Bonnie Kennedy Bradford:Information about Elisha Winn
Home Page |Surname List |Index of Individuals | |Sources
Elisha Winn (b. June 25, 1777, d. March 04, 1842)Elisha Winn (son of Thomas Winn and Philadelphia Winn)835 was born June 25, 1777 in Lunenburg County, VA836, and died March 04, 1842 in Jackson County, GA836.He married Judith Cochran on February 02, 1802836, daughter of James Cochran and Polly Elton.
Notes for Elisha Winn:
Family name originally spelled Wynn in Wales.Also spelled Wynne.
Part of Gwinnett County, GA, was originally part of Jackson County, GA which was originally part of Franklin County, GA.
Death date may be March 03, 1872.
Carving on tombstone:In Memory of Elisha Winn, Exq. who was born in the County of Lunenburg, State of Virginia on the 25th day of June 1777 and died suddenly in Jackson County, Georgia, on the 4th day of March, 1842.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 551)
Gwinnett County was born December 15, 1818, in Elisha's house, built about 1812/1813, where the first elections and inferior court sessions were held in 1819.Superior court was held in his barn until a log courthouse was built in Lawrenceville in 1820.His house, on the National Register of Historical Places, is located on Dacula Road, Hog Mountain.Elisha was authorized to buy a site for a courthouse in the center of the county.He purchased for $200 land lot 146, 5th District (250 acres).Here a courthouse was built and Lawrenceville grew up surrounding it.Elisha contributed $10 of $50 in 1832 to buy 50 acres of land for the Lawrenceville Methodist Campground (still in use).
Until a suitable courthouse could be erected, all courts and elections were held at the house of Elisha Winn (now on the National Register of Historic Places and managed by Gwinnett Historical Society), one-half mile east of the Appalachee River.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 3)
The site for the city was selected as "accessible to adequate springs of water...with four free and full flowing springs one on each side of town."The purchase of a 250-acre land lot was negotiated for the county by Elisha Winn for $200 from John Breedlove.Bought at Milledgeville on 3/4/1821.A historical marker on the East side of the Gwinnett County Courthouse square in Lawrenceville states that Winn made the deed over to the Inferior Court, thereby vesting it with title to the property.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 3,62)
From the 1870s to 1890 he (Jacob Marquis Ambrose) owned the former Elisha Winn house at Hog Mountain which he sold to Jack L. Sims, husband of his daughter Sallie Ambrose.The sturdy old house is now (1980) being restored by the Gwinnett Historical Society.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 23)
He was a justice of the Inferior Court of Jackson County and Gwinnett County, state senator, and state representative.
Until a suitable courthouse for Gwinnett County could be erected, it was provided that all courts and elections should be held at house of Elisha Winn, who lived one mile east of the Appalachee River.The first elections were held at Elisha's house and the first Superior Court was held in Judge Winn's barn.Elisha was commissioned as judge of the Inferior Court on July 21, 1820.In December 1819 the Inferior Court was granted permission to erect a temporary courthouse but were prohibited from building a permanent structure until land had been distributed by lottery.Elisha, a land trader who had been a prominent citizen of Jackson County and a member of the Inferior Court of that county, and who was at that time a justice of the Inferior Court of this county, was selected to buy lots for the town of Lawrenceville.On March 04, 1821, he paid John Breedlove $200 for 250 acres.The deed was made to Winn who made the deed over to the Inferior Court.(History of Gwinnett County, Georgia, 1818-1943, by Janes C. Flanigan, Vol I, pages 25-27)
He was of Welsh descent, had blue eyes, red hair, 5'8", 140 lb in his prime.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 551)
In 1979 the Gwinnett County Historical Society started to restore the 167-year-old home of Elisha Winn which is on the National Register of Historic Places.An "1812 Fair" was held there in 1979 and 1980 to generate interest in the restoration.The house can be reached by going east on U.S. Highway 29 through Lawrenceville, turning left at traffic light in Dacula, then continuing 3.4 miles to the house on the right side of the road.(Gwinnett County Families, 1818-1968, with Supplement, edited by Alice Smythe McCabe, page 553)
Elisha Winn bulks large in those early days.The first courts and elections were held in his house.He negotiated the purchase of the lot to locate the county site; he was among the first justices of the Inferior Court, and for years was one of the most active public officials as well as influential citizens of the county.(History of Gwinnett County, Georgia, 1818-1943, by Janes C. Flanigan, Vol I, page 68)
Elisha Winn, who was violent politician in his day, once had a political quarrel with Luke Robinson on the troup and Clark question in Lawrenceville, and Philip Alston was present and was in sentiment with Mr. Winn.It terminated in a heated quarrel and Winn twisted Robinson's nose and Alston spat in his face.Robinson took it coolly, did not resent it, but said:"I am bitten by an old dog and slobbered on by the puppy."(Written in 1871 by Richard D. Winn in an article about Elisha W. Chester in the History of Gwinnett County, Georgia, 1818-1943, by Janes C. Flanigan, Vol I, pages 330-331.
The contract to build the first courthouse in Lawrenceville was let by William Maltbie by the authority of Elisha Winn, a justice of the Inferior Court.(History of Gwinnett County, Georgia, 1818-1943, by Janes C. Flanigan, Vol I, page 337)
FIRST HANGING--Jack Winn, colored, slave of Elisha Winn, was arrested by Sewell McClung and placed in the county jail, tried before the Justices of the Inferior Court, found guilty and executed.This was the first execution in the county.(History of Gwinnett County, 1818-1960, Vol II, by J. C. Flanigan, page 44)
More About Elisha Winn:
Fact 1: Buried Old Lawrenceville Cemetery, East Pike Street, Gwinnett County, GA.836
Fact 2: September 14, 1819, First ad sale of slave in county, 6-year old boy, Isham, at Winn's home..837
Fact 3: 1820, Gwinnett census shows Elisha plus 5 other males, 4 females, 6 slaves..838
Fact 4: June 1824, Commissionerto mark road from Lawrenceville to Price's bridge by Elisha Winn's.839
Fact 5: June 12, 1821, Justices Inferior Court gave notice 12 lots on public square would be sold..840
Fact 6: June 1823, Overseer of poor for Captain Pearce's district..841
Fact 7: March 1839, Lucy Breedlove attempted to recover property sold to Elisha by her husband.842
Fact 8: 1828, Commissioner to superintend and conduct lottery to raise $5000 for academy..843
Fact 9: 1820, Owned 6 slaves.844
Fact 10: 1830, Owned 29 slaves.845
Fact 11: 1840, Owned 53 slaves.846
More About Elisha Winn and Judith Cochran:
Marriage: February 02, 1802847
Children of Elisha Winn and Judith Cochran are:
- Mary Winn, b. 1801847, d. 1841, Cobb County, GA847.
- +Philadelphia Winn, b. July 27, 1804, GA848, d. September 13, 1887, Lawrenceville, Gwinnett County, GA849.
- +Elizabeth Winn, b. Bet. 1802 - 1806850, d. 1845, TX851.
- +Jane Winn, b. Abt. 1808, d. date unknown.
- James Cochran Winn, b. Abt. 1811, d. March 27, 1836, Goliad, TX852.
- +Judith Olivia Winn, b. 1814852, d. 1887852.
- +Richard Dickinson Winn, b. January 14, 1816852, d. January 11, 1894852.
- Thomas Coke Winn, b. Abt. 1818, d. Abt. 1818.
- William Smith Winn, b. December 09, 1820853, d. November 24, 1852853.
- George M. Troup Winn, b. Abt. 1821, d. Abt. 1835.
- +Augustus Clayton Winn, b. Abt. 1823, d. date unknown.
- +Martha Ann Winn, b. June 20, 1822853, d. July 31, 1837853.
- +Elisha Madison Winn, b. Abt. 1824, d. date unknown, Winnville, AL.