In 1733 Robert I was cited by the Church Warden's of Wicomico Parish for absenting himself from Church [Wicomico parish Order Book]. In 1760 he and Margaret were in Lancaster County and their son Robert was apprenticed out as a Copper. This was probably the period when Rolly left Lancaster County (possibly as an apprentice) and settled in Amherst County.
In 1774 Rolly signed on as part of the Amherst County Militia [Swem Library, College of William & Mary: Virginia]. When the Militia was disbanded they were ordered to full service in the Revolutionary War. Rolly served under General Lafayette until the end of the war [See below]. After the war Rolly settled in Amherst County with and became a prominent resident there. He and his wife Sarah were considered spiritual leaders and sometime in the late 1700's founded a church [Fairmount Baptist], which is still in existence. Rolly's sons James and John Turner followed in his footsteps and also became prominent farmers on the Ridge.
There is a book called The Buffalo Ridge Cherokees: Remnants of A Great Nation Divided, written by Dr. Horace Rice [Heritage Press 1994]. The book chronicles the struggles of those who settled on the ridge. Rolly Pinn's family was made up of "Free Persons Of Color" who were never slaves. They attempted to live in peace with their white neighbors and found that these people were war like. Eventually Rolly died and passed the land on to his children. By the time my ancestor Robert Pinn IV came along the land was lost and having no reason to stay there he migrated to Fredericksburg.
Robert Pinn IV married the Great-Grand daughter of Charles Lewis, Elizabeth Jackson in 1839. As a gift Robert and Elizabeth were given land by her parents. Later, Robert and Elizabeth purchased more land in Fredericksburg. In the 1840 census Robert list his occupation as a minister, a bold move for a brother during those times. Robert was a Baptist Minister during the time that Baptists were considered the enemy of the Church of England. The Baptists were ministering to slaves and telling them not to be content being slaves. By 1850 Robert and Elizabeth had sold their land and were living in Pennsylvania. Robert and Elizabeth Pinn were my last direct ancestors to live in Virginia.
Additionally, if you're unaware of Mr. Paul Heinegg, and if you have any non-white (and non Asian) ancestry, then you really ought to check out his online book, FREE AFRICAN-AMERICANS OF VIRGINIA, NORTH CAROLINA AND SOUTH CAROLINA.Please keep in mind however, that Mr Heinegg generally categorizes as African-Americans, ALL persons described in the historical records as either mixed race, colored, mulatto, free persons of color, mustee, etc.You should keep in mind that as slavery and racism evolved in Virginia from 1607 to 1705, it culminated in 1705 with a definition of mulatto as follows:
".... And for clearing all manner of doubts which hereafter may happen to arise upon the construction of this act, or any other act, who shall be accounted a mulatto, Be it enacted and declared, and it is hereby enacted and declared, That the child of an Indian and the child,
grand child, or great grand child, of a negro shall be deemed, accounted, held and taken to be a mulatto."Hening, ed., The Statutes at Large, vol. 3, pp. 229-235. October 1705-CHAP. IV. An act declaring who shall not bear office in this country.
It does NOT say, "the ISSUE" of the child of an Indian and the child, grand child, or great grand child of a negro....Rather, it literally says, "the child of an Indian... shall be deemed... a mulatto."Thus, I take that to mean that the child of an Indian, regardless of the race of the father, shall be deemed a mulatto.
Therefore, you should keep in mind Virginia's extremely broad definition of what a mulatto was after 1705 while reading Mr. Heinegg.
Here's an excerpt on the PINN family from Mr. Heinegg's book.(The entire section on the PINNS is too long to copy here.)The web site to his online book follows.
2.David1 Pinn, born say 1725, was "an Indian" taxed in Benjamin George's Christ Church Parish, Lancaster County household in William Tayloe's list for 1745 and called David Pinn, an Indian, in Benjamin George's Christ Church Parish household in the 1746 list of Dale Carter [Tithables 1745-95, 1, 6]. He may have been the father of or identical to David Pinn who was head of a Halifax County, Virginia household of 4 whites (free persons) and one dwelling in 1785 [VA:90]. He left a 30 September 1796 Halifax County will, proved 25 September 1797, by which he left all his estate to his wife Avery except for 50 acres which he left to Patsey Macling (Maclin). After Patsey's death the land was to go to her son David Pinns who was to care for David Pinns, Sr.'s wife for the rest of her life. After his wife's death, her portion was to be divided between David Pinns and Nancy Pinns [WB 3:359]. Avery was probably a member of the Month family of Spotsylvania County since David Pinn, Jr., was called David Penn "sometimes known and called by name David Month" when he sold his land on Winn Creek in Halifax County by deed proved in Caswell County, North Carolina [Caswell DB R:433]. David may have been the father of