There has never been a “Rutherford Lord” of Traquair.
Andrew Lord Rutherford, Earl of Teviot was the son of William Rutherford of Quarrieholes, a descendant of the Rutherford cadet of Hunthill. His mother was Isabel Stewart of the House of Traquair. Andrew Lord Rutherford did NOT become the Baron of Traquair. His uncle James Stewart of Schillinglaw, was the 6th Baron of Traquair. [see below] In fact, Andrew Lord Rutherford’s title was gained purely through personal achievement, first in the employ of Gustavus Adolphus King of Sweden and secondly in the employ of Louis XIV of France. At the Restoration of King Charles II, he was especially recommended to the notice of Charles II by Louis XIV and was created in 1661 Lord Rutherford – Earl of Teviot. He was appointed, on May 22nd, 1661, to succeed Sir Edward Harley as Governor of Dunkirk, which he held until the place was sold and delivered up to the French in 1662. On February 2nd, 1663, he was advanced to the dignity of Earl of Teviot. He served as Lord Teviot for a short time and was killed on killed a year later on May 4th, 1664 defending the British fort at Tangier, Morocco.
The Stewart of Traquair Line:
1 - William the Conqueror
2 - King Henry I m. Matilda Canmore
3 - Maud m. Geoffrey Plantagenet
4 - King Henry II m. Eleanor of Aquitaine
5 - King John m. Isabella de Angouleme
6 - King Henry III m. Eleanor of Provence
7 - Edward 1st m. Margaret of France
8 - Edmund Plantagenet m. Margaret Wake
9 - Joan Plantagenet m. Sir Thomas de Holland
10 - Thomas de Holland m. Alice Fitz-Alan
11 - Margaret Holland m. cousin John Beaufort
12 - Joan Beaufort
m.1 Sir James Stewart, the "Black Knight"
m.2 James Stewart I – King of Scots
13 - James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan
m. Margaret Murray
14 - James Stewart 1st Lord of Traquair
m. Katherine Rutherford
15 - William Stewart, 2nd Lord of Traquair
m. Christina Hay d/o John Hay, 2nd Lord Hay of Yester
16 - James Stewart of Schillinglaw, 6th Lord of Traquair
m. Catherine Kerr
Sir Robert Stewart, 3rd Lord of Traquair
Sir John Stewart, 4th Lord of Traquair
Sir William Stewart, 5th Lord of Traquair
17 - John Stewart of Traquair
m. Margaret Stewart d/o Andrew Stewart, Master of Ochiltree
These families; Rutherfurds of Edgerston, Stewarts of Traquiar and Rutherfords of Quarrieholes, have no connection to the English Tidewater Rutherfords of Essex County, VA.
Andrew Lord Rutherford – Earl of Teviot
“William Rutherford of Quarrieholes, a cadet of the family of Hunthill, and Isabel, daughter of James Stewart of Traquair were the parents of Andrew, afterwards Lord Rutherford, -- and a daughter, Christian, married to Robert Durie of Grange, in the County of Fife, whose descendants claim the Peerage. This Andrew betaking himself to a military life, went into the French Service, where he soon obtained the command of a company of foot. He gave so many testimonies of his valour and conduct, that he quickly rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, and acquired great reputation for his knowledge in the art of war. He continued in the French service till the restoration of Charles II. He then came over to England, and having been particularly recommended to his Majesty by the King of France, he soon became a favorite, and was raised to the dignity of the Peerage of Scotland by the title of Lord Rutherford, January 19th 1661.
The Patent contains many clauses very honorable for this great man, but we shall here narrate only what concerns the deputy and honors.
"For Creassit ipsum Andream Rutherford, ejusque heredes mascules, ex corpore suo legitime procreatos sive procreandos; quibus deficientibus, quamcunque aliam personam sive personas, quas sibi, quoad vixerit, quin it in articulo mortis, ad eum endum, aesore ejus hoeredes ta..lioe et provisionis in eundem et placuerit secundum nominativ..um et designationem manusubscribendam; subsque provisionibus, restrictionibus etconditionibus, a dicto Andrea, pro ejus arbitrio, in dicto designatione exprimentis; ac dedisse &c et eujs antedict. Dictum titulum, honorem, dignitatem, et gradum domini parliamenti, ut it tempore futuro vocetentur et denominentur, cum potestate sibi suisqueantedict. denominandi et designandi seminutipsos dominos Rutherford."
This Lord continued in great favor with his Majesty, and wasappointed Governor of Dunkirk. He managed the sale of that important place with such dexterity, and so much to the King's satisfaction that upon his return home he was created Earl of Teviot, by Patent, to the heirs Male of this body, dated Feb 2nd, 1663. Soon thereafter he was appointed governor of Tangier; and according to the power given him by the Crown, in his Patent of Lord Rutherford, he, by his deed of settlement, duly signed and executed byhim at Portsmouth the 23rd Dec. 1663, did nominate and appoint Sir Thomas Rutherford of Hunthill to succeed him in his whole Estate and dignity of Lord Rutherford, to him and his eldest son, which failing, to his nearest heirs male. This Noble Lord, immediately after executing this deed, went & took possession of his Government at Tangier; and having made a sharp and bold sally upon the Moors, there were so well prepared to receive him; that he and his whole party were cut off on May 4th, 1664; and having no issue, the honours of Rutherford according to the above destination, devolved upon Sir Thomas Rutherford of Hunthill.”
"The Scottish Nation; or The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of The People of Scotland,"
Fullarton & Co London; 1871
"The History of Selkirkshire or Chronicles of Ettrick Forest,"
Vol. II; The Burgh and Parish of Selkirk; Appendix
Edinburgh, David Douglas; 1886
Kenneth Rutherford Davis
"The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide"
Alan Sutton Publishing
Gloucester 1987 – chapter 4