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John Parker (b. Sep 25, 1568, d. Oct 1651)John Parker (son of James Parker) was born Sep 25, 1568 in Georgeham, Devon, Eng., and died Oct 1651.He married Katherine Dennis on Aug 25, 1600 in Georgeham, England, daughter of John Dennis and Katherine Rayle.
Notes for John Parker:
ANCIENT SAGADAHOC by E.J.Chandler
The only mark the first John Parker made on the World, other than a multitude of offspring, was to have two places in maine named after him, a neck of land in the mouth of the Saco River and an island in the mouth of the Kennevec River.Both names have since been changed!Much later a fifth generation Parker did have land named after him in Phippsburg that is today's Parkers Head section.
William & brother John certainly participated in the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.It is difficult to determine the station to which william & John were born; that is, their fathers social rank.Much earlier under fuedalism, this ranking system was quite rigid, and was to become so again in the future.Yet during this transition period there was more flexibility.The common man with ambition and a bit of luck could move up through the class structure and achieve the rank of gentry, or better, of knighthood, the highest rank before nobility.william & John Parker would grow up and enter the merchant fleet.Wiliam was soon master of the ship "Prudence" of 120 tons, and John remained in his employ.
In 1587 the Parkers had joined Sir Francis Drake in the raid on cadiz.
In Nov. 1600, a month after getting married, John again sailed from Plymouth with his brother William on the ship "Prudence" with a crew of 130, as well as several "gentlemen volunteers".On their way to Panama they sacked the town of St. Vincent in the Cape Verde Islands, and then captured a Portugese slave ship.Arriving in PortoBello they landed in a surprise attack and captured the town.Hollowing the loading of spoil they returned to Plymouth, arriving in May of 1060.On his return John learned that his wife had apparently died following the christening of their son John Parker II on the 20th of April, less than a month earlier.
John parker was mate on one of the 2 ships sent to the colonies by the Plymouth Company on June 7, 1607 representing his brother Williams financial interests in the expedition.Johns son JohnII would have been 6yrs old when those ships sailed out of Plymouth harbor.the two ships, "Mary & John, and "Gift of God" cleared the lizard on the first of June, 1607.John Parker was a mate on one of those vessels and would represent his brothers financial interest in the expedition.Not ling after their departure their endeavor became doomed.Sir John Popham, the key figure in the project had died back home.Communications being what they were, the colonists didn't learn of this until the supply ships arrived the following year.For a long time historians believed the John Parker came over to New England as mate on the mayflower.But here one of our earliest historians was guilty of a false assumption that has been so often repeated by later writers that it has assumed the quality of being factual.He based this on a deposition found in the Mass. Superior Court files.It was worn to by John Phillips 3rd of Charles town on Nov. 20, 1750 stating that John Parker, his father's uncle "was mate of the first ship that came from England with Plymouth people."That historian concluded that "Plymouth People" were the Pilgrims and the first ship was the Mayflower.But it actually was referring to the town of Plymouth in England and the Plymouth Company ships in 1607.
John parker was probably not a Puritan, nor was he necessarily a devout Anglican, but merely a loyal and unquestioning subject of the crown, regardless of who wore it.Whether or not he even thought much about the New World is doubtful, even though he would soon find himself involved in the colonizing of America and would eventually spend the rest of his life there.His one ambition was probably to be an afficer in Englands merchant fleet.
In Spring of 1616 Gorges employed Richard vines, a Plymouth physician and friend, to take charge and he and his staff accompanied the fishing vessel on it's annual summer fishing voyage to maine.it is possible that John parker was a member of that company.he had been on Gorges vessels in 1607, and possibly in 1608, but there are no clues to what he did following that aborted expedition.But him and his sons, long future involvement would suggest that he had signed onto Gorges ship and was probably beginning a lifelong association with Vines in maine.
If John parker was employed as a seaman by Gorges then he would have been making these voyages on Gorges vessel.And since he and his son would be spending the rest of their lives managing fishing stations he would be in good position to learn the business on these fishing voyages to Monhegan.In fact it is quite possible that he was at this time, in 1619, in charge of gorges fishing station on that island.No records have been found of Parker's activities from 1608 when the Popham Colony failed to the appearance of John Parker2nd and his family at Winter harbor (Biddeford) in 1636 and John Parker 1st purchasing Sagosett island in 1648.but it is obvious they were present and involved during this period even though there is no documentation to verify it.
Mark Hill in the early 1800's wrote "John Parker, a fisherman from Boston or it's vicinity frequent fishing from kennevec to Monhegan from 1625 to 1628, and in the winter of the latter year lived on the southerly point of erascohegan Island now parkers island.
John Parker I had inherited the 250 acre Gorges fort site in Phippsburg following his brother William's death in 1618.but he chose to reside on a small island on the eastern side of the river in what is now known as Sagadahoc Bay.Rascohegan Island?
In 1636 it had now been 28yrs. since john parker 1st was involved with the Popham colonists, and about 12yrs since john 1st was located at Mass Bay, by the historian H.O. Thayer in establishing boston.Mow in 1636 he would be 68yrs and living at Sagadahoc, having moved there by 1628, after Gorges agents had become discouraged and returned to England.
In 1648 John parker acquired a deed for "Sagosett alias Chegoney' from Robin Hood (Mowhotiwormit).It is safe to say that the elder Parkers involvement with Chegoney had begun long before acquiring that deed to it in 1648.
According to the confirmation secured by Mary Parker in 1661 this was a portion of what is now Georgetown Island; "I robert W. Hood, Sagamore of Sacatyhock and Kennebeck have formerly sold unto John Parker Sen of Sacatyhock and his heirs a Tract of land on the Easter Side of Sacatyhock being an island commonly called by the mane of Sagosett alias Chegoney by the Indians I say having sold the island with all the Islets Appurtenences and Privleges whatsoever do to thesd Tract of Land belong or anyways appertain and having fiven him a Deed of Sale for the assurance of his right thereto bearing Date One thousand Six hundred Fourty and eight and that the now the said John Parker being decesed I the above said Rober Whood do of my own voluntary will and consent confirm the said Deed.
John Parker 2nd moved his family from Winter Harbor (Biddeford) to Sagadahoc after 1645 and probably before 1651.He purchased a 100 acre tract at Squirrel Point on Arrowsic Island from John Richards.He mad out a will in October 1651, and it appears that both he and his father died between then and 1654.John Parker york, his land referred to in the bounds of a adjoining tract in 1651.Took oath of allegiance to Mass. govt. Nov. 22, 1652.
Memorial Bolume Papham Celebration Aug. 20, 1862 368pgs.Edited by Rev. Edward Ballard
John Parker's Ownership
Mohotiwormet, or "RobinHood" (Mss. Indenture, Robin-Hood to parker), the great Sachem June 14th, of Nequasset, in consideration of "one Beaver skin and a yearly rent of one bushel of corn and quart of liquor: to be unto him paid, or to his heirs forever, by John Parker, at or before the 25th day of December, being Christmas day, at the swelling house of the said Parker, "let, set and sold" out to the said John Parker the a foresaid peninsula, including the site of SmallPoint Harbor: but which was then known only as "parker's Plantation, within the jurisdiction of "Sebenoa", the ancieny Lord of Sagadahoc. (Strachey quoted in Ancient Dominions of Maine Pg 90)
Death of John Parker
But the ruthless savage soon invaded the peaceful homes of these enterprising frontiersmen, and the torch of barbarina hordes, preceded by the horrors of the tomahawk and scalping knife, forced al to flee.John Parker and son james reached "Casco Bay" (Ancient Aucocisco) now Portland, and were there slain at the taking of the Fort Loyal, May 20, 1690 when Dalmouth was sacked by the French and Indians.
John Parker of "Kennebecke, aged about fifty years", testified to the signing of an Indian deed of lands which he had occupied "upwards of 26yrs" and received confirmatory deed July 21, 1684.(York De.IV.) Sold land to Capt. Sylvanus Davis June 1, 1661, his wife Margery joining; confirmed the deed Nov 13, 1684.Sold an adjoining tract in "Kennevecke river" June 3, 1661, to his sister Mary Webber.With wife margery gave land in Kennebeck to William Baker, house carpenter, and his wife Sarah, their daughter.
Varney's Gazetteer of Maine
John Parker, Jr. bought land of the Indians in 1650, what is now Phipsburg, Me.
THE GREAT FLEET
The fleet arrived at Boston late in 1634.Parker and his contigent from the Mary & John offloaded at Agawam (Ipswich), where they were given land to spend the winter.Quascacunquen Plantation had been surveyed in 1633 along with the Ipswich grants; the land at the mouth of the river was ready for their arrival.They only needed final approval from the Massachusetts General Assembly.By common vote, the name of the plantation was changed to Newbury Plantation whil they were still at Agawam (named for Newbury, Berkshire where Parker had once taught school).They also changed Quascacunquen to Parker River, to honor their leader.
Tradidtion says that parker took his group in open boats, navigating Plum Island Sound to the Parker River.There, on the north bank, Nicholas Noyes was first to step ashore at Parker Landing.In June came the James with two of the cattle ships.Right behind them came the Planter, which family tradition says carried John Poore.31 ships in all would arrive by the end of July, over 100 by the end of the year.The Dummer stock-raising colony was finally a reality.
More About John Parker:
Baptism: Sep 25, 1568, Shobrook, Devon, Eng..
Residence: 1636, Managing fishing station at Winter Harbor.
More About John Parker and Katherine Dennis:
Marriage: Aug 25, 1600, Georgeham, England.
Children of John Parker and Katherine Dennis are:
- +John Parker, b. Apr 20, 1601, Georgeham, Devon, Eng., d. 1648, Sagadahoc, ME.