Thomas Taber b. 29 Oct 1668 married Rebecca Harlow.The mistake you mention, that he supposedly died young and his parents later had a Thomas Taber b. 22 Feb 1681, is patently false.The Taber Genealogy published by George Randall in 1924 in New Bedford contains this error, for some inexplicable reason.There is no thorough or authoritative source for Taber genealogy for the colonial period of New England.I have been researching primary sources for 15 years, and within the next 5 years hope to publish my findings.At this time, the closest thing to an authoritative source on your Taber ancestry is Volume 12 of the Mayflower 5 Generation Project, tracing the descendants of Francis Cooke.First published in 1996 and revised in 1999, it has some glaring errors on Taber lines, and scores of oversights.(As an example of a minor oversight, Thomas Taber who married Rebecca Harlow is said to have died "between 2 August and 4 September 1722."The Dartmouth town records put the date of death between 2 August and 14 August, as a town meeting was called on 14 August 1722 to elect a selectman to replace Thomas Taber, Junior, deceased.)Also, note that "Captain" Thomas Taber did not have a middle initial "B."(Middle names were rare among New Englanders of that period.).The "B." appears to have been copied from a source that listed the children of Philip and Jane (Masters) Taber, and used a capital B. for born, thus it in part read "Thomas B. circa 1644."
I have corresponded in the past with another descendant of Joel and Lois (Taber) Battey, and perhaps could provide her name if you are interested.