Family Tree of Ann Lindsay Bloomfield:Information about Mackenzie Sharpe
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Mackenzie Sharpe (b. 31 May 1915, d. 28 June 1944)
Mackenzie Sharpe (son of James MacKenzie Sharpe and Helen Lennie Jack) was born 31 May 1915 in Main Street, Lasswade at 2hr 11, and died 28 June 1944 in North West Europe.He married Janet McKillop Hamilton on 6 August 1941 in St Mungo's Manse, Penicuik, daughter of David Hamilton and Elizabeth Banks.
Notes for Mackenzie Sharpe:
Formed in 1939 as a duplicate of the 9th Battalion DLI and desginated 12th (Tyneside Scottish) Battalion. The title "Tyneside Scottish" was a revival of that used during the First World War by the several service battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers that were raised by Scotsmen in the Tyneside area.
Before the end of 1939, the battalion was transferred to the Black Watch and re-named the 1st Battalion the Tyneside Scottish. As such it went with the BEF to France in 1940, served in Iceland between October 1940 and December 1941, and fought in NW Europe during 1944. The battalion was transferred to the Royal Artillery as 670 LAA Regiment in 1947.
The Tyneside Scottish
Two battalions of this Regiment fought in the First World War as part of the Northumberland Fusiliers, but disappeared thereafter until raised again as one battalion in 1939, affiliated to The Black Watch. It went to France lightly equipped in the spring of 1940, and found itself in action during the retreat to Dunkirk with only eleven Bren guns. It made its first and last stand at a cross-roads in the village of Ficheux, which it was vital should be held as long as possible to prevent the enemy cutting off part of the B.E.F. The Battalion consisted of a mixture of some very old soldiers and some very young ones with less than eight weeks' service. Two elderly C.S.M.s were killed behind anti-tank rifles; the provost-serjeant was killed as he clambered on to an enemy tank to try and knock it out; some young soldiers charged tanks with fixed bayonets. This forlorn hope actually succeeded in holding up the enemy for some hours.
The Battalion was re-formed in England, and fought two hard actions in Normandy during the first month after the landings, before being broken up to find reinforcements for the 5th and 7th Black Watch and the 7th Argylls. It was again re-formed after the war.
On the expansion of the Territorial Army in 1939 the duplicate battalion of the 9th Durham Light Infantry was authorised to be raised as the 12th D.L.I. Tyneside Scottish, and later was affiliated to The Black Watch. Towards the end of 1939 the unit became known as the 1st Battalion Tyneside Scottish, The Black Watch, and in 1940 took part in operations in France until Dunkirk. Only 140 members of the battalion survived death or capture to make their way across the Channel. After being re-formed the battalion served in Iceland and later took part in the landing in Normandy and subsequent fighting until August 1944, when the battalion was broken up.
By 1948, the regiment had been re-constituted as a Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment and remained affiliated to The Black Watch.
TYNESIDE SCOTTISH MEMORIAL
DUCHY ST MARGUERITE
The 1st Battalion Tyneside Scottish (Black Watch) were part of 70th Infantry Brigade, 49th Division in Normandy. They landed on Gold Beach on 11th June, and their first action was at Tessel Wood on 26th June during Operation Martlet. They then fought at Rauray on 1st July, took part in the fighting for Caen and the breakout in August. 70th Brigade was disbanded on 20th August, the majority of the Tyneside Scottish being posted to the 51st (Highland) Division.
They had left behind 171 dead during the Normandy campaign. Today most are buried in Banneville and St Manvieu War Cemeteries.
UPDATE - THE UNVEILING OF THE MEMORIAL
I am grateful to author and historian Kevin Baverstock who sends the following account:
The establishment of a memorial in Ducy-Ste-Marguerite was solely the brainchild of Major John Samson, a Tyneside Scot, who in 1984 created a dossier of 50 veterans' accounts of the Rauray battle, 1.7.44. These accounts now form part of the narrative of my new book 'Breaking the Panzers', which was published by Sutton Publishing in July 2002.
The memorial was unveiled in 1979 by Brigadier Montieth, then Colonel of The Black Watch (RHR), the Battalion's parent regiment in Normandy, and has united the village with the memory of the 1st Tyneside Scottish ever since.
On Friday 28th June 2002, Rauray veterans and members of 204 Battery (Tyneside Scottish), 101 Regiment RA (V), the present day Tyneside Scottish, took part with locals in a ceremonial procession and wreath laying at the memorial.
The photographs attached show:
1. Two of the Rauray veterans who attended the wreath laying ceremony; left, Sapper Bill Hudson, 757 Field Company, RE, and right, Sgt. Sam Swaddle, A/Tk Platoon, 1st Tyneside Scottish, whose 6 pounder A/Tk gun knocked-out two German tanks during the Rauray battle.
2. The ceremonial march to the memorial, headed by the pipes and drums of 204 Battery.
More About Mackenzie Sharpe:
Residence: 1941, Bridgehouse, Lasswade.
More About Mackenzie Sharpe and Janet McKillop Hamilton:
Marriage: 6 August 1941, St Mungo's Manse, Penicuik.
Witness 1: 6 August 1941, Isabella Smith Hamilton 36 Napier Street, Penicuik.
Witness 2: 6 August 1941, John Hamilton 7 Thorburn Terrace, Penicuik.
Children of Mackenzie Sharpe and Janet McKillop Hamilton are:
- Janice MacKenzie Sharpe, b. 9 October 1944, 3 The Quadrant, Penicuik at 06.30am.