Below I will paste some material I wrote up about 10 years ago. I am related to Joshua and Charity Stafford of Sumter via their daughter Barbary, who married Eli Jones. They had, among others, Charlie Jones,who had Fannie Jones, who married her cousin Bob Jones. Bob and Fanniehad Annie Jones (Hogan), my grandmother. They all lived in the Providence (Dalzell) area of Sumter Co. There is an 1878 Sumter Co. map by McLaughlin whichspecificallypoints out the Stafford farm. I am glad to find out what became of Hartwell. And I just learned from this familytreemaker that another sibling, Elijah ended up in Louisiana. I and a cousin (Bonnie Smyre) wrote up some information that was published in Southern Studies vol 6 (Winter 1995), with the title "Charity Begins at Home: Some Beliefs of South Carolina Laboring People."
How doyou descend from Hartwell?
Toby Terrar Barbara Stafford Jones was the daughter of Joshua Stafford (d. Sept. 1817) and Charity Stafford (d. 1839). In addition to Barbara, their children were: Lunsford O. (C.?) (d. 1842), Hartwell, James P. (C.?), Sarah (Stafford) Long and Elijah. Joshua Stafford died in 1817. He left an estate of $1489, which included a Negro woman named Hannah, valued at $500 (Sumter County, S.C. Will Book 101, p. 2). Tyre Jennings was the executor of Joshua's will.
Sarah Stafford, one of Joshua's daughters, married Ruben N. Long. In 1829, twelve years after Joshua's death, Ruben and Sarah sued Joshua's estate to obtain Sarah's portion. In essence this was a suit against Charity Stafford, Joshua's widow and Sarah's mother. Charity counterclaimed, asking that the estate pay various expenses in raising Sarah. In her statement to the court in 1832, Charity noted that at the time of Joshua's death, he had had a cotton crop (worth $197) growing in the field and a corn crop. Charity "worked in the fields as a laborer and in the house did chores proper for a free woman" (Sumter Co., S.C. Equity Court Roll, old series 441).
Starting in 1817 Charity managed the property; she built or had built a dwelling house on the farm costing $250 and out buildings costing $40. In 1821 she purchased a "Negro girl" Judy for $400. Charity made money by spinning, weaving and sewing. In 1824 she bought a mare (colt) for $28 and traded it to her son James for hogs James had raised from a sow which a friend had given him. This gave them pork during the winter months. Charity never kept accounts, she said, because "I had no learning." She went on to state that:
I was deprived of the entire benefits of the estate of my husband for two years after his death due to it being taken by the executor. But after that I got the benefits and raised my family well in the manner it had been accustomed.
Charity complained about Sarah bringing suit:
It is ungrateful. Sarah has been the least assistance and the most expensive, and I have been most indulgent. I was able to purchase the slave, houses, etc in consequence of the most personal industry which I presume few if any other white women in the county would have attempted or could have sustained.
Charity mentioned that her son James Stafford had always been sickly and unable to do hard labor. Charity payed the doctor bills for everyone, including Sarah, "which were considerable." Charity counterclaimed against Ruben Long "for one year of board, during which he had lived with her or lived at her expense" in the first year of marriage without rendering any service and he kept his horse there for three months.
Charity noted that the farm had only one bale of cotton for the crop in 1829 and the income from it was used to discharge debts for the family. Among the debts was $2.90 on July 22, 1828 to John Parbus for schooling and $12.50 payed to the Woodvill Academy on January 14, 1828.
Charles H. Jones's uncle and Barbara's brother, Elijah Stafford also had a portion in Joshua's estate. This was the subject of a suit on February 26, 1828 (Sumter Co., S.C. Equity Roll, old series 436 and 441). Elijh, born about 1807, had left the jurisdiction at age 18 in 1825 "to seek his fortune." He left without paying his bill to Mr. Dutton, a shopkeeper. Among Elijah's debts to Dutton in 1825 were: January 5, one quart whiskey ($ .35); January 15, one bottle of whiskey ($.37), one coffee pot (8), one fourth pound tobacco, one half Port Brandy ($ .58); February 7, two ginger cakes ($ .12), fine tooth comb (18); March 4, three bottles of whiskey; March 15, one set tea spoons; March 28, one quart whiskey; April 16, one Turk cap (37); April 17, one ribbon, calico, one loaf sugar; May 13, sugar and coffey; June 4, pocket knife ($1.50), one tobacco, one razor, one hankerchief, one pair kid gloves; August 31, one pint whiskey; September 6, one razor, one razor strop, one pint whiskey; September 12, pad lock; September 2, four skiems silk, one half pint whisky, one tobacco.
When Charity died in 1839, she left an estate of $549.53. In the estate were some slaves, including Bluford and Judia (a mother and child) (Sumter County, S.C. Will Book, 132, p. 2). There was also mahogany tables, two pine tables, one trunk, one lot of copper ware, one oven, one pan, one skillet, one kettle, and one iron bound trunk.