Lou Alice Fink of Louisville, KY:Information about Heremod
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HeremodHeremod (son of Itermon).
Notes for Heremod:
Itermon was the father of Heremond.
Heremod was the father of Sceldwa.
Sceldwa was the father of Beaw.
Beaw was the father of Taetwa.
Taetwa was the father of Geata.
Geata was the father of Godwulf.
Godwulf was born in 80 A.D. in Asgard in Asia, or Eastern Europe.He was the father of Finn.
Finn was born about 130 in Asgard in Asia or Eastern Europe.He was the father of Frithuwulf.Some say Finn was the son of Flocwald.
Frithuwulf was born about 160 in Asgard in Asia, or Eastern Europe.He was the father of Frealaf.
Frealaf was born about 160 in Asgard, Eastern Europe.He was the father of Frithuwald.
Frithuwald was born about 190 in Asgard in Eastern Europe,He married Beltsea, born in Asgard about 194.They were the parents of Woden.
Woden (Odhinn, Odin, Wuotan, or Wotan) was born about 215 in Asgard, Eastern Europe.He was the father of Baeldaeg.Some say that this Woden was the main god in Anglo-Saxon mythology, and that when the English adopted Christianity, they gave Woden his own genealogy.Others say that there was a historical Woden, a real person.
Baeldaeg was born about 243 in Scandinavia.He was the father of Brond.
Brond was born about 271 in Scandinavia.He was the father of Frithogar.
Frithogar of ancient Saxony was born about 299.He was the father of Freawine.
Freawine, born about 327, was the father of Wig.
Wig, born about 355, was the father of Gewis.
Gewis, born about 383, was the father of Esla.
Esla, born about 411, was the father of Elesa.
Elesa, born about 439, was the father of Cerdic, King of Wessex.
Cerdic, King of Wessex, was a Saxon Chieftan who founded the Kingdom of Wessex.According to Dennis Reid on the internet in Royal Genealogies, Cerdic is considered the virtual founder of the British monarchy, and earlier genealogy must be considered legend, not historical fact.In the early days of the kingdom, the only qualifications for kingship were fitness to rule and descent from Cerdic.
Cerdic invaded England and invaded the Kingdom of Wessex in 516.
Cerdic was the father of King Cynric of Wessex, and he died in 534.
King Cynric of Wessex was the father of King Ceawlin and King Cutha of Wessex.Cynric was kingpractically from his birth in 524 until he died in 560.Some say Cynric was the son of Prince Crioda of Wessex, son of Cerdic.
King Ceawlin was the father of Cuthwine.Born in 547, King Ceawlin ruled Wessex from 560 until he was deposed by Ceolric in 591.King Ceawlin died in 593.
Cuthwine, Prince of Wessex, was born in 564 and was the father of Chad, Cynebald, and Cuthwulf.Cuthwine died in the Battle of Barbery Hill in 584.
Cuthwulf, born in 593, was the father of Ceolwulf.
Ceolwald, born about 622, was the father of Cenred. Ceolwald died about 688.
Cenred, Subking of Somerset, was born about 644 and became the father of King Ine of Wessex, Ingild, Abbess Cwenburh of Wimborne, and Cuthburh.
Ingild, born about 680, was the father of Eoppa.Ingild died in 718.
Eoppa, born about 706, was the father of Eaba.He was a West Saxon Noble.Some question whether Eoppa was a real person, saying he may have been an invention of some ancient genealogist, used to show the relationships of Kings of Wessex.
Eaba, was the father of Under-King Ealhmund of Kent.
Under-King Ealhmund of Kent had a son, Egbert, King of Wessex.Under-King Ealhmund of Kent ruled in 786 and died in 786.Some say that Ealhmund inherited the throne through his wife.
Egbert the Great, King of Wessex, was expelled from England in 789 by Offa, King of Mercia, and his son-in-law, Beohtric, King of Wessex.He fled to Charlemagne’s court, where he met and married Redburh (or Raedburh).Their children were Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, and Athelstan.Egbert returned to England in 802 upon the death of Beohtric, and reigned peacefully for the next 23 years.Then, in 825, a series of battles began which lasted the rest of his life.Egbert died in 839 and lies buried at Winchester.His elder son Ethelwulf succeeded him.
Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, was king of Wessex, Sussex, Kent, and Essex from 839 to 856.He married first Osburh (or Osburga), daughter of Ealdorman Oslac of the Isle of Wight, and their children were Athelstan, King Ethelbald of Wessex, King Ethelbert of Wessex, Ethelswith, King Ethelred I (died about 872) of Wessex, (See Chapter 7), and Alfred the Great.At Ethelwulf’s request, each of their four sons ruled in turn.After the death of Osburh, Ethelwulf went on a pilgrimage to Rome, taking his youngest son Alfred with him.While they were in Rome, Alfred was confirned by Pope Leo IV.While returning home, they stopped at the court of King Charles the Bald of the Franks, and Ethelwulf married second Charles’ 12-year old daughter, Judith, who later married Ethelwulf’s son Ethelbald.Ethelwulf died on January 13, 858.He was first buried at Steyning, Sussex, but now lies at Winchester.
Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons (See Chapter 7), was born at Wantage, England, in 849, and died in 899.
Heremod (Proto-Norse: *Harimodaz , Latin form: Heremodius) is a legendary Danish king known through a short account of his exile in the Old English poem Beowulf and from appearances in some genealogies as the father of Scyld. He may be the same as one of the personages named Hermóðr in Old Norse sources. Heremod may also be identical to Lother (Latin Lotherus) in Saxo Grammaticus' Gesta Danorum (Book 1) or the same history may have been applied to two originally separate figures.
In Beowulf, after Beowulf has defeated Grendel, a bard sings the deeds of Sigmund:
He had of all heroes the highest renown
among races of men, this refuge-of-warriors,
for deeds of daring that decked his name
since the hand and heart of Heremod
grew slack in battle. He, swiftly banished
to join with Jutes at mercy of foes,
to death was betrayed; for torrents of sorrow
had lamed him too long; a load of care
to earls and athelings all he proved.
Oft indeed, in earlier days,
for the warrior's wayfaring wise men mourned,
who had hoped of him help from harm and bale,
and had thought their sovran's son would thrive,
follow his father, his folk protect,
the hoard and the stronghold, heroes' land,
home of Scyldings (Denmark).
It appears that Heremod was banished by his subjects and fled to the Jutes where he was betrayed to his death. After Beowulf has slain Grendel's dam, King Hrothgar speaks again of Heremod:
Was not Heremod thus
to offspring of Ecgwela, Honor-Scyldings,
nor grew for their grace, but for grisly slaughter,
for doom of death to the Danishmen.
He slew, wrath-swollen, his shoulder-comrades,
companions at board! So he passed alone,
chieftain haughty, from human cheer.
Though him the Maker with might endowed,
delights of power, and uplifted high
above all men, yet blood-fierce his mind,
his breast-hoard, grew, no bracelets gave he
to Danes as was due; he endured all joyless
strain of struggle and stress of woe,
long feud with his folk.
In genealogies Heremod appears as son of Itermon son of Hratha son of Hwala or Gwala who may be the same as the Ecgwela mentioned in the passage just cited. Heremod is also the father of Scyld in most of these genealogies. See Sceaf for a fuller treatment.
The Beowulf poet may have followed the same tradition, knowing a tale in which in the driving out of Heremod, Heremod's young son and heir Scyld somehow ended up placed in a ship which was set adrift.
In the Annales Ryenses and Saxo Grammatics' Gesta Danorum (Book 1) Skjöld, that is Scyld, is preceded by a king named Lother, not one name Heremod. But what we are told of Lother fits closely with what the Beowulf poet says of Heremod. Saxo relates that King Dan left two sons behind, Humbli and Lother. Then:
Humbli was elected king at his father's death, thus winning a novel favour from his country; but by the malice of ensuing fate he fell from a king into a common man. For he was taken by Lother in war, and bought his life by yielding up his crown; such, in truth, were the only terms of escape offered him in his defeat. Forced, therefore, by the injustice of a brother to lay down his sovereignty, he furnished the lesson to mankind, that there is less safety, though more pomp, in the palace than in the cottage. Also, he bore his wrong so meekly that he seemed to rejoice at his loss of title as though it were a blessing; and I think he had a shrewd sense of the quality of a king's estate. But Lother played the king as insupportably as he had played the soldier, inaugurating his reign straightway with arrogance and crime; for he counted it uprightness to strip all the most eminent of life or goods, and to clear his country of its loyal citizens, thinking all his equals in birth his rivals for the crown. He was soon chastised for his wickedness; for he met his end in an insurrection of his country; which had once bestowed on him his kingdom, and now bereft him of his life.
Saxo then turns to Lother's son Skjöld.
That Lother seems in this account to have been killed immediately may be compression of a longer narrative. J. R. R. Tolkien in his Finn and Hengest (p. 58) provides a variant version found in the Scondia Illustrata by Johannes Messenius (Stockholm, 1700) which likely relies on lost sources rather than on Messenius' poor memory. Tolkien translates from Messenius' Latin:
... therefore Lotherus, King of the Danes, bereft of his wealth because of his excessive tyranny, and defeated, fled into Jutia.
Tolkien points out that Beowulf was unknown at the time and so could not have influenced Messenius to imagine Lotherus fleeing to Jutland. The story then becomes quite strange. The king placed on the Danish throne in place of Lotherus is Baldr. Lotherus returns from exile, kills Baldr and then is himself killed by Odin. It looks as though Lother has been confused with Höðr.
Lother might also be identical with the puzzling god Lóðurr. Commentators sometimes suggest Lóðurr is identical to Loki, and of course in the Icelandic texts that have come down to us it is Loki who is Baldr's real slayer, with Höðr/Hother being only a tool in Loki's plot.
Children of Heremod are: