My Genealogy Home Page:Information about Roger Williams
Home Page |Surname List |Index of Individuals | |Sources
Roger Williams (b. December 21, 1603, d. April 01, 1683)Roger Williams (son of James Williams and Alice Pemberton) was born December 21, 1603 in Long Lane, Middlesex, London, England>Oyster Bay, L.I. in 1643, and died April 01, 1683 in Providence, Rhode Island >Founder of RI.He married Mary Barnard on December 15, 1629 in High Laver, Essex, England.
Notes for Roger Williams:
Documentation submitted to Rootsweb.com by Lynn Tinsley firstname.lastname@example.org
Name: Roger Williams
Birth: 21 DEC 1603 in Long Lane, Middlesex, England
Christening: 24 DEC 1603 St Sepulchre, Newgate, London, England
Death: 1 APR 1683 in Providence, Rhode Island
Burial: APR 1683 Providence, Rhode Island
Occupation: preacher, statesman, farmer, religious advocate
Education: Pembroke College at Cambridge (1627)
Note: Arrived in Boston, Massachusetts on the ship "Lyon" on February 5, 1631. The ship had embarked fom Bristol, England in December 1630. Roger was accompanied by his wife, Mary. Simon Sackett and his family were on the same voyage.
Founder of Rhode Island in 1636 after he was banished from Massachusetts for advocating complete separation of church and state. In 1637 he purchased land from the Narragansett Indians, whose language he spoke, that was named Providence
Plantations. His new colony was for the religiously oppressed from Massachusetts Bay Colony. William's colony is considered the historical home of the Baptists in the United States.
Note: Roger Williams resigned as the president of Rhode Island in 1657.
Note: Roger believed that the land could only be purchased from the Indians and not granted by the Crown.
Note: The following is one biography of Roger Williams:
WILLIAMS, Roger, founder of Rhode Island, was born in Wales in 1599. No allusion to his parents has been found in any historical writings. He removed to London, where he obtained employment as a reporter and attracted the attention of the
eminent lawyer, Sir Edward Coke, who sent him in 1621 to Sutton's Hospital (now Charter House), and later to Pembroke college, Cambridge (according to some authorities to the University of Oxford), where he was graduated, B.A., 1627. He studied
law, and later theology, and was admitted to orders in the Church of England, assuming charge of a parish. To escape the tyranny of Bishop William Laud of London, he embarked for America with his wife, Mary, in the ship Lyon, arriving at
Boston, Mass., Feb. 5, 1631. He succeeded the Rev. Francis Higginson (q.v.), as teacher in the church at Salem, Mass., April 12, 1631, but owing to his having been called by the church contrary to the advice of the magistrates, severed his
connection "for the sake of peace" in the following August, and was established in Plymouth, Mass., as assistant to the Rev. Ralph Smith, working also among the Indians, whose language he acquired. He returned to Salem in 1633 as assistant to
the Rev. Mr. Skelton, whom he succeeded as minister of the church. His publicly stated opinion that "a magistrate ought not to tender an oath to an unregenerate man" led to a trial before the court of Massachusetts in April, 1635, by which he
was convicted. This action led to four further accusations, viz.: that the colonists did not hold their land "by patent from the king," but that it was rightly the property of the natives; that it was "not lawful to call a wicked person to
swear or to pray, as being actions of God's worship;" nor "to hear any of the ministers of the parish assemblies in England," and finally that the civil magistrates' power extended only "to the bodies, and goods, and outward state of man." A
second trial followed in July, by which, together with his church, he was given time to reconsider his opinions until the next session of the court. Meanwhile a violent controversy had been going on, and at his final trial Williams was
sentenced on Oct. 8, 1635, to leave the colony within six weeks, but failed to comply, and in January, 1636, a vessel was sent to Salem under Captain Underhill, who was ordered to seize him and take him back to England. Williams, however,
escaped, and after a tedious journey settled first at Seekonk (now Rehoboth) Mass., where he built a cabin on ground obtained from the Indian Massasoit. In the following June, with five companions, he commenced a settlement on the banks of the
Mooshausick river, R.I., naming the place Providence, out of gratitude for his deliverance. Here, having purchased land from [p.422] the Indians, he formed a colony upon the principle of "entire liberty of conscience," and in 1639 founded the
religious organization afterward known as the First Baptist church of Providence, but with which he soon severed his own connection, believing baptism unavailing unless administered by an apostle; he continued, however, to preach the Gospel.
Upon the claim of the Massachusetts authorities to the new settlement in Rhode Island, he visited England in 1643, returning the next year with the charter of Rhode Island, dated, March 14, 1644. He was influential in securing peace between the
Narragansetts and Mohegans in 1645; declined the office of deputy-president of the colony, 1649; visited England a second time, 1651-54, and upon his return was made president or governor of the colony, which position he held until 1658. He
served as an assistant of Gov. Benedict Arnold under Rhode Island's new charter, 1663 (which charter was unchanged until 1842); was a commissioner to settle the eastern boundary question, 1663; and subsequently held various public offices;
being commissioned captain of militia in King Philip's war, although his advanced age prevented his active service on the field. His extensive bibliography, published almost entirely in London, includes: A Key into the Language of America
(1643); Mr. Cotton's Letter **Examined and Answered (1644); The Bloody Tenant of Persecution for Cause of Conscience (1644); Queries of Highest Consideration (1644); The Bloody Tenant yet more Bloody (1652); Hireling Ministry None of Christ' s
(1652); Experiments of Spiritual Life and Health (1652), and George Fox digg'd out of his Burrowes, being his famous debate with the Quakers, Boston (1676). See: Tyler's "History of American Literature and Williams' biography written by J. D.
Knowles (1834); by William Gammell (1845); by Romeo Elton (1852), and by Henry M. Dexter (1876). The precise date of his death, which probably occurred at Providence, is not known, but it must have been early in 1683. His name is perpetuated in
Roger Williams park, Providence, R.I., a part of his original estate, which was bequeathed to the city by his direct descendant, Betsey Williams, on condition that the descendants of Roger Williams should be allowed sepulture in the old family
burying ground; and a monument of Roger Williams, also a condition of the will, was dedicated, Oct. 16, 1877. Another monument was erected on Prospect Hill, Providence, through the will of his descendant, Stephen Kandall.
He [Roger] settled at Salem Apl. 12, 1631, went to Plymouth soon after as assistant pastor, but returned in 1633 and became pastor on the death of the Rev. Skelton 1634. He declined a unanimous call to the church in Boston because they would
not make public declaration of repentance for having communed with the churches of England. He was excommunicated in 1635 from the church in Salem for not bringing his children to baptism. In Apl. 1635 he was summoned to court in Boston for
teaching publicly that a
magistrate ought not to tender an oath to an unregenerate man. Oct. 9, 1635 he was sentenced to banishment and ordered "out of this jurisdiction within six weeks now next ensuing." He received permission to remain until spring, but would not
refrain from uttering his opinions. A messenger was sent to Salem to arrest him in Jany. 1636, but he had gone three days before. Thirty-five years after he wrote: "I was sorely tossed for over fourteen weeks in a bitter winter season not
knowing what bed or bread did mean." He bought land for a new settlement from Canonicus and Miantonomoh, which he named "Providence." In 1639 he was baptized by Ezekiel Holliman, and then baptized him and others, and for a few years acted as
pastor of the First Baptist Church. In 1643 he proceeded to England to secure a charter, which he obtained, returning Sept. 17, 1644. He was Assistant in 1647-48-64-65-70-71-72. In 1651 he went to England again and the next year published
"Experiments of Spiritual Life and Health, and their Preservation." He returned in 1654 and was chosen President of the Colony, and for three years after. He was a Commissioner in 1658-59-61, Deputy in 1667 and Town Clerk in 1675-76 and of the
Town Council 1670-78-79-80.In 1682, May 6 he wrote Gov. Bradstreet asking advice as to printing his discourses,
Note: etc. "But these are but sublunaries, temporaries and trivials. Eternity, O Eternity, is our business." The sentence of banishment was revoked March 31, 1676.
[Roger] was buried on his own lot (No. 38) between Benefit and North Main Streets, near the spring which still bears his name. His house stood on the east side of North Main St., and his family burial ground was just in the rear of the carriage
house of Sullivan Dorr. For many years his grave was forgotten, and could not be identified--the mounds having become leveled with the surrounding earth and covered with green sward. Z. Allen, Esq., in his "Memorial of Roger Williams," says:
"Historical records state that the death of Roger Williams occurred in the year 1683, and that he was buried with martial honors. The smoke of the musketry, temporarily hovering in the air over his grave, formed as permanent a mark of respect
as was ever bestowed to honor it. Not even a rough stone was set up to designate the spot."
Note: According to the The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001, John Haynes banished Roger Williams from Massachusetts. How ironical! John Haynes is my 10g grandfather and Roger Williams my 8g grandfather, both my maternal line.
In 1771 Roger Williams' grave was to be suitably marked. The Revolutionary War intervened and in 1860 the project was resumed. However, by that time, the exact location was not known. His grave was located but his remains had completely
decomposed. A story goes that a root had grown around his body, leaving an outline.
Note: 1 2 3 3 4
Change Date: 26 MAY 2003
Father: James Williams b: 1562/1576 in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Mother: Alice Pemberton b: 18 FEB 1564 in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Marriage 1 Mary Barnard b: 24 SEP 1609 in London, Middlesex, England
Married: 15 DEC 1629 in High Laver, Essex, England
Mary Williams b: AUG 1633 in Plymouth Colony, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Freeborn Williams b: 4 OCT 1635 in Salem, Essex Co, Massachusetts
Providence Williams b: 16 SEP 1638 in Providence, Rhode Island
Mercy Williams b: 16 JUL 1640 in Providence, Rhode Island
Daniel Williams b: 15 FEB 1641/1642 in Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island
Joseph Williams b: 12 DEC 1643 in Providence, Rhode Island
Sowwe (Sewwe) Roger Williams b: ABT 1645 in Providence, Rhode Island
Name: The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans
Name: REPUBLISHED BY GALE RESEARCH COMPANY, BOOK TOWER, DETROIT, 1968
Name: Copyright, 1904, by The Biographical Society
Name: Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 68-19657
Name: My Ancestors: In Memory of John Paine and Mary Ann May of East Woodstock, Connecticut
Name: Author: Lyman May Paine
Name: Call Number: CS71.P146
Name: Privately Published. 1914.
Name: Memoirs of the Wilkinson Family
Name: Author: Israel Wilkinson
Name: Davis & Penniman. Jacksonville, Ill. 1869.
Name: A GENEALOGICAL DICTIONARY of THE FIRST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND, SHOWING THREE GENERATIONS
Name: OF THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE MAY, 1692, ON THE BASIS OF FARMER'S REGISTER.
Name: BY JAMES SAVAGE
Adrian, a friend was in the Suffolk Library and found:
1642 - The Rev. Roger Williams of Salem left his acres in Nansemond to his
grandson, Joseph Williams who spent much time in Nansemond.
Nansemond Chronicles 1606-1800
Virginia Colony by Mrs. Evelyn Huff Cross 1973
That is all she found.I hope this helps.
are you talking about the roger williams who came from wales in 1638 .if so I have some abstracts from his diary from 1638 -1654 when he left Abergavenny,Wales in 1638. When Roger arrived in December of 1638 at Virginia.from there he traveled by caravan to Ise of Wright County. Roger was indenturedto Lt. John Upton for 5 years, he was released from his indenture in 1653 on his 38th birthday. let me know if there is a connection , if so I have info on his
decendants. I can be reached email@example.com_ (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Roger WIlliams Family Association:
http://www.mouseworks.net/rogerwilliams/biography.htm -4 pages
Register Report - WILLIAMS by Sam BEHLING http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~sam/williams:html - 6 pages
Register Report - WILLIAMS - by Sam Behling [his line] http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~sam/williams.html- 26 pages
Charles Ellsworth WILLIAMS by Sam Behling: - 3 pages http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~sam/c/williams.html
Williams Family of VA, KY, & IL - Total of 16 Generations http://www.uftree.com/UFT/WebPages/PaulThudium/JWWLMS/- 47 pages
William Family Outline - Two Lines and 1 Combined Line http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Prairie/2528/williams/line1.html-
More About Roger Williams and Mary Barnard:
Marriage: December 15, 1629, High Laver, Essex, England.
Children of Roger Williams and Mary Barnard are:
- +Joseph Williams, b. December 12, 1643, Providence, Rhode Island, d. August 17, 1724, Providence, Rhode Island.
- Mary Williams, b. 1633, Salem, MA, d. date unknown.
- Freeborn Williams, b. 1635, Salem, Essex Co, Massachusetts, d. date unknown.
- Providence Williams, b. 1638, d. date unknown.
- Mercy Williams, b. 1640, Providence, Rhode Island, d. date unknown.
- Daniel Williams, b. 1641, Providence, Rhode Island, d. date unknown.
- Roger Williams, b. 1645, Providence, Rhode Island, d. date unknown.