The Leeds Family of New Jersey:Information about Daniel Leeds
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Daniel Leeds (b. 15 Nov 1651, d. 28 Sep 1720)Daniel Leeds (son of Thomas Leeds and Mary Cartwright)63, 64 was born 15 Nov 1651 in Stansted Mount Fitchet, Essex, England, and died 28 Sep 1720 in Springfield, Burlington, NJ.He married (1) Ann Stacy on 21 Feb 1681 in Burlington Friends Meeting, NJ65, daughter of Robert Stacy.He married (2) Dorothy Young on 09 Mar 1683 in Burlington, NJ66, daughter of Robert Young.He married (3) Jean Elton Abbott Smout on Bet. 1703 - 1705 in Burlington, NJ.
Notes for Daniel Leeds:
Found other spellings for the 1st Daniel Leeds in various records and publications: Danll, Dan Daniell
Other accomplishments of Daniel Leeds, but not all,he was a member of the NJ Assembly, served on Gov. Lord Cornbury's council 5 years and a Judge of the Supreme Court of NJ. an author of books and Almanacs.His books were against the Quaker religion that caused a hugh controversary on both sides of the ocean.
More Forgotten Towns of Southern NJby Henry Charlton Beck says Daniel came with his family in the good ship Shield in Dec. 1678 landing at Burlington.
Religion: Originally a Quaker. Buried in an Episcopal Cem.
Cited under "Genealogical Record of the First Settlers of Monmouth and Ocean Counties" Salters History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties, NJ
Daniel was either well known by name to the Queen or personally as in her Instructions to Edward Lord Cornbury, "our captain general and governor in chief, in and over the province of Nova-Caesaria this 16th day of Nov 1702 you are with all convenient speed to repair to said province and take upon the execution of the place and forthwith call together the following persons to be appointed to our council, viz: Edward Hunloke, Lewis Morris, ANDREW BOWNE, SAMUAL JENINGS, THOMAS REVELL, Francis Davenport, William Pinhorne, Samuel Leonard, George Deacon, Samuel Walker, DANIEL LEEDS, William Sanford and Robert Quarry, Esquires."
Called himself a "Student of Agriculture;" is mentioned as an astrologer by Benjamin Franklin in his Poor Richard Almanac for 1735 and by Allibone is named as the first author in the provinces south of NY.He began the compilation of almanacs in 1687, continuing to issue them for 27 years.
It is believed he followed his father to the New World in 1678.He was one of the first Surveyors of NJ.His book of surveys are still preserved. The Archives of the Surveyor General's Office contain the following: "Thomas Revell, his wife, children and servants, and Daniel Leeds, came to West Jersey in the ship "Shield" in Dec. 1678, landing at Burlington, being the first vessel ascending the Delaware to that point.
On the 6th of the 12th month, 1687, John Shinn and John Day were appointed to notify Daniel Leeds to bring in his paper to the Burlington Meeting before sending it to Philadelphia. Daniel Leeds had issued an almanac, which was the first publication ever made in New Jersey or Pennsylvania. Its title page ran thus: "An Almanac for the year of the Christian Account, 1687, particularly respecting the meridian and latitude of Burlington, but may indifferently serve for all places adjacent. By Daniel Leeds, Student in
Agriculture. Printed and sold by William Bradford near Philadelphia in Pennsylvania, Pro Anno, 1687." This publication gave offense to the Friends on account of some of its "superfluities," and he was forced to make amends. The following paper shows the hold which the church had gained over the intellect of the man:
"To ye Men's Monthly Meeting at Burlington.
Dear Friends: Wheras, I do understand yt something in my Almanac hath given offonse to ffriends of truth--Therefore I did look uppon myself as bound for satisfaction and vindication of ye blessed to condemn them as wrong and proceeding from a ground yt was out of truth. I being at a loss as to my incondition at ye time of writing thereof, during which loss I have been apt to let in hard thoughts and to pass a forward judgement of some proceedings of ye men's meetings, which I also do condemn, warning all others to have a care of letting in anything against ye good practices of ye Church of Christ in Men and Women's Meeting. Read in ye 5th of ye 12th, month 1687.--Daniel Leeds."
When any of the modern Shinns finds himself wishing for "the good old times," let him read this inquisition of 1687. Daniel Leeds may have printed the signs of the zodiac; he may have called the planets after the fashion of the learned by names which commemorate heathen gods: he may have advertised patent medicines, for proprietary remedies were even at that day a source of revenue for money-making quacks; he may have criticised the slow-going pace of the Men's Meeting at Burlington--all sins of enormous degree--but he was at the head of a new enterprise; was forcing thought into the sphere of routine, and did not deserve the censure he received. Thomas I. Wharton, of Philadelphia, has called him "The first author in Pennsylvania or New Jersey in order of time," and all first authors have to stem tides of great opposition. The Quaker opposition in 1687 seemed to appall him, and to bring him closer to the peculiar style of the society. But continued opposition drove both Leeds and Bradford to New York, where Leeds issued a virulent manifesto against Quakerism.
As to the position of John Shinn in the matter, there is no recorded testimony. He executed the duty put upon him by the Society of Friends, and doubtless looked upon Leeds as a refractory member. The families of John Shinn and Daniel Leeds were intimate, and John Shinn, Jr., and Leeds married sisters, the daughters of Robert Stacy. This unfortunate occurrence drove a good man out of the church and a budding printing enterprise out of the colony.
Daniel, in his Almanac dated 1712 authors a poem for February describes himself as "descended from nothing less than of a Gentleman from Leeds in Kent and describes his Coat of Arms as "beareth Argent a Fess Gules between Three Eagles Sable "
In his Almanac of 1714 he states that he had been an almanac maker for 27 years and was turning it over to his son (Titan) who lived with him.
Jan. 24, 1714 a Warrent was signed directing Thomas Gordon, Esq. Commissioner for the office of his Majesties Attorney General of this Province to Prosecute by Information in the Supreme Court of Judicature of this Province Daniell Cox and Daniell Leeds of Burlington Co, Jhn Vaughan and Thomas Jewell of Monmouth Co for several contempts and misdeamers by them committed, who have hitherto escaped due Prosecution through the negligence of the late Attorney General. (from Journal of Governorand Council 1714-1715)
In Brigid's Charge by Cynthia Lamb she attributes Uncle William Leeds as having passed on a Coat of Arms to Japheth, handed down by a Leeds Ancestor, he knew not who, came from a line in England going back to 1150 to Peter de Leeds and consisted of: "the charge on the crest--a cockatrice, a serpent-dragon said to have been born from a cock's egg".William supposedly got it from Thomas, his father.Of course this is a novel, not historical fact except where she could verify facts.Whether or not Japheth is the one to receive it probably isn't one of the verified facts.
Name: Daniel Leeds
Date: 27 Jun 1720
Location: Springfield, Burlington Co.
will of. Wife Jean. Children--Japhet, Felix, Philo, Daniel, Titan, Bethanah, An; wife's son John Smout; wife's maid An Sykes; Daniel and Rebecca Stockton. Real and personal estate (9 silver spoons, a gold ring). Executors--sons Felix and Philo. Witnesses--Thomas Leeds, Eleisabeth Fenton. Proved October 13, 1720.
Lib. 2, p. 148, and Burlington Wills
1720 Oct. 13. Inventory of the personal estate, £620.15.10 1/2, incl. bills, bonds, cash and plate £494.10.4 1/2; made by Jacob Heulings and John Wright.
All of the birth dates of Daniel and Dorothy's children I have taken from the publication of the Atlantic County Historical Society.
Daniel Leeds made the first accurate survey of the south part of old Hunterdon Co. now embraced in Mercer and is found in Book of surveys page 103, Secretary of State's office at Trenton, NJ having the marginal note "Re-survey of Hopewell tract for Col. (Daniel) Cox, 31000."
More About Daniel Leeds:
Elected 1: 1704, Councillor of NJ and reappointed to same position 1706.
Elected 2: 1681, Surveyor of West Jersey. His original book of surveys is owned by the West Jersey Society, Burlington, NJ.
Elected 3: 1682, Member of the NJ Assembly.
Excommunicated: 06 Apr 1715, disowned at Quaker Meeting for marrying a non-quaker.
Marriages: Bef. 1676, 1st wife Anne b in England, d bef 1681 in Shrewsbury, NJ.
Warrent Issued: 24 Jan 1714, Warrent signed to Prosecute Daniell Leeds and others for contempts and misdemeaners.
Will: 27 Jun 1720, Proved Oct. 13, 1720. Wife: Jean; children: Japhet, Felix, Philo, Daniel, Titan, Bethanah, Ann, step son John Smouth, Daniel & Rebecca Stockton, maid An Sykes.Wit. Thomas Leeds & Eleisabeth Fenton. Inv. 620 lbs..
More About Daniel Leeds and Ann Stacy:
Marriage: 21 Feb 1681, Burlington Friends Meeting, NJ.67
More About Daniel Leeds and Dorothy Young:
Marriage: 09 Mar 1683, Burlington, NJ.68
More About Daniel Leeds and Jean Elton Abbott Smout:
Marriage: Bet. 1703 - 1705, Burlington, NJ.
Children of Daniel Leeds and Ann Stacy are:
- Ann Leeds, b. 03 Dec 1681, Burlington Co. NJ, d. Bet. 1682 - 1683, Probably Burlington, NJ.
Children of Daniel Leeds and Dorothy Young are:
- +Japhet(h) Leeds, b. 24 Oct 1683, Springfield Twp., Burlington Co. NJ, d. 15 Dec 1748, St. Mary's Church, Burlington Co. NJ.
- +Mary Leeds, b. 19 Apr 1685, Burlington Co. NJ, d. Abt. 1715, Burlington Co., NJ.
- +Felix Leeds, b. 27 Jul 1687, Burlington NJ, d. 04 Jul 1744, St. Andrews Cemetery, Mt. Holly, NJ.
- +Philo Leeds, b. 27 Aug 1690, Burlington NJ, d. 1788, Vincentown, Burlington, NJ.
- Bethanah Leeds, b. 24 Mar 1692, Burlington NJ, d. Abt. 1726, Burlington Co., NJ.
- Ann Leeds, b. 17 Feb 1694, Burlington NJ, d. 01 Jul 1769, Springfield, Burlington NJ.
- Daniel2nd Leeds, b. 05 Jun 1697, Burlington NJ, d. Abt. 1723, Springfield, Burlington NJ.
- Titan Leeds, b. 25 Aug 1699, Burlington NJ, d. Abt. 1739.