| || Notes for HENRY ROSS:|
Henry Ross was the second youngest of James & Elizabeth.
He became the third generation of the family to take up arms.
Henry Ross led the Canadian Division at Ballarat's Eureka Stockade In Australia. He was known as 'Captain'(or earlier as 'Lieutenant') Ross. Questions exist about the composition of the 'Divisions' formed by the dissident gold miners as they hurriedly 'trained' to meet British Regiments and Victoria Police. Some sourcessuggested the divisions were formed according to the weapons they possessed.
but other sources stated the Divisions consisted of men drawn from various nationalities. The Independent California Rangers was a well armed group of former Californian gold miners, but 'Divisions' comprising Scandinavians, Canadians and other predominant nationalities on the Ballarat Goldfields were said to have been put together in the days preceding the battle at the Stockade
The fact that the miners elected a Commander- in-Chief, Peter Lalor, strongly suggests that a military style chain of command then existed. One such leader was James McGill of the Independant Californian Rangers. Another was Henry Ross, a member of the Ballarat reform League and a 'mate' of Raffaelo Carboni.
On the march from Bakery Hill to the newly erected Eureka Stockade, Henry Ross acted as standard bearer, carrying the distinctive Southern Cross flag he apparently had designed. Captains Ross and Nealson led their divisions to meet rumoured reinforcements from Melbourne. When these did not materialise(they arrived opn Dec. 5th), the Divisions returned to the Stockade.
Certainly, during that battle at dawn on 3 December 1854, 'Captain' Ross was described (in Raffeolo Carboni's account) as stoutly defending his 'Southern Cross' flag, surrounded by his Riffle Division.
Only 27 years old, and a dashing, handsome figure, Henry Ross was shot 10 or 15 minutes after he surrendered. Fellow Canadian(Charles) Alphonse Doudiet, who provided sketches of earlier, momentous Eureka events, recorded that he was among those who carried the Stockade leader to the nearby Star Hotel, and remained with him until he died 'in great pain' at 2am on December 5th, 1854. Another who helped to carry away the dying Ross was Duncan Clark, a member of Captain Ross's Division who had been out scouting, but had returned in time to assist his stricken leader.
The Licensee of the Star Hotel, William McCrae, decided to let authorities know where Ross was." One man came down with a loaded pistol, and( went through the place searching for more Stockaders). I assured him there were no more'said McCrae.The man then told him that he would regret taking Ross in, and that his hotel license would not be renewed.
When Ross died, McCrae sent news to the government camp. There an officer was reported to have saidhe was 'Damned glad at it'. However 260 mourners followed Ross's funeral procession to his grave. he was eulogised as 'one of the best loved men who fell'.
For some unknown reason, official documents in Victoria (Australia) record him as 'Charles' Ross. Considering that hunts for leaders of the rebellion continued for months after the battle, it is not surprising that efforts to hide the true identities of participants may have occured. The same phenomenon seems to have occured with the name of 'Charles" Alphonse Doudet, one of the men who carried away the fatally wounded Henry Ross after the Eureka Stocked Battle.
Melbourne proffesional researcher Fay Johnson (who has spent years researching Henry Ross) has discovered (in Sept. 1998) that Charles Doudiet and Henry Ross probably arrived at Melbourne on the same ship, the Magnolia, in November 1852. There were at least five young Canadian men on the vessel,one by the name of Budden was said to be a school fellow of Ross. Budden, who lived on Bakery Hill, tried to warn the Stockaders of the imminent attack of the government force on the morning of Dec. 3rd 1854.
Henry's mother Elizabeth recorded the death of her son in her husband's journal. According to the journal, Ross had gone to the California Gold Rush, then to Australia, killed in a rebellion in the Ballarat Mines. Apparently, Henry's involvement in a rebellion embarrassed his mother. She always said he had 'just died'.
She wrote: I wish that Hehery's name be put on the monement in the Necroplas with the rest and his time of death. James first and Thomas and then Henery and when he was killed in that fattle cuntry. ER'.
Henry is, according to official documents in Victoria, Australia, is beliecved to have been the designer of the famous Eureka Flag. It has been suggested that his flag design might have been influenced by the flag of Quebec, Canada.
The Eureka flag was also described as The Southern Cross and is thought to resemble that costellation. The flag has has been used by both sides of Australian politics for various purposes.