TheAutobiography of Daniel D. McArthur
I, Daniel D. McArthur, was born on the 8th of April 1820, in the town of Holland, ErieCounty, New York, andreceived the gospel of Christ when I was twelve years old (in my heart). When Iwas 16 years old, I emigrated with my parents to Kirtland, a gathering placefor saints, in the state of Ohio, GeogaCounty,and left Kirtland in June 1838 with my parents and took up our journey for thestate of Missouri.And while on our journey, we crossed the Mississippi River on the 20th day ofSeptember at Lusanna, PikeCounty,and camped that night one mile west of that city. Early on the next morning ofSeptember the 21st, 1838, I was first baptized into the Church of Jesus Christof Latter-Day Saints by Elder Henry Harriman who was one of the first sevenpresidents of over all the organized Quorums of seventies; and I can say in thefear of my God that I never have had the least doubt cross my mind as to thetruthfulness of the work or as to Joseph Smith being a true prophet of God.
Daniel D. McArthur
I, Mr. Daniel D. McArthur, son of Duncan and Susan McArthur was born April the8th, 1820, in the town of Holland, EricCounty,state of New Yorkon Cosenovar Creek under, or at the base of a largehill which was one mile to its summit, called by the inhabitants Vermont Hill.(My father was born in the state of New Hampshire,Mother in the state of Vermont.)When I was one year old my parents sold out and in company with my grandfatherMcLean and his family who was my mother's father, moved to the state ofPennsylvania, Scrubgrass County, on the AlleghenyRiver fifty miles above Pittsburgh; bought a farm and resided there till thefall of 1825 and then in company with my grandfather McLean sold out again andremoved back to the state of New York, Erie County, town of Holland. Fatherbought a farm and went, as he said, preparing to reside on this place duringhis life. Things were in a prospering condition with him till the winter of1829 when he was stricken with the rheumatism which caused his right hip to be drawed out of joint and confined him to his bed theremainder of the winter. In the spring when he got so that he could rise fromhis bed, he was obliged to use crutches to get about with and could not do muchwork for two years. This, with a continual doctor bill accumulating upon hishands caused him to have to sell out his farm to pay off the debts which hadaccumulated upon him.
He then moved his family upon Vermont Hill and rented a place for one year,this being the spring of 1831. In the winter following he bought another smallfarm and moved onto it which was only half mile distance. All things seeming toprosper with him, he resided there till the spring of 1833 then sold out againand bought another farm on Hunter's Creek, a distance of two miles (I might saythat in the summer 1831 my mother sent me to chop her some wood and whilechopping an apple tree standing before me, my ax hit it, which caused it toglance, and it struck my right foot on the instep and cut it pretty much off,which caused me to pretty much lose the use of my toes). On this farm my fathercommenced again to settle down for life. This was a new place, had no orchardon it, and things in a rough state he went to work building fences and puttingup buildings and clearing of more land. He set out an orchard covering fiveacres of ground of the choicest kinds of fruit trees which he had reserved in anursery which he planted on the first farm he bought after he returned from Pennsylvania. Thesetrees were said to be as fine a trees as ever was planted out in an orchard. Healso fenced in a garden covering about one acre of land and in it planted outsome of the choicest kinds of Damsin plum trees, someyellow and blue, which grew to a very large size, also a large quantity ofcurrents of different kinds, and also a large number of peach trees, and onthis farm he resided till the fall of 1836.
In the spring of 1838, my father and mother embraced what is called Mormonism,that is, they joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints whichcaused them to become a cast-away by all their friends and neighbors, save thefew who had joined the same profession. My father was ordained an Elder and wasappointed by the servants of God to take charge of the few saints who steppedforward in the midst of opposition and embraced the true gospel of Jesus Christwhich was revealed from Heaven to Joseph Smith the Prophet of the true andliving God who received his first vision in the spring of 1820 being a little over14 years of age. In the fall of 1823 he received another vision. He (JosephSmith) was born 23rd December, 1805, Sharon, Winsor County, Vermont,and in the fall of 1824, he had another visit with the angel Moroni. This angelcontinued to visit Joseph Smith every fall till 1827 and then delivered thegold plates to him and from them he translated the Book of Mormon, though theBook of Mormon does not contain near all the matter that was engraven on the plates which he (Joseph) received from theangel.
The Lord continued to bless Joseph so that he was able to withstand allopposition, and on the 17th day of April 1829, he commenced to translate fromthe plates the Book of Mormon with the assistance of Oliver Cowdery;they continued to translated till the 15th of May following. On this day theycommenced to translate the words of Jesus of the words contained in the Gospelof Christ where is said that baptism by immersion was for the remission ofsins. This subject striking their minds sensibly caused them to have a desirewithin them to retire into some secluded place and call upon the Lord toenlighten them more fully upon that subject. Consequently, they went into thewoods to pray and inquire of the Lord to reveal unto them the truth in the casein regard to these words which were engraven on theplates. While thus engaged praying and calling upon the Lord, a messenger fromheaven descended in a cloud of light and having laid his hands upon them heordained them saying unto them, "Upon you my fellow servants, in the nameof Messiah, I confer the Priesthood of Aaron which holds the keys of theministering of angels and of the Gospel of Repentance, and of baptism byimmersion for the remission of sins, and this shall never be taken again fromthe earth until the sons of Levi do offer again an offering unto the Lord inrighteousness." He said this Aaronic priesthoodhad not the power of laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost, butthat this should be conferred on them hereafter, and he commanded them to goand be baptized and gave directions that Joseph should baptize Oliver Cowdery and afterwards that Oliver should baptize Joseph.
Accordingly they went and were baptized. Joseph baptized Oliver first, andafterwards Oliver baptized Joseph, after which Joseph laid his hands uponOliver's head and ordained him to the Aaronicpriesthood and afterwards, Oliver laid his hands on Joseph and ordained him tothe same priesthood for so they were commanded.
The messenger who visited them on that occasion and conferred that priesthoodupon them said that his name was John, the same that is called John the Baptistin the testament, and that he acted under the directions of Peter, James andJohn who held the keys of the priesthood of Melchizedek, which priesthood he saidshould in due time be conferred on them, and that Joseph should be called thefirst Elder and Oliver the second. It was on the fifteenth day of May 1829 thatthey were baptized and ordained under the hands of the messenger.
Immediately upon their coming up out of the water, after they were baptized,they experienced great and glorious blessings from our Heavenly Father. Nosooner had Joseph baptized Oliver Cowdery then theHoly Ghost fell upon him and he stood up and prophesied many things whichshould shortly come to pass. And again so soon Joseph had been baptized byOliver he also had the Spirit of Prophecy, then, standing up he prophesiedconcerning the rise of the Church and many other things connected with theChurch and this generation of the children of men.
They were filled with the Holy Ghost and rejoiced in the God of theirSalvation.
Their minds being now enlightened, they began to have the scriptures laid opento their understanding and the true meaning of their more mysterious passagesrevealed unto them in a manner which they never could attain to previously, noreven before had a thought of. In the mean time they were forced to keep secretthe circumstances of their having been baptized and having received thepriesthood, owing to a spirit of persecution which had already manifesteditself in the neighborhood. They had been threatened with being mobbed fromtime to time and this too by professors of Religion, and their intentions ofmobbing them were only counteracted by the influence of Joseph's wife'sfather's family under divine providence who had become very friendly to him andwho were opposed to mobs and were willing that they should be allowed tocontinue the works of translation without interruption and there fore offeredand promised them protection from all unlawful proceedings as far as in themlay. Hence they continued the work of translation until the Book of Mormon wasfinished.
After having said so much about the rise of the Church, which my folks joined,I shall continue my history interwoven with my father's so far as I canremember. As I have previously said, my father was appointed to preside overthe few saints who had embraced the Gospel of Jesus. He continued to do thistill the fall of 1836, preaching the gospel and baptizing all that desired itat his hands. He then sold out again and moved his family to Kirtland, Ohio,where the Church had commenced to gather, or had been gathering from the fallof 1830. Here he resided till the summer of 1838. He then sold out again and inthe month of June he took his family and started for the state of Missouri, CaldwellCounty, at which place hearrived sometime in September. About this time persecution was raging againstthe saints to a pretty high pitch. It was for this reason that we were obligedto leave Kirtland, Ohio, and while we were on our way from Kirtland to Missouriwe were told by men and women that we would no be permitted to reside long inthat state, and when we had got into the state we were met by an armed mob whotold us that we would catch Hell in a short time which caused the hearts ofsome of the saints who were along to feel quite faint. We were traveling in alarge camp, 550 of us, when we started from Kirtland; men, women, and children,being the first camp of the kink that the saints had undertaken. But the saintscontinued to pray unto God to cause the hearts of the people of Missouri to be softenedtoward them and to open up the way that they might get through in safety, whichHe did for all those who continued to persevere their travels. Some few stoppedat Haun's Mill thinking that they would be saferthere, but this proved to be a mistake for 18 of them were brutally murdered bya mob and were buried in a well without coffins or grave clothes. But those whocontinued their journey, as I have stated, reached Farwest,CaldwellCounty,sometime in September and then were sent by the Prophet Joseph to DavieseCounty more than a day ortwo before we commenced to build a city to be called Adam Ondi-Ahman.Some of us cut house logs, others hauled them on the spot and others put themup, and by so doing a city sprang up in a very short time, and while we werebusy building and providing for the winter, the mob was busily engaged inpreparing to come against us and kill and drive us from the state. They camearound the saints pretending to be very friendly and wished to sell the saintstheir corn fields, wagons, and cows in exchange, which privilege the saintswere much pleased with. Hence, they disposed of many of their teams andproperty in that way, not thinking of the desires of the Missourians. But asquick as the mob got all they could from the saints, they packed up their dudsas much as possible with their families and commenced moving off into othercounties to get them out of the way so that they might consolidate themselvesinto an armed body and come against the saints and drive them of theirpossessions and not only get the property back again which they had sold to thesaints but everything else that the saints possessed, if possible.
So in the course of a few days the word came that there was an armed mobcollected for the purpose of driving the Mormons out of the state of Missouri. This newscaused the saints to feel strange and in some instances very cast down. Butknowing that they were engaged in the work of God, they felt to rely wholly onHim for their protection and deliverance, and to the joy of their hearts theyfound that the Lord was on their side although they were compelled to leave thestate. The mob came of God resting on the saints, they went out to meet the moband beat them every time, although the mob succeeded in burning their ownhouses thinking by this move to raise the high cry that the Mormons wereburning all that lay before them, and so have all the state to turn and helpthem carry out their Hellish desires which they succeeded in doing. But beforethey got themselves formed into a legalized mob by the Governor of the state,they were met by the Elders of Israel with such power that they could not standbefore them, no never would till doomsday, if they had not come out as amilitia ordered out by the Governor of the state. At this time I was in myeighteenth year and is was the first time that I had shouldered my gun andstepped forth for the defense of Zion.My first expedition out to meet the enemy was under the command of Elder Dunhamwhich was in the months of October and November. We expected to come in contactwith the mob, but did not, as they kept out of our way save two men who werewith a four horse team. They plead their innocence, and said that they hadnever done anything against the saints and wished to have the privilege ofmoving their mother out of the county in peace which privilege was granted themby Captain Dunham, but a more frightened man than on of them was, I never saw.
The mob got themselves a cannon and were on their way to Adam Ondi-Ahman when they were met by David Patten, one of theTwelve Apostles, with a small company who put them to flight, and David got thecannon. They thought to hide it so the Mormons could not find it but in thisthing they were most awfully mistaken in, for the Lord was with David and hisboys. The mob hid the cannon in the road thinking by riding their horses overit they might deceive somebody, but when the Mormon boys found that the mob hadfled in every direction, some through the corn fields and some never stoppingto untie their holsters but cut them loose and got out of sight as best theycould, concluded that it was best to look about and see what was left after theflight. They soon found some cannon balls and shortly a bag of powder and thenthe cannon stalk wagon and harness, and of course, they expected the barrelnext, and while looking for it there was an old sow walking about. She went tothe middle of the road and went to digging the ground up hog fashion. Low andbehold there lay the old barrel. Of course, the boys had some little shoutingover it when they found it. They soon loaded it up and started for Adam Ondi-Ahman, and while on their way back, on of the mob cameup thinking that he was entering the right crowd but found his mistake after itwas too late. So David thought, as he was in no doubt, it would be right toinvite him to ride. Consequently, he got straddle of the cannon and rode intothe city bearing the resemblance of a prisoner. When the Mormon boys got intoAdam Ondi-Ahman it was in the dead of the night, butthe news soon went the rounds that the cannon was taken from the mob whichcaused them to rejoice that the Lord had heard their prayers. So it wasconcluded by Joseph the Prophet and the brethren to take the cannon in themorning up on a hill to the place where old father Adam blessed his sons andfire off a few rounds. Consequently, as soon as the sun rose in the morning,the saints collected on the spot and the cannon was prepared and loaded andfired three times, and every time it was discharged the saints took off theirhats and shouted hosannah to God and the Lamb. Threetime the report was heard twenty-five miles distinctly. This did not put a stopto the raging of the mob in the least, for they continued to collect in armedbodies for the purpose of coming against the saints but could not prevail narytime nor would they have, if they had no the Governor at their head. His namewas Boggs, and this being their position, they came at last in a large bodyfrom six to seven thousand. All the while they were preparing to come againstthe saints, we were making every preparation to give them fits, if it was thewill of God, in both Daviese County and CaldwellCounty (the name of the city in Caldwell County was Farwest).This was the place the mob wished to subdue first, so most of the brethren thatlived in DavieseCounty or in the city of Adam Ondi-Ahmanwent to Farwest to help to strengthen that place asmuch as possible against the legalized mob. The brethren in Farwesttore down their log houses and laid the logs together so that they formed abreast-work around a part of the city and made every other preparation that wasin their power. The few that were left in Di-Ahmanunited together with a full determination to stand together till the lastminute and then strike. They went to work and stalked the old cannon over anew,for the stalk that the mob had was nothing but an old trough dug out of a largetree. We loaded it with old pieces of iron and links of chains, and in thisposition we remained under arms day and night till the mob came, for we did noknow the hour they might come. At last the word came down from Farwest to us in Ondi-Ahman thatthe mob had taken Farwest upon the grounds that theywere called out by the governor of the state, for Joseph was bound no to opposethe legal authority of the state. When the mob came in sight of Farwest they formed themselves into a line of battle alsoand sent out to meet the mob. Then seeing that their numbers did not daunt thesaints in the least, but that if they continued a battle was surely pending,called a halt and sent a flag of truce and with it stating that they werelegally called out into the field by the governor of the state, and that theyhad come to make peace and war. So some of our brethren went down into theircamp to see what was wanted, and they wanted Brother Joseph, Hiram and others,and officers pledged their words that these men should be protected and dealtwith according to law. The mob did not know Brother Joseph of Hiram or any ofthe rest of those whom they wanted. But Colonel Hinkle, not having the realMormon grit, came out and betrayed the Prophet and his Brethren to the mob, andwhen the mob got Brother Joseph and his brethren they used them as mean as thevery devils in Hell could make them, cussed them in all intents and purposes,held a court martial and past a sentence upon them to be shot the next morningat 9 o'clock. But by the providence of God this horrid deed did not take place,but the mob would not let them go, and after getting us, or the saints, intotheir grasps by their lying deceit, they then gave up or laid down their armsall the time pretending to be our friends. They were going to do that which wasright, but as quick as the saints laid down their arms and the mob had gotpossession of them. they sent to stealing everything they could lay their handshold of, break locks to stables and take out the saints horses and ride themoff and would shoot down the oxen and the cows and cut out enough for theirbreakfast and let the rest lay for the dogs. They would also shoot down all thefat hogs they could find and go into the houses of the saints and abuse thewomen and every damned mean thing that man could think of they were up to, butnone of this till they had got our arms into their possession. They would throwdown the fences around the farms and turn their horses into them and let allthe cattle into them that might chance to come along.
After they had taken Farwest they came down to DavieseCounty (Adam Ondi-Ahman) and compelled us few that were there to submitto the same acts of cruelty.
When they came to Di-Ahman they ordered Renalds Cahoon (as he was thechief officer) to cause the brethren to fall into ranks with all their arms,and after the saints had obeyed these orders, they were then ordered by the mobto march out onto a small prairie which laid a little north of the city. Afterarriving on the spot, we were then ordered to form into a hollow square singlefile and to turn our faces inwards. After which being accomplished, they thenformed a hollow square around us and then gave the orders for us to groundarms, which we did, laying the mussels inwards. After this being done, theyopened a gap in one corner of their square and ordered us to reduce the squareand fall into single file and march out. This done without a word, the mob thenfollowed after. We were marched along side a fence and ten men of us weredropped in a corner of the fence in several places till all were supplied witha guard, and from this guard the Saints received all kinds of abuse, some hadthe guns of the mob cocked and mussel placed at their breasts with a threatfrom the mob that they would make two holes through them quicker than God allMighty could make them. This I saw with my own eyes and heard with my own ears.
While they had us confined in this kind of a way, the balance of the mob wereransacking the Saint's houses, barns, stables, and fields, stealing all theycould lay their hands on. They would break locks to barns and take every horsethey could find. After they had kept us under guard from noon till night, theythen placed a guard around they city and released us to go to our homes afterthey had stolen all that they could lay their hands upon. They mob took uptheir camp quarters in the city and stayed several days, and while in camp theymade it a practice to shoot down all the hogs that came by their camp, alsooxen and cows. I saw them load their gun and shoot a four-year-old steer andbreak his hind leg and then stand and shout and holler like so many savages,not withstanding in the time they had made a bull pen and caused us to go intoit and then had a platform made for us to go up on one by one and sign away allour property to them to defray the expenses they might be put to byexterminating us from the state in case we were not out of the state in ninetydays, for that was the set time for us to be out of the state, and at the sametime shooting down all the oxen they could get at and doing all they could toprevent us from getting out of the state at the set time. But by the exertionof Brother Brigham Young and his brethren, through the influence of the spiritof God resting upon them and the Saints, the Saints were able to leave thestate in time.
After the fuss was settled in DavieseCounty, the Saints all moved up to Farwest, CaldwellCounty to the time they werepermitted to stay in the state. So my father, after moving into the abovecounty, went to work and put himself up a log house to stay in through thewinter by the side of a small stream called Log Creek. Here my father stayedtill March 1839, and while here my little sister, Annice,got burnt to death by her clothes catching a fire from a fire which broke outfrom a little play house that she and her little play-mates had built under alarge white oak tree.
In the month of February, I left the state of Missouri in company with Perry Green Sessionand family, were also in company with several other families. When we left Farwest, the mob would not give us but five cents for abushel of corn, but when se got away a few miles they charged us 75 cents per bushelof corn. At this time I was quite destitute for clothing. I was obliged to wearsummer clothing through the winter on the account of being on the tramp fromthe state of Ohio to the state of Missouri, and after arriving in this state,the mob was so hostile I could not get any work to do to earn any clothing, andwhen I got to Quincy, Illinois, I was almost naked, but when I got here I soongot work and rigged myself out with comfortable clothing. We landed in Carthage in March 1839,the city where the prophets of God were slain by the mob from Hell.
In the month of March my father and family left the state of Missouriand landed in Quincy, Illinois, the first of April 1839. He movedhis family out east of Quincythirteen miles. He was then called by the authorities of the Church to go on amission to the Eastern States to preach the everlasting gospel and bring soulsto the knowledge of the plan of salvation. He was gone on this mission eighteenmonths. While gone, he baptized upwards of 20 souls into the Church of JesusChrist of Latter-Day Saints. He traveled in the states of NewYork, Vermont, Maineand Massachusetts.After he left home, I left Carthage, HandcockCounty, and went to help support the family in Adams County, Illinois,and while my father was gone we prospered in everything we sought our hands todo.
When Father left, we had but two cows and when he returned we had two yoke ofoxen, three cows, and the herd of young stalk, and instead of having grain tobuy as we had when he left, we had 75 bushels of wheat and 500 bushels of cornon hand, and 9 hogs, with plenty of clothing to do us for the present. Wenumbered 10 in family. I continued to reside at home till June 14th, 1841, onwhich day I took to myself a wife by the name of GordeliaClark, daughter of Joseph and Philinday Clark, bornin the state of New York1825. We lived together three years, or till June the 14th, 1844. On this dayshe died. December the 23rd 1842, she bore to me a son; we called his nameAndrew, he being a year and a half old when his mother died, his grandmothertook him home to live with her.
In the spring of 1841 I was ordained to the office of a Priest and in the fallof 1844 I was ordained a Seventy in the 10th Quorum of Seventies, A. P.Rockwood being the Senior President of the Quorum.
At this time I sold out my small possessions in Adams County and moved to thecity of Nauvoo, and at this time there was great sorrow in the hearts of theSaints, for on the 27th day of June the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother,Hyrum the Patriarch, were murdered by a ruthless mob while they were inCarthage Jail under the pledge of the governor of the state of Illinois fortheir safe protection. But instead of them being protected from their enemies,they were left to be butchered by a hellish mob who came like demons from thelower regions with their faces painted, broke the jail door open and fired intothe room where servants of God were confined, killed Brother Hyrum on the spot.Brother Joseph received a couple of balls in his body. He then leaped from thewindow and was seized by the mob and sought up by the side of the well curb andreceived two balls more in his body which caused him to yield up the ghost.Brother John Taylor being in the same room received four balls from their guns,one ball entering his hip and tearing it most awfully. One struck him on hiswatch which was in his vest pocket, it being the only thing that saved hislife. Brother Willard Richards was in the same room at the same time but didnot receive a single ball. This as stated above caused the Saints to experiencedeep sorrow, for they all loved dearly these men of God for such they were.
In the Spring of 1842 my father and family moved from AdamsCountyto Nauvoo where they could enjoy the society of those whom they loved.
On the 14th day of December 1845, I married Matilda Caroline Fuller who wasborn in the town of Providence, SaratogaCounty,state of New Yorkon the first day of May 1820, daughter of Edward and Hannah Fuller. We weremarried by the Patriarch John Smith, uncle to the prophet Joseph Smith. FatherFuller made a good supper for the invited on the occasion. We had a fine danceafter the supper was over. All felt well.
On the first of February 1846, I and my wife went into the temple and receivedour washings and anointings, and on the same dayafter we had got our Endowments, we went into the Sealing Room , and I hadMatilda Caroline Fuller sealed to me for time and all Eternity by PresidentWillard Richards over the alter prepared for that purpose. Also had Cordelia Clark, my first wife who was dead, sealed to me.
Persecution continuing to rage against the Church at Nauvoo, the Saints werecompelled to leave their homes and flee to the wilderness for safety.Consequently, on the 26th of February, 1846, myself and family in company withmy father-in-law and his family with a host of the brethren and sisters leftout homes and crossed the Mississippi River and took up our march for the westnot knowing where we were going. We pitched our tents the first night on SugarCreek, a distance from the Mississippiof eight miles. This was a place of rendezvous for the Saints to gather at asthey were fleeing from their enemies. My father and family had left Nauvoo aday or two before I left. Brother Brigham Young established this place for theycollection of the Saints as he had become the leader of the Church by aunanimous vote of the whole Church as well as the voice of God. Brother HeberC. Kimball was his first councilor and Brother Willard Richards was his secondcouncilor. Brother Brigham Young had led the Church from September 1844, andthe Lord was with him and his councilors all the time. He had the revelation ofGod so resting upon him had he was able to tell the Saints the chores for themto take under all the trials they were compelled to bear from their enemies.
The Saints continued to collect at Sugar Creek till a large camp had gottentogether, and were properly organized by the Prophet Brigham with captains ofhundreds, of fifties and of tens, and on the first of March the camp took upthe line of march for the West not knowing as yet where we were going, onlythat is was the mind of God for us to go West. We continued our march, stoppingby the way to get feed for our stock wherever we could. The country throughwhich we had to travel was a perfect wilderness with now and then a settlersettled here and there. We had all our roads and bridges to make as we went.Our course was through the state of Iowa, orthen the territoryof Iowa. This was a hardjourney on the old and infirm. It caused many a one to lay down their bodies tomolder away to dust. It was a wet and cold spring. We had to fall trees so thatour oxen and cows could browse the tops for their food, and whenever a chance wouldpresent itself for us to purchase some corn, we would do so, and by thisprocess we were able to preserve our stock till the grass grew. The campstopped a distance of one hundred and fifty miles from Nauvoo and opened up afarm of five hundred acres, built a good fence around it of rails and put upfourteen good log houses and left a good many poor on this place where not ableto proceed any further.
This place was opened by the Prophet Brigham expressly for the poor that werenot able to go any further and for those who were get behind that werecompelled to leave Nauvoo or be slaughtered by their enemies. This proved to bea great help to the poor, for many a family made their fit-out at this place,so that they could proceed on their journey, a distance of one thousand and onehundred and fifty miles westward.
Here I left my father's family as they could not go further for the want of ateam, as I was obliged to take my team which I had furnished them thus far ontheir journey.
In the month of May, Brother Brigham started for the West again with all thosewho were able to go. I was organized with my father-in-law Fuller and family inBishop George Miller's Company. We continued our march westward making our roadthrough woods and prairie, bridging many streams till we came in sight of theMissouri River, and at this moment we were met by a United States officer bythe name of Allen, demanding of us five hundred men to turn out and go and helpthe United States to fight in the Mexican War. Which demand the Prophet Brighamcomplied readily as soon as the camp had arrived at the banks of the Missouri River and had got their tents pitched. BrotherBrigham Young went to work and raised the five hundred Mormon boys for theUnited States Army, although we were then at the same time being driven fromour homes and firesides and spoiled of all our goods which we had labored hardto obtain in the short space of seven years, as it was only seven years fromthe time we were driven from the state of Missouri by a hellish mob who wereauthorized to do so by the authority of the state save the small portion wewere able to take with us in our flight. My brother Henry was one of the numberthat composed the five hundred and twenty-five over and above the number calledfor by the government. Three boys received their blessings from under the handsof the servants of God and then started on their long and tedious journeyacross the plains and deserts with their knapsacks on their back to help fightthe battles for the government in the Mexican War, although we as a people werefleeing for our lives from the same power that called upon us to help themsubdue the Mexicans to their power. Our feelings on this occasion are only feltor realized by those who were the participators in these scenes. Fathers werecompelled to leave their wives and children in their wagons in the midst of thesavages or redmen of the forest without food or aplace to lay their heads. Also fathers and mothers had to part with their sons,not knowing as they would ever behold their faces again, though all felt withgood faith that they would, and all would be right, for the Prophet Brigham hadtold the boys that if they would go and do right they should all return againfor all that the enemy could do. The boys started out with cheerful hearts,with the blessings of God on their heads and did all that the government wishedthem to do. The Mexicans were compelled to yield the point and become subjectto the government of the UnitedStates. This army of Mormon boys was calledthe Mormon Battalion. They were taken to the coast of the Pacific and theredischarged by government, left without means and to make their way back totheir families and friends the best they could. Such an act is not known on thepages of history but the boys took it all right and went and found work wherethey could to get means to help themselves home with. And some of them hadhired to a man to dig a mill race, and being busily engaged digging at thisrace one day, a brother by the name of Iry Willisdiscovered some gold dust and took it up and examined it and found it to bepure gold, and this, of course, caused the boys to turn their attention to thedigging of gold as they could make a fit-out much quicker and from this timeforth the news flew like wild-fire till the whole world was put in commotion.This discovery was made in the spring of 1847 and immense quantities of goldwere dug in a short time by the boys so that they were able to return to theirfamilies and friends.
While the Mormon Battalion were on their march across the plains and deserts,the rest of the saints who were left on the banks of the Missouri crossed theriver to the west side into the Omaha land and there commenced to fix for thewinter, save a few who went up on the Platt River on the Loop Fork of thePlatt, a distance of one hundred miles and stopped at a place called Pawnea Village, a place where the government had undertakento establish a post for the benefit of the PawneaIndians but to no purpose. Myself and family with my father-in-law and hisfamily were with the number that composed the camp. We numbered one hundred inour camp. There was two other companies with us of the members. While at thisplace the captains received a letter from Brother Brigham Young telling them toprepare for the winter as soon as possible, this being some time in the latterpart of August or the first part of September. While we were camped at thisplace, there was a Pawnea chief and nine of hiswarriors came to our camp and stayed with us some two or three weeks. Theircamp was on the Missouri River, a distancefrom our camp of one hundred and fifty miles. When the letter came to us fromBrigham to prepare for the winter, these Indians were consulted as to what kindof a place it was for wintering stock on the MissouriRiver where they were camped. They said it was good. So it wasthought best to take up the line of march for that place and have the Indiansfor our guides. When all things were ready, we took up our march for that pointacross a country that a wagon had never rolled before, and it was a rough roadthe most of the way. While crossing this wilderness country, we had thepleasure of seeing several herds of buffalo. It was quite a sight to us as wehad never seen the like before. Brother Emit got onto my father-in-law's horseand took a gun a galloped off after a herd and shot two bulls. The camp stoppedand had them hauled into camp. It was quite a sight to see beast brought intocamps that would weigh one thousand pounds. We all had beef a plenty for awhile. We continued on our journey in safety, though over a rough road, till wecame to the banks of the Missouri River. Wewere now a distance of one hundred and fifty miles above Winterquarters,the point where we crossed the river. Winterquarterswas the place where the saints had fixed for the winter, Brother Brigham beingin their midst with his council. This place was situated on the banks of theMissouri River on the west side in the Omahaterritory. These Indians were very troublesome. They stole the saint's oxen andcows and killed them for to eat and also stole all the horses they could andeverything else. Here the families suffered that were left for the want ofprovisions and houses to shelter them in and to feed them, but all bore itpatiently, knowing that there was a day coming when all would have to give anaccount for all their acts. While the saints were stationed at this place theyendured much sickness and many died. After our camp had arrived at the Missouri River, we went to work as fast as we couldpreparing for the winter. We all built us comfortable homes and herded ourstock on the river bottoms. The Indians were quite friendly, considering allthings. They shot one or two head of oxen and stole all the horses they couldget hold of. I went to work and got up my winters wood and used to go out andkill wild turkeys, four or five at a time, and fetch home to my family, whichwas a great help to us in the meat line.
In the month of December 1846 I left my family at this place and started forthe state of Missourito earn some provision for my family that we might be able to pursue ourjourney in the spring.
While on my way to Winterquarters, I suffered verymuch with the cold for it was very cold indeed. There was some fifteen ortwenty with me. We arrived at Winterquarters all safeafter a journey of one week. I continued my journey down into the state of Missouri, a distance of one hundred and fifty milesfurther, near the city of St. Joseph.Here I went to work at anything that I could find to do. I hewed timber, madeshingles and rails, cleared off land, chopped underbrush, and by so doingbought me a cow, load my wagon with provisions, clothing enough to last myfamily three years and provisions for one year. And while I was busily at work,my family with all that were at Puncaw, moved down toWinterquarters. They landed the third of May 1847,and my wife after stopping at Winterquarters a day ortwo started down toward the state of Missourithinking that she might chance to meet me or hear something from me, for shehad not heard a work from me after I left Puncaw. Wewent the distance of fifteen miles and stopped at Father Clarks and there heardthat I was on my way home and that I would be there in a day or two. And on the10th day of May I landed at Father Clarks, found her not in the enjoyment ofvery good health but over-joyed to see me once more,and I was as glad to see her. We stayed there a day to two and then we went onup to Winterquarters. Just as we got to the ferry mycow commenced to calf. We were obliged to leave her a short time. I crossed mywagon and then went back after my cow and all was right. She had a fine heifercalf. I put them aboard the boat and crossed them, put the calf into the wagonand went on about five miles that night. My father-in-law's folks had movedfifteen miles above Winterquarters and commenced toput in a garden and some corn, potatoes and other things so that they mighthave something to eat as soon as something could grow. We landed at this placethe 16th of May, found the folks all well and very busy at work plowing andplanting. There were about forty families in this place, and the place wascalled Summerquarters. When I got here myfather-in-law wanted me to stop with him at that place through the year andthen all get ready to leave the next spring for the mountains. I also hadreceived a letter from my father who was then at Garden Grove. He also desiring me to staytill he could come up and go along with me to the mountains. So by the entreatyof them both I concluded to stop till another spring. I then concluded to go toputting in some corn and a garden although I had a good outfit for themountains. I put in 7 acres of corn and a patch of potatoes. I got plants fromother gardens and transplanted in mine, and I can safely say that I never had abetter garden than I had that year; the crops of the place all lookedfirst-rate. All things were in a prosperous condition till the month of Julyand August when nearly all the inhabitants were ceased with a violent feverwith chills which caused great afflictions and many deaths took place, and ofthe number of those who died were my wife's father, Edward M. Fuller, and hermother, Hanna Fuller; her brother, Thomas Fuller; her brother Max Fuller; andher sister, Hannah Fuller, or I may say Hatch for she was married to LorenzoHatch; also two of her sister Ovandy's childrenmaking in all seven souls. All the rest of the family were very sick; I wasalso very sick myself as well as my wife and child. There was a great manyothers who died throughout the fall. While I was sick and my family, my fathercame up to see us. He laid his hands on our heads and said we should live,which blessing I believed, although they were dying all around the fort. In themonth of April, Brother Brigham and a company of brethren, called the Pioneers,started for the Rocky Mountains to find aplace for the saints to gather to. They had a long and tedious journey toperform, a distance of 1000 miles. They entered the SaltLakeValley on the 24th of July 1847, andhere the Lord showed to the Prophet the place for the gathering of the saintswho had been scattered from Nauvoo by the mob and for all the saints throughthe earth. In the months of May and June there were other camps started on thetracks of the Pioneers taking with them 18 months provisions with their seedgrain to sow and plant when they got there or in the following spring. Theywere prepared in their journey and arrived in safety in the months of Septemberand October. Brother Brigham, Heber C., a portion of the Twelve, and the restof the brethren who composed the Pioneer camp went to work and plowed someground and sowed some wheat and planted some corn, dedicated these valleys forthe gathering of the saints and then started to return to their families save afew who stayed to see to what they had sowed and planted, and so BrotherBrigham and those that were with him returned to their families in the month ofNovember. It was then very cold. The saints at the MissouriRiver hailed their return with great joy and gladness. There was aplenty of grain raised this season to supply them and help them to make outtheir fit-out for the mountain in the spring. This pleased the authorities whenthey returned to find a plenty in the midst of the saints after they had beenpinched so close the year before. As soon as the brethren had got rested alittle from their travels through the past year, they went to work with alltheir might to prepare their families for the journey in the coming spring andstimulated every other family to get ready and go that could, although they hadno seen a kernel of grain grow in the Salt Lake Valley and had been told by anold mountaineer who had been in the mountains for twenty or thirty years thathe would give one thousand dollars for the first wheat head that would grow inthe Salt Lave Valley. This kind of talk had no impression on the mind ofBrigham Young for he was a Prophet of God and knew what he was about. He did nohesitate one moment but took all that could go with him in the spring of 1848,which was a host. In the winter he asked me if I wanted to go to the valley inthe spring, I did the worst kind. He then asked me how much team I had, I toldhim that I had two yoke of oxen and one cow. He told me that I was in tow andcould go as well as not and for me to get ready and go. I told him that I wasall ready in the spring to go, but that my folks wished me to stay till theycould go. He told me never to stop again when I was ready to go. He said that Iwould do more good to my parents by going and getting something raised for themwhen they could come than I could possibly do by staying back. This I found tobe a fact, for my father did no get ready to go in the spring of 1848, but Iwent on with the remainder of my father-in-law's family. We left Summerquarters in April and went to Winterquartersand stayed there till the last of May and then we started for the mountains orfor the Valley of the Great Salt Lake, adistance of 1030 miles. We traveled the first day about 10 miles. It rainedthrough the night. In the morning we continued our journey and reached the HornRiverin the afternoon. Here we stayed till the fifth of June. They saints collectedat this place daily till there was a large camp of some two or three hundredwagons. We were organized into companies of one hundred wagons each. I wasorganized into Brother Alley's ten, and Brother John Harveys'fifty and Brother Brigham Young's hundred, but Brother Alley chose to go inBrother Free's ten, so we all went into Brother Free's company of ten making him twenty wagons instead often. Brother Heber C. Kimball had a company of one hundred wagons organized atthe same time and other had companies organized also. Brother Brigham startedfrom the Horn on the 5th of June 1848. We continued our journey in safetywithout any accidents, all feeling well. The camp stopped one day in a week forthe women to do their washing and baking, had meetings on the Sabbath daysgenerally. On the 18th day of August my wife bore me a son, weight eight poundsand three quarters. We were then fifteen miles west of the Devil's Gate on theSweet Water. We called his name Daniel D. McArthur Junior. On the 19th weresumed our journey and Caroline did first-rate. Brother Heber C. Kimball'sdaughter had a daughter the same night. We continued our journey all doingfirst-rate, and the camp landed in the SaltLakeValley on the 26th of September 1848.The few saints that came into the valley in 1847 were truly glad to see theProphet Brigham once more. This season had been a rather unlucky season for thesaints who had been in here all summer, for the crickets had destroyed nearlyall the grain, and it had left them quite destitute for provisions. The saintswere obliged to eat all kinds of greens and dig roots and cook them and eatthem. Some were so hungry that they took old beef hides and cooked them and atthem to preserve them from starvation.
Directly after President Brigham Young had landed in the valley, he had theSurveyor, Elder Sherwards, go to and survey the Great Salt LakeCity plot and gave out city lots to thesaints. The lots contained one and quarter acres each and eight lots in ablock. The lots were so laid off that when the lots on the south side of ablock faced the south, the lots on the north side of the block in front of theone facing to the south faced south faced to the east and west so that no lotsin the city fronted each other. The streets were eight rods wide and each blockforty rods square and each three blocks were organized into a Ward and a Bishopset apart to preside over the inhabitants thereof and there was twenty Wards inthe city. The city grew rapidly, less than two months there were hundreds ofdwellings to be seen where there had not a house stood before for thousands ofyears. And after this, city after city sprang up throughout the territory of Utah. Their inhabitants being composedof saints from all parts of this globe. Brother Brigham have me a lot in thirdWard and I went to work and made me some adobes out of clay and dried them inthe sun (they were like unburnt brick), and put me upa little house fourteen by sixteen, and if every a family enjoyed a dwelling itwas us for one.
I shall now write down some blessings that I and my wife received under thehands of the Patriarch John Smith, the father of the Apostle George A. Smithand a brother to the father of Joseph Smith the Prophet of God. This thing Ishould have done before, but it will do at this time.
My blessing reads as follows:
City of Joseph, December 17th 1845, a blessingby John Smith, Patriarch upon the head of Daniel D. McArthur, some of Duncan and Susan, born April 8th, 1820, Erie County, New York.Mr. Daniel, we lay our hands upon they head in the name of Jesus of Nazarethand seal a Father's blessing upon you for I speak in the name of thy Father andwe seal upon you all the blessings of the new and everlasting covenant. Thouart of the house of Jacob through the loines ofEphraim and a lawful heir to the Priesthood which hath the power over allthings in heaven and in earth even to bring to pass the resurrection of thedead. This power and Priesthood shall be sealed upon thee in doe time with allthe keys and mysteries of the same. Thou art called to hunt up the remnants ofJacob and to push them together from the ends of the earth. Thou shalt have wisdom to confound the wise and the learned ofthis generation and put them to shame. He that rises up against thee shall fallin his own snare. No weapon that is framed against thee shall prosper nor ahair of thy head shall ever fall by an enemy for the Lord hath given his angelscharge to defend thy cause at all times to break the bars of iron and cut thegates of brass asunder. Thou shalt gather thythousands from every nation where thy lot is cast and be able to lead them to Zion with vast stores ofriches. Thou shalt be able to do any miracle thatwisdom will direct when it is necessary for the salvation of the children ofmen or the moving forward the cause of Zion.Thou shalt be blest in thy family with health, peaceand plenty. Shall have a numerous posterity to bear they name in remembrance inthe Church forever. Shalt live if you desire it witha perfect heart to see the closing scene of this generation and partake of allthey blessings of the Redeemer's kingdom worlds without end. In as much as thouart faithful in they calling, my son, and listen to council these words shallnot fail for these are the words of they Father, in common with they companionsealed upon thee by the authority of the Priesthood. Amen.
My companion's blessing reads as follows:
City of Joseph, August 26th, 1845, a blessing byJohn Smith, Patriarch, upon the head of Matilda C. Fuller, daughter of EdwardM. and Hannah, born May 1st, 1820, Providence, Saratoga County, NewYork. Sister Matilda, I lay my hands upon they headin the name of Jesus of Nazareth and by the authority given me to bless theFatherless, I place upon you all the blessings of the new and everlastingCovenant in as much as thou has obeyed the gospel and left they father's houseand all thy former friends in the midst of persecution. It is they privilege toattain unto all the blessings of the new and everlasting covenant for thou artof the house of Jacob through the lineage of Joseph and shalthave an endowment in the Lord's house. Thou shalthave a companion to go in and out before thee, and thou shaltbe exalted to a knowledge of the mysteries of the Priesthood, learn mysteriesthat have been kept hid from before the foundation of the world, thou shalt be a mother in the house of Israel and shall attainto all the blessing which the Lord hath in store for his saints and hold anhonorable standing in his Church forever, and thou shaltraise up sons and daughters that shall be excellent among those who hold thePriesthood. Thou shalt have exceeding great faith; atthey rebuke, the sick shall be healed and thy habitation shall be a dwellingplace of peace, health and plenty, and thou shalt seethy relations and friends embracing the truth and obeying the Gospel andrejoicing in the words of the new and everlasting Covenant. You shall enjoyevery blessing which you desire in righteousness, shall forget all they sorrowsand your joy shall be full, shalt live to see theclosing scene of this generation and if your faith does not fail and you keepyourself unspotted from the world not a word which I have spoken shall fail andI seal you up to Eternal Life. Amen.
In the winter of 1848 there were a great many families that were obliged toreside in their wagons on account of not arriving in the Great Salt Lake Valleysoon enough to build themselves houses before the cold weather set in. Some didnot get in till the last of October. President Willard Richards was one of thenumber. A large council house was one of the first buildings that was erectedin Great Salt LakeCity. It was two storieshigh, the walls of the lower story were built of rock hauled from the mountain,a distance of six. miles. The upper story (walls) were built of adobes, Hiram Glossem being foreman in the mason work. This was the firstpublic building that was put up in this city.
The winter of 1848 and '49 was quite cold with severe deep snow in themountains which made it hard for the saints to get their wood, but all wentcheerful through the winter with the saints, save a few who thought it a ratherhard bill for them to put up with, such as getting wood out of the canyons andbeing somewhat pinched for food, and of course, left the first chance that didpresent itself to them. The saints that emigrated to this place in the summerof 1847 and '48 were obliged to fetch 18 months provision and some seed grainto sow, for they knew not that a single spear of corn or wheat or a potato orsquash or cabbage or anything else would grow in the valleys, and it truly wasa trying time for those who came here in the season of 1847, for their cropsthat they put into the ground in the spring of 1848 were almost universally destroyedby the crickets. Consequently, it caused them to depend in a great measure uponthe saints that came in the fall of '48. This placed us in pretty snug quartersas were one thousand mile from where out grain grew for we were obliged topreserve a sufficient amount of our seed to sow the coming spring, but the Lordwas with us as in the days that had past, and our lives were preserved, andwhen spring came every saint went to with all his strength to plowing andsowing the scanty allowance of seed grain what was left. Some families havingenough to sow one acre, some two acres, and so they offered up their prayers toalmighty God to have him bless the labors of their hands and the land that theycultivated that they might have a beautiful crop, and I am a witness to testifythat the Lord heard the prayers of the saints and blessed them beyond theirmost sanguine expectations, and there was an abundance of grain raised to dothe saints till another harvest and a considerable to spare to the saints who werecoming in and some to the passers-by who were on their way to California forgold. I raised forty bushels of wheat and twenty five bushels of corn and fivebushels of oats as well as considerable garden vegetables. So all fear wasremoved from the minds of the saints as regarded the fertility of the soil inthe valleys of the Rocky Mountains. All saintsfelt to give God thanks for his rich blessings.
Soon after I landed in this place I had my boy Daniel D. blessed under thehands of Patriarch, John Smith, who blessed us in Nauvoo. The child grew andbid fair for a smart man.
All things passed on quietly, the saints came flocking in inthe fall of 1849 like so many doves to their windows feeling thankful to Godthat He had still a place for the gathering of the His people. The saintscommence to prosper on every hand. The gentiles came pouring in from differentparts of earth on their way for the mines which were found by the Mormon boysin California and they left their horses, oxen, wagons, clothing, plows,spades, shovels, hoes, saws, sugar, chisels, planes, and what little cash theyhad for a small outfit to go the rest of the journey. They also left sugar,tea, and coffee. This caused the saints to wax fat so that all seemed to have aplenty of money and means to make them comfortable, and in this prosperouscondition many of the saints forgot their God and followed on the wake forgold, but those who continued to do right did continue to prosper andaccumulate around them such things as they needed to make them comfortable.They increased in houses and lands, in wives and children, and above all in theknowledge of God. All was peace till in the winter of 1849 and '50. At thistime the Utah Indians became somewhat hostile and commenced a stealing the saints'cattle and horses and committing various depredations until the saints couldnot put up with it any longer. They tried every way they could to get theIndians to stop without going to war with them, but nothing would do.Consequently, the saints fitted up a small force and marched to the Indians'camp, which was near the city of Provo,and routed them, bad a small engagement, killed several of the Indians and tooksome prisoners. This brought them to terms. There was but one saint killed, hisname was Higley. Three or four were wounded butrecovered. Soon after, an outbreak took place by the Indians in TooeleValley,stole a lot of cattle and drove them off and killed them. A small company ofthe brethren pursued after them quite a distance from any water except a smallspring by a large patch of cedars. The saints attacked them, routed them,killed a few, found the meat they had killed cut up in thin flakes and spreadupon the tops of the cedars to dry. The brethren set fire to the cedars andconsequently the cedars and meat were consumed by fire. This put a final stopto their stealing for some time save now and then an ox was taken. This washard for the redmen to overcome. Stealing was sonatural. A horse now and then come up missing; this the saints looked for.There was no saint killed in the above fray, and was peace again.
On the 15th of March 1849, the convention appointed the following persons, acommittee to draft a Constitution for the State of Deseret,viz:
William W. Phelps
John S. Fullmer
Charles G. Rich
Parley P. Pratt
John M. Bernhisel
March 18th, 1849, Albert Garrington, chairman of thecommittee, reported the constitution could be read by all who wished to read itin the Revised Laws of Utah. They were read and unanimously adopted by theconvention.
September 9th, 1850, the constitution and Laws of the United States wereextended over and declared to be in force in the Territory of Utah (so name byCongress but by the saints it is called the State of Deseret).
President Brigham Young was chosen by the saints and appointed by thegovernment of the United Statesto be the Governor of the Territoryof Utah. This was ajoyful time to the saints for they had been under gentile governors longenough.
The judges and secretaries were sent here from the gentiles, though it wascontrary to the feelings of the saints, for they knew that there were men amongthe saints more capable for such offices than those who were sent by our enemies.
The judge's name was Brocchus and he was a mean man,consequently, got a severe reprimand from the Prophet of God, Brigham Young,which caused him to squirm and leave his post and flee to the states and tomake his flight appear just in the eyes of the world. He went to work andpublished a multitude of lies against the saints, but he gained nothing bythat, for they turned upon his own head as was the case with others who weredishonest at heart. Things continued to prosper under the governorship ofPresident Young.
In the spring of 1850, I purchased a city lot of Mr. James Creggin block 21 and lot 5, Third Ward, and put a good substantial fence around myportion of the block, as all fencing at that time in the city was enclosingblocks instead of single lots.
In the fall of 1851, I put up the walls of a story and a half house, 18' by26', and in consequence of being disappointed in obtaining the lumber that Ihad bought and paid for, I was obliged to let the house stand without beingclosed in through the winter, but in the summer of '52 I took my team and wentinto the canyon, cut and hauled my own logs into the mill and got them sawedinto lumber and went to work and closed in my house and finished it off insidemyself so far as the woodwork was concerned. The plastering I hired done by Mr.Philow Johnston, and in the month of August (laterpart) I moved my family into the house.
In the month of July 1850, last day, my wife was delivered of a daughter. Wecalled her name Emma Matilda, and on this day there was a special conferencecalled by the first Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ for all the Eldersof Israel to assemble in the Tabernacle on purpose to transact business for theupbuilding of the kingdom of God in these last days,and 2500 persons were congregated on the occasion. A considerable amount ofhighly important business was transacted amongst which was the appointment ofone hundred and sixty Elders on missions to various portions of the habitableglobe, myself being one of the number.
Their places of appointment and names of persons are as follows: America, cityof Washington, Orson Pratt of the Twelve Apostles: Pottawatomie, Iowa, DanielMiller: St. Louis, Horace S. Eldridge; New Orleans, James Brown; Nova Scotiaand British N.A. Provinces, O.D.L. Buckland, Benjamin T. Mitchell, JohnRobinson, Joseph Millet; Texas, Preston Thomas, William Camp; British Guiana,Elijah Thomas, James Brown; West Indies, Jessie Turpin, Darwin Richardson, Alferd D. Lambson, Aaron Farr;Europe, England and other countries, Daniel Spencer, Levi E. Riter, Charles A. Harper, John S. Fullmer,Isaac Allred, William Glover, John VanGott, Richard Cook, MellinAttwood, William Clayton, Chancy G. Webb, William Pitt, Charles Smith, JohnCharles Hall, Sylvester H. Ear, John Oakley, Thomas W. Treat, William Woodward,Benjamin Brown, James G. Willie, James T. Park, Daniel D. McArthur, William Eapey, Moses Thurston, PerrigrineSession, John Parry, Osman M. Duel, Spencer Crandall,John A. Hunt, James Pace, Edward Martian, Elias Gardner, David Grant; Wales,Dan Jones, Thomas Jeremy, Daniel Daniels, Edward Griffin; Ireland, DanielToner, John McDonald; France, Andrew L Lamereaux;Germany, George C. Riser, jacob F. Secrist, George Mayer, William Taylor; Berlin Prussia,Orson Spencer, Jacob Hauts, Moses Clough, EdwardStevenson, Nathan T. Porter; Denmark, George Parry; Norway, Eric G.M. Hogan, Camete Peterson; Asia, Calcutta and Hindostan,Nathaniel V. Jones, Samuel A. Wooley, Richard Ballantyne, Amos M. Moaser,William F. Carter, Robert Skelton, William Fatheringham,Truman Leonard, Robert Owen; China, Hosea Stout, Walter Thompson, James Lewis,Chapman Duncan; Siam, Chauncy W. West, Sterne Hotchkiss, Harlow Rodfield;Africa-Cape of Good Hope, Jessu Haven, Leonard T.Smith, William Hyde, Burr Frost, Absalom P. Dowdle,Josiah W. Fleming, Paul Smith, John Hyde, John S. Elredge,James Graham, Noah T. Guyman; Sandwich Isles, EphraimGree, William McRiide,James Lawson, Lathan Tanner, ReddickN. Allred, Reddin A. Allred, Thomas Kairnes, Egerton Snider, Benjamin T. Johnson.
All the above name Elders who were to go East from this place were to be inreadiness to start on their missions in ten days from their appointment and tobe gone from three to seven years, and those who were to go south or west wereto be ready in the course of one month. This shows that the Elders ought to bealways ready to start at the word, but this call seemed to come upon all ratherunexpectedly, but those who were to go east met at the end of ten days and all,with a few exceptions, reported themselves ready to start. This was pleasing tothe Prophet Brigham and his council, though they had not got all things readyfor us to start, consequently, we had a few days more to prepare things alittle more comfortable to our families at home.
On the 15th of September 1852, about eighty souls started on our journey eastacross the plains, a distance of 1030 miles, to the nearest inhabitants. Butthe first Presidency being not yet quite ready for us to start for good, weproceeded on our journey to the mouth of Echo Canyon, a distance of 36 or 40miles from Salt Lake City, and pitched our tents and remained there till themessage came that we were to bear to the nations of the earth the message asfollows:
Revelation, given to Joseph Smith, Nauvoo, July 12th, 1843.
Verily, thus saith the Lord unto you my servantJoseph, that inasmuch as you have inquired of my hand to know and understandwherein I, the Lord, justified my servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as alsoMoses, David and Solomon, my servants, as touching the principle and doctrineof their having many wives and concubines- Behold, and lo, I am the Lord thyGod, and will answer thee as touching this matter. Therefore, prepare thy heartto receive and obey the instructions which I am about to give unto you; for allthose who have this law revealed unto them must obey the same. For behold, Ireveal unto you a new and an everlasting covenant; and if ye abide not thatcovenant, then are ye damned; for no one can reject this covenant and bepermitted to enter into my glory. For all who will have a blessing at my handsshall abide the law which was appointed for that blessing, and the conditionsthereof, as were instituted from before the foundation of the world. And as pertainingto the new and everlasting covenant, it was instituted for the fulness of my glory; and he that receivetha fulness thereof must and shall abide the law, or heshall be damned, saith the Lord God. And verily I sayunto you, that the conditions of this law are these: All covenants, contracts,bonds, obligations, oaths, vows, performances, connections, associations, orexpectations, that are not made and entered into and sealed by the Holy Spiritof promise, of him who is anointed, both as well for time and for all eternity,and that too most holy, by revelation and commandment through the medium ofmine anointed, whom I have appointed on the earth to hold this power (and Ihave appointed unto my servant Joseph to hold this power in the last days, andthere is never but one on the earth at a time on whom this power and the keysof this priesthood are conferred), are of no efficacy, virtue, or force in andafter the resurrection from the dead; for all contracts that are not made untothis end have an end when men are dead. Behold, mine house is a house of order,saith the Lord God, and not a house of confusion.Will I accept of an offering, saith the Lord, that isnot made in my name? Or will I receive at your hands that which I have notappointed? And will I appoint unto you, saith theLord, except it be by law, even as I and my Father ordained unto you, beforethe world was? I am the Lord thy God; and I give unto you this commandment-thatno man shall come unto the Father but by me or by my word, which is my law, saith the Lord. And everything that is in the world,whether it be ordained of men, by thrones, or principalities, or powers, orthings of name, whatsoever they may be, that are not by me or by my word, saith the Lord, shall be thrown down, and shall not remainafter men are dead, neither in nor after the resurrection, saiththe Lord your God. For whatsoever things remain are by me; and whatsoeverthings are not by me shall be shaken and destroyed. Therefore, if a man marryhim a wife in the world, and he marry her not by me nor by my word, and hecovenant with her so long as he is in the world and she with him, theircovenant and marriage are not of force when they are dead, and when they areout of the world; therefore, they are not bound by any law when they are out ofthe world. Therefore, when they are out of the world they neither marry nor aregiven in marriage; but are appointed angels in heaven, which angels areministering servants, to minister for those who are worthy of a far more, andan exceeding, and an eternal weight of glory. For these angels did not abide mylaw; therefore, they cannot be enlarged, but remain separately and singly,without exaltation, in their saved condition, to all eternity; and fromhenceforth are not gods, but are angels of God forever and ever. And again,verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife, and make a covenant with her fortime and for all eternity, if that covenant is not by me or by my word, whichis my law, and is not sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, through him whom Ihave anointed and appointed unto this power, then it is not valid neither offorce when they are out of the world, because they are not joined by me, saith the Lord, neither by my word; when they are out ofthe world it cannot be received there, because the angels and the gods areappointed there, by whom they cannot pass; they cannot, therefore, inherit myglory; for my house is a house of order, saith theLord God. And again, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife by my word,which is my law, and by the new and everlasting covenant, and it is sealed untothem by the Holy Spirit of promise, by him who is anointed, unto whom I haveappointed this power and the keys of this priesthood; and it shall be said untothem-Ye shall come forth in the first resurrection; and if it be after thefirst resurrection, in the next resurrection; and shall inherit thrones,kingdoms, principalities, and powers, dominions, all heights and depths-thenshall it be written in the Lamb's Book of Life, that he shall commit no murderwhereby to shed innocent blood, and if ye abide in my covenant, and commit nomurder whereby to shed innocent blood, it shall be done unto them in all thingswhatsoever my servant hath put upon them, in time, and through all eternity;and shall be of full force when they are out of the world; and they shall passby the angels, and the gods, which are set there, to their exaltation and gloryin all things, as hath been sealed upon their heads, which glory shall be a fulness and a continuation of the seeds forever and ever.Then shall they be gods, because they have no end; therefore shall they be fromeverlasting to everlasting, because they continue; then shall they be aboveall, because all things are subject unto them. Then shall they be gods, becausethey have all power, and the angels are subject unto them. Verily, verily, Isay unto you, except ye abide my law ye cannot attain to this glory. For straitis the gate, and narrow the way that leadeth unto theexaltation and continuation of the lives, and few there be that find it,because ye receive me not in the world neither do ye know me. But if ye receiveme in the world, then shall ye know me, and shall receive your exaltation; thatwhere I am ye shall be also. This is eternal lives-to know the only wise andtrue God, and Jesus Christ, whom he hath sent. I am he. Receive ye, therefore,my law. Broad is the gate, and wide the way that leadethto the deaths; and many there are that go in thereat, because they receive menot, neither do they abide in my law. Verily, verily, I say unto you, if a manmarry a wife according to my word, and they are sealed by the Holy Spirit ofpromise, according to mine appointment, and he or she shall commit any sin ortransgression of the new and everlasting covenant whatever, and all manner ofblasphemies, and if they commit no murder wherein they shed innocent blood, yetthey shall come forth in the first resurrection, and enter into theirexaltation; but they shall be destroyed in the flesh, and shall be deliveredunto the buffetings of Satan unto the day of redemption, saiththe Lord God. The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which shall not be forgivenin the world nor out of the world, is in that ye commit murder wherein ye shedinnocent blood, and assent unto my death, after ye have received my new andeverlasting covenant, saith the Lord God; and he thatabideth not this law can in nowise enter into myglory, but shall be damned, saith the Lord. I am theLord thy God, and will give unto thee the law of my Holy Priesthood, as wasordained by me and my Father before the world was. Abraham received all things,whatsoever he received, by revelation and commandment, by my word, saith the Lord, and hath entered into his exaltation and sitteth upon his throne. Abraham received promisesconcerning his seed, and of the fruit of his loins-from whose loins ye are,namely, my servant Joseph-which were to continue so long as they were in theworld; and as touching Abraham and his seed, out of the world they shouldcontinue; both in the world and out of the world should they continue asinnumerable as the stars; or, if ye were to count the sand upon the seashore yecould not number them. This promise is yours also, because ye are of Abraham,and the promise was made unto Abraham; and by this law is the continuation ofthe works of my Father, wherein he glorifiethhimself. Go ye, therefore, and do the works of Abraham; enter ye into my lawand ye shall be saved. But if ye enter not into my law ye cannot receive thepromise of my Father, which he made unto Abraham. God commanded Abraham, andSarah gave Hagar to Abraham to wife. And why did she do it? Because this wasthe law; and from Hagar sprang many people. This, therefore, was fulfilling,among other things, the promises. Was Abraham, therefore, under condemnation?Verily I say unto you, Nay; for I, the Lord, commanded it. Abraham wascommanded to offer his son Isaac; nevertheless, it was written: Thou shalt not kill. Abraham, however, did not refuse, and itwas accounted unto him for righteousness. Abraham received concubines, and theybore him children; and it was accounted unto him for righteousness, becausethey were given unto him, and he abode in my law; as Isaac also and Jacob didnone other things than that which they were commanded; and because they didnone other things than that which they were commanded, they have entered intotheir exaltation, according to the promises, and sit upon thrones, and are notangels but are gods. David also received many wives and concubines, and alsoSolomon and Moses my servants, as also many others of my servants, from thebeginning of creation until this time; and in nothing did they sin save inthose things which they received not of me. David's wives and concubines weregiven unto him of me, by the hand of Nathan, my servant, and others of theprophets who had the keys of this power; and in none of these things did he sinagainst me save in the case of Uriah and his wife;and, therefore he hath fallen from his exaltation, and received his portion;and he shall not inherit them out of the world, for I gave them unto another, saith the Lord. I am the Lord thy God, and I gave untothee, my servant Joseph, an appointment, and restore all things. Ask what yewill, and it shall be given unto you according to my word. And as ye have askedconcerning adultery, verily, verily, I say unto you, if a man receiveth a wife in the new and everlasting covenant, andif she be with another man, and I have not appointed unto her by the holyanointing, she hath committed adultery and shall be destroyed. If she be not inthe new and everlasting covenant, and she be with another man, she hascommitted adultery. And if her husband be with another woman, and he was undera vow, he hath broken his vow and hath committed adultery. And if she hath notcommitted adultery, but is innocent and hath not broken her vow, and she knoweth it, and I reveal it unto you, my servant Joseph,then shall you have power, by the power of my Holy Priesthood, to take her andgive her unto him that hath not committed adultery but hath been faithful; forhe shall be made ruler over many. For I have conferred upon you the keys andpower of the priesthood, wherein I restore all things, and make known unto youall things in due time. And verily, verily, I say unto you, that whatsoever youseal on earth shall be sealed in heaven; and whatsoever you bind on earth, inmy name and by my word, saith the Lord, it shall beeternally bound in the heavens; and whosesoever sins you remit on earth shallbe remitted eternally in the heavens; and whosesoever sins you retain on earthshall be retained in heaven. And again, verily I say, whomsoever you bless Iwill bless, and whomsoever you curse I will curse, saiththe Lord; for I, the Lord, am thy God. And again, verily I say unto you, myservant Joseph, that whatsoever you give on earth, and to whomsoever you giveany one on earth, by my word and according to my law, it shall be visited withblessings and not cursings, and with my power, saith the Lord, and shall be without condemnation on earthand in heaven. For I am the Lord thy God, and will be with thee even unto theend of the world, and through all eternity; for verily I seal upon you yourexaltation, and prepare a throne for you in the kingdom of my Father, withAbraham your father. Behold, I have seen your sacrifices, and will forgive allyour sins; I have seen your sacrifices in obedience to that which I have toldyou. Go, therefore, and I make a way for your escape, as I accepted theoffering of Abraham of his son Isaac. Verily, I say unto you: A commandment Igive unto mine handmaid, Emma Smith, your wife, whom I have given unto you,that she stay herself and partake not of that which I commanded you to offerunto her; for I did it, saith the Lord, to prove youall, as I did Abraham, and that I might require an offering at your hand, bycovenant and sacrifice. And let mine handmaid, Emma Smith, receive all thosethat have been given unto my servant Joseph, and who are virtuous and purebefore me; and those who are not pure, and have said they were pure, shall bedestroyed, saith the Lord God. For I am the Lord thyGod, and ye shall obey my voice; and I give unto my servant Joseph that heshall be made ruler over many things; for he hath been faithful over a fewthings, and from henceforth I will strengthen him. And I command mine handmaid,Emma Smith, to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. Butif she will not abide this commandment she shall be destroyed, saith the Lord; for I am the Lord thy God, and will destroyher if she abide not in my law. But if she will not abide this commandment,then shall my servant Joseph do all things for her, even as he hath said; and Iwill bless him and multiply him and give unto him an hundredfold in this world,of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives andchildren, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds. And again, verilyI say, let mine handmaid forgive my servant Joseph his trespasses; and thenshall she be forgiven her trespasses, wherein she has trespassed against me;and I, the Lord thy God, will bless her, and multiply her, and make her heartto rejoice. And again, I say, let not my servant Joseph put his property out ofhis hands, lest an enemy come and destroy him; for Satan seekethto destroy; for I am the Lord thy God, and he is my servant; and behold, andlo, I am with him, as I was with Abraham, thy father, even unto his exaltationand glory. Now, as touching the law of the priesthood, there are many thingspertaining thereunto. Verily, if a man be called of my Father, as was Aaron, bymine own voice, and by the voice of him that sent me, and I have endowed himwith the keys of the power of this priesthood, if he do anything in my name,and according to my law and by my word, he will not commit sin, and I willjustify him. Let no one, therefore, set on my servant Joseph; for I willjustify him; for he shall do the sacrifice which I require at his hands for histransgressions, saith the Lord your God. And again,as pertaining to the law of the priesthood-if any man espouse a virgin, anddesire to espouse another, and the first give her consent, and if he espousethe second, and they are virgins, and have vowed to no other man, then is hejustified; he cannot commit adultery for they are given unto him; for he cannotcommit adultery with that that belongeth unto him andto no one else. And if he have ten virgins given unto him by this law, hecannot commit adultery, for they belong to him, and they are given unto him;therefore is he justified. But if one or either of the ten virgins, after sheis espoused, shall be with another man, she has committed adultery, and shallbe destroyed; for they are given unto him to multiply and replenish the earth,according to my commandment, and to fulfil thepromise which was given by my Father before the foundation of the world, andfor their exaltation in the eternal worlds, that they may bear the souls ofmen; for herein is the work of my Father continued, that he may be glorified.And again, verily, verily, I say unto you, if any man have a wife, who holdsthe keys of this power, and he teaches unto her the law of my priesthood, aspertaining to these things, then shall she believe and administer unto him, orshe shall be destroyed, saith the Lord your God; forI will destroy her; for I will magnify my name upon all those who receive andabide in my law. Therefore, it shall be lawful in me, if she receive not thislaw, for him to receive all things whatsoever I, the Lord his God, will giveunto him, because she did not believe and administer unto him according to myword; and she then becomes the transgressor; and he is exempt from the law ofSarah, who administered unto Abraham according to the law when I commandedAbraham to take Hagar to wife. And now, as pertaining to this law, verily,verily, I say unto you, I will reveal more unto you, hereafter; therefore, letthis suffice for the present. Behold, I am Alpha and Omega. Amen.
The above revelation and various other instruction were printed in a pamphletand given to us to take with us on our mission to the different parts of theearth.
We were forty days crossing the plains. We had meetings once or twice a weekwhile on the plains and all enjoyed ourselves first-rate. Brother Orson Pratt,one of the Twelve and Brother Orson Spencer were with us and gave us much goodinstruction. We were prospered on our journey. Had no bad luck but all to thefrontier in safety, and this was the last of our traveling together in a body,but we scattered in small companies from two to ten in a mess, and in this waywe went through the states to the city of New York as also to Boston andPhiladelphia where we took shipping for Liverpool in England. The most of usstarted from the city of New York.
We landed on the banks of the Missouri River on the 3rd day of November,crossed the river the same day, went two miles and camped fro the night and inthe morning of the 4th our camp broke up and each man took that which belongedto him as much as possible and disposed of it the best he could to get means tohelp him across the sea. The property that we had consisted in horses,harnesses and wagons, as we had four horses and a wagon to every four personsin crossing the plains.
I took my horse and went up the river 30 miles to see Mr. Guy Barnum. His wifewas a sister to my wife. I got there after dark. I met him about a half a milefrom his house, and it was so dark that we could not see each other at anydistance. But I spoke to him and he knew me by my voice though we had not metbefore for nearly five years. He turned around and went back with me to hishouse. I went into the house carelessly to see if Myrandy,his wife, would know me at first. And soon as I made my appearance I wasdetected by her.
They were both glad to see me. They made all inquiry about their friends thatlived in the valley. Mr. Barnum and wife had left the Latter-Day Saints andjoined a sect called Venemeites. The people thatcomposed this sect were all apostates who had left the Mormon Church.
I tried to reason with Mr. Barnum and wife and persuade them to return andforsake such foolishness but to no effect, for they were surely blinded andwere willing to remain so. I stayed with them till the 7th and then took mydeparture for New York.I landed in St. Joseph the 13th, stayed over night, and engaged my passage onboard the Steamer Clarria bound for St. Louis on the19th, stayed in this city till the 24th, had a pleasant voyage down the riverand a good time in this place in visiting the few saints and looking at thecuriosities in different parts of the city. From St. Joseph to this city I was with 7 or 8 orthe elders, and while we were in this city, the elders kept coming in till some20 had got together again. And on the morning of the 24th, about 12 or 15 of usengaged our passage on board the steamer Hamburghbound for the city of Cincinnati.We all took cabin passage. Had a first-rate time, there was a Catholic Prieston board; he tackled the Elders but got his fill. He was used up to thesatisfaction of all present from the Captain down. We landed in Cincinnati on the 28th,stayed over night. The 29th went aboard the express train on the Miamia railroad ticketed through to New York on the 31st at 10:00 a.m. All safeand sound and in good spirits although the most of us were without money whichwas not so pleasant in a large city like this. I had but three dollars andBrother John Oakley had but five cents. This is a specimen of the circumstancesof the rest. We met in council after finding a place to put our things and tostay over night, and it was decided that we should scatter out among thedifferent branches of the Church and see if we couldn't make a raise of somemoneys to help us across the sea to Liverpool.And it was decided that I and another Elder (whose name has slipped my memory)should go to Philadelphiaand Brothers Attwood and Earl should go to the north river branch and othershad their places assigned them. December the 1st at 4:00 p.m. I and mycompanion started for Philadelphia.We took passage on a steamer and landed in Philadelphia the 2nd at 5:00 p.m. found thePresident of the branch and stayed over night with him. He treated us kindlyand took us to many of the saints through the day. Stayed with him all the timewe stayed in the city; the 4th being Sunday we met with the saints in a finehall, had a good time. Saints all seemed to feel quite revived in theirspirits. Here is where I spoke in public the first time and I was scart badly, but lived through it and did well after. ThePresident laid our case before the saints and they raised $40.00 quick time tohelp us on our way to Europe. Monday the 5thwe left for the city of New York at 10:00 a.m.on board a rail car, and landed in NewYork at 5:00 p.m. All well and while on our return wefell in company with Brother Attwood and Earl. They had met with the samesuccess, had got $40.00 to help them, and the rest of the Elders had met withthe same blessings so that we had means to do us so that we could continue onour journey. We then went to find a ship that would take us across the sea. Weengaged our passage on board the ship American Union. It was a New York liner. By thistime there were 21 Elders collected and we all went on board this ship. Therooms that we occupied, we had wholly to ourselves; this was quite a privilege,for we could have our prayers and meetings without being disturbed by the restof the passengers. We stayed in the city of New York till the 15th, on this day we gotall our things aboard the ship so as to be ready to go out into the sound thenext day, it being the 16th of December. The ship left the dock about 10:00 andwent out a few miles and cast anchor for the rest of the day and night. At 12:00on the 17th the tug steamer hitched on to the vessel and we were towed out tothe open sea and then we were left to float, had a first-rate wind and the seawas pretty rough, and the Elders all got seasick save five, and I was one ofthe lucky boys. I enjoyed myself all the way across the sea the best kind.
The ship sometimes was up one side and down the other and up bow and down sternand the waves of the raging sea coming over the bulwarks swiping things fromone side of the deck to the other, and the chests and boxes that were betweendecks getting loose and going from one side of the cabin to the other. Men andwomen were slipping down and going with the boxes on all fours. This to me wasquite novel as this was my first trip at sea. We had heavy winds most of theway cross but had good luck all the way, the Lord was with us all the time.
We landed in Liverpool the 5th day of January1853, all well, save the few who had not quite got rid of their sea sickness.Most of us stopped at Brother Cowley's the firstnight. All felt to thank our Heavenly Father for His watchful care over uswhile crossing the great deep and for all the blessings that we had enjoyedfrom our infantile moments.
On the 6th we walked through the streets of Liverpool,and I saw many a curiosity, I will assure you, for this was my first trip awayfrom home. In the evening we all met in a home of Brother Cowley'sand had a good time. All arose and testified that God had been merciful to usfrom the time that we left the Valley till we had reached this place and we allblessed each other in the name of the Lord.
Stayed at Mrs. Cowley's Tavern over night on the 7th,all passed off well. In the evening went to see Brother Samuel Richards to hearwhat he had for us to do as he was at that time the presiding Elder of theBritish Mission. He gave us some good council and gave us our appointments, andit fell to my lot to go to Scotlandin the company with Brothers Mallan Atwood and EdwardMartian and Samuel Glasgow to labour under the Pastorial charge of Robert Campbell, as he presided overall the affairs of the Church in Scotland at that time. Stayed thisnight at Mrs. Cowley's Tavern. On the 8th, several ofthe Elders started for their fields of labor. In the evening at twenty minutesto ten, I and my brethren who were to go to Scotland jumped aboard the railcars and left Liverpool for Scotland and landed in Glasgow twenty minutes toeight in the morning, went to Pastor Campbells, foundhim all right, got us some refreshments and it being Sunday, we went with himto the meeting, and they were all glad to see us and bid us welcome to Scotlandand we had a good time. Here I spoke the second time in public, but I livedthrough it as at first.
I and Brother Atwood went home with Widow Stuart and stayed over night. Nextmorning ate at Brother Anderson's went from there to Pastor Campbell's, had agood time with him. He told us that all was well in Scotland, stayed over nightwith him and in the morning before we had arose, he came to our rooms and calledBrother Glasgow to go with him to visit a family or two who were saints andlived sixteen miles from Glasgow, made his visit, did his business with themand was back by ten o'clock morning. Spent the rest of the day in singing andpraying.
In the evening Brothers Glasgow and Atwood went to see a family of saints andto take supper to them, and I and the Pastor went out of the city ten miles tosee a family in relation to their emigration. Did all things up and was back toGlasgow by teno'clock. Spent the rest of the evening with the brethren in singing and prayingand then went to bed and slept first-rate. Wednesday the 12th spent in the citywalking through the streets looking at every curiosity that came in our course,and they were not few, and in the evening jumped aboard the cars and went to Mallatown, distance fourteen miles in 20 minutes, found thesaints of that place all collected together to spend the evening in having asocial. We enjoyed ourselves first-rate. They spoke pieces and sung songs.Stayed over night at Brother Gourley's. Thursday the13th our time was spent in visiting the saints from house to house. At thisvisit I was introduced to the Scotch customs of dining. At first it was a novelto me, but I soon got broke in so that I could drink out of the same cup withthree or four others and with a horn spoon, could sip soup out of the same dishwith three or four others and peel my potatoes with my fingers and dip theminto a bunch of salt that was piled up before me on the table and then eat themas fast as the next Scotchman. Also take the meat from the plate with myfingers and convey it to my mouth without a knife or fork or plate to prepareit for that place as nimble as the best of them.
In the evening we went to the iron furnace and it was a splendid sight to seethem drawing out all sizes of bar iron and from there went to Ardria and had a meeting with the few saints that lived inthat place. Had a good time, stayed over night with Brother Baxter. Friday the14th about noon, left for Glasgow, took dinner with Brother Campbell at BrotherAnderson's, and in the evening went to a Prayer meeting, had a good time. Spentthe 15th in walking through the streets of Glasgow, 16th went to meeting, it beingSunday. Had a first-rate time. Continued in Glasgow till the 18th at two o'clock and leftfor Flokirk on board the rail cars. Stayed there ashort time and then left for Boneso, distance 8miles; called the saints together in the evening, had a good time. (BrotherAtwood and myself were together at this time). Stayed over night; 19th, walkedto Bathgate, distance 10 miles, called the saints and people together in theevening, preached to them, had a good time. Stayed over night; 20th, walked to Crofhead, distance 8 miles, called the saints together inthe evening, preached to them, had a first-rate time, stayed over night. 21st,walked to Bathgate, jumped aboard the cars and went to the city of Edinburgh, distance 18miles from Bathgate. Arrived at four o'clock p.m., stayed over night. 22nd,walked through the city, it is a splendid city and is the metropolis of Scotland, or the capital of Scotland.Aristocracy reigns predominant, but is was a treat for us for it is a beautifulcity without doubt. Stayed over night again at Brother Waugh's. 23rd beingSunday we went to the saint's meeting. They had a fine meeting house and theywere glad to see us. Brother Atwood and myself preached to them and we feltfirst-rate. Had a good time through the day. Met again in the evening, enjoyedourselves first-rate. After meeting, Brothers Atwood, Lynch, and myself wenthome with Sister Hardy, stayed all night. 24th, we all went to see the castle.Saw the crown that the kings of Scotlandused to wear or that was put upon their heads when they first were crowned.Also their sword and scepter was with it. We went into the room where Queen Mayof Scotland lived when King James was born and saw the window that he was letdown from when a young child in order to save his life from being taken by hisenemies. We also sat in the chair that she sat in when the child was born. Itwas some three hundred years ago that this chair was used by her. Saw the bedthat she slept in the first night after her marriage. Saw the needle-work thatshe did with her own hands, saw the work-stand that she used, saw the chairsthat she and husband sat in when they were married, saw her candlestick. (It isa curious thing.) Saw the boots that her husband had on his feet when he wasmurdered, saw the place where he was murdered, the stain of his blood is yet tobe seen in the floor and saw their likenesses. All the above is said to be thereal thing and perhaps it is. Be that as it may, it makes quite a show. We leftEdinburgh for the Dundee Conference the 26th and stopped in several littlebranches of the Church by the way, preached to the saints and on the 29thlanded safe in the city of Dundee, found the saints in that city feeling well.The population of Dundee is 73 thousand. It isa manufacturing town. They principally work flax and hemp. The 30th beingSunday we met with the saints at their place of worship. On Monday morning31st, left Dundee for Blairgowrie,called what few saints there were together and preached to them. They feltwell. Tuesday the first of February 1853, we left Blairgowrieand went to the City of Perth,called the saints together and preached to them. done them all the good wecould, they felt well. Stayed over night at Brother Serowther's.Wednesday 2nd left Perth for the city of Dundee. Found the saintsall in good spirits. Stayed over night at Brother Dofley's.On the 3rd we left Dundee and went to the town of Arbroath. Foundquite a branch there of saints. Preached to them, all felt well. The 4th wewent from this place to Montrose and found three saints there. Stayed overnight with them, comforted their hearts, the 5th left the city and went to thecity of Abderdeen.
Brother Atwood left me at Arbroath and returned tothe city of Perthto his field of labour assigned him by the Pastor. Aberdeen and vicinity wasset off to me for my field of labour by PastorCampbell. I stayed in this city and vicinity for nine months and done the verybest I know how to preach the gospel. This place was my first field of labour that I ever had set off to me. Her is where I commencedin the ministry as you may say. For although I had spoke to the saints a fewtimes while on my way here, I had not called out strangers to hear the gospelof Jesus Christ. Taught them in its fullness. but here I did and I can trulysay that is was quite a task for me to do for I did not know one single verseof the scripture by heart. Nevertheless, I went to work in the fear of my Godand done the best I could to get the people to see the truth as it was inrelation to the ordinances of the gospel, namely: faith, repentance, baptismfor the remission of sins and the laying on of the hands of the servants of Godfor the reception of the Holy Ghost, that they might be led into all truth, andGod was with me in my ignorance and caused me to throw out some ideas that fedthe people, but I found that the people were so traditionatedthat they wanted me to prove the things that I asserted to be true by the oldand new testament. So I got a New Bible and went to work and studied it nightand day so that I might be able to give them proof, and the Lord was with me,so that in a little while I could give them more proof than some of them wantedto hear, and can safely say I never felt better in my life than when preachingthe gospel of Christ. It feeds a man both night and day and yet he hasappetite.
I continued as I said in this northern part of Scotland and traveled and preachedand done the best I could for nine months. Baptized nine individuals and thechance looked good for more to come forward to the waters of baptism. Decemberthe 12th, 1853, I received a letter from President S.W. Richards and D. Spencernotifying me to take the Presidency of the Dundee Conference, and if ever Ifelt my littleness, it was at this time. But I went forward and done the best Icould and the Lord was still with me. When I took the conference it wasconsiderably in debt, say 50 odd pounds sterling or two hundred and fiftydollars, and there was but two hundred and fifty saints, old and young, orthereabouts. It was the first day of January 1854, that I took charge of theDundee Conference, and continued as President of that Conference till thespring of 1856. During this time I done the best I know how for the good of thesaints. The Lord was with me all the time. I used all the knowledge that Godgave me to get all the saints away from that conference to the valleys of themountains that could possibly get means to go, and some that could not getmeans. And when I left that conference in March 1856, I left it clear of allindebtedness not owing one shilling to my knowledge.
When I left the Dundee conference I went tothe Edinburgh Conference in company with Brother Wm. Eaton. We took charge of afew saints who had started for the valley of the Great Salt Lake in North America. We got all things ready and then gotaboard the rail cars and went to the city of Glasgow. And there the saints collected fromall parts of Scotland tillthere was about three hundred gathered for the purpose of going to Utah.
St. George, June 9th, 1872.
A patriarchal blessing by William G. Perkins on the head of Daniel DuncanMcArthur, son of Duncan and Susan McArthur, born in the state of New York,April 8th, 1820.
Brother Daniel, I place my hands upon your head. I seal upon you a Father'sblessing. Your lineage is that of Joseph through the line of Ephraim and alawful heir to all the blessings and privileges of the Holy Gospel. Your Fatheris very kind and has great respect for you. He gave you your name and blestyou, and sent you to this earth to receive a body. Your name is registered inthe Lamb's Book of Life. There is will remain worlds without end. He gave you along blessing and only a portion of it has been fulfilled. You will fulfillevery word of it. You have a great work and a glorious work to perform, and indue time you will be called and chosen and set apart to preach the Gospel tothe lost sheep of the house of Israel.You will have great power with them. They will fall down at your feet toworship you. You will say unto them, Arise and worship God who made the Heavensand earth. You will say unto them, I am thy fellow servant. I am come to preachglad tidings of great joy unto you. Then the Holy Ghost will rest down upon youas the rushing of a mighty wind. Then you tongue will be loosed, you willpreach unto them in their own language. You will understand every word that yousay unto them. There you will wee a nation born in a day. Then you will see agreat display of the power of God. You will gather up a mighty host and go tothe center stakes of Zion.You will then go with your army and cross the MississippiRiver and tread down and tear down everything that opposes you.And when the Lord shall say it is enough, you will then return to the CentreStake of Zion. There you will assist in building a HolyTemple,there will be your inheritance. You will assist in building up the NewJerusalem, whose streets will be paved with pure gold. You will do a great workin that HolyTemple for yourself and your dead. Itwill be common with you to see the graves open and the dead come forth. TheAngels of God will be you constant companions by day and by night. You willwitness the return of the ten tribes and be present when Ephraim is crowned.You will witness the return of you Redeemer, and be there when He comes toreceive his HolyTemple. There you will see a greatdisplay of the power of God. You will see a cloud rest upon that temple by dayand a pillar of fire by night. And I seal these blessing of life, health andstrength upon your body, that you may run and not be weary and walk and neverfaint. And I seal you up unto eternal life that you may be with the saintsthroughout the thousand years reign on their earth. I seal upon your head acrown of Celestial Glory. This I do in the name of the Father, Son and HolyGhost. Amen.
St. George, June 9, 1872
A Patriarchal blessing by William G. Perkins on the head of Matilda C.McArthur, daughter of Edward and Hannah Fuller. Born in the state of New York, May 1st, 1920.Matilda, the beloved of the Lord, in the name of Jesus I place my hands uponyour head and seal upon you a Father's blessing. Your lineage is of Josephthrough the loins of Ephraim. And you are a lawful heiress to all the blessingsand privileges of the Holy Gospel. Father sent his Holy Angels to witness yourbaptism into his kingdom. You had a witness and a testimony there and then thatthis was the Kingdomof God. Your Father didnot send you here to be alone, but he sent your true mate. He told you tomultiply and help to replenish the earth. He gave you a long blessing and youwill fulfill it with a glad heart. Your countenance will be full of the HolyGhost. Your name is registered in the Lamb's Book of Life. There is will remainforever. You are true to your trust and true to your friends. The Lord thy God delighteth in you because your heart is pure and contritebefore him. You have been wading a little in deep water, but they Father iswith thee and he will bring thee safe to shore. You will have a beautifulmansion prepared for you. You will keep it in the best of order. Your tablewill be spread with the rich bounties of the earth, it will be your delight tofeed the sons of Joseph. Holy Angels will visit you in your mansion. You willfeed them and lodge them, you will know them as old friends, you will talktogether face to face, you will understand and comprehend every word they say.They will touch you with a Holy touch that will run through your whole system.They will acquaint you of your dead. They will tell you how many have believed thegospel. They will give you their names, ages, and birthplaces, and in due timeyou will go into the Templeof our God and go through all the ordinances of that house for yourself andyour dead. You will assist with your own hands in helping to build that Temple. You will be thereand see your Redeemer coming with power and great glory to receive His HolyTemple. You will be caught up to meet Him, and be with Him at the dedication ofthat Temple.You will be at that great feast, event the marriage supper of the Lamb. Youwill sit down and partake of the rich bounties thereof. There you will see thewounds that your Redeemer received on MountCalveryif you desire it. You can thrust you hand into His side, then you will see agreat display of the power of God. I seal all these blessings upon you and sealyou up unto eternal life, and seal upon your head a crown of Celestial Glory.This I do in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ your Redeemer. Amen.
Death of Daniel Duncan McArthur
D. D. McArthur died June 3rd, 1908, at 1:35 p.m. in St.George, Washington County, Utah.