Joshua Tonge, NY 1784, Loyalist to Nova Scotia/NB
I am not related to your family, but I think you should look at the following:
From the Digby County, Nova Scotia Genweb, go to websites such as:
- http://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/perm2/muster1.htmhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/perm2/muster1.htm - which shows a list of 160+ people who all arrived as United Empire Loyalists in June 1784 in Digby Township, Nova Scotia, as refugees from the American Revolution.
Anyone who is puzzled about the travels of their early ancestors from the NJ/NY area up to the end of the American Revolution in 1783/4 should look at the McCONNELL forum, posting # 1604.
This shows how the branches of the TONGE, Saxton, McConnell, John, Jones, Northrop, LeRoy, Cornwell, Cosman, Cummings, Hains/Haines, Doty/Doughty, and other families who wanted to remain loyal to King George III in 1783/4 were given land grants by England in Nova Scotia's Annapolis County (later including Digby County) areas.
Included among these Loyalists are Joshua Tonge, who came with 2 others (a wife and child ?) and is shown as a Loyalist, who was given a land grant at Gulliver's Hole, near Digby and Weymouth, NS. The Sissiboo
River flows out into St. Mary's Bay at this location.
Just a note - the 99 current TONGE families in Canada's phone book -
http://canada411.sympatico.ca/eng/person.htmlhttp://canada411.sympatico.ca/eng/person.html - no longer live in Nova Scotia, but 13 of them are next door in New Brunswick, all along the Saint John River Valley as far up as the capital city Fredericton. This inidicates that the original settlers in NS moved across the Bay of Fundy where better farm land served as a lure. In 1785 NB became a separate province from NS, at the insistence of the new Loyalist settlers.
In short, the generation born in the American Colonies in 1740's/1750's/early 1760's who were to be called Loyalists in Canada and Tories or Royalists in the (new) USA, sailed in large numbers from NYC in 1783 or 1784 to places like Nova Scotia (and New Brunswick which separated from NS in 1785).
Because the farmland granted to the original arrivals was not overly productive or in large enough lots to bequeath to many sons, many of the children or grandchildren of these people moved westward, either to the Port Burwell / Aylmer area of Elgin County, Ontario on Lake Erie, or to the Michigan counties of Berrien, Van Buren, and Wexford, among others. The TONGE seem to have gone to Essex County, near London, ON, but now seem to live in the largely cities of Ontario.
Some made the trip from NS directly to Michigan in the late 1820's/early 1830's. Others stopped for a generation or two in southern Ontario (Elgin County on Lake Erie), then continued to Michigan.
The significant thing is that many of the 1784 families came in a group to NS from New York, then another generation of the same families went in groups either to Ontario or Michigan. They must have had very close ongoing ties generation after generation. Also, there must have been ongoing comunication between the "cousins" in Canada and the USA, since they seem to have "reunited" in the 1830-1840 period in Michigan, after many
families were split by divided loyalties back in the 1770's and 1780's.
Does anyone posting here know more about the Joshua TONGE shown on this 1784 Muster Roll for Sissiboo, Nova Scotia ? Did they come from NY State, as most others in this group did ?