Mort and Evelyn Panish :Information about Morton Panish
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Morton Panish (b. April 08, 1929)
Morton Panish (son of Isidore Panish and Fanny Glasser) was born April 08, 1929 in Brooklyn N.Y..He married Evelyn Wally Chaim on August 20, 1951 in Denver, Colorado, daughter of Heinrich Chaim and Else Palnitzky.
Notes for Morton Panish:
AUTOBIOGRAPHY:Morton Panish3/98 (updated 8/02):
I was born in 1929 in Brooklyn, NY. The first place I remember living in was an apartment in a large building on the corner ofBrooklyn Avenue and Empire Blvd. My parents good friends Jeanne and Lou Bresnick lived in the same building and I have memories of much visiting back and forth.When I was four we moved to 473 Linden Blvd. It was a two family house where we had a first floor apartment that was very spacious compared to the previous one on Brooklyn Ave. In spite of the depression, my father managed to keep us in a reasonable
middle class environment.At five I started school at PS 235 which went to the 6th grade.The first friend I remember is Claire Fenig (now Finkel).Who I met the day we moved.We're still friends 68 years later.Paul was born when I was six.I wasn't enthusiastic about it.
The owners of the house (the Franks), lived upstairs.They had two sons who were very talented musicians. Barney, a pianist, who tried to teach me to play. An effort of several years that ended in complete failure -- and Philip, first violinist in Toscanini's NBC Symphony.More important to me was that Philips' hobby was photography.He showed me how to develop picturesand by the time I was eleven I was an enthusiastic photographer and I had an avocation that has brought me great pleasure ever since. Our friends the Luchans gave me my first "sophisticated" camera, an Argus C2,as a barmitzvah present. My mother was an interior decorator -- first as a hobby, and later professionally.She had exquisite taste and I think that I inherited or learnedmy interest in things artistic from her. My father never had the opportunity to graduate from high school.However, he was intellectually curious and although professionally an industrial credit manager, he had an intense interest in literature and science. He saw to it that my brother and I were exposed to the museums in New York from a very early age, and to his enthusiasm -and curiosity --particularly about science.I think that in many ways I have lived out my fathers dream and am deeply saddened that he didn’t live to see it.
After graduation (6th grade P.S. 235) I attended P.S. 181 on New York Ave.My best friends there were Larry Sobin and Gary Baden.Gary and I remained friends until the summer of 2001 when he died os the result of pancriatic cancer.We all attended Erasmus Hall High School and were graduated in January 1947.Iwas an indifferent student except for astrong interest in science, particularly chemistry.After graduation I attended Brooklyn college where acceptance was based partially based on a competitive exam. This was lucky for me as my high school grades were less than helpful for that purpose.A transfer to Denver University after two years was made because of a desire to be on my own, to get away from the hay fever I suffered from in NY, and because Gary was there.
I met Evelyn Chaim in an Organic Chemistry class in Denver U. and my fate was sealed.Despite her mothers’ disapproval(I wore jeans, would take Evelyn away, didn't shave much, would take Evelyn away,was skinny ----tubercular ? she asked----,would take Ev away, wasn't of German Jewish background, would take Evelyn away), we became engaged in February 1950 with intentions to get married about four years hence when I finished graduate school. Graduate school was Michigan State College ( now University).We decided not to wait and were married August 21 1951.I received an M.S. degree in 1952, Steve arrived in 1953, and I received a Ph.D. in physical chemistry in 1954.
In September '54We moved to Oak Ridge Tennessee (First an apartment, and then a small house at 141 E Arrowwood Rd.).I was a chemist at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory(See CV below.)Paul arrived in
July of 1955.We enjoyed Oak Ridge, where Ev was active in many community affairs, especially the local theater group.Eastern Tennessee is beautiful, and we enjoyed the rolling ridge country and the (then) small town atmosphere of this strange community.For reasons that are no longer entirely clear to me we decided to leave
after 3 years, and by the beginning of summer 1957 we were in N. Andover, Mass. where Debbie was born in June.We bought our first home in N. Andover at 455 Mass. Ave.A modern house with cathedral ceilings and ceiling beams.We also had a nice garden and a farm with cows next door.By this time the kids were a handful, but that didn't stop Evelyn from becoming super-involved in all sorts of things (see her bio).
Iworked at the RAD Division of Avco Corp.We had a major contract to design and produce re-entry vehicles for H-bombs. In those days 5% of such contracts could be used for basic research, and I had some of the 5% money.In 1963 the government decided to do away with the 5% for research and I had either to work on the bomb projects, or get my own contracts. Although I was moderately successful at the latter the pressure was on to work on bomb projects so I decided to leave in early 1964. In spite of the fact that I made it known that I would not work on military projects, I received several job offers including ones from Bell Labs and Corning Glass.I selected Corning and quickly realized I had made a mistake.Quit after 2 weeks and went to Bell Labs in Murray Hill NJ.We found a plot of land in Springfield NJ, and a builder. While Ev and the kids stayed in N. Andover, and I lived withmy folks in Brooklyn, we had our house (9 Persimmon Way) built from July '64 - Jan. 65.(See CV for details about Bell Labs career.)
While we lived here the children attended the local schools were bar and bat mitzvah and became functioning adults much to our amazement. Ev is active in the local reform temple (see her bio) while I avoid it as much as possible. We have been delighted that New Jersey turned out to be such a pleasant place to live.The proximity to N.Y.C. (45 minutes from our house) has permitted us to take part in some of the cultural opportunities that the city affords.In recent years, in addition, there has been excellent theater and concerts in NJ and we more and
more partake in them even closer to home.My work often involved traveling, and we have had frequent opportunities to visit Europe and Asia, particularly Japan.
During the entire time we’ve been in NJ I've been actively doing photography.During most of the 70'sI was a member of an art gallery co-op and did much exhibiting -- mostly in the gallery in NJ, but a little in NY.That interest is still maintained although the gallery is long gone. All the kids left to return to New England.But it never became peaceful and quiet (Evelyn you know!). Since I retired in 1992 I have maintained and interest in things scientific, but have not bothered to keep up with the specific field (compound semiconductor chemistry and device physics) that I worked in for almost 30 years.Somehow after retirement we found that the house wasn’t big enough for the two of us, so we added a big deck -- a modern kitchen, and 1000 Sq. ft. of living space to our already 3000 sq. ft house.
Since retiring I’ve served on several committees of the National Research Council dealing mostly with the space station and general overseeing of NASA science.I was there mostly because of the need for someone who knows something about materials science - part of the justification for the space station- and because I have no ties to NASA. Much of the materials studies in space are extraordinarily costly efforts. I am skeptical about many of them. I’m have also been amember of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Human Rights.As of the time this is being updated (8/02) I have been rotatedoff of all committees and do not intend, at present, to get involved with any new ones. I've resumed exhibiting photographs and amdiong a lot of gardening and reading.
Curriculum Vitae: -- Morton B. Panish
Address: 9 Persimmon Way
Springfield NJ 07081
Born --- New York City, 1929
Education: Brooklyn College and Denver University.BS in Chemistry 1950 Michigan State University ---M.S., Physical Chemistry, 1951, Thesis: Magnetic moments of some simple organic compounds Michigan State University Ph.D.,Physical Chemistry, 1954, Thesis: Thermodynamic and physical properties of several interhalogen compounds.
1954 to 1957:Oak Ridge National Laboratory Investigated thermodynamic properties of molten salts.
1957 to 1964:Research and Advanced Development Division of AVCO Corporation, Wilmington Mass., thermodynamic studies of refractory materials at very high temperatures. In 1961,appointed Head of the
Physical Chemistry Section - responsible primarily for studies in very high temperature chemistry.
1964: Member of the Technical Staff, Bell Lab's Materials Science Research Dept. Initially concerned primarily with elucidating phase equilibria in III-V systems, particularly III-V dopant systems as a precondition for understanding dopant incorporation during crystal growth and diffusion of impurity elements into III-V compounds.In the late 60's these efforts were expanded to include phase studies of crystalline solid solutions among III-V compounds, multilayer liquid phase epitaxy and optoelectronic studies of III-V binary and ternary
compounds and the growth of multilayered structures for injection lasers.
In 1969withI. Hayashi -demonstrated that the GaAs-AlGaAs heterojunction could be used to reduce dramatically the room temperature threshold current density of injection lasers. In 1970 (also with Hayashi) presented the first experimental (spectral and electrical) evidence for room temperature cw operation of an injection laser. This also introduced the concept of using a heterostructure, an "ideal" junction between two different semiconductors, to control light and carriers. Descendants of these lasers are the light generators in all current optical fiber telecommunications systems and all CD players amongst a number of other uses.
In subsequent years, with a number of collaborators,continued studies of III-V thermodynamics, crystal growth, and device properties of a variety of heterostructure lasers. In 1973 with H.C. Casey, demonstrated that light and carriers could be separately confined and thatMolecular Beam Epitaxy could be achieved with non-elemental sources. Subsequently, emphasized the application of such new beam epitaxy methods, generally called Gas Source (and sometimes Hydride Source) Molecular Beam Epitaxy, and a further modification called Metal Organic Molecular Beam Epitaxy (first shown by W.T. Tsang), to the growth of heterostructures in the GaInAs(P)/InP semiconductor system. During this period demonstrated low threshold lasers in the InAs(P)/InP systemand the growth of quantum well and graded index lasers in that system.
During the 80's and up to 1992 the new epitaxy methods were applied to the study of a variety of heterostructures and heterostructure devices, the physics of quantum well and multiquantum wells and of quantum well detectors (with H. T. Temkin) ,and ultra-high speed heterostructure bipolar transistors (with R. Nottenburg). During this period fundamental studies were also done on the properties of superlattices, with emphasis on defects, and intrinsic lattice strain at some heterostructure interfaces (with J. Vandenberg) and on the fundamentals of doping incorporation during beam epitaxy of several III-V systems.
1969- 1987 -- Head, Materials Science Research Department. This department was primarily concerned with the study of the physics and chemistry of III-V compounds and of III-V epitaxy for fundamental studies of heterojunctions and periodic structures and for optoelectronic and microwave devices. I resigned this position in 1987 to return to full time research.
1987 -- 1992 Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff, Materials Science Research Dept. Studies as described above. Retired March 1992.
Board of the Electronics Division of the Electrochemical Society,
Board of Editors of The Journal of Applied Physics.
Board of Editors of Applied Physics Letters.
Series Editor of the Springer Series in Materials Science. 1990-1996
Committee on Microgravity Research of the Space studies Board of the
National Research Council, 1991 - 1996
National Research Council Committee on the Future of Space Science -Research Prioritization 1995.
Deans Advisory Board, College of Natural Science, Michigan State University 1988-1995
Committee on Human Rights of the National Academy of Science, National
Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine,1996 ---2002.
Space Studies Board of the National Research Council,1996 -1999-.
Publications: Over 200 scientific and technical papers. 12 U.S.
patents. Co-author, with H. C. Casey, of the book "Heterostructure
Lasers"Academic Press, N.Y.,1978. Co-author, with H. Temkin, of the
book "Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy"Springer Verlag, 1993
Fellow, American Physical Society.
Fellow, IEEE.(Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) 1972
Electrochemical Societies' Electronics Division Award. 1979
Solid State Medalist of the Electrochemical Society. 1986
National Academy of Engineering. 1986
C & C prize (Japan). 1987
National Academy of Science. 1987
Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff, Bell Labs. 1990
International Crystal Growth Award . 1990
Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award of the IEEE. 1991
First recipient of the John Bardeen Award of The Metallurgical Society. 1994.
Kyoto Prize 2001
More About Morton Panish and Evelyn Wally Chaim:
Marriage: August 20, 1951, Denver, Colorado.
Children of Morton Panish and Evelyn Wally Chaim are:
- Steven Chaim Panish, b. March 16, 1953, Lansing, Michigan.
- Paul William Panish, b. July 10, 1955, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
- +Deborah Faye Panish, b. June 04, 1957, Lawrence, Massachusetts.