This is from the book; "The Rosebraugh Family", by Harold Rosebraugh (Clayton Library- Houston, Tx)
The marriage of John Rosenbraugh to Elizabeth Smith took place August 5, 1599 Newcastle in Berwick parish, northern England. The Bambrough register contains the entry of the baptism on October 30, 1711, of Ann, the daughter of John Alexander Roxbrough. An entry in 1756 says John Roxbrough was a wittness to a marriage. At the present (time of book writing) there is a "Roseborough Farm" at Warenford in Northumberland County, Ireland.
About 350 years ago, King James VI of Scotland, who became King James of England, (the same king who authorized the "King James" version of the Bible);gave grants in Ulster, Province, Northern Ireland, to Col Samuel Roxbrugh and his two brothers, William and James. Col Samuel Roxbrugh was the first to go to Ireland in 1603. He came from the vicinity of Craigie near Kilmarnock in Ayrshire, and took up land granted to him in County Atrim. Much of the area consisted of bog and morass. Col. Samuel Roxbrugh found conditions so bad, that he returned to Scotland. The following year he returned with his brothers. William and James Roxbrugh settled in County, Fermanagh and some other part of Ulster, as well. James became the ancestor of the "Londonderry" and "Tyrone" Branch of the family.
Alexander Rosbrough emigrated to South Carolina in 1770. He is descended from Col Samuel Roxbrugh, of Antrim. He was the son of another Alexander, whose wife was Margaret Wallaw. He lived near Ballymena.
The three earliest known emigrants to the American colonies were; Rev. John Rosbrugh, his older brother; William, and their sister, Sarah. They are reported to have emigrated to the American Colonies in either 1735 or 1740. They were both descendants of William born in Scotland, where he left in 1720, and settled in Innes Killen, Ireland. They emigrated to America and settled in Dannville Independence, Township Parish, in Warren County, New Jersey.
Over 20,000 of the Ulster Scots were said to have been massacred in 1641. The house of James Roxbrugh, a son of Samuel, was attacked, and they were killed by a mob. They fought bravely but were overcome by overwhelming numbers. At the time this happened, James wife; Jane Glyn, was upstairs with a newly born baby. The maid was with her, and tried to hold the door. The mother and the maid were both murdered; but Jane had thrust the baby, John Roxbrugh far down under the bed clothes and he was not noticed. He was saved by the avenging Scot troops.
John Roxbrugh, grewup, and had a magnificent thoroughbred horse, bay in color. In 1690 , King James II of England, was over thrown and fled to Ireland where he began to raise an army. The king decided to posses the horse, John Roxbrugh, had sided with King William III, and refused to hand over the horse, until he was threatened with death. The soldiers attempted to take the horse, he kicked and bit savagely. They were ready to give up, when a servant girl, treacherously, tole them that the only way to get him was to go into the next stall. This was done, and King James, subsequently, rode the horse at the "Battle of Boyne" in July 1690. After his defeat, the King fled on horseback to Dublin. A couple of years later, King William III paid a visit to Ulster, where John Roxbrugh was known as a loyal Protestant. King William later returned the horse to it's rightful owner.
The winter of 1739-40 was known as the year of the great frost in Ireland. This may be the factor that influenced the first" Roxbrughs" to come to America. It is not known just when the name of Roxbrugh or Roxburgh was changed to Rossborough, Rosbrugh or some other variations. It appears that the leter "S" was not used in Scotland, and may have been adopted after the family moved to Ireland.
Again in 1798 there was a rebellion by the native Irish, directed against the descendants of the Scots who had settled in Ulster (some had been there for nearly 200 years by then).
In 1798 William Rossborough, the g g g grandfather of Gordon Rossborough, (ancestor of Alexander of Tullypatrick in County Antrim), was seen as a a staunch loyalist. His home was visited by a band of rebels, who were bent on killing him, he was not at home, having gone out with his eldest son; James to join a force of loyalist at Ballymena, to attack the rebels. A younger son of William, and a groom were the only men at home to protect the womenfolk, consisting of the wife; Jennett, their three daughters, and several maid servants.
The younger son, William, barely out of his teens, and the groom were seized by the rebels They were stripped to the waist, and bound to the hall banisters, where they were beat with knotted ropes, until whey were bleeding and fainting from the pain and loss of blood. Shortly after the left; William and James returned, and found young William, and the groom unconscious, and covered with blood, still strapped to the banisters. His mother; and the other women hysterical were trying to untie the ropes.
Another time, the ruffians returned finding only the women folk. They had taken refuge at the head of the stairs, which they had barricated themselves with wardrobes, tables, and chairs. They had a open keg of pepper, and a garden syringe with them to defend themselves. They were ready to spray the pepper into the men's faces. However; the rebels, seeing there were only women above, left without attempting to molest them.