Henry Mickley (son of John Jacob Mickley and Elizabeth Barbara Burkhalter) was born 1754, and died October 08, 1763 in Egypt, PA. Notes for Henry Mickley: The immigrant Jacob Allemong and his wife, Anna Maria Balliet, met an unfortunate end. On August 8th, 1763, they were the innocent victims of a vicious attack by Indians of the area. These Indians torched and burned several homes, including the home of Jacob Allemong, where he died. His wife Anna Maria (Balliet) and a young child were killed and scalped on the road to Egypt Reformed church. The Indians had really intended to attack the Balliet home of Paulus Balliet, brother of Anna Maria Allemong, but they were afraid of the three ferocious dogs the Balliet’s owned. These dogs were wolves which had been taken from the mother at small age and trained for protection of humans. "The relations of the early German settlers were peaceful and friendly with the Indians. The latter plaited baskets for their white neighbors and received in return the necessities of life, while the children of both played and grew up together. After the defeat of Braddock in 1758, the murderous instincts of the savages were aroused, and the settlers were constantly disturbed. It was a customary thing for the former, rifle in hand, to ascend some high point near his house before retiring, and look for blazing cottages. In 1758 peace was made and continued unbroken till 1763 when Indian fury again broke out. "On the 8th of Oct-1763, a clear, delightful fall day, a band of Indians twelve in number crossed the Lehigh river at the spot where Whitehall now stands, fresh from an attack upon the whites in Allen Twp. Northampton county and proceeded along Mill Creek to the farm of John Jacob Mickley, three of his children they met in the woods gathering chestnuts, and immediately murdered two of them. They then proceeded to the house of Nicholas Marks and Hans Schneider, both of which they burned down after they killed Schneider, his wife and three children, and wounded two daughters, scalping one of them, and leaving both for dead. Marks and his family escaped. Another of Schneider’s children was taken captive and never returned. The daughters of Hans Schneider, who were wounded by the Indians and left for dead, one being scalped, recovered from their injuries. In 1765 the Assembly of the province passed a bill for their relief, as they were very poor. They never enjoyed sound health, and the one who had been scalped was a pitiable object with her head uncovered with hair." "At the same time that the Schneider girls were massacred by the Indians in 1763, the Schneider girls were taken to Adam Deshler's and on the way they found Jacob Alleman’s wife and child lying in the road scalped." "Five days after the attack at Stenton’s the following account of it was printed in the Pennsylvania Gazette, a paper published by Benjamin Franklin, who probably wrote this relation from details sent to the Governor by Horsfield: "On Sunday night last an express arrived from Northampton County with the following melancholy account, -viz., that on Saturday morning the 8th inst., the house of John Stenton, about eight miles from Bethlehem, was attacked by Indians, as follows: Capt. Wetterholt, with a party belonging to Fort Allen, being at that house, and intending to set out early for the fort, ordered a servant to get his horse ready, who was immediately shot down by the enemy, upon which the captain, going to the door, was also fired at and mortally wounded; that then a sergeant attempted to pull in the captain and shut the door, but he was likewise dangerously wounded; that the lieutenant next advanced, when an Indian jumped upon the bodies of the two others and presented a pistol to his breast, which he put a little aside, and it went off over his shoulder, whereby he got the Indian out of the house and shut the door; that the Indians after this went round to a window, and as Stenton was getting out of bed shot him, but not dead, and he, breaking out of the house, ran about a mile, when he dropped and died; that his wife and two children ran down into the cellar, where they were shot at three times, but escaped; that Capt. Wetterholt, finding himself growing very weak, crawled to a window and shot an Indian dead, it was thought, as he was in the act of setting fire to the house with a match, and that upon this the other Indians carried him away with them and went off. Capt. Wetterholt died soon after. "When the Indians had glutted their vengeance as far as lay prudently within their power at Stenton’s, they attacked the inmates of a number of other houses, and the hatchet and torch did terrible work. Turning toward the Lehigh, the first house they came to was that of James Allen. This they plundered of everything that they coveted, and then destroyed all that they could not conveniently carry away. Proceeding onward toward the river, they next came to Andrew Hazlett’s, not half a mile from Allen’s. Hazlett attempted to fire upon them, but his flint or powder was poor, and his gun would not go off. He was shot down by a number of the band, his wife seeing him fall and die. She fled with her two children, but was quickly overtaken by a couple of the fleet footed Indians, who sank their tomahawks in her children were treated in a similarly barbarous manner, and they were left for dead. The woman lived, however, for four days, and one of her children completely recovered. Another man beside Hazlett was in the house, and he too was killed. Then the house was fired, and as the logs crackled the murderous band went whooping and yelling on toward the next house, that of Philip Kratzer, where they found no victims for gun or knife or axe, the family doubtless having heard the shots at Hazlett’s and fled. The torch was applied ot the humble home, and they then passed on to the Lehigh, which they crossed at a place still called "the Indian Fall," just above Siegfreid’s, Bridge. "It was subsequently believed that when the Indians crossed the river, they intended taking vengeance on a storekeeper in the neighborhood with whom they had quarreled, but they failed to find the way. When they crossed in true Indian file, they were seen by Ulrich Schowalter, who then lived on the place now owned by Peter Troxel. He was working at the time on the roof of a building which stood upon a considerable elevation of ground, and had a good opportunity to see and count the Indians, whom he found to number twelve. Probably he was the only person who saw the approach of the Indians, for it must be borne in mind that the greater portion of the country was at that time covered with forest. "The fierce nature of the savages had been aroused but not sated by the butcheries they had already performed on this beautiful autumn morning, and they were ready to vent their wild passion on whomever they found. On reaching the farm of John Jacob Mickley, in Whitehall, they came upon three of his children, Peter, Henry, and Barbary, running about in a field and gathering the chestnuts that the frost had dropped from the trees. The eldest of these children was eleven years old, the second nine, the youngest seven. No doubt they were full of glee in their nut-gathering, but their innocent joy and mirth was suddenly changed to terror as the dark forms burst from the adjacent wood and rushed upon them. Little Barbary could run but a few steps when she was overtaken and knocked down with a tomahawk. Henry ran and reached the fence, but as he was climbing it an Indian threw a tomahawk at his back which it is supposed killed him instantly. Both of these children were scalped, but the little girl in an insensible state survived for twenty-four hours. The oldest boy, Peter, reached the woods safely, and concealed himself between two large trees which stood close together in a little thicket. There he remained without making any noise until, hearing screams at a neighboring house, he knew the Indians to be there and the way open for his escape. Leaping from his hiding-place, he ran with all his might by way of Adam Deshler’s to his brother, John Jacob Mickley to whom he conveyed the melancholy tidings. The members of the Mickley family who were at the house escaped attack, it is believed by reason of their owning a huge and ferocious dog which had a particular antipathy to Indians. "Passing by Mickley’s house, the Indians came to that of Nicholas Marks, whose family seeing them coming had made their escape. The house was fired. At Hans Schneider’s nearby, the household was surprised, and father, mother, and three children ruthlessly slaughtered. Two daughters who had attempted to escape were overtaken and scalped, but subsequently recovered. Another daughter was carried away as a captive, and her fate was never known. It was the screams from the terrified people at the Schneider house which were heard by the boy, Peter Mickley, in his place of hiding. "Their bloody work being done, the Indians left with all possible haste in the direction of the Blue Ridge." CHAPTER XX. LATER MASSACRES. FOR five, years, succeeding the treaty of 1758, the people of Northampton county, enjoyed it time of comparative peace and safely against Indian outrage. There were, from time to time, during that period, acts of violence, committed by the savages, the murder of isolated settlers, burning of buildings, and other acts of rapine, but the chiefs always assured their white "friends" that these were acts of Indians of other tribes, who were out of their control, or gave some similar explanation, which it was necessary for the whites to receive as satisfactory, These depredations usually seemed to be made by small and unorganized hands, and did not cause such general dismayand abandonment of property, by the inhabitants, as followed the massacres of 1755. But even this short season of comparative calm, was succeeded by a terrible outbreak in the year 1763, at the time when the powerful Ottawa chief, Pontiac conceived, and came near executing, his vast plan for the complete extermination of the whites, upon a given day, by a combination of all the northern find northwestern Indian tribes against them. The apologists for the Indian acts of blood and barbarity, have always assumed that these were committed under the spur of revenge for the frauds and wrongs perpetrated on them by the white people in the walking purchase, and similar acts of injustice. Without denying wholly, the correctness of this assumption, it still does not seem inappropriate, to ask how it happened that these outbreaks were so apt to occur just at the times when Indian violence was being planned, or when, Indian victories had been gained over the whites in the other sections of the country. Thus, as to the massacre, of 1755, not only in the county of Northampton, but all over the vast country, bordering the two branches of the Susquehanna; it seems as if there might be traced a direct connection between them and the defeat which the savages had only a short time before, inflicted upon the brave, but unfortunate Braddock, on the Monongahela. And now, in 1763, when the fierce Pontiac felt that he already had the white men crushed under his feet, and when the tribes all over the country were cognizant of the diabolical plot, and confident of its success, again was the hatchet raised, and the brand applied to the dwellings of the unprotected settlers, and once more the dripping scalp hung at the belt of the savage. But when in the following year, the successful expedition of Bouquet, against the Indians in the west, extinguished the extravagant hopes which the satanic plot of Pontiac had raised, then the red warriors became suddenly inclined toward peace again, and the light of blazing cottages no more, for a time, illumined the midnight. Perhaps these were but purely accidental coincidences, but it does not seem easy to believe that such could have been the case. In the autumn of 1763, while the perfidious Ottawa chief was besieging Detroit, and when emissaries of his were with every tribe east of the Alleghenies, as well as to the westward, striving by all the arts of their bloody ingenuity, to stir up still more their hostility against the whites, the hand of massacre came down again on Northampton. Attacks had already been made, and white blood had flowed in the Smithfield settlements, and again in Whitehall and other townships, southwest of the Lehigh; murder was in the air once more, as it had been in the late autumn of 1755, and all waited in anxious dread, not knowing who might be the next victims. On the morning of the eighth of October they knew! It was the house of John Stenton which had been attacked, and its inmates murdered, just as the first streakings of the dawn were becoming visible across the dark ridges in the east.2Steton was the proprietor of a store and tavern, in Allen township, a mile or so to the north of Howertown, and eight miles from Bethlehem. ________________________________________________________________________ 2 Before reaching Stenton's, which it seems to have been their special object to attack, they met the wife of James Horner, going to another house for a brand or fire; and her they killed at once, and mangled most shockingly. Her grave may be seen in the cemetery of the English Presbyterian Church, in Allen Township. 53 Five days later, October 13th, the following account of this attack, was printed in the Pennsylvania Gazette, a paper published by Benjamin Franklin, and this relation of the affair, was probably written by him: "On Sunday night last, an express arrived from Northampton county with the following melancholy account, viz: That on Saturday morning, the eighth instant, the house of John Stenton, about eight miles from Bethlehem, was attacked by Indians, as follows: Captain Wetterholt, with a party belonging to Fort Allen, being at that house, and intending to set out early for the fort, ordered a servant to get his horse ready, who was immediately shot down by the enemy; upon which the captain going to the door, was also fired at, and mortally wounded; that then, a sergeant attempted to pull in the captain, and to shut the door, but he was likewise dangerously wounded; that the lieutenant next advanced, when an Indian jumped upon the bodies of the two others, and presented a pistol to his breast, which he put a little aside, still it went off over his shoulder, whereby he got the Indian out of the house, and shut the door; that the Indians after this, went round to a window, and as Stenton was getting out, of bed, shot him, but not, dead, and be, breaking out of the house, ran about, a mile, when he dropped and died; that life wife and two children, ran down into the cellar, where they were, shot at three times, but escaped; that Captain Wetterholt, finding himself growing very weak, crawled to a window and shot an Indian dead, it was thought, as he was in the act of setting fire to the house, with a match, and that upon this the other Indians carried him away with them, and went off." After the Indians had completed their Work of butchery at Stenton's, they proceeded to James Allen's down the road towards the river. After plundering this house of everything which they covered, and destroying that which they had he desire to take with them, they went on to Andrew Hazlet's, which was half a mile further towards the river. Hazlet, attempted to fire on them, but his, flint was poor, or his printing damp, for the gun missed fire, and he was thereupon shot through the body by the Indian who was nearest. His wife, seeing him fall, ran for life with her two children, but the savages pursued and tomahawked them in a frightful manner; notwithstanding which one of the children recovered, and the other one, as well its the mother, lived for four days, although so dreadfully mutilated. Another man, besides Hazlet, was ill the house, and him they shot and scalped; then setting the house on fire, they went yelling on to Philip Kratzer's, where they found no lives to take, as the inmates had probably board the shots at Stenton's and Hazlet's, and had fled from the place.But they applied the torch to the buildings and then passed to the Lehigh, which they crossed at "Indian Fall," above Siegfrieds Bridge. It was still early in the day when the dreadful intelligence reached Bethlehem, and the panic which it created there, as well as in all that portion of the country, was but a repetition of the scenes of 1755. Bethlehem was crowded with fugitives, not only from the country lying above, oil the Lehigh, but also from the Saucon valley. A few soldiers, who were at, Bethlehem, marched at once to the scene of the massacre, to bury the dead and bring in the wounded. Poor Wetterholt was among these unfortunates; he reached Bethlehem, but died there at the Crown Inn the next day, after having endured great suffering. No braver man ever lived than Johann Jacob Wetterholt, and he was a great soldier, though it cannot be denied that he lost his life in an unsoldierly manner, inasmuch as he, most unaccountably, failed to post a guard at Stenton's house-which, on that fatal night, he had made his quarters, as he was marching with his party from Bethlehem to Fort Allen and this neglect he was guilty of, although he knew that the, red demons were oil the warpath, and that there could be, no safety against their cunning malignity, except, in that sleepless vigilance which is always a soldiers duty. He was over confident, and it cost the life of himself and others; bur confidence and bravery are closely allied, and bravery is so admirable a quality, that it may hide a multitude of short-comings. Peace to the ashes of Captain Wetterholt! Promptly, as in the days of 1755, old Bucks county sent succor to Northampton. Within twenty-four hours, a company of her mounted men were on the hostile ground, and two more companies followed almost immediately. Now was Northampton backward in her own defence; poorly off as she was, in arms, ammunition, and all the material of war. Companies were formed in various parts of the county, of neighbors who associated themselves together for their own and the common defence, Louis Gordon, of Easton, Was captain Of One of these, and Jacob Arndt held the same position in another; he, (Captain Arndt) having now removed to Northampton County, and, of course, no longer commanding the Bucks County Company, with which he did such good service in the Indian campaigns of 1750 and 1756. These companies of minute-men (as they might properly be called) associated themselves together for three mouths' service, binding themselves by in agreement similar to the following, which is a verbatim copy of that entered into by the company of rangers who enlisted under Captain Arndt: "We, the subscribers, as undersigned, do hereby jointly and severally agree that Jacob Arndt shall be our captain for three months, from the date of these presents, and be always ready to obey him when he sees occasion to call us together, in pursuing the Indians, at helping any of a happen to be in distress by the Indians. "Each person to find arms, powder, and lead at our own cost, and have no pay, but each person to find himself in all necessaries; to which article, covenant, and agreement, we bind ourselves in the penal sum of five pounds, lawful money of Pennsylvania, for the use of the company, to be laid out for arms and ammunition, unless the person so refusing to obey shall have a lawful reason. "Given under our hands and seal, October the thirteenth, 1763." Signed by Jacob Arndt, Peter Seip, Michael Lawall, Adam Hay, Paul Able, and thirty-four others. From the letter of this agreement, it might be inferred that they intended to give assistance only to each other, in case any should be attacked; but such was not the case. They were good and true men, who intended to, and did, give their services wherever they were required for humanity's sake. The martial spirit flamed up, too, in Northampton-town (Allentown) as will appear from the tenor of the following letter of the Rev Joseph Ruth, to the Lieutenant-Governor: "NORTHAMPTON TOWN, the 10th, this instant, October, 1763. "To the Honorable James Hambleton, Esq'r, Lieutennent Goveneur and Commander in Chief of the Provides of Pennsylvania, New Cassel, Gent, and Sasox on Delawar. We send Greeting:-As I, Joseph Roth, of Northampton Town, Church Minister, of the ninth of this instant, October, as I was preaching, the people came in such numbers that I was obliged to quit my sarmon; and the sante time Cornel James Bord concerning this afarres; of the Indians, and we found the inhabitance that the had nither, Gons, Powder nor Lead, to defend themselves, and that Cornel Bord had lately spoke with his Honour, He had informed him, that we would assist them with gods and ammunition, and he requested of me to write, to your Honour, because he was just seting off for Lancester and the inhabitance of the town had not choce to their officers at the time he set off, so we, the inhabitance of the said town hath unahimus chose George Wolf, the bearer here of, to be Captain, and Abraham Rinker to be Lieutenant; we hose names, are under writen, promiss to obey to this mentioned Captain and Lieutennant, and so we hope his Honor will be so good and send us 50 gons, 100 pound of powder, and 400 pound lead, 150 stairs for the gons. Thes from your humble servant. Remaining trader the Protection of our Lord Jesus Christ, "JOSEPH ROTH, Minister "The names of the Company of this said Northampton Town: George Wolf, Captain, Abraham Rinker, Lieutenant, Philip Kugler Peter Miller Frderick Schaekler Leonhard Able Tobias Dittis Lorenz Houck Simon Brenner Jacob Wolf Simon Lagundacker George Nicholaus David Deschler John Martin Doerr Peter Roth Frantz Keffer Jacob Mohr Martin Froehlich George Lauer Daniel Nunnenmacher Peter Schwab George Saevitz John Schneck John George Schnepf Michael Rothrock 54 How poorly armed and ammunitioned the people were, may be seen by the report given by Colonel James Burd to Governor Hamilton, dated Lancaster, October 17th, 1763 -he said: "SIR:-I arrived here, on Monday night, from Northampton. I need not trouble your honor with a relation of the misfortune of that county, as Mr. Horsfield told me he would send you an express, and inform you fully of what had happened. I will only that in the town of Northampton where I was at the time there were only four guns, three of which unfit for use,1 and the enemy within four miles of the place. " The Governor was thoroughly alarmed at the, crisis, and appears even to have been fearful for the safety of Philadelphia. On the fifteenth of the month, he sent an earnest message to the Assembly, asking immediate protection for the defenceless people. He said he was sensible that it was out of the usual course of business to enter on matters of such importance at the very first meeting of the session; that being, by custom, devoted to preliminaries, but he trusted that their body would readily dispense with that custom, in view of the gravity of the situation, which was no less than the consideration of means for the safety and preservation of the country. He proceeded: "Within a few days past, I have, received well attested account, of many barbarous and shocking murders and other depredations, having been committed by the Indians, on the inhabitants of Northampton county; in consequence whereof, great numbers of those who escaped the rage of the enemy have already deserted, and are daily deserting their habitations; so that, unless some effectual aid be speedily granted them, to induce them to stand their ground, it is difficult to say where those desertions will stop, or to how small a distance from the Capital our frontier may be reduced. I therefore, gentlemen, in the most earnest manner, recommend to your immediate consideration, the distressed state of our unfortunate inhabitants of the frontier, who are continually exposed to the savage cruelty of a merciless enemy, and request that you will, in your present session, grant such a supply as, with Gods assistance, may enable us not only to protect our own people, but to take a severe revenge oil our perfidious foes, by pursuing them into their own country; for which purpose their prevails, at present, a noble ardor among our frontier people, which, in my opinion ought, by all means, to be cherished and improved. I have, gentlemen, only one thing more to recommend and request of you, which is, that in contriving the ways and means for raising the supply to be granted, you will carefully avoid whatever may occasion it disagreement of opinion between you and me, by means whereof your good intentions may be frustrated and defeated, as has unfortunately happened on more than one occasion before, and particularly in the last session of the late Assembly." The Assembly promptly furnished the means of defence, by enacting-"That the sum of twenty-four thousand pounds be granted to his majesty, for raising, paying, and victualing eight hundred men (officers included), to be employed in the most effectual manner for the defence of this Province." (Votes of Assembly, v. 281). When the savages crossed the Lehigh, at the place called Indian Fall, after they had burned the buildings of Philip Kratzer, they were seen by Ulrich Schowalter, who was at work on the roof of one of his buildings, which were situated on the side of the river opposite to Kratzers. Schowalter although he saw the twelve Indians wading the river, does not appear to have given any alarm, for they surprised the children of John Jacob Mickley-two boys, of the ages of eleven and nine years, and a girl of seven who were gathering chestnuts, and who, on seeing the hideous savages, fresh from their bloody work, screamed and ran away. The poor little seven year old girl, Barbary, was, of course, the first who was overtaken by the noble and magnanimous Delawares, who at once brained her with their tomahawks, thereby proving, conclusively, that they were not women, as the Iroquois had said of them, but men; warriors, who knew how to wield arms- against fleeing and terrified children, at least. The nine year old boy, Henry, was tomahawked while attempting to climb over a fence, and his scalp, and that of his baby sister, were soon dangling, as proud trophies, at the belts of the red warriors. The eldest boy, Peter, reached the shelter of the woods and hid in the thick brush, where he remained until the screams of the people at Schneider's and Mark's houses, told him that the brave foe had passed on in his work of massacre; and then, with hair standing on end through terror, he ran, as fast as his feet could carry him, down Coplay Creek to tile house of his older brother, John Jacob Mickley, Jr. The house of the elder Mickley was not attacked, it is said, on account of a very large and extremely ferocious dog, which had a particular hatred for Indians; and that this judicious brute was the salvation of the house and such of the people its happened, at the time, to be in it. Of the attacks at the houses of Nicholas Marks and Hans Schneider, which were made immediately after the killing of the Mickley children. Marks himself gave the following account: That as he opened his door, in the middle of the day, he saw an Indian standing about two poles (rods) from the house, who endeavored to shoot at him; but Marks, shutting the door immediately, the fellow slipped into a cellar close to the house. After this Marks went out of the house, with his wife and all apprentice boy,2 in order to make their escape, when they saw another Indian, standing behind a tree, who tried also to shoot at them, but his gun missed fire. Then they saw a third Indian running through the orchard; upon which they made the best of their way, about two miles, to Adam Deshler 3 place, where they found twenty men in arms assembled, who went first to the house of Mickley, where they found the little boy and girl lying dead, and scalped. From thence they went to Hans Schneiders and to Marks place, where they found both houses on fire, and a horse tied to the bushes. They also found Hans Schneider, his wife, and three children, dead in the field, the man and woman scalped; and, on going further, they found two others wounded, one of whom was scalped. After this they returned, with the two wounded girls, to Adam Deshler's, and saw a woman, Jacob Alleman's wife, with a child, lying dead in the road, and scalped. The number of Indians, they thought, was fifteen or twenty. At Yosts house and mill, about eleven miles from Bethlehem, all the people were killed, except one young man, and the mill and other buildings were destroyed. This series of massacres ended the incursions of the savages into the limits of the present county of Northampton. The inhabitants, and the government of the province, were now too thoroughly awakened for the Indians to risk any more irruptions below the Blue Mountain, though, for a time, they kept up their internal work among the sparser settlements beyond that range. In the Appendix to Gordon's History of Pennsylvania, page 624, it is stated that; "February 10th, 17 More About Henry Mickley: Burial: October 1763, Killed by Indians -On Mickley Farm - under the Chectnut Tree.