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Josias Wood, Union Co. SC (often misspelled JosiaH, but correct name is JosiaS)
1785.Josias Wood married his second wife Mary Taylor (widow) in Newberry County, before George Root, Esq.
1787, 24 September, Union County Court Minutes pg. 139, Josiah Wood on the Petty Jury.
1787 Union Court Minutes.Deed between Francis Posey and wife Mildred and John Wood, 100 acres, proved by oaths of Josiah Wood and Benjamin Hollingsworth.Also, James Hogans vs. Josiah Woods and wife, parties came to an agreement.Deed between John Wood and Wm Horrell, proved by oaths of Josiah Wood and Wm. Horrell.Allen DeGraffenreid vs. John Wood and Josiah Wood.Josiah Wood came in and confessed a judgment of 10 lbs.
1787.Wm. Malone and Caleb Gasaway and wives Lucretia and Ann, of Fairfield Co., to Josiah Wood, land adjoining Ed. Nickom, granted to John Clark by NC governor, then to Ann Moore by SC. Wit: Bernard Glenn, Thomas Taylor, D. Hopkins.
1788.Peter Brasselman and Co. vs. Josiah and John Wood.Thomas Taylor vs. James McDean, judgment against Josiah Wood as garnishee for 4 lbs 18 shillings.
1789.Brasselman and Co. vs. Josiah Wood.
1790.Caleb Gasaway and wife Ann to Rucker Mauldin, land between Broad and Tyger Rivers, adjoining Josias Wood, Ann Moor.Wit: James Grunnell, George Bartram.
1790 Union Co. Census.Josias Wood listed between James Hawkins and Micajah Hogan.He had 2 males over 16, 4 males under 16, 3 females and 10 slaves.
1795.Ordered that Josias Woods be overseer of the road as marked out by the commissioners from David Sims’ ferry, 4 miles toward Union Courthouse, and Ned Moor to intersection with main road.
1796.Union Co. Court orders.Josiah Wood vs. Wm. Brummett and Spencer Brummett, Charles Godwin vs. Josias Woods,
1799 ( 13 Feb).Josias Wood and Mary Wood of Union Co., to Richard Teagle, land where Josias now lives, part of tracts granted to Edward Nickson in 1769, and Amos Tims in 1774, adj. Rucker Mauldin. Wit: John Moore, John Lesly, Annet Underwood.
1799 (May), Newberry Co deed,Northrup Marple and Ann Marple of Fairfield Co., to David Cannon of Newberry Co., land granted to John Cannon on Cannon’s Creek of the Broad River, adj. Jacob Bowers, Adam Epting, David and Samuel Cannon, and Marple.Wit: Josias Wood, Abraham Nilance, James McGill.
1799. June.On the application of Josias Wood and Lewis Wood for letters of documentation on the estate and effects of Josias Wood, late of this county, deceased.They give bond with Richard Cox and Warren Hall, their securities.Ordered that Samuel Hardy esq, Wm Hogans, Nathan Glenn, Joshua Martin, or any 3 appraise the estate.
1799 July.Fairfield Co records, ordered that Josias Wood have a tavern license for 1 year from 14 June last.
1799 September Court.Josias Wood (Jr.) applied for letters of administration on the estate of Josias Wood (Sr.).Samuel Hardy Esq., William Hogan Esq., Nathan Glenn and Joshua Martin appointed to appraise the estate of Josias Wood (Sr.).Return was made April 26, 1800.Purchasers wereJosias Wood (Jr.), Isom Wood (Isham), James Wood, Lewis Wood, John Miller, Robert Mooreman, John Moore, Daniel McElday, Rucker Mauldin, Isaac Hollingsworth, Aquilla Hollingsworth, Thomas Evans, David Johns, William Hancock.
1800 Census,P. 229Josias Wood00010 – 12010-08Marry Wood11000-11010-00S and Sham Wood00110-10100-00This is really Isham Wood
1800 (3 Nov General Sessions Court, the State vs. Isham Wood and Josias Wood) Case about Mary Wood, spinster, on 3 Aug 1799 re: a certain plantation of tract of land on the Broad River containing 400 acres, that Isham Wood and Josias Wood entered unlawfully and put out Mary Wood from the peaceful possession of the land.
1801.Note of Josias Wood to pay Seibles and Co. 10 lbs, 2 shillings date 2 June 1797.Wit: Robert L. Saunders.The Sheriff executed the process by leaving a copy for the defendant Josias Wood at his plantation with his overseer and made diligent search for Lewis Wood and found he had moved out of the district, 14 March 1801.
1802.Josiah and Lewis Wood vs. Shields and Co.Whereas Peter C. Graff, Peter Brasselman, and Jacob Seebles, otherwise called Seebles deceased.The plaintiffs exhibited in court of common pleas.Josias Wood and Lewis Wood, administrators of Josias Wood deceased, said Josias Wood deceased in his lifetime was not indebted to Seebles.It was concluded that Josias and Lewis Wood do recover against the said Peter C. Graff, Peter Brasselman, and Jacob Seebles.
1802 (Judge Elihu Bay case, Mary Woods, Widow of Josiah Woods, and her four children, against the administrators of Josiah Woods.The defendants were sons of Josiah Woods by a former wife and tried to claim that Mary Woods was not legally married to their father Josiah Woods.Mrs. Woods proved her marriage to the deceased Josiah Woods in 1785, by a magistrate in Newberry County, George Root, Esq.The defendants alleged that Mrs. Woods had been married to a Mr. Taylor in Virginia who they alleged was alive when this pretended marriage took place between her and their father.Mrs. Woods admitted that she was married to Taylor, that he left her soon after they were married, had gone to remote western parts, and had been gone 7 or 8 years before she remarried, and it had been reported that he was dead (had drowned), though there was no proof.The Judge ruled in favor of Mary Taylor Wood and said her marriage to Josias Wood was legal.The judge also stated the defendants were attempting to ‘bastardize’ 4 innocent half brothers and sisters, the children of Mary Taylor Woods.
1803.Mary Wood, next friend to Polly Wood, vs. Josias Wood and Isham Wood.FIFA.
1803.John Massey of Union Co. to James Sandlin and Wm. Massey, 100 acres between Broad and Tyger Rivers, Fishdam Creek, granted to George McCologh and then to John Massey.Wit: A B Posey, Henry Taylor, Isham Wood.Then in 1805 James Sandlin and Wm Massey sold this land to Wm Sartor, witnessed by Nicholas Skane and Joshua Kensworthy.
1804.Note of Josias Wood to pay Bernard Glenn and Alexander Glenn and pledged one slave named Jinney. Wit: Peter Phillips and Daniel Lipham.
1804.Rice Mill and Josias Wood to John Hopkins, statement of sundries.
1804.Mary Wood, wife of Josias Wood deceased, relinquished dower to Josias Wood Jr., administrator.
1805.Warren Hall vs. Josias Wood.FIFA
1805.Thomas Sheriff to John Hawkins, land on SS of Cain Creek, adj. Ed. More, and Jos. Comer.Wit: Josias Wood, Aquilla Hollingsworth.
1806.Rucker Mauldin to George Freeman, land on Broad and Tyger, adj. Sims, Josiah Wood, Ann Moore, deeded to him by Caleb Gazaway, Ann being a widow at that time by the name of Ann Moore.Wit:James C. Veal, Joshua Hollingsworth, Ann Miller Mauldin, wife of Rucker, relinquished dower.
1806. Statutes at Large of South Carolina Acts Relating to Roads and Bridges.VI. Wood’s Ferry over the Broad River is established at the plantation of Josias Wood in Union County, for him, his heirs, and assigns for a period of 7 years.Rates are shown giving the prices charged for using the ferry.
1807 (Nov 3) Lewis Wood and Patsy (Martha) Wood, administrators of Josias Wood (Jr.) appoint Spilsby Glenn, James Clark, Daniel Glenn, and John Lee to appraise the estate of Josias Wood (Jr.).Bond is signed by Patsy Wood, Lewis Wood, John P. Sartor, and Zed? Porter. Among those listed (purchasers) are Lewis Wood, Patsy Wood, Barnet Wood, James Wood, Wm Fewel, David Sims, Farr Posey, James Visals, Benjamin Hollingsworth, James Johnson, James Porter, Danl Hollingsworth, Com? Bidddie, Robt? Farr, Wm Fearil?, Wm Fewel, Wm Word, Jacob Hollingsworth, Bennett Freeman, Isaac Hollingsworth, Wallace Freeman.Richard Cox certified that a true settlement had been made.
1808 (Feb) – Union Co Equity records – Barnett Wood and Isham Wood v. Lewis Wood, administrator, and Patsey Wood administratrix of Josisas Wood, Jr. and James Wood.Bill of partition for 300 acres of land and 4 Negroes, as heir at law of Josiah Woood, Sr., deceased intestate.Writ of Partition issued to Nathan Sims, Esq. , Spelsby Glenn, Daniel Glenn, Robert Crenshaw, James Clark, to lay out to Barnett Wood and Isham Wood their 1/5 parts of land and slaves purchased by Josias Woood Jr., forthe benefit of heirs of Josias Wood Sr.Men must also assingn 1/5 part of the slaves to Barnett, Isham, Lewis, James, and Patsey, the widow of Josiah Wood Jr.
1809 (2 March).Barnett Wood and Isham Wood vs. Lewis Wood and Patsey Wood, administrators of Josias Wood Jr., and James Wood, deceased.Commissioners declare that a fair division cannot be made and recommend a sale.So ordered.
1810.Batte Birdsong Ct. of Equity, to Nathan Sims, the tract wheron Josias Wood lived at the time of his death on the Broad River, adj. Farr Posey, John Lee, Benjamin Hollingsworth.
1812.23 May.Mary Wood vs. James Gazaway for debt.James Gist is plaintiffs attorney.Wit: Caleb Johnson, Robert Wood, and Lucy Wood. To the arbitrators chosen by Mary Wood, pltff, and James Gazaway, deft, after hearing the evidence provided on both sides, by Wm B. Farr and Jeremiah Gregory.
1813.John Gages Sr. vs. Robert Wood.FIFA
1814 Nov.Lewis Wood to Reuben Gilliam, 75 acres SW side of Cane Creek, adj. Jacob Hollingsworth, Rucker Mauldin.Wit: Hundley McShan, Edward Stevens, Nathan Sims.Chencley Wood, wife of Lewis, relinquished dower 22 May 1816.
1815 (Dec).Lewis Wood vs. Lucy Wood. FIFAWit: John Morgan, Jesse Smith, Molly Smith, Elizabeth Edge, Richard Cox, Susannah Moorman, Robert Moorman.
1816.Susannah Wood (actually Underwood), Robert Underwood, Lewis Underwood, John Brown and Polly,Jencey Underwood, Henry Hardy and Betsy of Union to John Lee of Union, land granted to Edward Nicholson in 1769, later to Amos Tims on Broad River, adj. Rucker Mauldin.Wit: Lewis Wood,JS Dugan.
1816.James Wood vs. Robert Wood.FIFA
1817, 23 April (the State vs. Robert Wood and James Gazaway), Nancy Fielder appears and says on 28 Mar 1817 she was delivered of a male bastard child and that Robert Wood or Caleb Gazaway is the father. Robert Wood, James Gazaway, and Carter Crawford awknowledge themselves to owe the state 60 lbs.
1817 Court of Sessions (the State vs. Robert Wood, Oct 1817).Jurors named and case involves Nancy Fielder of Union Dist, 28 Mar 1817 was delivered of a male bastard child and that Robert Wood is the father and is responsible for the maintenance of said child.
1818.Jacob Hollingsworth of Chester to John Thomas of Union, land granted to Jacob Hollingsworth Sr. and Daniel Hollingsworth, on Cane Creek.Wit:David Henderson, Martha Wood, Reuben Sims.Delpha Hollingsworth relinquished dower.(Martha Wood is listed next to John Thomas in 1830 census, and Daniel Hollingsworth bought at the estate of Josias Wood Jr.).
1820Union Co census p. 139-Nathan Hawkins, Lewis Wood, James Farr.Lewis Wood had 2 males age 15 to 20 with him.
1821. Union rough minutes.October term.Crenshaw executors vs. Lewis Wood (they also sued Benjamn Hollingsworth).
1822. Glenn and Bowker vs. Lewis Wood.Interest from 3 April 1822 until paid.
1823.James Moorman vs. Lewis Wood.Interest from 11 Sep 1818 until paid.
1823.Henry Richards vs. Lewis Wood.FIFA.Interest from 23 March 1823.No property returned to the clerk on 5 Feb 1824.
1823.Thomas Hill vs. Lewis Wood. FIFA
1824.Joshua Kensworthy of Union Co. to James Hill, 116 ¾ acres granted to Col. Wm B. Farr on 7 October 1820.Wit: Lewis Wood, Moses B. Hill, Aquilla Hollingsworth.
1820s.James Wood, possibly related, per James Wood vs. Robert Wood in 1816.1826 James Wood vs. Daniel Morgan, then Daniel Morgan vs. James Wood.1827 Mark Ashford vs. James Wood, Matthew Sims vs. James Wood, 1828 Adam Schultz vs. James Wood, 1829 James Wood vs. Mark Ashford. Insolvency of James Wood in 1829 where he assigns assets to Mark Ashford, including his interest in negro boy Sam, hand of Mrs. Tucker, interest in contract to build a house for James Hill which is not quite finished with $650 still due from Hill in 1830 and 1831, his interest in contract to build Fishdam Methodist Church for $1100, a demand against Wm. B. Farr for carpenter work done, a magistrates judgment in his favor vs. Martin Cochran, a demand vs. Jno. Liles in the hand of R. Underwood.
1830 Union Co Census. Page 156 (near Jacob Hawkins, John P. Sartor, Nathan Sims).Martha Wood has 1 female 20 to 30 and one female 40 to 50.Next to her is William Wood with 1 male 10 to 15, 1 male 15 to 20, and 1 female 20 to 30.William appears to be too young to be the son of Martha and Josias Wood since Josias died in late 1807.This William Wood is in Union Co in 1840 census, Fairfield Co. SC in 1850, and Calhoun Co. AL in 1860 where there are many descendants.