The Family Tree of John Richard McCoy:Information about Mariota Anstruther
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Mariota Anstruther (b. Abt. 1435, d. Aft. 1517)Mariota Anstruther was born Abt. 1435 in Anstruther, Fife, Scotland, and died Aft. 1517 in Wormiston, Crail, Fife, Scotland.She married Alexander Spens on 1458 in Wormiston, Crail, Fife, Scotland.
Notes for Mariota Anstruther:
The Anstruthers described in this account were an equally important family, and were destined to "cross paths" with the Spenses a number of times. According to Micheil MacDonald:The Anstruthers are descendants of the Norman family of Malherbe, whose branch of that family held lands at Candel in Dorset during the eleventh century. They appear in Scotland a century later, holding the lands of Anstruther in Fife. At the time of his death in 1153, William de Candela is recorded as holding the barony of Anstruther, but it was his son Henry who seems to have been the first to adopt the territorial designation "de Ainestrother" as a surname. The "Henry de Anstrother or Aynestrothere" who rendered homage to Edward I of England in 1298 was probably his son or grandson.The descendants of David Anstruther, who is recorded in the sixteenth century as an officer in the Scots Guard or Garde Ecossaise of the King of France, was created Baron Anstrude in the French peerage and his descendants still hold the title today. Sir James Anstruther, a favorite of James VI and I, was appointed Hereditary Grand Carver, an ancient office still held by the Anstruthers. In 1595 he was appointed Master of the Royal Household.The Anstruther land at the time of Cromwell was held by Sir Phillip, who had seven sons: three of whom were knighted and two created baronets of Nova Scotia: Sir Robert Anstruther of Balcaskie and Sir James Anstruther of Airdie. The fourth Baronet of Airdie inherited the Carmichael estates in Lanarkshire in 1817 and assumed the surname of Carmichael-Anstruther. His only son was shot dead by a fellow pupil at Eton and was succeeded by his uncle. The compound surname disqualifies the descendants of his senior line of the family from being recognized as chiefs. The chiefship today has developed upon the holder of the other Baronetcy, Sir Ralph Anstruther of Calcaskie, seventh Baronet, KCVO, MC, DL, who is Treasurer and Equery to her majesty, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. There is no clan tartan (pp. 70-71). Notes for Alexander (Spouse 1) The following information courtesy of :Twigs of Inman & Spence@ Dr Barbara Inman Beall, Phd.vol I, Fall 1999Lancaster-Wormiston PressPo Box 173Broomfield, CO 80038-0173Historians had long contended that Spens was the youngest son of Duncan, Earl of Fife. According to Micheil MacDonald (The Clans of Scotland: The History and Landscape of the Scottish Clans), "Although the Spens tartan appears in the 1816 collection of the Highland Society of London, it is unknown today" (p. 173). Currently, historians tend to believe that the Spences were originally Norman, and that they entered Scotland from England around 1200 A.D., when Norman nobles began acquiring land in the southeast region. Some researchers contend that the name Spens or Spence was originally Spencer. Such contention is not unfounded. In his The Kingdom of the Scots: Government, Church and Society from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Century, G. W. S. Barrow provides a index of known and probable tenants and vassals of the first three Stewarts in Scotland. Under Walter I (c. 1161-77), the following appears:#15 John the Dispenser. W, 1. (Perhaps dispenser of No. 33, q.v.) (p. 355).No. 33 identifies Henry of St. Martin (father of Gilbert of St. Martin), holder of T. Innerwick, Penuld (Kilbarchan). W, 1. Issued 1. Received 1. Ref. 2. Stenton. (See Fulbert, Robert son of) (p. 356). [Robert son of Fulbert was otherwise Robert of Pollok, Robert of Stenton] (p. 355).A very interesting item appears concerning Stenton (E. Lothian):Part at least was the fee of Robert son of Fulbert, t. Walter I, and he is sometimes called Robert of Stenton. His rights in Stenton seem to have passed with his daughter Isabel to her husband William Wallace (Le Waleis, Wallensis, i. e. 'the Welshman').William was probably kinsman to the other Wallaces found among the Stewarts' vassals, t. Walter I and Alan, namely Richard Wallace and Henry Wallace. The origin of the family is unknown. It seems likely that they came from Shropshire, where the name--a description or a nickname rather than a surname--was common in the twelfth century. But the name is too common generally to allow any certainty with regard to their origin. Here it may be suggested, extremely tentatively, that Adam Wallace (flor. t. Water II) may have been the same person as Adam of Ness (flor. t. Alan and Walter II), and Henry Wallace (flor. late twelfth century) may have been the same as Henry of Ness (flor. t. Alan and Walter II). Adam of Ness and Henry of Ness were brothers. Adam of Ness and his heirs were granted land by Walter II which had formerly been held by Henry Wallace.Moreover--but this may be coincidence--the personal names of the Ness family are strikingly paralleled by those of the Wallaces....; and no surviving document is witnessed by both Adam Wallace and his contemporary Adam of Ness, or by HenryWallace and his contemporary Henry of Ness, or by both contemporaries, Alan Wallace and Alan of Ness. In view of the interest attaching to the ancestry of William Wallace, these points are worth noting in case any evidence comes to light to confirm or disprove this suggestion (pp. 352-353).The Spencers came from Shropshire in England (le Despenser). The fact that a John the Dispenser, probably from Shropshire, was in Scotland between A. D. 1161-77 lends credence to the possibility that Spens or Spence name originally ended with an "r". And if the Spenses/Spences of Scotland were originally le Dispensers/ le Despencers of England, then they descend from the d'Abetots of Normandy.In The Clans of Scotland: The History and Landscape of the Scottish Clans, Micheil MacDonald writes:A "spense" is a medieval officer, a custodian of the provisions in a noble or royal household, one who thereby "dispenses." This has yielded the name "Spencer" in England, but the more frequent Scots variant is "Spens" (p. 174).While defining the word despenser in his The First Century of English Feudalism 1066-1166, Sir Frank Stenton says that the "Archbishop was accompanied by a butler, despenser, chamberlain, seneschal, mastercook, usher, porter and marshal with the butler in the highest place and the seneschal in the lowest place...A despenser...must generally have been in attendance on his lord" (p. 78). Round described the King's despensers as the "issue department of the royal household, and the phrase could certainly be applied to the officers who bore this title in baronial service" (qtd. in Stenton, p. 78).To this, MacDonald adds:In the early 13th century, there are references to Roger Dispensator and Thomas Dispensator with "Spens" and "de Spensa" appearing in the same period. A ship belonging to John de Spense and other Scottish merchants was wrecked near Newcastle in 1365. By 1428 we hear of John Spens "custodier" of Stocket Forest; and Thomas Spens, Bishop of Aberdeen in the latter half of the same century was an influential figure. In 1529, there was an entry in the Royal Accounts of Livery for John Spens at the cupboard. And a portrait by Sir Henry Raeburn of Dr. Nathaniel Spens shows the sitter wearing the government tartan uniform of the Sovereign's body guard for Scotland, the Royal Company of Archers.The connection of the Spens family with the MacDuff Earls of Fife is disputed, but there seems to have been a long association in that county--by association. With the Clan MacDuff, Sir John Spens of Wormiston in Fife was Recruiter-General for King Gustavus Vasa of Sweden in the 1520s. Sir John encouraged many younger sons of Scottish families to join the Swedish Royal Service, and his own dynasty was established in the Swedish House of Nobles (pp. 174-175).In The Scottish Nation; or the Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours & Biographical History of the People of Scotland, William Anderson notes that the Spens, or Spence surname, originated in Fifeshire and that it "derived from a word, meaning in Scotland, a spare room beside the kitchen, and in England, a yard, an enclosure, a buttery" (p. 494). The family of Spens of Lathallan in Fifeshire carried the lion rampant of MacDuff in their arms, lending to the belief that they descended from the clan.John Burke states in his A Genealogical & Heraldic HIstory of the Commoners of Great Britain & Ireland Vol. III:The immediate ancestor of the family of Lathallan, Henry de Spens, who flourished in the reign of King Alexander III, was compelled with most of the nobility and gentry of Scotland, to submit to King Edward I in 1296. Contemporary with this Henry lived Nicol de Spens, who was also forced to swear fealty to King Edward, when he had overrun Scotland in the same year, 1296. What connexion Henry and Nicol had with one another does not appear. Henry died soon after the year 1300, and was succeeded by his son, Thomas de Spens...during the reign of Robert Bruce...(p. 169).The Norman influx of Scotland was not immediate, but gradual. In his Scotland: The Shaping of a Nation, Gordon Donaldson writes that the Norman entrance into Scotland first occurred when "..the sons of Malcolm turned to the Norman Kings of England to help oust Donald, Malcolm's brother, described as an 'incorrigible old celt'" (p. 18). William Rufus sent the English army north in 1097 and finally displaced Donald with Edgar, the son of Malcolm and Margaret, "who was to rule Scotland as an English vassal" (p. 18). Donaldson continues:Under Edgar and his successor, Englishmen and Normans flocked into Scotland. They came primarily as aristocracy to fill leading positions in church and state and add properties in Scotland to those already possessed in Normandy or England or both. Already in the reign of David I (1124-53) nearly all the valleys of southern Scotland were granted to Normans. Under David's grandson and successor, Malcolm IV, the principal settlement was in Clydesdale; then under Malcolm's brother, William (1165-1214), the process extended into Angus, Fife, Perthshire and the Northeast. The foreigners brought with them kinsmen and clients of their own race and culture, and the influx finally disrupted the kin-based society of Irish tradition, which must have already found it hard enough to digest Picts, Britons and Angles. The institutions and society of at least the south and east of Scotland were largely assimilated to those of Norman England (p. 18).Barrow describes a tendency on the part of some researchers to lump all of these families into the Norman classification. Not all of them were Norman. He states:...There is a crying need to get down to some basic archaeology. The Norman penetration of Scotland was effected by the physical migration of individuals, families and groups. Our general histories take this whole, slow, difficult and perhaps painful process of migration too much for granted. Not only do all continental incomers get lumped together as Norman--which many of them were not--the impression is also given that all these "Normans" poured into Scotland at the same time, there to establish, almost overnight, their feudalism, their administrative system and their motte-and-bailey castles. The general historians have shown little interest in the precise origins of particular families: that was a task proper to the genealogist and family historians.Unfortunately, with a number of honourable exceptions, the family historians have made a feaful mess of things, indulging in idle speculation or piling error upon error. Take almost any article in the Scots Peerage dealing with a family whose origins lay--or were believed to lie--in Normandy or its neighbouring regions: will not its first page bring a blush to the cheek of the conscientious antiquary?Even so careful and learned a scholar as George Black, whose Surnames of Scotland gives us an unrivalled starting-point for research into Scottish family history, was not free from the bad old habit of assigning a family with a Norman-sounding name to some place in France, preferably Normandy, with more or less the same name. We may take three entries from black, chosen almost at random: "Carvel. From Carville in Normandy. Rogert de la Keruel...witnessed a charter by Willion the Lion to [Arbroath Abbey]. Thomas Caruel was burgess of Arbroath in 1461." There is a place called Carville in Normandy, not far from Vire, but not a shred of evidence to link it with the Arbroath Carvels of the fifteenth century. As for Roger de la Keruel, it should be sufficient to point out that place-names in "-ville" do not take the definite article...(p. 319)Barrows continues:...By "Scotland's 'Norman' Families is meant those families whose immediate origin lay in north-west Gaul or Francia, who settled permanently within the Scottish kingdom between 1100 and 1250, and who succeeded in retaining their identity as families...The majority of the families we call Norman do seem to ahve originated within the Duchy of Normandy...Broadly speaking, there were two periods of relatively rapid and intensive Norman settlement in Scotland. The first period ran from 1107 to the 1140s. It was associated with Alexander I (1107-24) and David I (1124-53), and it affected most of Scotland south of the Forth-Clyde line and east of the valleys of Nith and Doon. The second period ran from about the middle of Malcolm IV's reign--say c. 1160--and lasted until the turn of the century. Since these periods are so close together, and since it is unlikely that Norman immigration ceased during the few intervening years, it may be questioned whether the periods can be thought of as distinct. The difference seems to have lain in the source of immigration and in the character of the settlement in Scotland itself. Period I saw David I, before and after his accession, bringing Norman barons from his own Honour of Huntingdon and granting them very large lordships stretching right across the face of southern Scotland. Period II saw immigration from a much wider variety of sources. The estates with which settlers were endowed in this second period were much more widely scattered across Scotland, reaching far into the south-west and the north. They were also, in general, much smaller (pp. 320-321).The most famous of the so-called "Norman" families during Period I--the Stewarts--were Bretons, not Normans. Barrows notes that "Norman families did not of course all arrive in Scotland as part of a tidy and logical process, nor can they all be fitted into a pattern centred upon King david and his English estates. Their immigration might be due to the chance of war or of a royal marriage..." (p. 327).Donaldson adds, "The twelfth century kings ruled over diverse races: French, English, Scots, Galwegians and Flemings. The French were theincoming Normans while the Scots were people of Ancient Alba. The English were the main people of the Southeast" (p. 20). He further notes:The kings who ruled these diverse peoples went back in the male line to Irish ancestry, but from the time of Duncan I (1034-40), each family had generation by generation found wives in the South, and the proportion of Celtic blood in veins was steadily dwindling...The name Alexander occurs in the French name Alysainidre...(p. 21)Eventually, these people looked on themselves as one nation...not a people of diverse origin (p. 23).The Norman influence did not come to Scotland until after 1100 (p. 227).The Anglo-Norman influence introduced the concept of holders of land and offices (p. 228).In Scotland's Relations with England: A Survey to 1707, William Ferguson states:...it is important to realize that although the descendants of Canmore and Margaret became increasingly "normandize" ("Frenchified" might be more accurate), they did not entirely reject the old Celtic past...equally revealing is the fact that most of the Normans, with their ever open eye for the main chance, married old Scottish families...Bruces, Balliols, Comyns...(p. 19).Concerning the origin of the ancient Scots, consider the following account by Gordon Donaldson:The Scots derived their origin from Gayelos (Gael) son of a King of Greece, who went to Egypt in the days of Moses. He married Scota, daughter of a Pharaoh and led the family from Egypt to Spain. From there, they moved to Ireland. Some of the family crossed from Ireland to Northern Britain, to which they gave the name Scotia. In 330 BC, the settlers in Scotland chose Fergus I as their leader from whom the dynasty was dated. They remained in Scotland until 360 AD when King Eugenius (Ewen) was killed by the Picts and Britons. The Scots, under his brother Ethodius and nephew Erc, were driven back to Ireland. In the fifth century, they returned to re-occupy Argyll under Fergus, son of Erc. From him, succession continued to Kenneth, son of Alpin, who united the Picts with the Scots in the Kingdom of Alba. The so-called forty-five kings from Fergus I to Fergus, son of Alba were a ruse to claim territory (typical of Irish claims) (p. 24).
More About Mariota Anstruther:
Record Change: 07 Jan 2007
More About Mariota Anstruther and Alexander Spens:
Marriage: 1458, Wormiston, Crail, Fife, Scotland.
Marriage Notes for Mariota Anstruther and Alexander Spens:
1. "Register of the Marriages celebrated in Greenbrier Co, WV 1781-1849," Norma Pontiff Evans, @NS386803@ Book.
Children of Mariota Anstruther and Alexander Spens are:
- +David Spens, b. Abt. 1480, d. date unknown,.