134.Captain JamesAlexander DuncanGraham, born 1784 in Argyllshire, Scotland; died 05 Dec 1847 in Mendota, MN, USA.He married 135. SusanPennishon. 135.SusanPennishon, born 1741; died 02 Mar 1848 in Mendota, MN, USA. Notes for Captain James Alexander Duncan Graham: "Capt. James Alexander Duncan Graham" is noted by his full name on the Faribault MN history website. Most sources simply use the name "Duncan" Graham, for instance, in online histories associated with Voyageurs National Park, and on the Ramsey County ND history website. Metis Culture website (www.usinternet.com/ftm/dfnels) outlines Duncan Graham's career as beginning as a fur trader among the Dakotas circa the 1790s. During the War of 1812, Duncan became a British officer. He and his Dakota warriors, then under Colonel William McKay, "were replused by the Americans at the battle of Lower Sandusky." On 6 Sept 1814, however, with Duncan Graham leading, the Dakota prevailed against Americans led by future president Zachary Taylor in his attempt to take back Prairie du Chien WI. In Scanlan's history of Prairie du Chien, Duncan Graham is mentioned as also functioning as a courier on behalf of British agents between Prairie du Chien and Green Bay WI during Black Hawk's War. Ramsey County ND online history notes that Duncan Graham established his Graham's Island trading post at Devil's Lake between 1812 and 1815. Voyageur National Park online history notes that Duncan Graham submitted a report to Lord Selkirk about the buffalo population in the Red River area in 1816, and Metis Culture website states that Duncan Graham participated in the Lord Selkirk War against North West Fur Company that same year. By 1818, Graham was trading on Big Stone Lake at the Yankton Sioux village on the Cheyenne River in ND, and by 1820, he was a Hudson's Bay Company trader at Lac Traverse. Apparently, at some point before 1825, Duncan Graham seems to have become an American citizen, as he appears as "Captain James Alexander Duncan Graham" in the Faribault MN online history, where he and his family are living at Fort Snelling MN at that time "because he was stationed there as a (presumably American) Army officer." This reference occurs in the context of the marriage of Graham's daughter to Alexander Faribault; it mentions Graham's wife as well, Suzanne Pennishon. Mary L. Buisson Mc Laughlin discusses her grandfather, "Captain Duncan Graham," in her (1913) book "Myths & Legends of the Sioux." Mary states that he was "a Scotchman by birth, who had seen service in the British Army, (and he) was one of a party of Scotch Highlanders who in 1811 arrived in the British Northwest by way of York Factory, Hudson Bay, to found what is now known as the Selkirk Colony, near Lake Winnipeg, now within the province of Manitoba, Canada. Soon after his arrival at Lake Winnipeg he proceeded up the Red River of the North and the western fork thereof to its source, and thence down the MN River to Mendota, where he located." Mary seems to be implicitly referring to Graham settling down with his wife, who lived in the Mendota MN area. According to his published biography in the (1884) History of Wabasha County MN, in 1832, Duncan Graham established a trading post downriver from Mendota near Cratte's Landing MN, a village settled by his son-in-law, blacksmith Oliver Cratte. In 1834, Duncan Graham renamed the town Wabasha, after the Sioux chief whose village had long been on the site. This same book notes that Duncan Graham also carried mail along an extensive route (that emphasized his former fur-trading familiarity:) Prairie du Chien WI, Devil's Lake ND, and Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. On the Voyageur National Park website, Duncan Graham's correspondence with his early British over-seer Lord Selkirk is mentioned as being in the Selkirk Papers Collection in the National Archives of Canada. Related papers from the Hudson's Bay Fur Company are with the Winnipeg HBC Archives, and American Fur Company Papers are with the MN Historical Society in St Paul. Biographical information on Duncan Graham may be found at (www.nps.gov/voya) Voyageurs National Park and at(www.telusplanet.net) Metis Culture. Mary L. Buisson Mc Laughlin, Graham's granddaugh Notes for Susan Pennishon: In historical texts, the surname "Pennishon" appears under assorted spellings, such as Penichon and Penasha. One family tree source notes Suzanne's birth year as between 1740 and 1756. However, the History of Faribault MN website notes that Suzanne's 20 year old daughter married there in 1825, meaning the daughter was born circa 1805. That would render Suzanne between 49 and 60 years of age when this daughter was born. It seems more plausible that Suzanne was instead born much later, perhaps closer to the alleged birth year of her husband, 1772, and probably later, circa 1775. (Michael D. Brasfield's "Brasfield Genealogies" Tree notes circa 1784.) Suzanne's granddaughter, Mary L. Buisson McLaughlin, notes in her 1913 biographical foreword to her "Myths & Legends of the Sioux" that "Hazahotawin" (Suzanne Pennishon) was a "full-blood Medawakanton." Children of James Graham and Susan Pennishon are:
Nancy Lucy Graham, born 1807 in MN, USA; died 26 Sep 1888 in Wabasha, MN, USA; married (2) Joseph Buisson 1832 in Wabasha, MN.
238.SherwoodBrantley, born 20 Sep 1770 in Edgecombe, NC, USA; died 20 Jan 1840 in Nash, NC, USA.He married 239. TabithaStokes. 239.TabithaStokes, born 1788 in Nash, NC, USA; died 22 Sep 1871 in See Notes, Nash, NC, USA. Child of Sherwood Brantley and Tabitha Stokes is: