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ManmathChandra Basu MallikManmathChandra Basu Mallik (son of Joygopal Basu Mallik and Krishnababhini).He married (1) Kusum Kumari.He married (2) French Lady.
Notes for ManmathChandra Basu Mallik:
MANMATHA CHANDRA BASU MALLIK
Jaygopal's second son, Manmatha, was born in 1853 at 18, Radhanath Mallik Lane.In the initial years, he was living at ancestral house in Pataldanga.Thereafter, he shifted to the new house at Wellington Square with other two brothers.
He passed Matriculation examination from Hindu School and joined Presidency College for higher studies.He left for England on 21st November 1871. He first studied in London University College then joined Christ Church College at Cambridge.After passing senior Cambridge he studied Bar-at-law and passed the examination in 1875.He completed the Barister degree after joining the Inn.He returned to Calcutta after travelling tomany European countries.
In 1882, he won from Ward No. 10, at the election for the post of Municipal Commissioner of Calcutta Corporation.
On 8th April 1893, he went to U.S.A.He stayed in Chicago for sometime, than travelled all big cities of America to study the causes of high development in education and industries.He was the first member of Basu Mallik family to visit England and America.
9th December 1893, he returned to India for two years.He lived with nephew Subodh Chandra and younger brother Hemchandra at Wellington Square's house.In those days, people were against going to Europe and America.Some orthodox Hindus tried to boycott Manmatha socially after his return from America.
In 1895, Manmathawent backto England.He resided there for a few years and became citizen of U.K.He contested twice to become member of the British Parliament.First time, in 1905, he contested on a ticket of liberal party from George Hover division.1907, he again contested from Middlesex, Axes Division.However he was defeated by a small margin
Manmatha liked to travel.He visited entire Europe, America, China, Japan many times.He lived in Japan, America, besides London for quite some time.Count Otomo, Minister in Japan, was his good friend.Otomo was very close to Emperor of Japan and became Prime Minister afterwards.His main aim was to bring unity amongst all Asean Countries.He wanted to spread the Hindu philosophy in America, Europe and Japan
9th December 1893, he returned to India for two years.He lived with nephew Subodh Chandra and younger brother Hemchandra at Wellington Square's house.In those days, people were against going to Europe and America.Some orthodox Hindus tried to boycott Manmatha socially after his return from America.However, they did not succeed as by that time many liberals had also come up with social reforms.
They realised that without knowing the education system of other countries, the reforms in this field of own country would not be possible.By travelling independent countries, one could learn about others religion, customs, education etc.Persons like Mahatma Gandhi, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan, Jatindra Mohan, Gokhale, Tilak, traveled different countries studied their culture, history and independence movement to start freedom struggle in India.England, France conquered countries all over the world and spread their kingdom and business, only after coming out of their own land.
In 1895, Manmatha again went to England.He resided there for a few years and became citizen of U.K.He contested twice to become member of the British Parliament.First time, in 1905, he contested on a ticket of liberal party from George Hover division.1907, he again contested from Middlesex, Axes Division.However he was defeated by small margin.He did lot of research studies during his stay in London.
Manmatha liked to travel.He visited entire Europe, America, China, Japan many times.He lived in Japan, America, besides London for quite some time.Count Otomo, Minister in Japan, was his good friend.Otomo was very close to Emperor of Japan and became Prime Minister afterwards.His main aim was to bring unity amongst all Asean Countries.He wanted to spread the Hindu philosophy in America, Europe and Japan.After the death of 1st wife, who was a Hindu lady, in 1899, Manmatha married a French lady.
He established a charity fund in the name of his father viz., "The Jaygopal Mallik Scholarship Fund" in 1892.It was managed by a Trust Board.Students desirous of studying abroad were eligible for Scholarship from the fund.
.From 1872 to 1876 Earl of Northbrook was Governor General of India.He became very unpopular by taking decisions like throwing out from the kingdom of Baroda, Mallar Rao Gaekward, not allowingnew education system of Bengal to grow and by posting his representative in village level.In 1876, when Lord left India, his followers called a meeting in Town Hall to have a memorial in appreciation of his service.Sir Richard, Lt. Governor of Bengal, was presiding over the meeting.
All respectable persons of Calcutta were present at the meeting.More than thousands persons were there.Probodhchandra, Manmatha Chandra.Hemchandra were also invited at the meeting.
A resolution was proposed "To form a Committee to have a monument in appreciation of good work done by Earl of Northbrook."Manmathachandra did not approve the resolution.He said Earl of Northbrook has not done any good work for India, as such no memorial Committee etc. is required."There was a chaos in the Hall.Everyone was scared of British Rulers.The President called for voting.Only ten persons voted against the proposal.3 brothers of Basu Mallik family, Dr. Sambunath Mukhopadhyay, Yogesh Candra Dutta and other five liberal-minded persons did not vote in favour of the resolution and walked out of the meeting.People were surprised to see the courage of these ten persons.The meeting was to honour Governor General (Retd.) and presided over by Bengal's Lt. Governor.If it was in 1930, people should not have been surprised but it was in 1876, when British Empire was ruling India at its peak.
One Patriot of those days, Krishnadas Paul wrote a column in "HINDU PATRIOT" on "Immortal Ten".It is written in the book named Congress and National Movement, 1928.
"Immortal Ten-Lord Northbrook was Viceroy of India 1872-1876.In 1878 when he left India a public Meeting was held in the Town Hall Calcutta under the presidentship of the then Lieutenant Governor of Bengal to commemorate the memory of Lord Northbrook who was not popular with certain section of people.Lord Northbrook deposed the Gaekwad of Baroda.At the said meeting a resolution was moved to commemorate his memory when Mr. Manmatha Mallik new barrister with Hem Chandra, Probodh Chandra Mallik, Jogesh Dutt, Dr. Shambhu Chandra Mukerjee and five others were against this resolution and Mr. M.C. Mallik moved an amendment against the resolution which was not carried and then the gentlemen left the Hall at once.Kristo Das Pal called them Immortal Ten."
He wrote "Orient and Occident", "Impressions of an wanderer" "Problems of Existences" "Great Britain and India".In 1912 Manmatha wrote a book called "A study of ideas" jointly with Mr. Fisher Union of England.
Manmatha at the age of 16 only on 9th june 1868 married Kusumkumari daughter of Narendra Nath Dutta of Hathkola Dutta Family.Kusumkumari expired within a short time without leaving any issue.In 1899 Manamatha married a French lady from a respectable family.She came to India several times with husband.She loved to wear saris like Indian ladies.In 1907 she came to spend two years in India.She lived in Varanashi near temple with all other ladies.Even after the expiry of husband she passed most of her time in India.
Manmatha, although stayed in London for a long time, was Indian out-and-out.Manmatha purchased a house in No. 1, Wood Street and used to stay there.
He loved Japan and its people very closely.He had number of friends in Japan's elite society.Japan has a very big organisation known as "Indo-Japanease Association".In 1914 the brother of Japanease Emperor H.E. Count Sigenoba Okuma was president of the Association.From journal of the Indo Japanese Association, Tokyo, No. 11, dated December 1914, sheet 281 it is stated:-
"Mr. M.C. Mallik well-known member of the Barof England, came to our country.He was born in Bengal and went to England in his boyhood to be educated there.After his graduation from the Middle Temple he lived in different parts of England and Scotland.Twice he was a candidate for the British Parliament and his reputation is well established among the lawyers circle in England and in Calcutta.
Besides his professional study, he is versed in English and Indian literature and is the author of several publications relating the Europe, America and Japan.
For a long time he appears to have cherished a liking for our country and accompanied by his family he now in his third visit came to Tokyo to live.We can assure him that we are certainly most pleased to have a learned and honourable gentleman like him with us and sincerely wish him good health and happiness while he lives here.
On 26 June, our Association gave a Welcome dinner at the Imperial Hotel for the sake of the above gentleman at which Baron Kanda Vice-President was present."
Manmatha Chandra had one son named Jay and three daughters.Jay studied in England, became Barrister and lived in Middlesex of England.
Two daughters of Manmatha died at an early age before marriage.Youngest daughter Lucia had her education in London.She married Dr. Biswanath Chitnis of Pune.In 1929, she came to Calcutta and joined as teacher in Gokhale Memorial School.Thereafter they settled in London.
Children of ManmathChandra Basu Mallik and French Lady are:
- Joy Vasu Mallik.
- Portia Vasu Mallik.
- Marcia Mallik.
- Lucia Mallik.