In Colfax, Louisiana, just 16 miles southeast of Montgomery, the ColfaxChronicle of January 3, 1914 discussed the Colfax Riot of Easter Sunday,April 13, 1873 as follows:
The Louisiana governor had given the Negro party and white party commissionto take office in Colfax (judge, lawyers, clerk of court, etc.). The whitestook office first but were driven out by 200 Negroes. Whites fled. TheNegroes took over and rioted, rifled homes, and said they were going tokill all the white men and take their white women and start a new race.The Negroes then carried out rape, robbery and murder. They took whitejudge Rutland's deceased son's casket out of the judge's home and threwit on the ground.
Alarm over the Negro's action spread into the surrounding Parishes and200 white men responded to the call for help. They demanded the Negroesgive up the offices and records. The Negroes said no. The Negroes alsothrew up breastworks from trenches they dug around the courthouse. Thewhites told the Negroes to remove their women and children, which theydid. Some Negroes went home due to the delay in fighting, just a standoff.Several days passed.
On Easter Sunday about 150 whites had gathered. They again told theNegroes to go home, which they refused to do. Some of the whites deployedto approach from the rear and surprised the Negroes, many Negroes fleeingdown the river, but many entered the courthouse. The whites made a Negroprisoner set fire to the courthouse at the end with no windows. When theNegroes inside could not put out the fires, they put out several whiteflags. Gray-haired Mr. Hadnot, Frank Moses, Sidney Harris (white men) wentto see about capitulation of the Negroes but were treacherously fired uponkilling Hadnot, Moses, and Harris, and wounding two others in the party.Firing began again. Many Negroes tried to escape and were shot down. Otherswere run down in the fields by men on horseback and shot down without mercy.Forty prisoners were taken. By 4:00 o'clock all firing was over.
The prisoners were taken to a cistern of water to get a drink. Theywere not bound and no guard was put over them. Some whites had left, othershad begun drinking whiskey and became infuriated over the dastardly actionsof the Negroes. They opened fire on the Negroes, killing 20. The othersran. The bodies were buried in the trench the Negroes had dug around thecourthouse.
Right or wrong, it is all history now!