I should have posted a response to your excellent message some time ago, but things get put off.I thought that I would share with you (and others) a little report I have written up on Penelope.I wrote most of this sopme time ago and have not looked at it for some time, but added a few things just now, such as the fact that I located the original church record book for the Old First Baptist Church of Middletown, NJ (with family records back to the late 1600s, and church records dating from 1712)... but alas no mention of Penelope Stout specifically.
Anyway, I'll paste my report below on Penelope, and then also my report on Richard Stout.
I'd appreciate feedback and comparing notes.Thanks again Duane for your excellent comments.
John Day, Oregon
THE STORY OF "THE BRAVE" PENELOPE STOUT (abt.1622-1732)
compiled by Nick Sheedy
In a history book of Middletown, Monmouth Co., New Jersey, the volume opens by hailing Middletown as the first and oldest permanent settlement of New Jersey (sic*), the home of "the ancestors of Abraham Lincoln and Daniel Boone", the home of pirate sagas and battles, and the home of "The Brave Penelope Stout."Penelope is believed to have been the first white woman to set foot on, and most likley was the first to reside in what would become East New Jersey.Penelope is oft' claimed to have lived to the age of 110 and, at her death, had about 500 living descendants.She was an extraordinary woman and hers is a quite remarkable story.
* Bergen also claims to be the oldest permanent settlement in New Jersey, being settled in 1664.--although the Swedes had settled in the Delaware Valley before that, and the Quakers were soon to follow by 1677, and not to mention the Native settlements and towns.The Indian deeds for the area around Middletown were obtained in 1664 and 1665, and the Monmouth Patent made in 1665.
While it is speculative, Penelope's maiden name is said to have been "Kent" or "Lent". She is believed to have been of English extraction, but born in Holland.She married first a man whose name, it is said, was Van Princes (sometimes "Van Princin" or "Van Prinzen").It has also (more recently) been suggested that her maiden name was Thompson and that her first husband was a Kent Van Princes; it is also claimed that his name was "Jan VanPrincin", and that Penelope's father was a preacher, or even a Baptist minister--in my mind, there seems to be no basis for these other claims.And, if I may make one other observation about the supposition that Penelope's father was a Reverend, or that she came from Baptist stock: It seems to me to most likely that the Stout family had no affiliation with the Baptist faith until they settled at Gravesend, LI, and afterward at Monmouth, NJ, where a number of the original patentees and settlers were associated with the Baptists of Rhode Island (and there was also a Quaker influence there.).I find no record anywhere of any person with the surname "Van Prinses" or any similar spelling.It seems more likely that the "Van" is an affix added by tradition and that the name was simple Prins or Princin--although I should mention that, in German and Dutch, an "in" is often added to the name of a married woman to denote such--in this way, in some record the married name of a woman named Houpt would read Houpt(in) and Streib would be read Streib(in), so that, if this old tradition, perhaps transcribed from some old records were read to be "Princin", perhaps the name we should be looking for is actually "Prins"!Moreover, the only place I found Penelope in a primary record (1648 in Gravesend), her name was written "Prince".The surname(s) Prins, Prince, Prinz, Prince and Prence are found in Holland about 1600, but no persons with the surname Kent or Lent--it might be well to point out that "Van" or "Von" as an affix in a name mean "of" or "from" and so Van Prins would refer to a place from where the family came, however I can find no place by that name anywhere.
Continuing, the young couple is believed to have taken passage from Holland to America with a group of Dutch or Walloon immigrants and they shipwrecked off Sandy Hook, New Jersey--this wreck occurred most likely in 1647 or 1648, although most claims sat they wrecked in 1643 or 1644.
From primary research, it seems most likely that Penelope emigrated from The Netherlands on the ship Kath, Hans Jelisz owner, which began loading in Amsterdam, Holland on 6 June 1647, set sail in June 1647 and then wrecked on the Jersey shore sometime in 1647 (certainly before the summer of 1648).This ship Kath wrecked off "Sandy Hook" and the wreck was reported back to Amsterdam, Holland in November 1648.Since "Penelope Prince" appears in records of Gravesend, Long Island in September 1648, we may safely assume this is the window for her arrival sometime (between Summer 1647 and summer 1648, likely closer to the earlier).
Jaap Jacobs' thesis on ships sailing between The Netherlands and New Netherlands, "De Scheepvaart en handel van de Nederlandse Republiek op Nieuw-Nederland 1609-1675", shows the Kath:
"107.1(ship) Kath, Hans Jelisz (Captain/Master/Owner/).WIC (Dutch West India Company)(departed from) Amsterdam(departure date? ) 1647.(sailed for) Nieuw-A'dam (departure date?) June 1647.
Conducting more research on this ship, I found one Linda Stout Deak who wrote the following:
"I traveled today to Amsterdam and went to the Scheepsvaart (the Maritime or Ship Navigation, esp. Atlantic) Museum. It is a splendid old granite building on the water a fifteen-minute walk from Amsterdam Central Station. I was looking for Penelope's name on a passenger list...
"I scanned the doctoral thesis (in Dutch) of a J.A. Jacobs from Leiden University on the ships sailing to the new world from Holland between 1609-1675. The average was 3.75 ships per year, about five ships per year in the period 1639-1648. It seems very unlikely that another Dutch ship (besides the Kath) was beached at Sandy Hook on the New Jersey coast about the same time.
"The official record reads:107.1 Kath br Hans Jelisz. (owner) Jacht (yacht or sailboat) WIC (West Indies Company) 1647 Nieuw Amsterdam voor 6-6-1647 Kreeg in Juni 1647 de opdracht tot kaapveren. November 1648 bij Sandy Hook gestrand. (Did not return)"
I might add that since, between 1640 and 1648, only about 45 ships total from the Netherlands are recorded arriving at New Netherlands (now New York).I would find it very difficult to believe that two Dutch ships would have wrecked off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, during that short time (and that there is only a record for the one--the "Kath").I think it is most likely that Penelope and her first husband took passage on any ship other than the Kath in mid-to-late 1647.
After the Kath wrecked off Sandy Hook, most or all of the passengers and crew are said to have reached shore safely.Penelope's husband was either injured or sick.Hearing or fearing of an Indian attack the other passengers set out on foot for New Amsterdam (now New York).Penelope stayed with her husband.
Samuel Smith's "History of New Jersey" (page 65), published in 1765 --the earliest know written account of Penelope-- relates that a party of Indians found the young couple and immediately killed Penelope's husband. They then mangled Penelope, hacking her with a hatchet, and left her for dead.She was so seriously injured that various accounts relate that her skull had been fractured and that she did not have full use of one of her arms for the remainder of her life, and that her abdomen was cut so that her bowels were exposed and she had to hold herself together.When she regained consciousness, she was able to crawl into the shelter of a hollow tree.
After holding up for several days (one accounts claims a whole week), sustaining herself on fungus and excretions from the inside of the tree (according to one version) and wild berries, Penelope was found by two other Indians.One story relates that, upon being found, she prayed that they might end her misery.Various accounts say that she was found after leaving the hollow in search of water, or that she saw a deer with an arrow and crawled out, or that a dog led the Indians to her.The story continues that the younger of the two Indians raised his hatchet to strike Penelope dead, but that the older Indian stopped him, either because he revered her for her strength and perseverance, or because he thought that she might fetch a ransom.
Either way, he carried her over his shoulder to his wigwam in the Indian village where he nursed her back to health and dressed in native garb.One version claims that Penelope stayed with the Indians some time, working, learning their language and their ways.It seems to me she would not have been there for a great while because, according to most stories, a rescue party found her and brought her to New Netherlands.According to Frank Stocktons's version, Penelope's Indian benefactor said he would let the young woman decide for herself to go with them; Penelope decided to leave, "very much to the surprise of this good Indian."Another account--the 1823 History of the Stout Family by Nathan Stout--claims that the lot of the passengers from the ship had been killed, and that Penelope, as a sole survivor, was afterward carried by the Indian to New Netherlands and sold to the Dutch.
It is said that early records of Staten Island, New Netherlands (now New York) mention that an English girl was being held by the Indians in August 1645, and that they were to deliver her to Stamford (see Lamb's History of New York).I will say that, if the record refers to Stamford, Connecticut, it would see to be in the wrong direction to be Penelope who would have been the other way.Of course, the time discrepancy on August 1645, and the wreck of the Kath in 1647 or 1648 do not correspond (if the Kath was indeed her ship.)More research needs to be done to corroborate or verify this account.By my reckoning, 1645 was a little early for people to be going to Stamford (white people did not settled there until about 1655 when land purchases were made from the Indians by men from Hartford, including my Marvin ancestors--NMS).
The story continues:Penelope soon after took up residence at Gravesend, Long Island.This fact is consistent with the tradition that she was of English extraction, as Gravesend was the only settlement in Dutch New Netherlands where English was widely spoken and was used to conduct official business, and English settlers largely occupied Gravesend.
Mention is made in secondary accounts that the name of Penelope Prince was introduced as a witness in a lawsuit at Gravesend 1651and that the English clerk of Gravesend, John Tilton, wrote her name as "Penelope Prince."Searching old court records for this supposed 1651 case, I did not find it, but her name does appear in a Long Island Court record in 1648.The following is the account of that matter (transcribed from microfilm located at New York Public Library, by Nick Seedy, from the Gravesend, Long Island, Town Book, Vol. 1; Sept 12, 1648):
"Ambrose London plaintive agt:ye wife of Tho: Aplegate defent in an action of slander for saying his wife did milke her Cowe"
"The defent saith yt shee said noe otherwise but as Penellopey Prince tould her yt Ambrose his wife did milke her Cowe"
"Rodger Scotte being deposed saith yt being in ye house of Tho: Aplegate hee did heare Pennellopy Prince saye yt ye wife of Ambrose London did milke ye Cowe of Tho: Aplegate"
"Tho: Greedye being deposed saith yt Pennellope Prince being att his house hee did heare her saye yt shee and Aplegates Daughter must com as witnesses agat: Ambrose his wife milking Aplegates Coew"
"Pennellope Prince being questationed adknowled her faulte in soe speaking and being sorrie her words she spake gave sattisfaction on both sides."
While claims vary wildly and incorrectly (and their eldest son is said to have been born in 1643 or 1644), but it seems most certain that Penelope married Richard Stout sometime after September 1648 (and possibly after 1651, if her name "Prinses" actually is found in records at that time).If Penelope were married when she went to court in 1648, the fact most certainly would have been recorded, but it was not.Tradition claims (perhaps incorrectly) that Penelope was 22 years old and Richard was 40 when they married.The couple had 8 or 10 children, the last of whom, David, was supposedly born in 1669.--Read more below for a continuation of this question in an attempt to sort out inconsistencies.
Penelope and Richard left Gravesend and settled in what would become New Jersey very early.Mention is made in history books that people from Long Island attempted to settle in what became Monmouth Co., NJ as early as 1655, but that the attempts to establish a settlement was aborted because of "Indian troubles".It is also speculated that perhaps Richard and Penelope were among those who went into that area at that early date, and that the decision to move there was prompted by Penelope's urging.It is also claimed that Penelope and Richard set out to what is now New Jersey almost immediately after their marriage.It is certain that they were among the first to settle there permanently, but perhaps not for 15 years after they were married: land was purchased with a deed from the Sachem Indians in 1664 and again in 1665.Certainly by 1665, they had established a community at what would become Middletown, Monmouth County.
The nameless Indian who saved Penelope Stout's life is said to have been a frequent visitor and friend. According to one story, during some troubles, he alerted Penelope to a potential confrontation with a band of hostile natives.Various accounts relate that the women and children fled for their safety and that Richard Stout and some of the men remained to fight off an attack, but, perhaps aided by the old Indian friend, were able to negotiate a truce with the natives and afterward lived in peace together for a generation.
This allows us to take up an interesting point:A couple accounts claim that this incident occurred when Penelope and Richard had only two young children, and that one of Penelope' Indian friends came to warn her, and she was able to escape to New Amsterdam with her two children.If they only had two children, it would seem that this account would have occurred prior to the Monmouth Patent of 1665-since their youngest child was born in 1669--and more likely in the early 1650s, if at all.If there is some kernel of truth to the account, this story may be an echo of an event that occurred during the supposed earlier attempt to settle at Monmouth, say about 1655 or earlier, when it would have been more likely the couple would have only had two young children.It is also interesting to note that Lamb's History of New York also states, in the same account in 1645 that an English woman was being held by the Indians, that they experienced 11 years of peace with the Indians from 1644/45 to 1655--about the same time "Indian troubles" would have ended an early attempt to settle Monmouth.History tells us that during the fall of 1655, when Director Stuyvesant of the Dutch West India Company was off conquering the tiny Swedish settlements along the Delaware River (New Sweden), New Netherlands experienced what is called the Peach War. Northern Indians raiding the local Canarsie tribe stopped on Manhattan Island for food, and a Dutch resident killed one of them, a woman, who was taking peaches from an orchard. Angry Indians then terrorized New Amsterdam, the militia was called out, and several persons on both sides were killed. Over the next month or so, Indian attacks resulted in considerable destruction throughout New Netherlands. Many houses in New Amsterdam, Staten Island and elsewhere were burned; dozens more people died, and the Indians took one hundred or more persons captive.Again, this main Indian raid came from the north, and I would think that someone threatened where Middleton is hardly would have retreated north to Manhattan--the site of much of the skirmish!Then again, if the "troubles" lasted for long, everyone in danger likely would have congregated in the more defensible and populated places.
Anyway, they certainly occupied their property permanently by 1664 or 1665 and the Stout family continued to reside in Middletown and grew to a great number, their descendants being very numerous, even today.
Richard Stout died in 1705, aged about 90 years.Penelope Stout died say in 1732, and most accounts perpetuate the claim that she lived to be 110 and had some 502 (sometimes 492) living descendants at the time of her death.
The Story of the Brave Penelope Stout is said to be told at the Spy House Museum Complex in Port Monmouth, New Jersey.
Continued notes and conjecture by Nick Sheedy:
Penelope's birth date is usually given as 1622, but sometimes as 1602.Her death date is usually given as 1732, but sometimes as 1712.It is safe to say that she certainly was not born in 1602 as it seems quite certain that she arrived in America by 1647/48 (or perhaps as early as 1643/44), married Richard Stout and bore 8 or 10 children (the youngest born say in 1669).It is sometimes claimed that Penelope and Richard married in New Amsterdam in 1624, but this most certainly is not right: New Netherlands was first established at a small trading post south of Albany in 1614/15; the Dutch/Walloon passengers of the ship New Netherlands set sail in 1624, and first settled on Manhattan in 1626; New Amsterdam had about 270 residents in 1628, and only about 400 residents in about 90 structures by 1638.
Given the long-standing tradition that Penelope was 22 and Richard was 40 when they married allows us to speculate a little:Since they apparently married after 1648 (and perhaps after 1651) Penelope's birth date should be estimated at between 1626 and 1629 or after, and Richard's as between 1608 and 1613.Richard Stout is usually claimed to have been born in 1615 which would push the supposed marriage date (when he was say 40) to 1655, and Penelope's birth year to 1633.Given the record, she certainly married her first husband by 1647, and we can assume, according to the custom of the time, she was certainly at least 18, and probably 20 years old by 1647.(We may also assume that the couple was newly married, as they had no children accompany them.)But if Penelope were born as late as in 1633, she would have been only 14 years old in 1647, which would have been a very unusual young age to marry and I think it safe to rule this out as well.So, if we fix Penelope's birth year at between 1626 and 1629, and she was 22 when she married, the wedding would have been between 1649 and 1651.But, if Richard Stout was 40 years old at the time of their marriage, he would have been born between 1609 and 1611, and not in 1615--the claims just don't line up.Given all of these claims, I must say their marriage took place between 1649 and 1652, and most likely in late 1648 or early 1649.
And I should also point out that their first child would have been Mary who is said to have married Judge James Bowne on 26 Dec 1665--because, if that were so, one would think that she was at least 16 or 17 at the time, and which would fix her birth no later than 1649, making the marriage of Penelope and Richard in 1648 or 1649.
Well, these various traditions may help to narrow the possibilities but offer no definite facts.Given that their youngest son, David, was supposedly born in 1669, we can safely assume that Penelope was not born before 1620; and it seems near certain that she was born no later than 1629.
The fact, stated often, that she had near 500 living descendants at the time of her death is believable, given the many children in the families of her offspring.And she no doubt lived to a great age.If she were born in 1622 and died in 1732, she would have been 110 --which is an extraordinary claim, but is not impossible.We can certainly rule out the claim that she was born in 1602, and I would follow by discounting the 1712 death date (which seems to me to be a contrivance to reconcile the early birth claim with the traditional age of 110).Although, if the 1712 death date were true, Penelope would have been perhaps 90 years old at the time of her death--while this is far more believable, living to the age of 90 is not (and was not) such an unusual event that the fact would have been imbedded so strongly in the minds of her descendants.
I suspect Penelope was born sometime between 1622 and 1629 and died about 1732, aged over 100 years, which age, while uncommon, is not so unheard of as some might think.
The accounts of her are slightly varied and even at odds on a few details, but no doubt there is a basis for them in fact.I have visited Middletown, Monmouth Co., NJ, but could not find any evidence of her death date there, nor any markers for her immediate descendants in the ancient gravestones in the yard at Old First Baptist Church in Middletown, although Penelope herself probably would not have been buried there.I have also personlly examined the original early record book of the "Old First" Baptist church of Middletown, New Jersey, with some family records dating back to the late 1600s, although the church records start in 1712 (I located the old book in the Special Collections of Alexander Library at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey).More work might be done to narrow the date of her death.Given the enormous number of descendents of this couple, the researcher pool must be able to yield something new!
NMS:The only other record I have found of a Dutch shipwreck in this period was the ship named (coincidentally) "Prinses Amelia", but she wrecked on return voyage.I did a little research into the Prinses Amelia because it is the only other shipwreck I could find about that time, and because of the coincidental name:
Jaap Jacobs' thesis includes:
104.1Prinses Amelia(WIC)Amsterdam1647;Nieuw-A'damMay 1647.
Records of West India Company, New Netherlands show:
Sailed from Amsterdam, Netherlands to New Netherlands sometime after July 1646, likely in the spring of 1647.
Arrived at New Amsterdam before 27 May 1647.
Departed from New Amsterdam, New Netherlands 17 Aug 1647.
On a return voyage, Prinses Amelia wrecked in Bristol Channel and sank off the coast of Wales on 27 Sept. 1647.
Out of 107 passengers, only 21 were rescued.
Surviving passengers arrived in Holland late Oct 1647.
NMS:The Ship "Princes Amelia" is the same found in the Register of the Provincial Secretary (New Amsterdam/New Netherlands) and other records as the ship "De Prinses" or "Princess":
A Gillis Pietersen was given power of Attorney for his father-in-law, Hendrick Jansen, who sailed from New Amsterdam in the summer of 1647 on the ship "Princess" and was said to have perished in the wreck of that vessel.
Mention of "Huyge Broers from Doccum, cooks mate on the ship De Princes" (original not finished and cancelled, but made in June 1647).
Mention of Ship "De Princes", dated 17 July 1647.Mention of "Jan Claessen Bol, Captain" of the Ship "De Princes", dated 23 July 1647.
Mention of "Domine Backerius" who had earned 400 guilders in the Ship "De Princes", dated 2 August 1647.
And mention of the ship "De Princes", dated 16 August 1647.
(A letter from Willem Beckman to Petrus Stuyvesant, dated 24 June 1663 mentions another "yacht" called "de Princes" which arrived on 21 June 1663.)
An excellent two-page account and description of the ship "Princess" of 1647 is found in the book "New Amsterdam and her People" by J.H. Innes (1902), including her departure "17 August 1647" and her later wreckage off the coast of Wales.
NMS: The "Swedish Governor" mentioned in 1647 records of New Netherlands was a "Johan Prins", residing on the South River.
Of coincidence--I read that New York's "Beaver Street" was, in the 1660s, called "Princen Straet" and was the location of the De Forest Brewery at that time, and also where the residence of Phillips Du Trieux stood.
We also have this description in the 1650s: "... there was the Prinsen Gracht, a canal thoroughfare made by fixing up a ditch at right angles to Broad Street, where Beaver Street now runs to its terminus in Pearl Street. There lived about seventeen families, that of Jacob Kip, the town secretary, among them. Towards the west, Beaver Street was also made into a canal street, called Bever Straat."(The History of New York State, Book II, Chapter II, Part V --Dr. James Sullivan, Ed.)
There was a Thomas Prence--sometimes "Prince" (1599-1673), born in Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England, and arrived in Plymouth Colony in 1623.He married Patience Brewster (Mayflower passenger)15 Aug 1624 at Plymouth (Colony), Plymouth County, MA.Thomas Prence served as Governor of Plymouth Colony, being elected 5 June 1638.Thomas Prence was elected Governor again 3 June 1657.He died 29 Mar 1673 at Eastham, Barnstable County, MA and is buried at Burial Hill, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA.His probate, including a complete inventory, was recorded April 23, 1673: Plymouth Colony Wills 3:60-70, #P205.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF RICHARD STOUT (abt.1609-1705)
compiled by Nick Sheedy
According to tradition, Richard Stout was born about 1609 (some say 1605, and some say 1615) in Nottinghamshire, England, and his father's name was john.He ran away or was forced from his home and either joined or was pressed into the service of the British Navy where he served for seven years.At New Amsterdam (now New York), he jumped ship (deserted), or some say he was discharged, by the early 1640s.
In 1643, he was employed by Governor Kieft as a soldier in the February uprising of that year.Through bearing arms for the Dutch, he became a Netherlands subject (and as such would have been protected from prosecution for his earlier desertion, if that were the case, when the British took control and renamed the colony New York).
In June 1643, a woman named Lady Deborah Moody, with other English families, arrived at the fort of New Amsterdam to seek asylum under the Dutch. Later that year she and other English settlers founded a new colony: Gravesend, on Long Island, (New York).By 1645 the group was well organized; in December of that year, they were given a patent by Gov. Kieft. Richard Stout was among the 39 patentees and in February 1646, he received plantation lot no. 16 in Gravesend. (Is there some confusion between the claims that he owned lots 16 and 18?I also have read claims that Richard owned plantation #18 at Gravesend in 1643.)
An often repeated quote which I have traced to the article "First Families of Monmouth, Stout Family" by Edwin Salter which appeared in the newspaper, "The Monmouth Inquirer", Thursday, dated 20 May 1886 reads:
"October 13, 1643, Richard Aestin, Ambrose Love and Richard Stout made declaration that the crew of the Seven Stars and of the Privateer landed at the farm of Anthony Jansen of Sallee (New Utrecht) in the bay and took off 200 pumpkins and would have carried off a lot of hogs from Coney Island had they not learned they belonged to the Lady Moody."
NOW, while this article is based on fact, an exact transcription of the original record shows (From the Register of Provincial Secretary of New Amsterdam/New Netherlands; transcribed from microfilm by Nick Sheedy), on 13 October 1643, Richard Stout, et al, of Gravesend, Long Island, gave a deposition to the Secretary of New Netherlands.It reads:
Before me, Cornelis van Tienhoven, Secretary of New Netherlands, appeared the undersigned witnesses, who at the request of Antony Jensen from Zale attest, testify and declare, in place and with promise of a solomn oath, that it is true and truthful that yesterday, about noon, the crew of the[ship] "Sevenster" [Seven Star?] and of the privateer [the ship "La Garce"] went together on the land of Antony Jensen from Zalee, situated in the bay there, as an Englishman who is a sailor on the said ships, took fully 200 pumpkins.The deponents asked what they were doing there and they answered: "we are in search of the hogs on "Konynen Eylant" [Coney Island]; if we find the hogs we shall take them all away with us."Thereupon the deponents replied:"Those that run there are Lady Moody's hogs.""Then we shall not go there," said the sailors.Done the 13th of October 1643.
"Richert Stout" signed his mark "X"; "Ritschert Aesten" (Richard Austin?) with his mark "R";and "Ambroisus Lonne" (Amrose Love?) with his mark "A".
One of Richard Stout's crops was evidently tobacco, for we find he sold his tobacco crop in October 1649 for 210 guilders. Richard is not found in records in the early 1650s, but appeared in Gravesend records in 1657 when 17 of his 20 acres were under cultivation; and in 1661, when he bought an adjoining farm from William Griffin.
In the Town Court, of Gravesend, October 8, 1663, it is said, Richard Stout declareth that Nathaniel Brittain had slandered him; that he had sold wine to the Indians. The said Nathaniel denieth it, but said that the Indians told his wife that they had bought wine of Stout.The Court, however, ordered Nathaniel to pay the costs of prosecution.
By the mid 1660s, some men from Gravesend had sailed up the Raritian River and began a general council to negotiate with the Sachem Indian tribe for the purchase of land in what was to become part of New Jersey.It is said they first tried to establish a community there about 1655 but that the earlier settlement was aborted because of Indian troubles.
Richard Stout and others bought the Sachem's right to the land embraced in the future Monmouth Patent:
The first deed from the Indians was dated 25th of 1st month (March), 1664. This was for lands at Nevesink, from the Sachem Popomora and agreed to by his brother, Mishacoing, to James Hubbard, John Bowne, John Tilton Jr., Richard Stout, William Goulding and Samual Spicer. The articles given to the Indians in exchange for the land were 118 fathoms seaswamp (wampum), 68 fathoms of which were to be white and 50 black seaswamp, 5 coats, 1 gun, 1 clout capp(?), 1 shirt, 12 lbs. tobacco and 1 anker wine; all of which were acknowledged as having been received; and in addition 82 fathoms of seaswamp was to be paid twelve months hence.
The official record of this deed is in the office of Secretary of State at Albany, N.Y., in Liber 3, pp1. A copy of it is also recorded in Proprietor's office, Perth Amboy, as is also a map of the land embraced in the purchase, and also in the Secretary of State's office, Trenton.
Ihave found reference that the second purchase was 8 April 1664, but may be confused with the purchase of 7 April 1665, from Indians named Taplawappammund, Mattamahickanick, Yawpochammund, Kackenham, Mattanoh, Norchon and Qurrmeck and the deed was to John Tilton Sr., Samual Spicer, Willim Goulding, Richard Gibbons, James Grover and Richard Stout.
The third purchase was dated 5 June 1665, and from Indians named Manavendo, Emmerdesolsee, Poppomermeen and Macca and the deed was to James Grover, John Bowne, Richard Stout, John Tilton, Richard Gibbons, William Goulding, Samual Spicer and "the rest of the Company."
Two other Indian deeds followed and were similarly recorded.
By 1664 or 1665, they apparently had established a permanent settlement there.While the earliest settlers (often called "adventurers") typically negotiated with and purchased land from the Indians directly, it became necessary to obtain title from the European authorities to guarantee the claim.(And another affirmation of their title would be secured when the colony of East New Jersey was chartered in 1683.)
Richard Stout was among the 12 men named on the "Monmouth Patent" of 8 April 1665 which Governor Nicholls granted, and which reads as follows:
"To all whom these presents shall come: I Richard Nicholls Esq., Governor under his Royal Highness the Duke of York of all his Territories in America send greeting.
"Whereas there is a certain tract or parcel of land within this government, lying and being near Sandy Point, upon the Main; which said parcel of land hath been with my consent and approbation bought by some of the inhabitants of Gravesend upon Long Island of the Sachems (chief proprietors thereof) who before me have acknowledged to have received satisfaction for the same, to the end that the said land may be planted, manured and inhabited, and for divers other good causes and considerations, I have thought fit to give, confirm and grant, and by these presents do give confirm and grant unto WILLIAM GOULDING, SAMUEL SPICER, RICHARD GIBBONS, RICHARD STOUT, JAMES GROVER, JOHN BOWN, JOHN TILTON, NATHANIEL SYLVESTER, WILLIAM REAPE, WALTER CLARKE, NICHOLAS DAVIS, OBADIAH HOLMES, patentees, and their associates, their heirs, successors and assigns, all that tract and part of the main land, beginning at a certain place commonly called or known by the name of Sandy Point and so running along the bay West North West, till it comes to the mouth of the Raritan River, from thence going along the said river to the westernmost part of the certain marsh land which divides the river into two parts, and from that part to run in a direct south-west line into the woods twelve miles, and thence to turn away south-east and by south, until it falls into the main ocean; together with all lands, soils, rivers, creeks, harbors, mines, minerals (Royal mines excepted), quarries, woods, meadows, pastures, marshes, waters, lakes, fishings, hawkings, huntings, and fowling, and all other profits, commodities and hereditaments to the said lands and premises belonging and appertaining, with their and every of their appurtenances hereby given and granted, or herein before mentioned to be given and granted to the only proper use and behoof of the said patentees and their associates, their heirs, successors and assigns forever …"
Stout sold his Gravesend property on Long Island and moved his family to New Jersey (are there dedds on record for this??)Others followed later (although only four of the original 12 actually settled in Monmouth).Because he had settled on the land prior to January 1665 (was this O.S. or N.S. dating??), Richard Stout was able to claim 780 acres for his family by 1675. Future settlement was restricted starting in July 1669 because Middletown was considered "wholly compleated, being full according to their number."
In 1667, Richard Stout held lot no. 6 and upland country in Middletown.In 1669, he was an Overseer of the Town.In 1675, he deeded 1,800 acres to his heirs.In 1677, he received 745 acres by patent.
From 1669 to 1671, Richard Stout served in an Assembly to govern the towns in Monmouth. He was frequently elected to fill other responsible positions in the town.
In 1664, January 25th, Richard Stout, John Bowne, John Tilton, Jr., and others bought a tract of land of Papomora, Chief of Indians, the deed for which is recorded at Albany, also other tracts from other Indians, April 7th, 1665 and June 5th, 1665.
In 1668, Richard and his family joined with others in forming the first Baptist Church of New Jersey.
1675: "Here begins the Rights of Land due according to the Concessions." Richard Stout, of Midleton, wife, sons John, Richard, James, Peter, daughters Mary, Alice, Sarah. Mary Stout is the wife of James Bound (Bowne); Alice Stout, wife of John Trogmorton, all 1800 acres source: East Jersey Deeds, etc. Liber No 3,
Reversed Side, pp1
1677 June 4:" Patent to Richard Stout senior of Midleton for 285 acres there in 6 parcels" described as before. source Liber No. 1, pp168.
1682 April 10: Deed." Richard Hartshorne, as attorney for Thomas Snowsell, to John Crawfurd, for 40 acres bought from Richard Stout and wife Penelope", Feb., 26, 1679-80. Property discription, a homelot, bounded N. by a road, W. by John Smith, E. by Richard Gibbons, S. by land then not laid out. source: New Jersey Colonial Documents, East Jersey Deeds, Etc. Liber B, pp150
1685 Dec 24: Richard Stoute senior witness to will of Edward Smith of Middletown. source: East Jersey Deeds, Etc. Liber A ,pp 77
1688 June 25: Patent to John Wilson junior 156 acres in Monmouth Co., bounded W. Richard Stoutt senior. source: New Jersey Colonial Documents, East Jersey Deeds, Etc., Liber C pp 117
4 Jan 1687-8: Deed." Richard Stoutt senior of Midletoun to his son Jonathan Stoutt, for part of the patent for land at Waramaness, Midletoun (June 4, 1677), S. John Bowne, E. the Hope R.., W. a barren hill, N. the division line; also 5 acres of meadow in Conesconk, to be taken from the E. side of grantors 30 acres lot."source Liber D, pp68
30 Aug 1690: Deed. Richard Stout senior to his son Benjamin Stout "for the Joynture of my loving wife Penelope: for a lot at Romauis or Hop River, Monmouth Co., S.W. said river, N.W., David Stout, N.E. John Wilson, S.E. Peter Stout; also 6 2/3 acres of meadow at Conesconk, adjoining Peter Stout. source: New Jersey Colonial Documents, East Jersey Deeds, Etc., Liber D, pp385
It is said Richard and Penelope had ten children (seven sons and three daughters): John, Richard, Jonathan, Peter, James, Benjamin, David, Deliverance, Sarah and Penelope.
Richard Stout's will was proved 23 October 1705 at Perth Amboy, New Jersey (Lib. 1, p. 120, N.J. Wills).If Richard was born in 1609, as tradition would have us believe , he would have been about 96 years old when he died.
PROBATE RECORDS: Monmouth County, New Jersey
STOUT, Richard, His WILL, was written 9 June 1703 and was probated 23 Oct 1705 at Perth Amboy, Middlesex, New Jersey:
"Know all men by these presents that I, Richard Stout of Middletown, in the county of Monmouth, in East Jersey, being of sound Mind and disposing memory, do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament which is as followeth: I will that all my just debts be paid: I give and devise unto my loving wife, during her natural life, all my orchard and that part of rooms of the home she now lives in, with the cellar, and all the land I now posses. I give and bequeath unto my loving wife, all my horse kind, excepting one mare and colt my son Benjamin is to have for keeping my cattle last year.
I give unto my sons, John, Richard, James, Johnathan, David and Benjamin, one shilling each of them.
I give unto my daughters, Mary, Alice and Sarah, each of them one shilling.
I give to my daughter-in-law, Mary Stout, and her son John one shilling each of them.
I give and bequeath unto my kinswoman Mary Stout, the daughter of formerly Peter Stout, one cow to be paid within six days after my wife's death.
All the remainder of my personal estate whatsoever, I give and bequeath unto my loving wife, and to this, my last will and testament, I make my son John and my son Johanathan my executors to. For this my will performed, in witness hereof I have hereunto put my hand and seal, June the ninth day, in the year one thousand seven hundred and three. (signed) Richard Stout (his mark)--Signed, sealed and published in the presence of us: Richard Hartshorne, John Weakham, Peter Vandervere"
According to the "History of the Stout Family" by Nathan Stout (published 1823):
"Richard Stout, the first of the name in America was born in Notinghamshire, in Old England, and his father's name was John. The said Richard, when quite young paid his addresses to a young woman that his father thought below his rank, upon which account some unpleasant conversation happened between the father and the son, on account of which, the said Richard left his father's house; and in a few days engaged on board a ship of war, where he served about seven years, after which time he got a discharge at New Amsterdam, now called New York, in America. About the same time a ship from Amsterdam, in Holland, on her way to the said New Amsterdam, was driven on the shore that is now called Middletown, in Monmouth County, in the State of new Jersey, which ship was loaded with passengers, who with much difficulty got on shore. But the Indians not long after fell upon them and butchered and killed the whole crew (sic-at odds with other accounts-NMS), as they thought, but soon after the Indians were gone, a certain Penelope Van Princes, whose husband the Indians had killed, found herself possessed of strength enough to creep to a hollow tree, where she remained some days. An Indian happening to come that way, whose dog coming to the tree, occasioned him to examine the inside of the tree, where he found the said Penelope in a forlorn, distressed condition. She was bruised very severely about the head, and her bowels protruded from a cut across her abdomen; she kept them in with her hand. She had been in this fearful condition seven days when the Indian found her. In his compassion he took her out of the tree and carried her to his wigwam where he treated her kindly and healed her wounds, and in a short time conveyed her in his canoe to New Amsterdam, where he sold her to the Dutch, who then owned that city, now called New York.
"The man and woman from whom the whole race of Stouts descended got into the city of New Amsterdam, where they became acquainted with each other and were married. And, not withstanding, it may be thought by some, that they conducted themselves with more fortitude than prudence, they immediately crossed the bay and settled in the above said Middletown, where the said Penelope had lost her first husband by the Indians and had been so severely wounded herself.
"There was at that time but six white families in the settlement, including their own, which was in the year 1648 (sic! too early! -NMS), where they continued until they became rich in prosperity and rich in children. They had together seven son and three daughters, viz: John, Richard, Jonathan, Peter, James, Benjamin, David. The daughters were - Deliverance, Sarah, Penelope. All of which sons and daughters lived to raise large families."
I add this from Stout Family of Delaware, by Streets:
"Richard Stout is said to have left home because of parental interference in an affair of love with a young woman who was considered below him in the social scale. He enlisted on a man-of-war where he served seven years receiving his discharge at New Amsterdam where his vessel happened to be when his term of enlistment expired."