GenealogyResearch Associates, Inc.
HollyT. Hansen, BA (History), Salt Lake City Manager
139 East South Temple Street,Suite 300
SaltLake City, Utah 84111
• Preservation Helping people trace, compile, and publishtheir family histories.
February 18, 1999
Mr. Lynn Hopewell
82 Erin Drive
Warrenton, VA 20186
RE: ResearchReport on the Ancestry of Lodowick Matthews
Dear Mr. Hopewell:
This research segment was devoted to analysis of previousresearch on Lodowick Matthews to identify his parentage and hopefully extendhis ancestral lines. Lodowick Mathew's widow, Barbara, and children, JamesWilliam and Susan Maria, lived in the Portsmouth, Virginia area in 1850.Lodowick supposedly was from Gates County, North Carolina about 40 miles southof Portsmouth. From previous research it appeared more than one Ludowick livedat Gates in the right time period.
Excellent summaries of previous research were furnished bythe client, although no documents were included. When analyzing previousresearch it is helpful to review the actual records checking what informationwas part of the original and what information may have been implied. As part ofour Preliminary Survey and for the above stated reasons, we located some of thepertinent documents referred to in the summaries.
The Preliminary Survey began with the:
The Ancestral File, coordinated by the Family HistoryLibrary, contains over 30,000,000 surnames listed in pedigree chart, familygroup record, or descendancy format with the submitter's name included. TheAncestral File invites people throughout the world to send their genealogies atno cost to be included in the file, links individuals into pedigrees showingtheir ancestors and descendants, includes such information as the given names,dates, and places of birth, marriage and death, and most importantly containsnames and addresses of individuals who have contributed the information or fileda research interest in a particular surname so they can be contacted. Names maybe listed phonetically or spelled exactly the same and sometimes lists peoplemore than once due to submissions by other people.
In this instance, we found no Lodowick Matthews with a wifeBarbara, no Matthews family with connections in the Portsmouth area. We didfind a Lodowick Matthews of Gates County, North Carolina (see document 1). ThisLodowick was the son of Anthony & Treasey (Smith) Matthews. This Matthews familycame to Gates County, North Carolina from Isle of Wight County, Virginia. Theinformation in the Ancestral File was submitted by Minnie M. Y. Johnson of ElPaso, Texas. The documents used to compile the family group record are notcurrently available without contacting Minnie. This was not done at the presentbecause the record appears to relate to the "other" Lodowick. TheLodowick Matthews, who was the husband of Barbara, supposedly was the son of aJames Mathews not Anthony.
We then turned ourattention to the IGI.
IGI The International Genealogical Index (IGI) is aworldwide index containing over 286,000,000 surnames of deceased persons. It ismaintained by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‑day Saints (Mormon)but is not limited to information about its members or their descendants. TheIGI provides birth, christening, marriage, and sometimes death information fromwills but only lists information on deceased individuals. It is very good forfinding information from vital records between the early 1550s up to 1875.
In the IGI, individuals are not joined in pedigrees orfamily groups, but birth and/or christening entries include the parents; andmarriages include the name of the spouse. The search will help find originalbirth, christening, and marriage information; identify possible familyconnections to extend a pedigree, and/or determine if research was beingconducted by an individual family member or part of a large extraction project.Variant name spellings are combined together as are names that sound alike suchas Thomson and Thompson.
There are sometimes inaccuracy in the records due to thepersonal knowledge of the person submitting the information and the record usedas the basis for the entry.
In the IGI we did not locate a Lodowick Mathews, and noinformation for his son James William nor his daughter Susan Maria (MariaSusan) the only children currently known for Lodowick
We next reviewed Portsmouth, Virginia records. Portsmouth isan independent city which was established in 1691 from Lower Norfolk County. Inthe Family History Library Catalog most records are listed under PortsmouthCounty, rather than Norfolk County.
In Portsmouth we located death records for Barbara and SusanMathews, we were unable to find the death record for James William Mathews (seedocument 2). [The page where his death should have been recorded was apparentlymissed by the microfilmers, as the deaths skipped from 1878 to 1881.] The deathrecords gave the names of parents for the deceased which confirms the identityof James & Susan's father as Lodowick Matthews and of Barbara as thedaughter of William R. Smith.
We next reviewed the 1850and 1860 census records for Norfolk County. In 1850 Barbara Mathews was livingwith her daughter Maria and husband John E. Morris. One child, Martha age 1 iswith the family. Next door was a James Mathews with wife, Mary A, and childrenMary H, Rose E, and James M. (see document 3). Both James Mathews and MariaMorris were listed as being born in North Carolina. Both John Morris and JamesMathews were working as carpenters. John Morris had real estate worth $200,Barbara and James Mathews had no real estate in 1850. If they had received realor personal property at Lodowick Mathews death, it had been disposed of before1850.
We did not find Barbara in 1860, at least she was not listedas living alone or with either James or Maria. It is possible Barbara had otherchildren with whom she may have lived in 1860. We did not search the entirecounty looking for Barbara, but since she did not die until 1867, it is likelythat she was still in the Portsmouth area.
The John Morris family and James Mathews family were stillin Portsmouth in 1860 (see documents 4 and 5). James W. Mathews was living inthe Jackson ward of Portsmouth. He was listed as a contractor with real estateworth $2000 and personal estate worth $1000. The same three children are stillwith James: Mary, Rosa and James. According to family records the girls werestepdaughters of James Mathews.
The John E. Morris family was living in the Jefferson wardof Portsmouth. John was still working as a carpenter. and had real estate worth$1800. With them were children Martha, Maria, Adronicus, Ed, B. and John. W.Neither the son Adronicus nor daughter Martha were shown on furnished familygroup sheets, thus enlarging the information available on this particularfamily.
We checked the 1840 Virginia census index but did not findreference to a Lodowick, Barbara or a James W. Mathews. Since Lodowick hadsupposedly died by 1840, if Barbara was still living in Virginia she must havebeen living with another family. Could she have been living with her fatherWilliam or brothers? How many children were living with her? She should havehad at least two children, James, about age 23, and Maria, about 15.
Earlier research listed a Norfolk deed where Barbara Mathewswas called the widow of Lodowick Mathews. We found the early Norfolk Countydeeds catalogued in the Family History Catalog under the independent city ofChesapeake (see document 6). In the deed dated 22 Aug 1838, Barbara wasidentified as widow of Ludowick Mathews and daughter of the late William R.Smith. Both father and husband were deceased. As mentioned above, Barbara wasnot a head of house in 1840 and, at the present time, we were unable todetermine who she might be living with.
More important in our quest for information on Barbara'shusband, Ludowick, Barbara was not selling any property of her husband's, butwas rather selling her rights to her father's estate. We have not yet been ableto determine how long before 1838 Ludowick died or when the Mathews familymoved to Norfolk. The 1830 Virginia census index was checked but no Barbara.Ludowick Mathews was listed. It is possible they were still in North Carolinaand moved some time after 1830. Since it does not appear that Ludowick andBarbara owned property in Virginia, searching the personal tax records isprobably the only way to determine when they came. It is also possible thatBarbara did not move to Norfolk County until after Ludowick died. Perhaps shemoved there to be closer to family.
North Carolina Censusrecords
We checked the North Carolina census indexes for 1800 ‑1840 (see documents 7 ‑ 11). There are many Mathews in North Carolina andseveral living in Gates County, where it is proposed that Lodowick Mathews camefrom. No Lodowick or Barbara were listed as head of house in North Carolina in1840. If the Ludowick of Norfolk and the Ludowick of Gates are the same person,this is what we would expect as Barbara Mathews of Norfolk was a widow by 1838.
In the census indices we located one Ludowick Matthews only.He is listed in 1810, 1820 and 1830 (See document 12 for 1810 censusinformation). The 1820 census information was included in the index (seedocument 9). The 1830 census information see document 13. A census comparisonon Ludowick's family composition follows:
1810 1820 1830 BORN
male16‑26 male16‑26 ‑ male30‑40 ‑ 1794‑1800
female16‑26 female26‑45 female 30‑40 1790‑1794
male<10 bornaft 1810
male<10 male 10‑15 born1815‑1820
male <10 male10‑15 born1815‑1820
Ludowick Mathews in 1810 was age 16 to 26, this means he wasborn between 1784 and 1794. Because there were two females under 10 living inthe household, this would indicate that Ludowick was closer to 26 than 16.Thus, he probably was not the same person as the Ludowick Mathews listed in1820 who was listed between the ages of 16 and 26. We feel there may be about10 years in age difference between the two Ludowicks.
The Ludowick Mathews family shown in 1820 and 1830 appearsto be the same family. In 1820 the adult female was born before 1794, while in1830 she was born between 1780 and 1800 (She was 55 in 1850, and 68 in 1867 ather death, making her born about 1799). Ludowick and Barbara's two knownchildren fit in this family, James William born about 1816 could be one of themales under age 10 in 1820 and between the ages of 10 and 15 in 1830. SusanMaria could one of the females under age 5 in 1830. If this is the same familyas the Ludowick and Barbara Mathews family of Norfolk by 1838, we need todiscover who the other children may have been and where were they in 1850?Perhaps a line by line search for Barbara Mathews in the 1860 Portsmouth censuswill help us answer this question.
Lodowick Mathews of Gates County in 1830 was living close toWm. A. Mathews who was between the age of 40 and 50, Wm. had an olderfemale between the age of 60 and 70 in the household; Lewis Walters who wasbetween the age of 70 and 80; James Mathews who was between the age of 20 and30; Ann Mathews who was between the age of 60 and 70; David Reddick who wasbetween the age of 50 and 60, and John Mathews who was between the age of 30and 40 (see document 13). As Ludowick was between the age of 30 and 40, he wasof the right age to be brother of William A., James or John, and son of Ann.They are close neighbors, most certainly close relatives, at this point we donot know their relationships.
Gates County, NorthCarolina Records
Gates County Marriage bonds for grooms with the Mathewssurname are shown in document 14. It seems unlikely that the Ludowick Mathewswho married Lavina Foster in 1806 is the same Ludowick who was listed as age 16to 26 in 1820. Researcher William Perry Johnson in his 1979 report suggestedthe probability of two Ludowicks in Gates County, North Carolina. The olderLudowick was listed with 100 acres in 1807 and 73 acres in 1808. He lastappeared in the 1815 tax list, with the same 73 acres.
In 1818, the second Ludowick, listed as Ludowick of James,first appeared in the tax list with no land and no slaves. Johnson states,Ludowick of James last appeared in Gates County in 1830. There is no record ofLudowick or Barbara selling land in Gates County. If this Ludowick in the taxlists is the Ludowick who married Barbara, he apparently had no land to sell.
The first Ludowick is probably the Ludowick son of AnthonyMathews. In Johnson's report, Anthony Mathew's estate was divided among thewidow Treasy, John, Ethelred, William, Riddick, Lodowick, Henry Turner andEaster Mathews. This was the same Mathews family found in the Ancestral File.This older Ludowick was probably the same man who married Lavisa or LavinaFoster in 1806.
Ludowick Mathews who first appeared in the 1815 tax list,according to Johnson's report was called Ludowick, son of James. This, again,supports the possibility that two Ludowick Mathews lived in Gates County,therefore the distinction "son of James." Most likely he had justturned 21 when first listed with one white poll and no property. Johnsonproposes that this is the same as Ludowick appearing in Gates County tax listin 1830, still without land. There are personal tax records for each yearduring this time period. We did not have time to search them year by year, butthis should be done for all of the Matthews to assist in sorting them intofamilies.
There are publishedabstracts on some of the early Gates County deeds and probates. We checked themfor Mathews families. As several Mathews families are in the Gates area, wecopied references for James and Ludowick Mathews. At a later date it might benecessary to copy the other Mathews families as well.
Mathews in EarlyDeeds of Gates County, North Carolina
All records discussed in this section can be found indocument 15. Esther Mathews was located as a witness to William Walters andElizabeth, widow of James Bray Walters deeding land to John Bare of NansemondCounty (p. 29). In 1789 William Walters deeds 150 acres in Merry Hill Pocosinto James Mathews (p. 73). James Matthews line was mentioned in 1792 and 1795(pp. 117 and 144). In 1795 James and Sally Mathews sold the 150 acres in MerryHill Pocosin to Jacob Pruden (p. 142). In 1794 Esther Mathews by deed of giftleaves the plantation, furniture and utensils to her son James. In the 1830census a Lewis Walters who was in his 70s was living near Ludowick Mathews. Itis possible that the Mathews and Walters families were related and not merelyneighbors. It is also possible Esther may have been a Walters.
In 1801 Anthony Mathews of Nansemond County, Virginia buysland from Demsey Parker (p. 226). In 1802 he buys land from Isaac Walters inMerry Hill Pocossin (p. 226), Dread and Riddick Mathews were the witnesses onthat deed.
Early Mathews inWills and Probates, Gates County, North Carolina
Abstracts of Mathews wills were located as follows:
1807: the inventory of the estate of Anthony Mathews takenby John & Ethelred Matthews (see document 16, p. 155156).
1811: Elizabeth Smith left beds to her daughter TreasyMathews (see document 17, p. 47‑48) [From other records Treasy was thewidow of Anthony Mathews].
1816: The will of James Pruden lists a wife Easter, sonsDavid & John Pruden, heirs of Nathaniel Pruden, Rachel Rice granddaughterof Abraham Pruden. When the will was proved in 1822, Ethelred Matthias(Mathews) was witness as Isaac Miller and Francis M. Foster had moved out ofstate (document 17, p. 91). Esther Pruden's will written in 1823 listed DavidPruden, Easter Boyce, Celia Pruden and Olivia Pruden WITHOUT givingrelationships. They are likely stepchildren or grandchildren. She thenspecifically mentioned her four grandchildren: Lodowick Mathews, Mary Rice,James Mathews and John Mathews. David Riddick was executor (see document 17,pp. 9596).
1822: The will of Andrew Mathews lists a wife Ann, withchildren: Jacob, Absilley, David, John, James, Salley and Milley. David Reddickwas executor (see document 17, p. 87‑88).
1828: Mary Benton mentioned her sister Ann Mathews and herniece Mary Mathews. daughter of Ethelred Mathews (see document 17, p. 125).
1833: The will of John W. Matthews listed children Matthew,Arthur, Matilda, and Nancy. Ethelred Matthews was a witness (see document 17,pp. 144‑145).
1836: The will of John Matthews listed a wife Sarah, andsons Anthony & Thomas (document 17, p. 166).
1845: The will of William A. Mathews listed children Seth,Penelope, Jesse, Median Johnson, Willie and Emeline (see document 16, pp. 37‑38).
The earliest book of wills (pre 1807) was missing from theshelf. However the second Will Book had a list of the testators in book 1 andno Matthews were listed.
Early Gates County,North Carolina Court Minutes
Early court minutes have also been abstracted. We copiedreferences for only James and Ludowick from 1800 ‑1831 (see documents 18‑23).
In 1808, Anthony Mathews estate was divided (see document19, p. 69). This is the proposed father of the older Ludowick Mathews.
In 1808, James Mathews was sued for debt to David Reddick.As there was no personal property, four acres by Riddicks was sold (seedocument 19, p. 69, 77). Bill of sale from Riddick Mathews to Lodowick Mathews(see document 19, p. 83). Ludowick witnessed an agreement between Isaac Millerand Riddick Mathews (see document 19, p. 103).
In 1824 James Mathews received a license to sell spirits(see document 22, p. 2). James, John D. and Whitlock Mathews were insolvents onthe 1825 tax list (see document 22, p. 117). James Mathews died a suspiciousdeath in Nov 1826 as their was a coroner's inquest (dsee ocument 22, p. 118).Ethelred Mathews received administration on the estate of James Mathews in May1827 (see document 22, p. 147). It is very unlikely that this is James Mathews,son of Easter and father of Ethelred. More likely it is James, son of AndrewMathews.
Ludowick Mathews was called to jury service in 1813 and 1814(see document 20 pp. 38, 41, 67, 72). To be able to serve on a jury a man hadto hold land and be at least 21. This must be the older Ludowick.
Ludowick Mathews served as a guard in 1820 (see document 21,p. 71‑72) and also served in 1821 (see document 21, p. 103‑104) andin 1823 (see document 21, p. 165‑166). Ludowick Mathews was a patroler in1829 (see document 23, p. 63), served in the militia to Chowan river lookingfor negroes in 1830 (see document 23, p. 79). He was listed as insolvent for1830 taxes (see document 23, p. 118‑119). This appears to be the youngerLudowick.
There are at least two Lodowick Mathews in Gates County,North Carolina. One Ludowick is the son of Anthony Mathews, and appears to bethe Ludowick who was serving on the jury in 1813‑1814 and was the mostlikely to have married Lovisa Foster in 1806. From the limited checking ofpersonal tax records reported by Johnson, this Ludowick apparently leaves GatesCounty around 1816. At least he does not appear in the 1816‑1817 taxlists and has no probate in Gates County. As this Ludowick was at least 21before 1813, and before his 1806 marriage, and he owns land, it is highlyunlikely that this is the Ludowick listed in the Gates County census in 1820.
The second Ludowick listed as age16 to 26 in the 1820census, was about 25. He married around 1815 from the age of the children inthe household in 1820. This appears to be the same man as Ludowick, son ofJames in the 1815 tax list. He served as a patroler and on brief excursions inmilitia during the 1820s but was not on the jury list, and apparently hadlittle or no property. In 1830 he was unable to pay his taxes. There were nodeeds showing he sold land. If Ludowick Mathews had little or no real estateand could not pay taxes, it would make good sense that he would move lookingfor a better situation. Because we were unable to locate Ludowick in GatesCounty, North Carolina after 1830 and his family in Norfolk County, Virginiabefore 1838, we suggest that this was the same Ludowick. With that assumption,Ludowick was the son of James Mathews and grandson of Easter ? Mathews Pruden.He was either brother to or first cousin of John and James Mathews. These menneed to be located in the records and followed as well.
As this younger Ludowick appears to be ours, research washampered by his apparent lack of real estate. Further research should begin byreading the existing personal tax records of Gates County, North Carolina andof Norfolk County, Virginia for all Mathews. When the personal tax informationis combined with the census, and probate information it should help sort outthe Mathews families.
Anthony Mathews who died in 1807 apparently came to GatesCounty from Isle of Wight County in Virginia. Easter Mathews and her son Jamesmay have also come from there. As both families used Ludowick as a name, theyare likely close relatives.
Prudens, Riddicks and Walters appear to be close neighborsand probably relatives of the Mathews. Riddicks are located in Gates County andin Nansemond County, Virginia. These families should also be studied todetermine what their relationship might be.
Presuming that Ludowick Mathews in the 1830 census in GatesCounty, is the right Ludowick, further research needs to be done both in GatesCounty and in the Nansemond ‑ Norfolk area to try and identify the otherchildren of Ludowick Mathews. Learning who they are would help confirm thehypothesis that the two Ludowicks are the same. A good beginning to try andlocate them would be finding Barbara Mathews in the 1860 census.
The Importance ofDocumentation
It is important that the next phase include funds fordocumentation of materials collected to date. It is with the help of thecomputer data base of information, that we are able to provide such positiveresults in your family history research and therefore saves you money and time.
In addition, once the material is data entered, it iscompletely usable for publication as a family history with very little editingnecessary. We convert the data from one data base program to a publishingprogram, scan in any photos or documents you desire, include an acknowledgmentsand foreword page if you like, generate a table of contents and an index, and afamily history book is prepared.
The data, although entered only once, can be manipulated togenerate pedigree charts of many varieties (we use the simplest form in ourreports), as well as family group records, and many other formats.
If requested, we can prepared a GEDCOM file of all the datawe have entered so that you can import it directly into your Genealogy program.
Suggested Future Research
1) Data enterdocumentation into Family Group Records.
2) A line byline search for Barbara Mathews in the 1860 Portsmouth census.
3) Extractall Mathews in Gates County, North Carolina Personal Tax lists.
4) Extractall Mathews in Norfolk County, Virginia Personal Tax lists, and analyze to see if the Ludowick of these two countiescould be the same person.
5) Search1860 census of Norfolk County, Virginia to find Barbara and who she is livingwith.
6) Abstractall the Mathews Deeds in Gates County, North Carolina. This will enable us tosort out the various Mathews families, thus allowing us find out what may havehappened to the 73 acres of land that Ludowick of Gates County, North
Carolina had in 1810‑15.
7) We shouldfind what land James, son of Easther, had and what happened to it?
8) Search tosee if there any references to other children possibly in the family ofLudowick Mathews of Gates County in 1830?
9) Abstractall Mathews deeds in Norfolk County, Virginia. Are any other children ofLudowick and Barbara identified?
10) When GatesCounty references have been exhausted, look in Nansemond and Isle of WightCounties in Virginia for earlier Mathews information to try and identify theMathews husband of Easter.
This has been a very useful initial phase of research. Itappears that the lineage is well documented. We look forward to helping youlocate the clues that will allow us to extend this ancestry back even further.Just let us know when you wish us to continue by going on the Internet firstname.lastname@example.org, or calling 1‑801‑363‑3463, and asking forTricia. She would be most happy to assist you.
Judith Hansen, AG
Primary research/preliminaryreport/suggestions for further research
Tricia Hammond, BAGenealogy
Holly T. Hansen, BA History
Final evaluation/finalreport/suggestions for further research
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