Thanks for sharing that Georgia Journal notice with me. Over the weekend, I went to the University of Florida Library and went back over the REWIS/RUIS enumerations in the censuses. I decided to respond to your recent email to me in this forum, to share the information with other researchers.
In the Georgia Journal in Milledgeville, GA are found the following notices from Emanuel Co, GA:
4/4/1820: Reported in Georgia Journal is a "list of names of persons of color registered" in the Emanuel Co, GA Clerk of Office Inferior Court's Office, dated 3/6/1820. Included are Mary Rues (40 yrs), Elizabeth Rues (27 yrs), Esther Rues (13 yrs), Robin Rues (9 yrs), Susan Rues (9 yrs), James Rues (8 yrs), Barb'ra Conner (17 yrs), John Conner (4 mo.)Patsy Rues (30 yrs), Anne Rues (16 yrs), James Rues (14 yrs), Nancy Rues (12 yrs), Mary Rues (10 yrs), JohnRues (9 yrs), Thomas Rues (8 yrs), Sally Rues (6 yrs), Patsy Rues (3 yrs), Susan Rues (5 mo.).
6/5/1821: Reported in Georgia Journal is a "list of names of persons of color registered" in the Emanuel Co, GA Clerk of Office Inferior Court's Office, dated 5/19/1821. Included are Patsy Rues (31 yrs), Anne Rues (17 yrs), James Rues (15 yrs), Nancy Rues (13 yrs), Mary Rues (11 yrs), John Rues (10 yrs), Thomas Rues (9 yrs), Sally Rues
(7 yrs), Patsy Rues Jr (4 yrs), Susan Rues (1 yr), Barbara Conner (18 yrs), John Conner (1 yr).
Free persons of color were heavily taxed, and legislation inDecember 1818 mandated that a register of free persons of color be maintained in tax digests. The lists have a great deal of information, including the names of minors and of white guardians. These registers survive fairly frequently and can be accessed by the Georgia Archives' finding aid Microfilm Inventory Black History by Cynthia Plato.
In the 1820 census of Emanuel Co, GA appear the following:
1820: John Rewis (M>45) appears as a free white male head of a free colored family in Emanuel Co, GA census, page 104. Also enumerated are FCF>45,FCF26-45,FCM14-26,2FCF14-26,FCM<14 .
1820: Thomas Rewis (M>45) appears as a free white male head of a free colored family in Emanuel Co, GA census, page 78. Also enumerated are FCF26-45,FCM14-26,FCF14-26,2FCM<14,3FCF<14. Edward Conner(M26-45), a free white male, enumerated with a FCF14-26 and FCF<14, is a next door neighbor to Thomas Rewis.
Before 1821, John and Mary Rewis migrated to northern Tattnall Co, GA. In Tattnall Co, GA can be found REWIS people that fit the names and ages of Esther Rues (13 yrs), Robin (Robert?) Rues (9 yrs), Susan Rues (9 yrs), James Rues (8 yrs). These people are definitely children of John and Mary Rewis. I have already posted all of my documentation on John and Mary Rewis and their children. I won't repeat that again. Edward Conner also migrated to Tattnall Co, GA and lived nearby the REWIS family. In 1850, Edward (M60) and Barbary (F50) Conner appear as heads of a family in Laurens Co, GA census, page 248B.
Now what about Thomas Rewis? In the 1830 census of Emanuel Co, GA are found the following:
1830: Patsy Ruis (FCF36-55) appears as head of a family in District 57 in Emanuel Co, GA census, page 166. Also enumerated are 3FCF10-24,FCM<10,FCF<10. Polly Ruis (FCF10-24,FCM<10 plus female slave aged 55-100) appears as a close neighbor to Patsy Ruis. Polly is a nickname for Mary. Is this the daughter of Patsy Rewis?
1830: James Ruis (FCM10-24) appears as head of a family in District 58 in Emanuel Co, GA census, page 164. Also enumerated are FWF20-30,FCM<10,FWF5-10.
It would seem that Thomas Rewis either died after the 1820 census or left the family in some other way. Probate records in Emanuel Co, GA of the 1820s need to be checked, if they are available.
In 1840, we seem to loose sight of Patsey Rewis and her son James Rewis.
However, in 1850, we find a Martha Ruis (F66)appears as head of a family in District 73 in Richmond Co, GA census, page 524B. Also enumerated are Ann Ruis (F40) and Mary Renoy (F22). Patsy is a nickname for Martha. James (M35) and Mary (F23) Ruis appear as heads of a family in District 73 in Richmond Co, GA census, page 525B. Also enumerated are Andrew J. Ruis (M23) and Ferriby Young (F20).
1850 is the last time we see Martha (Patsy) Rewis. In 1860, we find Thomas Rewis (M23), son of James and Mary Rewis, as a single cabinet maker in 4th Ward in the City of Augusta in Richmond Co, GA census, page 896. In 1870, we find Mary Rewis (F46), wife of James, with two of her daughters in the 4th Ward in the City of Augusta in Richmond Co, GA census, page 152. Where is James Rewis? Did he die during the Civil War?
I believe I have somewhat answered the question as to whatever became of Thomas Rewis and his descendents. Further research is definitely warranted. Also, I believe I have provided evidence that my Eeaster/Esther Rewis and your Susan Rewis are very likely daughters of John and Mary Rewis and sisters to Robert D. and James Jackson Rewis, all of Tattnall Co, GA. Bye for now.