"The Rutherfords in Britain: a history and guide"
by Kenneth Rutherford Davis
Alan Sutton Publishing
Sir JOHN RUTHERFURD (1687-1764) of that Ilk and Edgerston, Thomas' only son, baptized at Jedburgh January 2, 1686/7, was left 1000 marks in 1697 by his grandmother Barbara Abernethy and quartered the Riddell arms of his mother. He was admitted advocate July 3, 1707 and knighted in 1710, the first of his line to receive that honour for three centuries. He inherited in 1720 his father's estates except Nether Ancrum, and in 1738 made over his lands to his eldest surviving son John; in the latter year he was served heir of provision to Walter Scott in Wester Langlee (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 N.207). He died in January 1764 (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 N.323; Adv. had January 9, 1765). He married twice: in 1710 Elizabeth daughter and heiress of William Cairncross of Wester Langlee, who bore him 18 or 19 children; secondly at Edinburgh February 15,1740/1 Sarah daughter of Sir John Nisbet of Dean, Bart., widow of Capt. Walter Riddell of Granton, by whom he had two children.
His known children by Elizabeth were:
1. THOMAS RUTHERFURD(I), bap. Jed, July 31,1711 (Christian name omitted), d. by 1715.
2. JOHN RUTHERFURD, below, predeceased his father; his son John succeeded.
JOHN RUTHERFURD (1712-1758), M.P., younger of Edgerston, Sir John's eldest surviving son, predeceased him. Born April 12, 1712 (Jedburgh Register), he at first followed his father in the law, admitted to Lincoln's Inn February 20, 1730/1 and as advocate July 24, 1734 (Adv). He represented Selkirkshire 1730 and Roxburghshire (Teviotdale) 1734-41 in Parliament. He had a commission in the Fencibles in 1730 (The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their cadets (18841903), in parts: H - T.C. Hood; C - C.H.E. Carmichael; T - J. Tait; M - Miscellaneous contributions- T 23). Sir John resigned certain lands to him in October and December 1738; his brother Dr Thomas witnessed the latter deed (lbid). However on December 31, 1741 he was commissioned Captain "in the Independent Regiment at New York, and nominated his father and eldest son curators of his other children. On February 15, 1753 he made his eldest son executor and provided for the other children and his nephew Richard (lbid). He became Major in the new 62nd (Royal American) Regiment in 1756 (Gentleman's magazine) and during his last campaign made a new will on June 13, 1758 giving £1000 each to his younger sons Robert and Archibald on attaining 21 and £500 each to his daughters Eleanor, Elizabeth, Jean and Agnes on marriage (G. Tancred. Annals of a Border club: the Jedforest (2nd edn. 1903)). He was killed at the battle of Ticonderoga July 7, 1758; will registered Edinburgh June 24, 1767. WKR mentions his lively interest in mathematics and his appointments as Commissioner of Indian Affairs 1742-52 and member of the Council of New York 1744-58. By his marriage at Edinburgh November 27, 1737 to Eleanor (d. November 1797 at Edinburgh; GM) daughter of Sir Gilbert Eliot of Minto, Lord of Session, and Helen daughter of Sir John Stuart of Allanbank, Bart., he had issue, mostly born at New York……………..page 45 – KRD
-- -- -- -- Eldest Son and Heir: JOHN RUTHERFURD (II) of Edgerston (1748-1834), M.P., born at New York, succeeded his grandfather Sir John in 1764 when 16. He studied law at Edin., admitted advocate Dec. 18, 1770 and to Lincoln's Inn April 20, 1771. He bought the Glenkerry estate, Selks., in 1770 (JC 53). In 1771 he owned land valued at £2777 p.a. in Jedburgh and Oxnam, and £561 at Glenkerry (Scottish Record Society Ns 5, 306, 319). Commissioned Capt. of Fencibles 1773, he became Col. of Militia. He was severely injured quelling a riot at Jedburgh in 1797 (G. Tancred. Annals of a Border club: the Jedforest (2nd edn. 1903) - 15). Vice-Lieut. for Peebles and made a burgess of Dunbar 1783, he sat as M.P. for Selks. 1802-6 and Roxbs. 1806-12. His uncle Baron Robert bequeathed him Fairnington which on his death went to Charles son of his cousin John of Mossburnford. In 1804 he was served heir of provision to his cousin Capt. Richard (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 (SRS) N. 527) and in 1810 he was founder of the Jedforest Club (JC 23). He d. May 6, 1834 (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 (SRS) N.759), bur. in Jedburgh choir; PCC will pr. 1834. Childless by his marriage at Edin. June 11 (Adv said 15), 1787 to Mary Anne (d. Sept. 16, 1845 at Edin.) dau. of Major-Gen. the Hon. Alexander Leslie, son of the fifth Earl of Leven, he left Edgerston to his nephew William Oliver, son of his sister Jean.
3. WILLIAM RUTHERFURD, bap. Jed. April 25, 1714, to whom his grandfather left Nether Ancrum, d.s.p. 1748 (Hood's chart - The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their cadets (18841903), in parts: H - T.C. Hood; C - C.H.E. Carmichael; T - J. Tait; M - Miscellaneous contributions).
4. THOMAS RUTHERFURD (II) (1715-1749), M.D., born April 30 and bap. Jed. May 1, 1715, became a physician, was at Denham in 1738 and d. at Barbados in 1749. He corresponded with Alexander Pope and Voltaire (G. Tancred. Annals of a Border club: the Jedforest (2nd edn. 1903)). He must not be confused with a contemporary physician, Thomas Rutherford of Samieston, of the Ladfield branch. In 1745 he m. Martha dau. of Dr Towne, alderman of York.
5. ROBERT RUTHERFURD of Fairnington (1719-1794), Baron of the Russian Empire, born May 31, 1719 (Jedburgh Register - G. Tancred. Annals of a Border club: the Jedforest (2nd edn. 1903) gave 1723), who lived in Italy for 40 years until 1777, a merchant at Leghorn and Russian agent there and in Tuscany. For his services he was created a Baron of the Russian Empire Oct. 15, 1777 (Ilk - The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their cadets (18841903), in parts: H - T.C. Hood; C - C.H.E. Carmichael; T - J. Tait; M - Miscellaneous contributions - T 39), and presented by the Empress Catherine with a gold enameled box richly set with diamonds (Gentleman's magazine). On July 3, 1787 he had Crown charter of Fairnington - which he purchased 1779 shortly after it left Rutherford hands - with remainder to specified members of his family (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 N.759). WKR says he d. Feb. 13, 1794. By his will pr. PCC that year the property went to his nephew John of Edgerston on whose death in 1834 it passed to Charles son of John of Mossburnford.
6. JAMES RUTHERFURD, born Dec. 14,1722 (Jedburgh Register), appr. Edin. Jan. 1738/9 to William Rutherford, merchant. Cockburn-Hood said he d. unmarried in 1742 but WKR says between 1751 and Jan. 30,1755 at Kingston, Jamaica, where his will was pr.
7. WALTER RUTHERFURD (1723-1804), born Dec. 29, 1723 (Jedburgh Register), served with the 60th Regt. in America and settled at New Edgerston in Rutherford County called after him in New Jersey by 1763 when his nephew John of Mossburnford was sent there. In 1787 he was named fifth in remainder to Fairnington. Lieut. 1746-54 in the Royal Scottish Regt., he was Major in the Royal American Regt. and took part in the French and Indian wars. In March 1783 he addressed to Sir Guy Carleton a memorial on behalf of the General Proprietors of the Eastern District of N.J. (American manuscripts in the Royal Institution Acts of the Lords of Council in public affairs, ed. R.K. Hannay (1932), 416). He d. at New York Jan. 1804, leaving by his first marriage in 1758 to Mary (Catherine in WKR) dau. of Gen. James Alexander, claimant to the earldom of Stirling.
8. HUGH RUTHERFURD, a legatee 1751 in his brother James' will, d. before July 1758 (WKR). Cockburn-Hood said he was unmarried but G. Tancred. Annals of a Border club: the Jedforest (2nd edn. 1903) and WKR agree he had four married daus.
9. ANDREW RUTHERFURD, born July 14,1727 (Jedburgh Register), Hood said d.s.p.
10. SUSANNA RUTHERFURD, born May 6, 1718 (Jedburgh Register), m. Edin. Nov. 30 1740 Alexander Pringle of Whitebank, Selks. , and had four sons and eight daus. (JC 362; MHG Ns IV, 190).
11. MARY RUTHERFURD, born Oct. 26, 1720 (Jedburgh Register) m. Sir Alexander Nisbet of Dean, Bart., Edin. Oct. 3, 1742.
12. ELIZABETH RUTHERFURD, born Jan. 10, 1726 (Jedburgh Register), m. (cont. Aug. 14, 1752; BP 11,402) John Horsbrugh of that Ilk, whose son Alexander succeeded in 1778.
13. JEAN RUTHERFURD m. Edin. Aug. 1, 1762 Charles Inglis of Manorhead, Clerk to the Bills, who m. secondly Feb. 16, 1772 Sophia Sivewright alias Gordon.
Sir John Rutherfurd had by his second wife Sarah Nisbet:
14. HENRY RUTHERFURD of Hunthill Place, born 1742, as only son of this marriage served heir to his father in the baronies of Rutherford and Hunthill April 17 , 1764 (Roxburghshire services of heirs 1636-1837 N.323). His land at Hunthill was valued at £1336 p.a. in 1771 (Scottish Record Society Ns 5, 306). He m. Edin. April 24, 1764 Agnes dau. of John Lauder of Carrolside
15. CHRISTIAN RUTHERFURD, born Aug.6, 1743 (Jedburgh Register), m. the Rev. Dr Davidson of Hatton and Muirhouse (The Rutherfurds of that Ilk and their cadets (18841903), in parts: H - T.C. Hood; C - C.H.E. Carmichael; T - J. Tait; M - Miscellaneous contributions).