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Gen. Andrew Pickens (b. September 19, 1739, d. August 11, 1817)Gen. Andrew Pickens (son of Andrew Pickens and Nancy Ann Davis) was born September 19, 1739 in Paxton, Bucks County, PA, and died August 11, 1817 in Tomassee, Pendleton, SC.He married Rebecca Floride Calhoun on March 19, 1765 in Long Cane Creek, SC, daughter of Ezekiel Calhoun and Jane Ewing.
Notes for Gen. Andrew Pickens:
"He volunteered in James Grant's expedition in 1761 against the Cherokee under Oconostota...His defeat of Colonal Boyd at Kettle Creek, he himself considered the severest check the Loyalists ever received in South Carolina or in Georgia...His part in the victory at Cowpens brought him a sword from Congress & a brigadiers commission from the state...Active in the capture of Agusta, he cooperated with the Continentals in Gen. Nathanael Greene's unsuccessful siege of Ninety-six and in the dawn battle of Eutaw Springs, in which he was wounded..."Elected to represent Ninety-Six in the Jacksonboro Assembly in 1782, he continued in the Legislature until sent to Congress for th session of 1793-95. The South Carolina legislature voted him thanks and a gold medal 1n 1783 for his service in the Revolution and later elected him major-general of the militia...For a number of years he lived at 'Hopewell," his plantation in Oconee where he had a store. He also carried on business in Charleston under the name of Andrew Pickens & Co...Later he settled at Tomassee in Pendleton District where he lived in retirement except during a brief interval in the War of 1812. There he died suddenly and was buried at Old Stone Church, of which he was an elder and founder...Of medium height, lean and healthy, with strongly marked features... and conversed so guardedly that 'he would first take the words out of his mouth, between his fingers, and examine them before he uttereed the." (Dictionary of American Biography)
" BORN: 19 SEP 1739, Paxton Twp, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA
" DIED: 11 AUG 1817, Pendleton Dist., South Carolina, USA
" BURIED: , Old Stone Church Cemetery
" MARRIED: Rebecca Floride CALHOUN, 19 MAR 1765, Long Cane, Abbeville Dist, South Carolina,
1. Mary PICKENS
2. Ezekiel PICKENS
3. Ann PICKENS
4. *unknown PICKENS
5. Jane PICKENS
6. Jane Bonneau PICKENS
7. *unknown PICKENS
8. Margaret PICKENS
9. Andrew PICKENS
10. *unknown PICKENS
11. Rebecca PICKENS
12. Catherine PICKENS
13. Sarah PICKENS
14. Joseph PICKENS
- Andrew PICKENS --
- Robert Andrew PICKENS
- William PICKENS -
- Esther Jane BENOIT
- Margaret PIKE ---
- Andrew PICKENS
- Nancy Ann DAVIS -
- Unknown ---------
Moss, ROSTER OF SOUTH CAROLINA PATRIOTS IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION [FILE: Enc
p. 771-772. "PICKENS, Andrew. b. 19 Sep 1739. D. 17 Aug 1817. M. Rebecca
CALHOUN, 19 Mar 1765.
He served as captain, major and colonel of the Upper Ninety six Regiment of
Militia and as brigadier-general of state troops from 1775 to the close of the
war. By the act of 9 March 1781 it was "resolved that a sword be presented to
Col. PICKENS of the militia, in testimony of his spirited conduct at the
battle of Cowpens, South Carolina". In addition, he led seceral expeditions
against the Indians and was in several marches into Georgia. He was wounded in
the battle at Eutaw Springs. Heitman, p. 44; Yearbook, 1893."
SC Magazine Vol 44. p. 12.
City Gazette of Charleston Friday Sept. 11, 1817:
"We have the melancholy duty to perform of announcing the death of Maj. Gen.
Andrew PICKENS one of our most distinguished Revolutionary characters. He
departed this life on the 11th inst at his seat at Tomassie... Gen'l PICKENS
was of French descent, his ancestor were driven from France by the revocation
of the Edit of Nantz [sic].They first settled in Scotland and afterwards in
the North of Ireland.His father emigrated to Penn.The deceased was born in
Bucks County in that State on 13 Sep. 1739.The family removed to Augusta Co.
VA and soon afterward to the Waxhaws in this State.He commenced his military
service in the French War... In the year 1761 he served as a volunteer with
Moultrie and Marion, in a bloody but sucessful expedition, under Lt. Col.
Grant, a British officer sent by Gen'l Amherst to command them against the
Cherokees.After the termination of the war he removed to the Long Cane
JOSEPH HABERSHAM HISTORICAL COLLECTION
p. 94-95."Gen. Andrew PICKENS - Hon. F. W. PICKENS writes to Chas. H.
ALLEN, Abbeville, SC.)
Edgewood, 26th March 1848.Dear Sir: - On my return I found yours inquiring
when the Block House near Abbeville, was built - and by whom?And you also
inquire when my grandfather left Abbeville District, and how long he resided
"Gen. PICKENS built the Block House himself, about the year 1768.In 1761
the settlement on Long Cane was nearly exterminated by the terrible massacre
of the Indians, and you will find the old tombstone near Long Cane Bridge, on
the road leading from CALHOUN's Mills and the old Hopewell Church to (sic)
Hacolalor (?). Upon that you will see many of the names of those who were
murdered, rudely inscribed. That old place that used to belong to Wm.
CALHOUN, South of Dr. REED's (but formerly Col. NORRIS, my uncle) was amongst
the first, if not the very first settlement made in Abbeville District; and
next to it was Patrick CALHOUN's old place, where nearly all the CALHOUNs were
born. After that massacre in 1761, Ezekiel CALHOUN fled to the Waxhaws, the
nearest white settlement, for protection.
My grandfather lived there, and then got acquainted with my grandmother, who
was the daughter of Ezekiel CALHOUN, and came back to the CALHOUN's settlement
with them, and married there.He then settled there in 1764, but in 1765 he
moved to and settled at the place where the Block House is standing near
Abbeville C. H.He built the Block House about 1768 - perhaps 1767 - and made
it a resort for the neighbors to fly to in order to protect themselves from
the Indians, he always taking command. He owned all the lands about the place
where the present village stands, and I think sold to Maj. HAMILTON, who was
also a gallant soldier of the Revolution...
My notes indicate that he left Abbeville in the year 1787 - if so he resided
in Abbeville from the first of 1764 to 1787, or 23 years.
In 1782 he raised and commanded 500 men, and made for them short cutlasses
from the common blacksmith's shops of the country, and overrun and conquered
the Cherokee nation in six weeks.....He formed with them the Treat of
Hopewell, 1785, November...
The State gave him the place where the treaty was held (I believe), and in
1787 he settled there on the banks of the Seneca River, about three miles from
old Pendleton C. H.After he removed to Pendleton, he and Col. CLEVELAND, of
Greenville, constitued a court, and tried all cases, and executed their own
laws for all that country for several years...
The other parts he performed in the battles of Kettle Creek, Stono, Cowpens,
Augusta, Ninety-Six and Eutaws, etc, etc, you know as they are recorded
generally in history...."
p. 101."F. W. PICKENS [Francis Wilkinson]...wrote...some letters about his
grandfather...dated Edgewood, 4th Nov 1847.'I will mention a few facts not
known or noticed much in general history.Gen. PICKENS was actually chosen a
Brigadier General in N.C. as successor to Gen. DAVIDSON, and was a General at
the same time from two states...."
p. 104. "When the Tories burnt Gen. PICKENS house...and drove the family to
seek shelter and protection in the woods...some of the children actually
having smallpox and one of the sons died with it."
Day, COUSIN MONROE'S HISTORY OF THE PICKENS FAMILY:
p. 40. "General Andrew PICKENS, of Colonial and Revolutionary War fame was
born at Paxton, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, September 13, 1739, and was a son
of Col. Andrew PICKENS, the emigrant...
At the age of twenty-one years [by this time living in the Waxhaw
settlement] he joined in an expedition to put down an Indian uprising and was
made Captain. He soon became a leader among the settlers...
In 1760, when the Long Cane Massacre occured [SC]... Ezekiel CALHOUN escaped
to the Waxhaw settlement with his young daughter, Rebecca, aged fifteen years.
Soon she and Andrew became friends, then in 1763 the CALHOUNs returned to Long
Cane after the Indians had been driven back to their own territory.
Not long after this, Captain Andrew secured 260 acres at Long Cane, and his
uncle Robert did likewise and the two took up residence there. Again Andrew
and Rebecca were near each other and on March 19, 1765 they were united in
marriage...the wedding celebration was long talked of as the most important
social event of that decade...[12 children here named]... General Andrew
PICKENS died August 11, 1817. Rebecca Floride CALHOUN PICKENS died December
19, 1814. General Andrew PICKENS and his wife were buried at the Old Stone
Church Cemetery, between Clemson College and Pendleton, South Carolina."
THE HISTORY OF EDGEFIELD COUNTY [SC?], by J. A. Chapman: [as quoted in Day's
book, p. 31]"
"General Andrew fought at Augusta and received the surrender of that place;
he fought at Ninety-Six and was often before the celebrated Star Rebout. A
brother of his was killed there. Another brother was taken prisoner and
delivered to the Tories. But indeed, all the garrison were Tories, and they
took him to Georgia and gave him to the Indians, who burned him to death on a
pile of 'lightwood'."
General PICKENS had chief command and gained a glorious victory over Colonel
BOYD at Kettle Creek. He had a command at COWPENS and gave General MORGAN
great assistance in gaining that victory, he fought Colonel PYLE on Ham River
and destroyed his command of 300 men. He was shot from his horse by a ball at
the battle of Eutaw and was picked up as dead, but he recovered.
These and other services to the state and country mark him as one of the
most active, energetic, and useful men of his time. He sat in the first County
Court ever held at the old Block House in Abbeville County."
From a history of Pendleton Dist., published by the Pendleton Historical
Commission. Copy sent to Terry McLean by Jeanette Meinecke. FILE: Enc #P-245.
HOPEWELL. Revolutionary war hero General Andrew PICKENS bought land in 1784
on the Keowee River, later called the Seneca River and now a part of Lake
Hartwell. In 1785 he constructed a log lodge, later weather-boarded over, and
this is the house which stands today.
In the winter of 1784-85, PICKENS' home, called HOPEWELL, was the site of
the first treaties with the Southern Indian tribes. A site across the highway
today marks the location of the 'Treaty Oak' where papers were signed with the
Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw tribes.
Andrew PICKENS, Jr and Francis Wilkinson PICKENS - the general's son and
grandson - were born at Hopewell and both became governors of South Carolina.
Another son, Ezekiel, became a lieutenant governor of the state.
Hopewell became the home of Andrew PICKENS Jr. when the General and his wife
Rebecca moved to Tamassee. Both died there, but the remains were brought to
the Old Stone Church near Hopewell.
By 1835, after Andrew Jr. had moved to Alabama and the house changed hands,
Hopewell came to be known as the Cherry place...
The home is now on Clemson University property and is a private dwelling..."
OLD STONE CHURCH. The Stone Meeting house, known today as Old Stone Church,
was constructed in 1787-1802 to replace the log Hopewell-on-the-Keowee
Presbyterian Church which had burned after being founded by General Andrew
It was built on land given by Printer John MILLER...
Notables buried in the cemetery include General Andrew PICKENS, members of
his family; General Robert ANDERSON; and Major Thoms DICKSON, who with PICKENS
and ANDERSON was one of the first elders..."
PICKENS FAMILIES OF THE SOUTH, by E. M. Sharp (priv. pub. 1963).
p. 36."...So much has been written and is available about the life and
services of General Andrew PICKENS that it will be merely mentioned here. ...
The family of General Andrew PICKENS was the first PICKENS family to be
traced. Many peoplehave tried to prove themselves descendants with no
success. All kinds of family traditions have been handed down about kinshiip
to General Andrew PICKENS. Many of them have found their way into print and
may are false. However it will be noted that most of the Revolutionary War
PICKENS were first cousins of the General, and several so state in their
pension applications, notably, Andrew PICKENS of Fayette Co., Tenn, William
Gabriel PICKENS of Livingston Co., KY, and others..."
More About Gen. Andrew Pickens:
Burial: Old Stone Presbyterian Church, Pendleton, Oconee County, SC.
More About Gen. Andrew Pickens and Rebecca Floride Calhoun:
Marriage: March 19, 1765, Long Cane Creek, SC.
Children of Gen. Andrew Pickens and Rebecca Floride Calhoun are:
- +Mary Pickens, b. February 19, 1766, Abbeville, SC, d. May 27, 1836, Seneca, SC.