Alexander Underwood (b. Abt. 1688, d. October 31, 1767)
Alexander Underwood (son of Samuel Underwood and Mary Ann Wilcocks) was born Abt. 1688 in Baltimore Co MD, and died October 31, 1767 in Warrington Twp York Co. PA.He married Jane Harry on 1709 in New Castle DE, daughter of Hugh Harry and Elizabeth Brinton. Notes for Alexander Underwood: Alexander was a Quaker Minister for twenty-two years before his death. As a minister, he twice made the long journey into North Carolina. He settled in London Grove, Chester Co. PA and was appointed an Elder 31 Nov 1736. He removed Warrington Twp in York county in 1743, where he was also the Minister of the Warrington Monthly Meeting.His will, dated 28 May 1767 names sons John, Elihu, William, Samuel, Thomas, Joseph and Benjamin; and daughters Ruth Morthland, Mary Wells, Ann Fraizor and Jane Smith, Alexander3 Underwood (Samuel2, Thomas1)(12) (#1532) was born in Ann Arundel, MD province circa 1688. Alexanderdied 10/31/1767 in Warrington, York Co., PA, at 79 years of age. His body was interred NOV 2, 1767 in Warrington MM, Chester Co., PA, USA.(13) He married twice. He married Jane Harry circa 1710 in New Castle Co., Delaware, USA.(14) (Jane Harry is #1535.) Jane was born ABT 1687 in Chicester, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA. Jane(15) was the daughter of Hugh Harry and Elizabeth Brinton. Jane died BEF 25 APR 1743 in London Grove, Chester Co., PA, USA, at approximately 55 years of age. In the Automated Archives disk 102, Jane's maiden name was listed as Harry. The vital statistics for Jane Harry are still not clear. The Mormon IGI files state she was born around 1692 of Anne Arundel, Maryland. (C-521) Another I.G.I source lists her from York, PA. (C-522) I chose the third I.G.I. file that was closest to the Hugh Harry, Elizabeth Brinton book but more specific, b. 1687, Chester Co., PA. (C-528) The reason for all of these birthplaces can be guessed at. The book "Charity Wright Cook, a Liberated Women" states that the Underwood, Cook and Wright families all moved often between monthly meetings in the Chester Co., PA area. All the above guesses which is what I think they are, are simply places her family all lived. Jane Harry Underwood was a witness at multiple marriages in the New Garden MM region of Chester Co., PA, She witnessed the marriage of William Brown and Susanna Churchman of Nottingham MM in Chester Co., PA on February 11, 1728. She and her husband witnessed the marriage of their son, Samuel Underwood to Ann Trevilla on March 10, 1738 at Londongrove. They attended the marriage of William Ails and their daughter, Elizabeth Underwood on August 18, 1738 in Londongrove. They witnessed the marriage of John Hutton and Ann Harry, d. of Evan Harry, Descd. on March 6, 1741 in Londongrove. The last wedding Jane witnessed was that of her son William to Ruth L. Bails of Londongrove on January 2, 1742/1743. Alexander and several of their children also witnessed the event. Alexander also attended several marriages without his wife. He married Sarah Boatwater Beals 2/16/1748 in Monacy MM, Maryland, USA. (Sarah Boatwater Beals is #3220.) (Additional notes for Sarah Boatwater Beals(16)) Sarah died about 1761. Sarah was a widow when she married Alexander Underwood. (C-636) Alexander's will was probated May 28, 1767 in York Co., PA, USA. Alexander Underwood, born in Maryland, settled in London Grove, (Warrington MM), Chester Co., PA in 1722, multiple years after his marriage to Jane Harry. He had the land in London Grove Twp. surveyed in 1720. He obtained a deed for the land in 1722 after his father's death. He was a witness to multiple marriages in the Chester Co., PA region, in 1728 at a Nottingham marriage, in 1731, 1734, 1735 and 1738 in London Grove MM, and lastly in 1734 in New Garden MM. (C-942) He was a devout Quaker, a Friends Minister for 22 years and named an Elder on Nov. 31, 1735. In 1742 he sold his land to William Boyd. They then moved to Warrington, York Co., PA (Sadsbury Monthly Meeting Territory) in 1743. His wife, Jane, died shortly after this move. On the 3rd month, 28th, 1743, he, Robert Conners, William Underwood and their families requested a Certificate of Removal from the Sadsbury MM (then including York Co. PA). Alexander got a certificate of removal to Monocacy Meeting in Prince Georges Co., Maryland on Sept. 2, 1745. He returned to Sadsbury MM on Aug. 3, 1747 in York Co. where Alexander was recommended as minister. He married Sarah Boatwater Beals, widow of John Beals, after Sarah had gotten her children's permission. They married after he received a certificate from Warrington to Fairfax Meeting dated 2mo. 16, 1748. Sarah was probably in her 60's at the time. Sarah died prior to Alexander as she was not mentioned in his will. She is last recorded on Sept. 12, 1761 when she was succeeded as "overseer". He, Samuel and William Underwood (probably his sons) pledged money to help buy the land for the Warrington Monthly Meeting while attending Sadsbury MM in 1745. (C-429) His will, dated May 28, 1767 is likely filed at York Co., PA. Some of Alexander and Jane's children moved to Delaware and their records may be found in the northern County of a Quaker Record Holding Place. The Book "The Underwood Families of America, Vol. 2:" carries the males lines forward sometimes to the 1900's. As for Alexander's ancestry, it states that it descended from Samuel Underwood of New Castle Co., Del. in the late 1600's. It is fairly definite Samuel was from Maryland, descended from Thomas Underwood of Anne Arundel County, Md. (C-260) There is some controversy on his daughter, Mary's mother. One out of six major works on the Underwood families believes that Alexander had an unknown wife before he married Jane Harry by whom he had Mary. CD-100 gives his only wife's name as Mary Jane Underhill. This is actually the wife of his grandson Alexander. (C-533) The mix up in number of wives is due to a literal translation of a Quaker eulogy on Alexander Underwood. However, all other major sources disagree with parts of the eulogy. It was written by friends of his and approved on the 5th mo. 7, 1768, many months after his death when all of his children lived elsewhere and his wife had passed away. It is poorly written with another blatant error, that his parent's weren't Quaker. They feel they confused his adulthood move with the time of his marriage. The eulogy from which this confusion rises follows: Alexander Underwood was born in the Province of Maryland in the year 1688. His parents who were not members of the religious Society of Friends, removed when he was young and settled in New Castle on the Delaware (when Alexander was about four years old). Here he continued to reside until he reached the thirty-fourth year of his age, when he married and removed to London Grove Township, Chester County (Pennsylvania). Here he became acquainted with Friends and in a few years afterwards he became convinced of the Truth of the principles professed by them, and was received into membership with them. (The timing of these last two statements is not accurate when checked against the time he was a recorded member verses his marriage and move. [C-635, p.21]) By faithfulness to that which led him into the way of the Truth, he grew in religious experience, and became a valuable member of the Church Militant. In a very few years he was appointed Elder, in which he conducted himself with reputation. About the year 1743, he believed it right to remove to Warrington, where he resided the rest of his life. In a year or two thereafter, a gift in the Ministry of the gospel was committed to him, in which he endeavored to be faithful. Besides his earnest labors among neighboring meetings, he twice visited the meetings to the south as far as North Carolina, and brought back comfortable accounts from his Friends there of his labor of love amongst them. He was a good example of humble waiting in religious meetings, and by dwelling near the Fountain of Life, he was enabled, when called into service by his devine Master, "to minister suitably to the situation of the Church, the comfort of the true mourners of Zion, and the encouragement of the faithful." He was diligent, as the way was inwardly opened therefore, in visiting meetings around, and was ever careful to maintain the good order of the church, by having the unity of his friends with his prospects. Toward the end of his life, his strength of body failed much, yet he continued of a clear mind, and sound and lively ministry, visiting even in his weakness some of his neighboring meetings, and families of friends. In these exercises, his labor of love was truly comforting to the living. During his last illness, he was resigned and cheerful. At one time he said "He had the good company of his Master to comfort him in his affliction." On another occasion he remarked, "He could say with the Psalmist that he good Hand that was with him in his younger years, had not forsaken him now in his old age." At different times he signified to those who visited him, "that he still felt the Comforter with him," and said his day's work was done. A short time before his close, "He sang praises and hallelujahs to his great Lord and Master," and then he prayed earnestly for the little handful. He took an affectionate leave of those present, and in a sweet frame of mind, uttered praises until his voice was lost, he quietly and joyfully departed Tenth month, 31st, 1767 and was inter'd the 2nd of the eleventh in the seventyninth year of his age. May we who are left behind, be engaged to follow his example so that our end may be like unto his. (C-635) The evident errors in this eulogy are in the timing of events in his earliest life. He moved to London Grove in 1722, and there is no record of his marriage to Jane Harry in the New Garden meeting house in the year 1722 where he was a member. By all known information, Jane was his first wife and they had married a good eleven years previous to that date. These errors are understandable when it's known that they were coming from friends memories. Alexander Underwood and Jane Harry had the following children: 10 i. Thomas4 Underwood(17) (#1537) was born in Chester Co., PA, USA. Thomas died in London Grove, Pennsylvania, USA. He married twice. He married Elizabeth Cloud 5 8mo 1738 in Kennett Twp., Chester Co., PA, USA. (Elizabeth Cloud is #3282.) Elizabeth was born 14 Oct 1711. (Additional notes for Elizabeth Cloud(18)) Elizabeth died before 24 Oct 1746 at approximately 35 years of age. He married Sarah Keeler 24 OCT 1746 in Kennett Twp., Chester Co., PA, USA. (Sarah Keeler is #3283.) (Additional notes for Sarah Keeler(19)) or Kedler/Kooler. She and Thomas were both listed as Widow's at the time of their marriage. (C-749, 1654) He had one son. They lived for a time in New Castle Co., Delaware. (C-748) + 11 ii. Mary Underwood was born circa 1710. 12 iii. Samuel Underwood(20) (#1536) was born in London Grove MM, Chester, PA, USA after 1711/1712. Samuel died circa 1773 in Orange Co., NC. He married Ann Travilla 10 3mo 1738 in London Grove MM, Chester, PA, USA.(21) (Ann Travilla is #3206.) Ann was born 1721 in Chester Co., PA, USA. Ann(22) was the daughter of Henry Trevilla. Ann died 1804 in Randolph Co., NC, USA, at 83 years of age. Samuel's will was probated May 1774 in Orange Co., NC. Samuel Underwood along with sister Mary and Thomas Cook, and sister Ann and Stephen Ailes requested a removal from the New Garden MM on the 11th month of 1742. Samuel and Anna moved to York Co., PA about 1755 where they were members of the Warrington MM. In 1762, they moved to Chatham Co., North Carolina on certificate dated 9/4/1762. The Doberteen manuscript says they lived in Orange Co., NC prior to his death. He and Ann had 8 children. (C-635,636,748) 13 iv. Elizabeth Underwood(23) (#1538) was born in Chester Co., PA, USA Aug. 18, 1714.(24) Elizabeth died before 1767. She married William Ailles 18 8mo 1738 in London Grove, Chester Co., PA, USA.(25) (William Ailles is #1551.) William was born in London Grove, Pennsylvania, USA. (Additional notes for William Ailles(26)) He and Stephen Ailes who married Ann Underwood, sister to his wife, Elizabeth are brothers. (C-777) + 14 v. William Underwood was born May 18, 1720. 15 vi. Joseph Underwood(27) (#1541) was born in Christian Hundred, New Castle, Delaware, USA after 1720/1721. Joseph died aft Apr 1757 in New Castle Co., Delaware, USA. He married twice. He married Hannah Woodward 2mo 1745 in Center Meeting.(28) (Hannah Woodward is #3284.) He married Elizabeth Vance AFT 1746.(29) (Elizabeth Vance is #3285.) He might have been married a third time previous to the two wives mentioned. He lived in Christiana Hundred, New Castle Co., Del when he married widow, Hannah Woodward Shortlidge. (C-437,748, 1654) 16 vii. Ann Underwood(30) (#1539) was born in Warrington, Bucks, PA, USA 1723. She married twice. She married Stephen Ailles 9/3/1742 in London Grove, Chester Co., PA, USA.(31) (Stephen Ailles is #1552.) (Additional notes for Stephen Ailles(32)) She married Moses Fraizor BEF 1767 in York Co., PA, USA. (Moses Fraizor is #1553.) (Additional notes for Moses Fraizor(33)) She and her husband removed to York Co., PA. (C-748) 17 viii. Jane Underwood(34) (#1542) was born in Christian Hundred, New Castle, Delaware, USA after 1721/1722.She married William Smith 8mo 9 1747 in Warrington MM, York Co., PA, USA.(35) (William Smith is #1554.) William was born in Warrington, Pennsylvania, USA. (Additional notes for William Smith(36)) He resides. 18 ix. Olive Underwood(37) (#1543) was born in Christian Hundred, New Castle, Delaware, USA after 1724/1725. Olive died before 1767. She married Isaac Cox 9mo 27 1749 in Warrington, York Co., PA.(38) (Isaac Cox is #1555.) She and husband Isaac move to North Carolina about 1756. (C-437) + 19 x. Benjamin Underwood was born 1728. 20 xi. Elihu Underwood(39) (#1545) was born in Warrington, York Co., PA after 1726/1727. Elihu died circa 1801 in Warrington, York Co., PA. He married Margaret Marsh 12/30/1756 in Warrington MM, York Co., PA, USA. (Margaret Marsh is #2136.) Margaret was born on an uncertain date of 1730. (Additional notes for Margaret Marsh(40)) He had 5 children and was a schoolmaster. He is in the tax records in 1779-1783 for 100 acres of land. He is probably Elihu, Sr. in the 1790 U.S. census, Warrington, York Co. Pa with 3 males over 16, 1 female, 1 other free person. (C-578) + 21 xii. John Underwood was born after 1727/1728. 22 xiii. Ruth Underwood(41) (#1547) was born in Warrington, York Co., PA after 1730/1731. She married William Morthland 13 JUN 1754 in Warrington MM, York Co., PA, USA. (William Morthland is #1556.) (Additional notes for William Morthland(42)) Will of Alexander Underwood I Alexsander Underwood of the township of Warrington, County of York and Province of Pennsylvania, being at this time in Perfect Sound Mind and Memory (Blessed be God for it) but being ancient and considering the Uncertainty of time here in this World, Do Make this my last Will and Testament in manner as followeth, First that my just debts and Funeral Expenses be paid. Item I give and Bequeath unto my son John Underwood his Heirs and assigns forever, fifty acres of Land, to be servied off the North East corner of my Tract of Land joining the land of William Garretson and bounding on bermudian Creek. Item I give unto my son Elihu Underwood his Heirs and assigns for Ever the Remainder of my Track of Land With ye appertanences thereunto belonging.Provided that he sd Elihu his heirs Executor Adms. or assigns shall pay the Proprietor's dues for the said Tract of Land, and shall Deed the above mentioned Fifty acres of Land for my son John Underwood his heirs and assigns and give him or them a Clear Deed for it and it is likewise my will that my son John shall have the Third Part of the benefit of the Orchard for the Term of seven years, and it is my son Elihu him or his Heirs shall pay the sum of Five Pounds Lawfull money of Pennsylvania out of the Estate I have left him, the said five pounds to be equally devided among the remainder of my Children or their heirs. Item I give my Big Bible Unto my son William Underwood or his Heirs. Item I give my Brass Hackel to my daughter in law Ruth Underwood (wife of William). Item I give Unto my Daughter Ruth Morthland ye Iron Hackel & ye box Iron, and it is my will that the remainder of my Estate shall be Equally Devided among my nine Children (Vis) Samuel, Thomas, Joseph, William & Benjamin Underwood, & Mary Wells, Ann Fraizor, Jane Smith & Ruth Morthland, to them or their Heirs. Lastly I make Ordain and Constitute my Trusty Sons William Underwood & John Underwood, my only & Sole Executors of this my Last Will and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal this 28th day of ye 5th mo., in Year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty seven 1767 William GarretsonAlexander Underwood Peter Cleaver, witnessesmark More About Alexander Underwood: Burial: Unknown, Warrington Meeting House York Co PA. Religion: Quaker Minister. More About Alexander Underwood and Jane Harry: Marriage: 1709, New Castle DE. Children of Alexander Underwood and Jane Harry are:
+Elihu Underwood, b. 1730, London Grove, Chester Co PA, d. 1801, Warrington Twp York Co. PA.