Park Family Link to FamousPioneer & Statesman
Wife,Sarah Simpson (1744-1785)
Auntto My 4GGM, Edith Oldham (1773-1836)
m.Hon. Jesse Cobb, Sr. (1769-1836)
I am currently researchinga probable Park Family link back to the famous Patriot Nathaniel Hart by way ofmy 2GGF, John Bush Simpson of the Boonesborough area (daughter Eleanor m. myGreat Grandfather, William Henry Park I). Nathaniel's wife is Sarah SIMPSON. Sarah's sister, Elizabeth,married my 5th Great Uncle, Jesse Oldham (original settler at Boonesborough)who is the brother to Richard Oldham, father of my 4GGM, Edith Oldham(1773-1836). Elizabeth Simpson was Edith's Aunt. This relationship is fascinating because of the statureof Nathaniel Hart whose daughter married the 1st Governor of KY and alsoNathaniel's grandson is credited with bringing 1st thoroughbred horses into theGreat Commonwealth of KY!
http://members.tripod.com/~labach/hart.htm (Nathaniel Hart & Sarah Simpson)
http://members.tripod.com/~labach/nhartanc.htm (Ancestry of Nathaniel Hart)
Article and line on Nathaniel Hart (1734-1782) and SarahSimpson (1744-1785), daughter of Richard Simpson, Jr. and Mary Kincheloe areabove. Sarah was born in Fairfax Co., VA February 24, 1744 and died March 1785in Lincoln Co., KY, at 41 years of age. Her body was interred in the familycemetery near Boonesborough.
A member of the Transylvania Company and one of thepurchasers of some 20 million acres of land in Kentucky and Tennessee from theIndians in 1775, Nathaniel Hart was one of the original settlers atBoonesborough in 1775 and helped construct the fort there.
Nathaniel Hart’sbiography from “Dictionary of North Carolina Biographies”, edited by William S.Powell, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1988, follows:
“Hart, Nathaniel (1734-82), pioneer, Revolutionaryofficer, and proprietor in and chief negotiator for the Transylvania Company ofKentucky, was born in Hanover County, Va., the son of Thomas and Susannah Rice Hart.His grandfather, Thomas Hart, a merchant, emigrated from London, England, toHanover County about 1690 and left an only son, Thomas (1632-1755), father ofNathaniel. His mother was an aunt ofDaniel Rice, the renowned Presbyterian minister who, before moving to Kentuckyin 1781, is said to have taken part in the establishment of one or more earlyPresbyterian churches in Orange County (now Caswell County), N.C., among whichHyco (now Red House) is one of the oldest in central North Carolina. Shortly afterThomas Hart's death, his widow and children moved to Orange County and settledon Country Line Creek, where three of her sons--Thomas, Nathaniel, andDavid--in the late 1750s and early 1760s obtained land grants in the area thatwas cut off from Orange in 1777 to form Caswell County.
Nathaniel Hart's estate,known as Red House, located at Nat's Fork on Country Line Creek, was ofconsiderable proportions. Referred toas "Captain Hart," he was not only a polished member of society butalso an "accomplished and complete gentleman." As one of theproprietors of the Transylvania Company, he was a leading spirit in opening theKentucky territory and in establishing the town of Boonesborough.
At the Battle of Alamance,Hart led a company of infantrymen in Governor Tryon's army; after the battle,he was highly complimented by the governor and his officers for the gallant andspirited behavior of the detachment under his command.
Following the efforts ofDaniel Boone and his brother, Squire Boone, to settle Kentucky, RichardHenderson of Granville County in association with Nathaniel Hart, Thomas Hart,John Williams, William Johnson, and John Lutterell, on 27 Aug. 1774 organizedthe Louisa Company for the purpose of purchasing from the Cherokee Nation alarge territory lying on the west side of the mountains on the MississippiRiver. In the autumn of 1774, Nathaniel Hart, the chief negotiator, along withRichard Henderson, president of the company, visited the territory and met withthe chiefs of the various tribes in the Cherokee country to discuss theirinterest in buying the land west of the Cumberland Mountains.
Nathaniel Hart, Jr., wrotethat his father returned to his home with six or eight of the principal men ofthe Cherokee Nation, who remained with him until the latter part of the yearand assisted in the selection of a large supply of goods to be used in exchangefor the land. By 1775 the enterprise had outgrown the Articles of Agreement ofthe Louisa Company. After a reorganization, a new company, called theTransylvania Company, was formed and Daniel Boone was hired to explore theterritory. Soon Nathaniel Hart and Richard Henderson brought vast quantities ofgoods from Cross Creek (now Fayetteville) to Sycamore on the Watauga River nearwhat is now Elizabethton, Tenn. The Watauga meeting, arranged by Hart,lasted twenty days and was attended by 500 to 1,000 Cherokee Indians along withtheir chiefs. The Transylvania Company was represented by Hart and his brotherThomas, Henderson, and John Williams. Negotiations broke down and the Indiansleft, but it is said that Nathaniel Hart overtook them the next day, persuadedthem to return, and an agreement was reached.
On 17 Mar. 1775, the conveyance or treaty was signed, bywhich the Transylvania Company acquired all of the territory from the Kentuckyto the Cumberland River. Title to the land was taken in the name of RichardHenderson, Nathaniel Hart, and the other seven proprietors of the company astenants in common. This purchase was said to have been the largest private landdeal ever undertaken in North America. Nathaniel Hart and his associatesinvested much of their time and private fortunes in the venture; they succeededin obtaining for the colonies peaceful possession of the land from the Indians,thus permitting the opening of the Kentucky territory for colonization.Nevertheless, they received very little for their efforts. Because of aproclamation by the royal governors of Virginia and North Carolina thatprohibited treaties or purchases of land from Indians by individuals, the Crownrefused to recognize the transaction and declared it null and void. The sameproclamation, in substance, was reenacted by the Virginia assembly after thecolonies gained independence from Great Britain.
As a consequence, theTransylvania Company retained only that small area of the land lying on theGreen River in Kentucky and that portion lying on the North Carolina side ofthe Virginia line, and its plan to establish an original fourteenth colony inAmerica resulted in failure.
In 1760 Hart married Sarah Simpson, daughter of CaptainRichard Simpson, a large plantation owner who was one of the earliest settlersin what is now Caswell County. Their daughter, Susanna, in 1783 marriedGeneral Isaac Shelby, planner of the Battle of Cowpens and hero of the Battleof Kings Mountain, who became the first governor of the state of Kentucky andfor whom the towns of Shelby, N.C., Shelbyville, Tenn., and Shelby County, KY.,were named.
Nathaniel and Sarah Hart's grandson, Thomas Hart Shelbyof Traveler's Rest, Ky., was said to have been the first importer ofthoroughbred livestock, including racehorses, into the state of Kentucky. Hart was appointed a justice of the peace bythe royal governor. He served as captain of militia before the outbreak of theRevolution and as captain in the army during the American Revolution. NathanielHart was killed by Indians near Logan's Station in Lincoln, KY., where he lefthis will. In 1783 his widow and their son Nathaniel, Jr., went to Logan'sStation to prove the will.”
My father, William HenryPark II (1930- ) and I now wonder ifRed House, KY in Madison County was named after Nathaniel Hart's famous estatein Caswell Co., NC by the same name (RED HOUSE). Because Hart helped fund andbuild Fort Boonesborough and because of it's close proximity to Red House, KY(Western Madison County), this makes good sense to us that it could have beennamed for Hart's previous settlement prior to entering KY.
My PARK (Simpson)Lineage:
Dr. Roger Parke, Sr. (1654-1731)& Anne Pattison(8th GGPs)
John Parke I (1674-1757)& Sarah Smith(1675-1759)(7th GGPs)
John Park II (1707-1758)& Mary Davis (1710-1771)(6th GGPs)
Ebenezer Park (1747-1839)& TabithaMills(1752-1826)(5th GGPs)
John Park (1772-1828)&Mary(Polly)Peeler(1774-1855)(4th GGPs)
Jonah Park(1806-1884)& MelindaMcMonegal(1810-1862)(3rd GGPs)
John McMonegal Park(1827-1901)& MarthaCobb(1835-1911)(2GGPs)
William H. Park I(1860-1932)& Eleanor Simpson(1865-1944)(GGP)
William Holton Park(1900-1980)& ElvereeDurham(1911-1989)(GP)
William Henry Park II (1930- ) & Frances T. Bell(1932-) (P)
William Douglas Park (1959-)& Pamela Rae Long (1959- ) (Me)
Note: Eleanor Simpson (GGM) was the daughter ofJohn Bush Simpson
(1834-1902) and Alzira Gordon Jones (1845-1900).
My OLDHAM Lineage:
Richard Oldham I (1706-1785)& Elizabeth Bayse (1715-1786) (6th GGPs)
**Richard Oldham II(1745-1834) & Anne Pepper (1754- ) (5th GGPs)
Jesse Cobb (1769-1836) & EdithOldham (1773-1836) (4th GGPs))
Richard Cobb, Sr. (1818-1900) &Mary Minerva Park (1822-1909) (3GGPs)
Richard Cobb, Jr. (1860-1931) & Tabitha Taylor Phelps(1862-1938) (2nd GGPs)
Minerva “Mamee” Cobb (1886-1974) & Milton J. Durham(1883-1966) (GGPs)
Elveree Collins Durham(1911-1989) & William Holton Park (1900-1980) (GGPs)
William Henry Park II. (1930- ) & Frances Theresa Bell(1932- )(P)
*William Douglas Park (Myself) (1959- ) & PamelaRae Long (1959- )(Me)
**Richard Oldham II is a BROTHER to Jesse Oldham(1733-1814) married to Elizabeth Simpson (1735-1798), SISTER to Sarah Simpson,wife of Nathaniel Hart. Richard II and Anne Pepper are my 5th GreatGrandparents, while Jesse Oldham and Elizabeth Simpson are my 5thGreat Uncle & Aunt.
Compiledby William D. Park (1959- )