Rogers/Dallman/Pope/Burkett Geneology:Information about Duncan MacDuff
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Duncan MacDuff (b. Abt. 1000, d. Aft. 1060)Duncan MacDuff (son of Constantine MacDuff)294 was born Abt. 1000 in Scotland294, and died Aft. 1060 in Scotland294.
Notes for Duncan MacDuff:
[Genealogy.com, LLC WFT Vol. 49, Ed. 1, Tree #1294, Date of Import: Dec 25, 2000]
Maormor (Gaelic maor, steward; mor, great, or great steward) of Fife, the celebrated Thane, of Shakespeare, was greatest and chief of those who labored to restore Malcolm Cean-mor or King Malcolm III to his throne, which had been usurped by Macbeth.
Holinshed, a Scottich chronicle of the 16th century, says:
"Makduffe, to auiod perill of life, purposed with himselfe to passe into England to procure Malcolme Cammore to claime the crown of Scotland." "Immediately then Makbeth most cruellie caused the wife and children of Makduffe, with all others whom he found in the castell, to be slaine."
"But Makduffe was alreadie escaped out of danger, and gotten into England unto Malcolme Cammore, to trie what purchase hee might make by means of his support to reuenge the slaughter so cruellie excecuted on his wife, his children, and other friends."
"At his comming vnto Malcolme, he declared into what great miserie the estate of Scotland was brought, by the detestable cruelties exercised by the tyrant Macbeth, having commited many horrible slaughters and murders, both as well of the nobles as commons, for which he was hated right mortallie of all his liege people, desiring nothing more than to be delivered of the intollerable and most heauie yoke of thraldom."
* * * * * Though Malcolme was verie sorowfull for the oppression of his countriemen the Scots, in manner as Makduffe had declared, yet doubting whether he was come as one that meant unfein-edlie as he spake, or else as sent from Makbeth to betraie him, he thought to have some further triall."
Malcolm then gave various long excuses and pictured himself as sensual, avaricious, deceitful, and unfit to govern the people.
"Then said Makduffe: * * Oh, ye unhappie and miserable Scotishmem, which are thus scourged with so manie and sundrie calamities, ech one above other! Ye have one curssed and wicked tyrant that now reigneth over you without anie right or title, oppressing you with his most bloudie crueltie. This other that hath the right to the crowne, is so replet with the inconsistant behauiour and manifest vices of Englishmen, that he is nothing woorthie to enjoy it: for by his own confession he is not onelie
avaritious, and given to vnsatiable lust, but so false a traitor withall, that no trust is to be had vnto anie woord he speaketh.
Adieu, Scotland, for now I account myself a banished man for euer, without comfort or consolation; and with those woords the brackish teares trickled downe his cheekes verie abundantlie."
"At last, when he was readie to depart, Malcolme tooke him by the sleeue, and said: 'Be of good comfort, Makduffe, for I have none of these vices before remembered, but have jested with thee in this manner, onlie to prooue thy mind; for diuerse times heeretofore hath Makbeth sought by this manner of meanes to bring me into his hands but the more slow I have shewed my selfe to condescend to thy motion and request, the more diligence shall I vse in accomlishing the same.'"
* * * * * "Makbeth recoiled backe into Fife, there purposing to abide in campe fortified, at the castell of Dunsinane and to fight with his enemies, * * * * he had such confidence in his prophesies, that he beleeved he should never be vanquished, till Birname wood were brought to Dunsinane."
* * * * "Malcolme following hastilie after Makbeth, came the night before the battell vnto Birname wood, and when his armie had rested a while there to refresh them, he commanded eurie man to get a bough of some treeor other of that wood in his hand, as big as he might beare, and to march foorth therewith in such wise, that on the next morrow they might come closelie and without sight in this manner within viewe of his enemies. On the morrow when Makbeth beheld them coming in this
sort, he first marvelled what the matter ment, but in the end remembered himselfe that the prophesie which he had heard long before that time of the comming of Birname wood to Dunsinane castell, was liklie to be now fulfilled."
"Nevertheless, he brought his men in order of battell, and exhorted them to doo valiantlie, howbeit his enimies had scarcely cast from them their boughs, when Makbeth perceiuing their numbvrs, betooke him streict to fight, whom Makduffe pursued with great hatred euen till he came vnto Lunfannaine, where Makbeth perceiuing that Makduffe was harde at his backe, leapt beside his horsse, saieing, 'Thou traitor, what meaneth it that thou shouldest thus in vaine follow me that am not appointed to be slaine by anie creature that is borne of woman, come on, therefore, and receiue thy reward which thou hast deserved for thy paines.' and therewithall he lifted vp his swoord thinking to have slaine him."
"But Makduffe quicklie avoiding from his horsse, yer he came at him answered (with his naked swoord in his hand) saieing, 'It is true, Makbeth, and now shall thine insatiable crueltie haue an end, for I am even he that thy wizzards haue told thee of who was never borne of my mother, but ripped out of her wombe:' therewithal he stept unto him and slue him in the place."
"Then cutting his head from his shoulders, he set it vpon a pole and brought it unto Malcolme. This was the end of Makbeth, after he had reigned 17 years ouer the Scotishmen."
[This chronicle is the foundation of Shakespeare's tragedy of Macbeth.]
Macduff slew Macbeth at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, December 5, 1056, and in reward for his valuable services, King Malcolm III, bestowed on him the following extraordinary privileges, as given in the Buik of the Chroniclis of Scotland:
"To guide Makduffe the erle of Fyffe gaif he
Ane priuledge and his posteritie;
The first quhilk wes ane priuledge conding.(1)
The erll of Fyffe quhen crownit wes the king,
Onto his chyre suld him convoy and leid,
The croun of gold syne(2) set vpoun his heid
With his awin hand, all seruice for to mak,
As president(3) most principall of that act;
The secund wes, that battell in ilk(4) steid
In his gyding the vangard for to leid:
The thrid also, that neuir ane of his clan
Suld judgit be wnder ane vther man.
Quhen that he war accusit of his lyffe.
(1) Condign, worthy. (2) Since or afterwards. (3) Precedent. (4) Each.
Or in modern English: First, that he and his successors, lords of Fife, should have the right of placing the Kings of Scotland on the throne at their coronation. Second, that they should lead the van of the Scottish armies whenever the royal banner was displayed. Third, that if he or any of his kind committed slaughter of a suddenty they should have a peculiar sanctuary, girth, or asuylum, and obtain remission on payment of an eric or atonement in money to the relations of those slain, which, in Scottish law was called kimbot. He was also rewarded by having his country of Fife confirmed to him, and was created Earl in 1061.
According to Boetius and Fordun, he was eighth in descent from Fyfe MacDuff, a chieftain of great power and wealth, who lived about the year A.D. 800, and who afforded to Kenneth MacAlpin (Kenneth II) who was the first king of all Scotland, strong aid in establishing his right to the throne, A.D. 843, which resulted in the union of the Picts and Scots. In reward for these services Macduff recieved from the Monarch a very large tract of land which he called Fife (now Fifeshire), and over which he was appointed hereditary Thane.
This Duncan was the 8th Thane of Fife and slayer of Macbeth--that's right!-- The real MacBeth!!
More About Duncan MacDuff and <Unnamed>:
Marriage: WFT Est. 1015-1046294
Children of Duncan MacDuff are:
- +Duffagan MacDuff, b. Abt. 1030, Fife, Scotland294, d. Bet. 1120 - 1124, Scotland294.