Saw this in the May 27th issue of the Chronicle Herald, Nova Scotia's main daily newspaper:
Descendants of Johannes Henrick Trömper (or Troemper) b. June 25, 1753, son of Johannes and Martha (Mohr) Treumpffer (= troymp-fer) of Bedra, Hessen, Germany, are invited to the Trimper family reunion in Bear River, Digby County, Nova Scotia on July 28, 29, and 30. Location for the reunion will be the Digby County Exhibition Grounds).
For information contact:
Wayne and Gaye Trimper, RR 3, MIddleton, NS, CANADAB0S 1P0 or E-Mail - firstname.lastname@example.org - or
Linda Milbury, Bear River, N.S. B0S 1B0 E-mail - email@example.com - or
Keith and Jeanne Trimper, Bridgewater, NS, CANADAB4V 3P2 or E-Mail them at - firstname.lastname@example.org -.
Other NS info sources are:
NS Phone book - http://www.canada411.ccomhttp://www.canada411.ccom - about 85% of the 79 TRIMPER names in NS phone listings live in Annapolis or Digby County, in the south-west end of the province (part nearest to USA, across the water from Maine).
Trimper was a German (Hessian) name. Read the "history lesson" at the end of this message.
You can get to NS by ferry from Portland or Bar Harbor, Maine to Yarmouth, NS or by driving through Maine into New Brunswick, Canada, and crossing by ferry from Saint John, NB to Digby NS.
Annapolis County NS, site of the oldest French settlement in North America (founded by Champlain in 1604) and the first British capital at Annapolis Royal 1710-1749 - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/8368/index.htmlhttp://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/8368/index.html - all early French -and much English- history in NS started here. Also, many German "Hessian" troops settled here on land granted to them by King George III for fighting against the American rebels during the Revolutionary War.
Calnek, W. A. “History of the County of Annapolis”, Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing Company, 1980 [originally published Toronto: William Briggs, 1897];
Historic Restoration Society, 158 St George Street, Annapolis Royal, NS,B0S 1A0 (tel: 902-532-7754).
Digby County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/ - has mixture of early French and English settlements, along with some German "Hessian" soldiers who received land grants after the Revolutionary War. District of Clare is Acadian French and “longest main street in the world” (40 miles/65 km), Université Sainte-Anne holds many archival records of French settlement back to early 1700’s. New England Planters (ca 1760) and later United Empire Loyalists (1776-1784) brought in English-speaking settlers.
- http://www.stillman.org/ns.htmhttp://www.stillman.org/ns.htm - has good basic NS map
NOVA SCOTIA Genweb Site - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ -
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Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon) [CANADA] - Halifax Mission,
Family History Centre & Genealogical Library,
44 Cumberland Drive,
Dartmouth, NS B2V 2C7
Tel: (902) 462-0628
Main Office: Tel: (902) 468-2718, 202 Brownlow Avenue, Dartmouth, NSB3B 1T5
Lunenburg County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.htmlhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.html - has lots of info on the GERMAN settlers in NS starting 1750. First French settlements date from ca 1650. A unique part of NS with Lunenburg (town) designated a United Nations Historic Site, home of wooden sailing ships including NS symbol “Bluenose” and replica of “HMS Bounty” for Hollywood movie in 1962. Lahave River one of nicest in NS. Chester and Mahone Bay among most picturesque communities anywhere in NS. Home of many film shoots in recent years because of wonderful scenic views out to sea.
- http://ycn.library.ns.ca/museum/yarcomus.htmhttp://ycn.library.ns.ca/museum/yarcomus.htm - and E-Mail - email@example.com - Yarmouth County Museum and Archives, 22 Collins Street, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, B5A 3C8 CANADA - Tel: (902) 742-5539 Fax: (902) 749-1120 - they have just completed a major physical expansion and will be ready in summer 2000 to assist historians and geneaologists much more effectively than ever before. Outside of the Provincial Archives of NS in Halifax, this museum has arguably the best collection of archival records in Nova Scotia.
GOVT OF NS (VITAL STATISTICS) - http://www.gov.ns.ca/bacs/vstat/http://www.gov.ns.ca/bacs/vstat/ - births, marriages, deaths, etc.
- http://www.nsarm.ednet.ns.ca/http://www.nsarm.ednet.ns.ca/ - Public Archives of Nova Scotia - Tel: (902) 424-6060 FAX: (902) 424-0628 - **NOTE: AS OF 2000, THEIR ACTUAL RECORDS WERE NOT YET AVAILABLE ON-LINE, so you must visit in person, employ researchers, or use “snail mail” if you live far away.
- http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/GANS/index.htmlhttp://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/GANS/index.html - Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. Canada B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 1,500 members - the main “chebucto” menu was changed after April 1999 to - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites
“Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia” by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). He hosts a program on CBC (public radio) the 4th Monday of each month and will answer questions by E-Mail to - firstname.lastname@example.org - or check out the Website at - http://www.halifax.cbc.cahttp://www.halifax.cbc.ca -
Johannes Helmut Merz - email@example.com - wrote August 14, 1997:
I wrote the book "Hessians of Nova Scotia". Anyone having a "Hessian" ancestor, who had settled in Canada after the war, and needs more information about him, is invited to contact me direct at my e-mail address. The Hanau Regiment fromErbprinz were usually Lutherns. If you have someone you think was a Hessian Soldier in the Revolution War a good place to go is - http://www.cgocable.net/~hessianhttp://www.cgocable.net/~hessian - I have over 2000 names in my Personal Data Files, and I am willing to share information. But do not forget, sharing information is a two-way affair, so I would like to know what you know about him too. John Merz. You can post your query with - AMREV-HESSIANS-L@rootsweb.com - mailing list.
Charlene Woodring - firstname.lastname@example.org - July 15, 1998:
In Reply to: Hessian Deserters posted by Barbara Jarvis on May 12, 1998:
My ancestor was a Hessian soldier who failed to return to Prussia. He served with the Von Bose or Erbprinz Regiments, as near as I can determine. He gave up his Germanic name to
become John Borders which is why I suspect desertion.
Mine were Groethausen Hessian Deserters. There were 2 or 3 brothers. Groethausen is now spelled Greathouse.
John Helmut Merz - email@example.com - January 01, 1999:
Hessian Military files only mention Lieutenant Friedrich Wilhelm von Grothausen, who was with the Hesse-Kassel Jaeger Corps, and according to Hetrina IV he was killed in action Jan 1777. - AMREV-HESSIANS-L@rootsweb.com - post at the AMREV-HESSIANS mail list.
Theophil Daeschler Jaeger, J/2 deserted on April 23, 1783. He was from the Ansbach or Bayreuth area of Germany.
A soldier by the name of John Painter was a Hessian soldier whocame to America to fight, then he changed sides. The surname is spelled Paynter (at least one family line).
GERMAN (Hessian) Soldiers 1775-1783
George III of Great Britain, in 1775/1776, desperately seeking to retain control of British North America, signed treaties with a number of German states to supply troops to defend the English interest in this part of the world. The significance for the genealogist in North America is that approximately 6000 soldiers remained on this side of the Atlantic Ocean, some 2,400 in Canada and the rest in the U.S.A. It has been estimated that several tens of thousands of Canadians can trace the ancestry back to one these soldiers. It has been estimated that 1,400 Hessians settled in Quebec and about 1000 in the Maritime Provinces and Ontario. For those fortunate enough to be able to connect an ancestor to one of the German troops, there is a wealth of information that can be accessed, such as diaries outlining troop movements, regiment lists, which can give the soldier's place of birth, height and wealth, general reference material on the American Revolution etc.
Many authors have suggested that, if it were not for the presence of the German forces, Canada would not exist as a separate nation today. The German contingent in North America was about as large as the British, and despite the British defeat and loss of the 13 colonies, England did retain control of the northern territory.
The military strength of Britain was inadequate to suppress the American uprising. It therefore turned to its former allies of the Seven Years War for support, several German principalities. In the 18th century, Germany was a patchwork of independent states, each with its own ruler. Many of the heads of these states were related to British Royalty in one fashion or another. George III signed treaties with six German states: Braunschweig (Brunswick), Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, Anspach-Bayreuth, Anhalt-Zerbst and Waldeck. As Hesse-Cassel provided the largest contingent of troops, the German forces became known generically as "Hessians".
Hesse-Cassel supplied the largest number of troops by far. Approximately 17,000 soldiers were sent to America, representing about 1 out of 4 able bodied men of military age of the population of that state. The Hesse-Cassel troops were considered superior to those of the other German states. They were well trained on the Prussian system and in good health. The treaty signed between George III and Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, was a lucrative one for the German Prince. He would be paid an estimated £3 million over an eight-year period for the services of his army. It was also the 6th time in 100 years that the Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel had rented out his troops. Thus the common soldier could hardly be considered a "mercenary". He received his regular soldiers pay from the Hessian army; the Landgrave received the benefit.
Hesse-Cassel sent 15 Infantry regiments, each consisting of 5 companies. The strength was 650 officers and men. Also sent were 4 Grenadier Battalions, 2 Yager companies and 2 Field Artillery Companies. Regiments were often named after their "Chef", but not always. Thus you will find references to the von Knyphausen Regiment (named after Baron Wilhelm von Knyphausen) or the Mirbach regiment (named after Major-General von Mirbach). Each regiment, when stationed in Germany, was located in its garrison town. For example, the garrison town of the von Knyphausen regiment was Ziegenhain. This can be important for genealogical research, as the church records for the garrison town could contain information on your ancestor.
The Hesse-Cassel forces spent most of their time in the 13 Colonies. They arrived in New York in August 1776 and departed in August 1783. They participated in every major battle of the war, including the battle of Trenton where many were killed, wounded or captured in the American victory. In September of 1779, the British fearing an attack on Quebec ordered the von Kynphausen and von Lossberg regiments to Canada. The fleet was struck by a severe storm and many ships were lost or captured by the Americans. The remainder of the fleet found its way to Quebec, although not until the next June. One part of the von Knyphausen regiment had to spend the winter in Prince Edward Island and then resumed its voyage to Quebec the following spring. The von Lossberg regiment remained in Quebec for the remainder of the hostilities and the von Knyphausen regiment returned to New York in 1781. The regiment von Seitz was stationed in Halifax from late 1778 until 1783.
The Duke of Brunswick, also related to the British Royal family dispatched about 5,700 troops throughout the Revolution. These forces were organized into 7 regiments or battalions and 1 Yager company and were stationed in Quebec. The first division arrived in the summer of 1776 and the troops left Quebec in the summer of 1783. They were under the command of General von Riedesel who is given credit for erecting the first North American Christmas tree
in Sorel in 1781. Riedesel's forces participated in General Burgoyne's campaign in 1777 and most were captured at Saratoga, with only the Prinz Friederich regiment escaping that fate, having been left behind to defend Fort Ticonderoga. It is estimated that 700-800 of these soldiers chose to settle in Canada.
Hesse-Hanau, Anhalt-Zerbst, Waldeck and Anspach-Bayreuth
The treaties signed with these principalities called for far fewer troops than with either Hesse-Cassel of Brunswick. Hesse-Hanau contributed about 2000 soldiers, Anspach-Bayreuth about 2300, Waldeck 1200 and Anhalt-Zerbst about 1100. Only those forces of Hesse-Hanau and Anhalt-Zerbst were stationed in Canada.
Most of the soldiers who settled in Canada or the U.S.A either deserted from the British side or were allowed to remain behind by their superiors. There are an unknown number of soldiers who returned to Germany only to return to this side of the Atlantic at some later date. George Weckesser, his friend Wilhelm Fischer deserted after a few years in Hesse-Cassel, escaped with their wives and children (emigration was forbidden) and returned to settled in Prince Edward Island. Their desertion is shown in the
military records of Hesse-Cassel. Soldiers who chose to settle in Canada were often given land grants, and depending on the jurisdiction, were treated as well as the Loyalists.