Joseph Wilford [Willford] Trial and Conditional Pardon
Most reasearchers who know of the Joseph Willford who married Mary Campbell in Pennsylvania in 1770 know that he was brought to America as a prisoner of the British Crown.Details about his trial and deportation are now available via the Internet.
I recently came across some things on the Web that I think will be of interest.You can find the proceedings against Joseph Willford at the following URL:
The site gives a transcription of the testimony given at Joseph's trial and one can also, form the same web page, download copies of the original pages on this matter.
I also was able to locate and buy, from the English National Archives, a copy of the original Conditional Pardon by which Joseph Willford was sent to America for seven years presumably for servitude.It reads, in part, as follows:
St. James's, July 5, 1766.
W. Recorder of the City of London.
The following persons having been capitally convicted at several Sessions held at the Old Bailey, vist.
John Jones, at the October Session 1764, of forging an Order....
Elizabeth Dunn, at the September Session 1765, of forging a promisory Note for £3....
John Aldridge, at the December Session 1765, for burglariously breaking and entering... with Intent to steal; --
Joseph Willford, at the January Session 1766, of stealing a Gelding, the Property of John Wright; --
Francis Redmond, at the February Session 1766 of robbing Mathew Carr of Three Half Guineas and Two Shillings, and a promisory Note for £20....
Jane Froud, at the April Session 1766, of stealing Fifty Guineas, the Money of Captain John Creighton....
John Bevan at the same Session of stealing Five Pounds....
Deborah Curtis, at the May Session 1766, for stealing Three Guineas, the Money of Elizabeth Tweed....
William Blekley, at the same Session of stealing silver Watch, the Property of Richard Howard, privately in his Shop; --
And You having recommended Them to the King as fit objects of Mercy, on Condition of Transportation; His Majesty has thereupon been graciously pleased to extend His Royal Mercy to the said John Jones, Joseph Wilford, Francis Redmond, Deborah Curtis, and William Blekley on Condition of Transportation, for and during the Term of Seven Years To the said John Bevan, for and during the Term of Fourteen Years; and to the said Elizabeth Dunn, John Aldridge, and Jane Froud, for and during the Terms of their natural Lives; and has commanded me to signify His Pleasure to You that You do accordingly, give the necessary Orders for the Transportation of the said Persons to some of His Majesty's Colonies or Plantations in America for the Terms above specified, pursuant to the Acts of Parliament in that Behalf.
I am Ye.[perhaps an unrecognized abbreviation]
H. L. Conway
I bought a copy of the original document at the following URL:
I requested the document SP 44/88
It was requested as "Conditional Pardon for Joseph Wilford, 05/07/1766 [note the single l in Wilford]
The copy comes with a copyright from the National Archives, and if you want to commercially publish it they require that you contact the National Archives for permission.