User Home Page Book: Washington-Hadley Family of Thomas Co, Georgia: History of Thomas Hadley & His Descendants
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The Hadley family owned slaves in the Thomas Co area, which is how we have received the name of Hadley. Some Hadleys undoubtedly assumed the name by virtue of being the slaves of Hadleys, and others by natural birth.
Hadley is of Saxon origin and is derived from head (high or elevated) and leigh (a place).2 It has been variously spelled de Hedlega, Headlega, de Haddeleigh, de Haddesley, de Hadley, Hatlege, Hadleigh, Hadly and Hadley.
The Hadleys in America are generally referred to as the New England Hadleys and the Quaker Hadleys. The New England Hadleys are descendants of George Hadley who came from England to Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1639. The Quaker Hadleys are descendants of Simon Hadley II (variously spelled Symon Hadly) who came from Kings Co (now Offalay), Ireland to Chester Co, Pennsylvania in 1712.
Symon Hadly, I and II
The Hadleys we will look into are the Quaker Hadleys. Quite naturally, Simon Hadley II's father was Simon Hadley I, who is believed to have immigrated from England to Ireland. An experienced genealogist reported many years ago that he went to Ireland as an officer in the English army during the reign of William and Mary (1689-1702). However, there is no proof of this as the War College of London does not record a Simon Hadley who served in Ireland.
The earliest known reference to Simon I is from 1668 when "Symon Hadly was made a Freeman of Dublin." In 1680, he petitioned Parliament for protection against the possible confiscation of his property in the event the area became forfeited to the Crown. He owned fishery properties in Dublin and an iron foundry in Kings county.
The Quaker Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in 1647 in London; first meeting held in 1668. The earliest Hadleys known to have joined the Society were Simon I and his wife Catherine. The earliest Quaker record of Simon is from 1685: "In the Dublin Monthly Mens' Meeting 1684-91, ... Simon Hadley Sr. donated the sum of 9 shillings, 'toward the building (of) the Meetinghouse in Meath Street' in 1685."3
They were members of Moate Meeting, Co Westmeath. In the minutes of this meeting, Simon I apologized for allowing his son, Simon II, too many liberties. It would appear that he was a rather brash young fellow who had no qualms about disregarding the rules. Another man had received permission to "court" Ruth Keran. Simon II threw caution to the wind and, contrary to the Society's rules of protocol, interfered with the other man's right.4 I don't believe that Ruth minded because in 1697 she married Simon II. Simon I was disowned by the Society for "marrying out of Meeting" after his second marriage in 1710 at the age of seventy to Elizabeth (shortly after the death of Catherine).
Simon Hadley I and his wife Catherine Talbot (164020 Apr 1710) had the following children (all reportedly born in Ireland):
1. John (b: 1673), m: Margaret Rigley
2. Simon II (ca. 1675/6-1756)
3. Elizabeth (b: 1675), m: (?) Miller
4. Jane (ca. 1681-8 Dec 1750), m: (?) Kiernan
Several sources also list a son by the name of Solomon, born ca. 1672 (?) in Ireland and baptized in St. Michan's Parish on 15 May 1679.
I was all prepared to tell you how Simon I was descended from kings, queens and various other nobility. It has been reported for many years that Simon I was the son of James Hadley and Lady Jane Roswell. However, do to the research of John William Hadley of Portland, Oregon, it now seems that this is probably not the case.
"In 1970 the Society of Friends, Friend's House of London, was requested to research Simon Hadley by Bruce H. Brown for Forfar, Angus, (Scotland). Their notes read as follows: 'Simon is said to have been born in Sommerset (England) in 1640 and married Catherine Talbot. They had immigrated to Ireland by the time their son Simon was born in 1675. He moved from Dublin Meeting to Moate Grange in 1694.
'This confirms the initial information provided to us concerning Simon Hadley, Sr., but suggests that the family were Quakers as early as 1694 when they moved from Dublin to Moate, which is Co Westmeath, but within a mile or so of the border with Kings Co.
'The Irish section of the IGI contained several early entries for the name Simon Hadley (e.g. Simon, son of James Hadley and Jane Roswell is said to have been born in Co Westmeath; another entry states Simon was born in 1650 of the same parents in Kings Co; another entry states that Simon, son of Mrs. Hadley was born in 1640 in Dublin; yet another states he was born in Ballenclash, Co Catlow in 1640 but gives no parents.
'Some family records show Simon's mother as Lady Jane Roswell (Roswell, Boswell), Perthshire, Scotland. It is possible that Simon's parents were James and Jane Hadley. Some Hadley histories show that James was descended from the famous Hadley's of Somerset, England, but no evidence has been discovered that confirms this version.
'In 1590, Simon Hadley of Quatt, which lies about four miles south of Bridgnorth, Shropshire (Salop), England, left a will. Simon was a relatively rare name in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and it is certainly possible that Simon Hadley of Dublin and Moate was descended from Simon Hadley of Quatt. This Hadley family appears to have been settled at Quatt for several generations since, in 1631, the will of John Hadley of Woten in Quatt was proved.'
"Someday, someone may find evidence that links Simon I to his English ancestors, but as of this writing Simon I is our oldest verifiable Hadley forefather. We obtained the original correspondence between Chalmers Hadley and the English genealogist, Edward Dwilley, from Phillip Hocking, a researcher in the Somerset Archives, Taunton, England. Chalmers Hadley wrote the original Hadley genealogy that all others have expanded on. It was interesting to note that Chalmers did not have any information listing James Hadley as the father of Simon I, because one of the documents Dwilley sent Chalmers was a court record of the arrest of James Hadley in 1642 for slander. Chalmers laments having no idea of Simon I's father's name in his letters to Dwilley.
"In this lawsuit William Mercer accused James Hadley, a linen draper, and William Christmas, a farmer, of slander. What was actually said was not revealed, but Hadley apparently got off easy in an earlier trial in the Court of Commons (a £22 fine) instead of £500, which Mercer was demanding. ... This was a very turbulent time in England. Cromwell's destruction of the Monarchy and the Catholic Church sent a lot of people from England to Ireland. It is possible that it was this James Hadley who moved to Ireland and was the father of Simon Hadley, but no further documentation has been found."5
On a subsequent page is information on some American descendants of Simon Hadley I.
In 1712, after the death of his father in Ireland on 10 Jun 1711, Simon Hadley II came to America where he purchased 1,000 acres of land in what was called the Manor of Steyning, later New Garden Township, Chester Co, Pennsylvania (about thirty miles southwest of Philadelphia). Part of his estate, called Messuage Plantation, stretched into what later became New Castle Co, Delaware.
In 1717 he built a house which at that time was considered a mansion. It had a pointed gable window in the front with a white stone slab sunk into the wall. On the slab is carved "S. + R.H. 1717," the initials of Simon and his wife Ruth and the year the dwelling was constructed. The house was still standing in 1995.
Simon II was an active member of the New Garden Monthly Meeting (Pennsylvania) where he was a trustee. Though such activities were not approved of by the Quakers, Simon was appointed Justice of the Peace by Governor Fletcher on 25 Jul 1726, reappointed on 20 Apr 1727 and 1 Dec 1733. At various times, he served as Judge of the New Castle Courts.
Family legend states that he was killed in his barn by a servant for the large sum of money he was known to always carry with him. There is no proof of this, but a letter written by his daughter, Hannah Hadly Stanfield to her step-mother, Phoebe, shows that he died suddenly in 1756.
He left quite a lengthy will, dated 3 Nov 1755, and the original was found by Chalmers Hadley in 1908 in the Wilmington, Delaware courthouse. In his will he distributed 615 acres of land and about $15,000. His previous will had mentioned 1,200 acres of land, and it is possible that, since his sons Joseph and Joshua were barely mentioned in his last will, he may have already dispersed all or part of the other 600 acres between them.
The Quaker Hadleys settled in and around Pennsylvania, and from there moved out to various locations throughout the United States.
1. Simon I (1640-1711)
(m: 1. Catherine Talbot 2. Elizabeth (?))
2. Simon II (1675/6-1756)
(m: 1. Ruth Keran2. Phoebe Grubb)
3. Joshua (1703-1760)
(m: 1. Mary Rowland 2. Patience Brown)
4. Thomas (1728-1781)
(m: Mary Thompson)
5. Simon, Sr. (1760-1835)
(m: Jane Wilkinson)
6. Simon D. (ca. 1790-1867)
(6 Mar 17031760)
Joshua was born in Co Kings, Ireland and came to America with his parents when he was about nine years old. He married Mary Rowland on 2 Jul 1725 and was given a tract of land by his father, and he also purchased other properties in that area. At the time of his father's death in 1756, he was in Augusta Co, Virginia. Shortly after his father's death, he moved to Cane Creek, North Carolina, by which time Mary had died (1733), and he had married Patience Brown (1735).
In-between his marriages, Joshua was charged by one Margery Lindley for impregnating her.6 Joshua denied the charge and refused to meet with those appointed to hear what he and Margery had to say. "Complaint from New Garden Preparative Meeting: 'Margery Lindley says she is with Child by Joshua Hadley which he denyes yet she says true and he has since gone and married another young woman by a priest ...'" He married Patience Brown. This marriage was performed by a priest and they were therefore disowned by the New Garden Monthly Meeting on 24 Feb 1736. Patience, after making acknowledgment, was reinstated and received a certificate to New Garden Monthly Meeting on 30 May 1737.
When I originally read an entry in the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting,7 I thought it rather unusual that it was in the name of the wife, Patience, and not the husband, Joshua. Now I understand why. Joshua was probably still stinging from being previously disowned. This entry is almost twenty years after the reinstatement and it still appears in Patience's name.
Joshua lived four years after moving to North Carolina, and it would appear that he made an impression in the community. In 1931, the South Alamance Pioneer Association erected a memorial monument to him and his wife Patience at Spring Meeting near Snow Camp, North Carolina.
The property acquired by Joshua in North Carolina was about 4½ miles southeast of present day Snow Camp in Alamance Co, and about 1¼ miles north of the Alamance-Chatham Co line. As of 1970, his descendants still resided on the property. The locality called Hadley in Chatham Co is presumed to be the former location of his mill. Being Quakers, they had a strict code of values and discipline to follow. The lives of the two branches of Joshua's family were quite different. Mary Rowlands's descendants were very active in the Revolutionary War and were slave owners. The family of Patience remained Quakers and took no part in the war, except for a little passive resistance now and then.
Children of Joshua and Mary Rowland Hadley:
1. Ruth (ca. 1726-29 Mar 1812)
(m: John Marshall)
2. Thomas (1728-1 Sep 1781)
(m: Mary Thompson)
3. Sarah (16 Aug 1730-unk)
(m: Joseph Fredd)
(17281 Sep 1781)
Thomas Hadley was born in 1728 in Mill Creek Hundred, New Castle Co, Delaware. He married Mary Thompson on 13 Apr 1750 at London Grove Meeting, Pennsylvania.8
Their children were:
1. Jane (1751-ca. 1778)
(m: Patrick Travis)
2. Joshua (13 Jul 1753-8 Feb 1830)
(m: Hannah Holmes)
3. John (28 Mar 1755-21 Aug 1817)
(m: Margaret Livingston)
4. Simon (Mar 1760-14 May 1835)
(m: Jane Wilkinson)
5. Benjamin (1760-ca. 1834)
(m: 1. Elizabeth King 2. Elizabeth Kenderson)
6. Jesse (1762-unk)
7. Mary (1765-1834)
(m: William England)
8. Thomas (1767-1805)
(m: Margaret Weeks Parker)
Thomas, the son of Joshua and Mary Rowland Hadley, and his children were not so inclined to follow the Quaker way of life. The Quakers held monthly meetings in various locations, and through the minutes of these meetings, their movements can be tracked from one location to another. They also kept records of births, marriages, deaths, disciplinary actions and various other aspects of their lives.
In the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting (North Carolina) on 3 Feb 1776,9 it is recorded that Thomas was "disowned" by the Society. No reason was stated. It is presumed it was because of his military activities (he served in the Revolutionary War). On 1 Aug 1778, his daughter, Jane Hadley Travis, was disowned for "married out-of-unity."10Thomas'sons Joshua and Simon (Sr.) were disowned on 5 Jun 177911 (again, probably for their military activities. They also served in the Revolution).
Since I discussed the life of Thomas and his family in the last issue, I will not repeat all of that again. In the will of his father Joshua, Thomas was bequeathed five shillings sterling.
Thomas owned large properties while in Virginia and North Carolina. He and a partner were the first merchants of Cross Creek (now Fayetteville) in Cumberland Co, North Carolina. Thomas represented his district at the Constitutional Convention at Halifax, North Carolina in November 1776. He was elected sheriff of Cumberland Co in 1778, and reelected in 1781, but was killed before serving out his last term.
Thomas and his sons were captains in the Revolutionary War militia. In the last issue, I reported that Thomas was mortally wounded by a Tory (Scottish Americans who favored the British) named McPhail on 1 Sep 1781. A close friend of Thomas by the name of Campbell swore vengeance for Thomas' murder. Each Sunday he carried his rifle to church and announced his intention of killing McPhail. McPhail concluded that there were much healthier places to reside and left the community, never to be heard of again. I have since learned that there are several versions as to how Thomas was actually killed. I will leave it as is with the understanding that there are other versions as well.
Thomas was buried on his River Plantation where for more than 150 years he and his wife remained. In 1935, a Hadley descendant, Mattie Hadley Woodard had them moved to her family plot at Maplewood Cemetery in Wilson, North Carolina.
I also reported in the last issue on Thomas' son Benjamin, who was taken by the Tories and carried to an island where he was tied to a tree and left for the buzzards. (The island has since been known as Hadley Island.) Benjamin found a way to escape. He eventually found his way to Alabama where, at Seven Mile Spring, he is buried with his Negro body servant at his feet.
Thomas' son Joshua "was one of the fifty-two citizens who formed the Association of the Sons of Liberty in 1775 at Liberty Point, Fayetteville, North Carolina. He entered the Continental Army as an ensign in Captain Jean Baptiste Ashe's company of General Abner Nash's brigade. In 1776 his rank of Ensign was confirmed by the Continental Congress, which promoted him to Lieutenant in 1777, and to Captain in 1779.
"Joshua went north with General Nash's brigade in 1777 and took part in the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown. General Nash was killed at Germantown and his brigade almost annihilated. Joshua escaped unscathed, and he and the remnants of the brigade were returned to North Carolina to reorganize and attempt to restore order to that turbulent area."
On 8 Sep 1781, Joshua "... was wounded in the Battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina. The next year, General Jethro Sumner, ..., appointed Joshua to the command of the military district of Wilmington, NC, where he probably served out the remainder of the war."12
In 1787, after the Revolution, he was ordered to Tennessee to quell the Indian "outrages" in that area. He returned to North Carolina in Nov 1787 and took a seat in the State Assembly. Joshua was granted 7,500 acres of public land in Tennessee in recognition of his military services. In about 1790 he began to occupy this land, in Williamson and Sumner Counties. He continued to accumulate land, mostly by buying up land grants from Revolutionary War soldiers.
Simon Hadley, Sr.
(Mar 176014 May 1835)
Simon Hadley, Sr. was born in North Carolina. All sources I have read state he was born in Cumberland Co. In March of 1833 in his Revolutionary War Pension request,13 Simon stated that his mother told him he was born in "the New Fields below Hillsborough, North Carolina." Whether "New Fields" is actually a place name or descriptive of a field, I do not know. In this petition, he states his date-of-birth to have been Mar 1760. His birth has been reported as 1760 and also as 1757. I take what his mama told him, Mar 1760, to be correct. Of all people, she ought to have known.
Simon married Jane Wilkinson and they had the following children:
1. Simon D. (ca. 1790-Nov/Dec. 1867)
2. Samuel Holmes (31 Aug 1794-2 Jul 1850)
(m: Mary Akins)
3. Mary (ca. 1796-unk)
(m: Duncan S. Ray)
4. Jane Wilkinson (15 Nov 1798-22 Sep 1830)
(m: Thomas Jefferson Johnson, Sr.)
5. Elizabeth (20 Jan 1801-9 Apr 1871)
(m: 1. William G. Ponder 2. Robert Copeland)
6. Julia Ann (13 Sep 1802-3 Feb 1863)
(m: James Thweatt Hayes)
7. Anne (22 Sep 1809-16 Sep 1824)
When he was a teenager, Simon volunteered for the Revolutionary War (see court transcript of his pension request in the "Other Documents" section of this book for his reported activities in the war).
In 1792/3, Simon paid $30,000.00 for land near his father's old home in Cumberland Co. In 1805, an epidemic devastated the area and Simon's brother, Thomas and his wife, died. In that same year, Simon sold his body servant to his sister, Mary Hadley England, and the family moved to Georgia. They first lived in Burke Co, then Montgomery Co, and on to Thomas Co in 1825.
After moving to Thomas Co, Simon, Sr. became one of its first commissioners and was a member of the first grand jury. He was elected as the first representative to the state legislature from Thomas Co. He also owned a ferry boat which crossed the Ochlocknee River. In 1830, his 48 slaves made him the second largest slave owner in Thomas Co.14
To continue on with part of one of the stories surrounding the death of his father, Thomas Hadley:
"Old Thomas Hadley, who lived on the east side of Cape Fear and not very far above the Fox Islands, had under his command, at least during the latter part of the war, a militia troop of light horse or mounted men, but I have not heard of his rendering any very efficient services. His son, Joshua Hadley, was first employed as Captain of a militia company to go in search of the "out layers," or those Scots who fled to the swamps for concealment rather than submit to the requisitions of the Whig government; ... (then it goes on to say how Joshua joined the Continental Army, which I have already given a narrative). Simon Hadley had no regular command but headed a band of reckless men whom the Scots represented as no better than robbers and cut-throats. ..."
Simon Hadley, Sr. died on 14 May 1835 and is buried in Brown Cemetery. His daughter, Jane Wilkinson Hadley, married Thomas Jefferson Johnson, Sr., the founding builder and owner of Pebble Hill Plantation. Simon's son, Simon D. Hadley, had twenty-eight children by two of his slaves, which is where we come into the picture.
One of Simon, Sr.'s descendants, Julia J. Davenport, requested and was accepted as a member in the Daughters of the American Revolution by "right of lineal descent" from Simon Hadley, Sr. On 14 May 1960, the Thomasville Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution held a dedication ceremony at Brown Graveyard near Beachton, Georgia to place a marker at the grave of Revolutionary War hero, who served in various capacities from 1775-1785, Simon Hadley, Sr.
Simon D. Hadley
(ca. 1790Nov/Dec 1867)
Simon was born in North Carolina to Simon and Jane Wilkinson Hadley, Sr. The family moved to Georgia and finally to Thomas Co in 1825, where Simon became one of the first justices of the Inferior Court of Thomas Co. He served on the court for the terms 1826-29 and 1829-33.15
Through various family members, it has been passed down that he had twenty-eight children, twenty by one of his slaves, and eight by another. While this is not verifiable proof that would necessarily stand up in a court of law, I believe it to be true. Stories somehow get changed over the years, or different people will recall them differently. Not so in this case. It always remains the same, without any variation. "Twenty children by one of his slaves, and eight by the other." No one has said thirty children, twenty-two children, or even twenty-something. According to the author and historian, William Warren Rogers, Simon believed in the "natural increase of slaves."16 It would appear that Simon D. Hadley did indeed believe in this practice, and didn't mind being one of the participants himself.
At the Thomas Co courthouse, I found transcripts of deeds pertaining to slave sales. In these sales is recorded the son of Simon D. Hadley and our slave ancestor, Dennis Hadley.
Slaves, along with other property, were sold and then used as collateral for a loan. On 31 Mar 1846,17 the following thirty slaves (along with various farm and household equipment and animals) are recorded in an indenture deed between Simon D. Hadley and Duncan Ray (Simon's brother-in-law), for which Duncan Ray paid Simon $11,000.00.
NameSex AgeNameSex Age
Denisman 29Sarahwoman 22
Spencer man 22Harrietgirl 5
Rodolphus lad 16Elizabethgirl 3
Frances woman 22Sallygirl 3 mo
Caroline woman 18Adalinewoman 28
Mary Ann woman 25Emelinegirl 8
little Margaret girl 2Henryboy 4
Josephine girl 3Catharine girl 3
Darianna child ¼ yrJohnboy 3 mo
Solomon boy 9Minervawoman 23
Janegirl 6Angelinegirl 5
Ambrosia girl 5Robertboy 3
Marthagirl 3Wadkinsman 23
Rebecca woman 46Jasperman 22
little Rebeccawoman 16Charlottwoman 39
These same slaves, on the same day, listed in the same order, with the addition of old Margaret, age 50 added to the end, were used in an indenture18 when Duncan Ray delivered to Isaac W. Mitchell a promissory note whereupon he promised to pay Mitchell the sum of $10,000.00.
As my mind began to peruse over these names, I find that there is a woman named Mary Ann, and I wonder if she could be Mary Nixon or Dixon, Dennis' wife. In the census record of 1870, there is a four year difference in their ages, as it is here. There is also a girl by the name of Jane and one named Martha. Again, my mind thinks, could these be Jane and Martha, Dennis and Mary's daughters. The ages do not match that of the census records, but census records often do not match. I have found them to differentiate by as many as twenty years, sometimes more, from one census year to another.
I also wonder if, since Charlott (Charlotte Ann Moore in Simon's will) is believed to be one of the women Simon had children by, if Rebecca, age 46, could be the other. (This list does not necessarily record all of his slaves. The 1850 U.S. Census19 shows him as owning twenty-one slaves. In 1860, he had nine slave houses and perhaps over fourteen slaves. He was listed at the end of the page and the next page did not continue with his listing, as many of the pages appeared to be out of order, and I did not have the time to pursue the matter. The 1850 Census, which was as of June 1 of that year, shows him as owning twenty-one slaves, and on a deed dated May 29th, he purchased twenty-five slaves from James T. Hayes. (21+25=46))
Rebecca and several of the people listed in this deed appear in the 1870 U.S. Census,20 as well as subsequent years. She appears in the household of Rebecca and Edinborough Randal. I make the assumption that this Rebecca is the "little Rebecca" in the table above. Living in close proximity is Adaline Hadley and Sarah Smith (whose dates-of-birth closely match that of Adaline and Sarah in the table above). There is also a Henry Hadley living close by. Simon Hadley, the son of first cousins Watkins and Minerva Hadley, married Josephine Burly and they had a son named Watkins. They also are listed on the same page in the census record.
Do you see what I'm getting at? There are two women on this list whose ages give rise to a theory of mine that they could possibly be the two mothers of the twenty-eight children. If this is so, and Rebecca is one of them, then she could possibly have been the mother of Dennis Hadley. Another branch of the Hadley family states that Charlotte was the mother of Watkins and Jasper, and the three of them do appear in Simon's will. I also notice from the census records that several couples named their daughters "Rebecca" and "Charlotte." However, Dennis had a daughter named Charlotte, not Rebecca. If the dates on the deed are near to being correct, Charlotte could not have been the mother of Dennis...then again? But then, I can also begin to make a case for old Margaret as well.
On 29 May 1850, two transactions involving some of these same slaves were made. In one,21 James T. Hayes (Simon's brother-in-law) received from Samuel H. Hadley (Simon's brother) the sum of $5,150.00 for ten slaves. In the other transaction,22 James T. Hayes received from Simon D. Hadley the sum of $7,000.00 for twenty-five slaves, two wagons, six mules and five horses. Included in this transaction were Dennis, Mary Ann, Jane, Martha, little Rebecca, old Rebecca and others from the previous table. There also appears in this list a boy by the name of George (could be George Wesley Hadley, Dennis' son).
Slaves were passed around right along with the cattle, and also given away as gifts and used in marriage contracts.
On 8 Jan 183523 and 24 May 1828,24 Simon Hadley, Sr. gave slaves as gifts to his son Samuel Holmes Hadley. In 1859, along with various properties, slaves were promised by Richard Wright of Alabama in a marriage agreement25 to Mary Hadley.
I was told an interesting story by Alleen, you know the one who hung around adult relatives listening when she was supposed to have left the room. She told me they used to talk about how Simon would come out in the mornings "with a pistol on his hip and a whip in his hand." Now the whip was actually that personal part of his anatomy below a man's waist, well, you figure it out. Anyhow, he would say to the two slave women, "What's it going to be this morning?" In other words, which one of them would get to, well, you figure that one out too. He had twenty-eight children by these two women, if that will help you.
There seems to have been some disagreement over who should control the large estate of his brother, Samuel Holmes Hadley. Simon had been named as the administrator of Samuel's estate, including guardianship of his three minor daughters. Samuel's widow, Mary Akins Hadley, obtained the services of lawyer A. T. MacIntyre to defend her right as their guardian and administrator of the estate.
It was stated for her cause that:
1st The said Simon D Hadly is not competent to superintend the management of the property of said minors,
2nd Because all the minors are females and infants under the age of ten years,
3rd Because the said Mary Hadly is the mother of all the minors and by law the natural guardian of said minors.26
The court ruled that Mrs. Hadley would be guardian of the girls, and Simon, by giving sufficient bond and security, was given administration of the property.27 Simon petitioned the court to keep the slaves together to keep up the farm and lands of the minors.28
In the 1850 and 1860 U.S. Censuses previously mentioned, I saw Simon's name listed several times, not only for himself and his property, but also as the manager/steward for the property of others.
Simon D. Hadley's will29 was signed on 23 Nov 186730 and probated on 26 Dec 1867. He died sometime between these two dates, and is buried at Pebble Hill Plantation Cemetery.HADLEY formerly of Ballynakill
Burke's American Families with British Ancestry by Sir John Bernard Burke 1814-1892, pp 2724/5.
IChalmers Hadley, of Birdwhistle, Compton Rd., Hamilton Co., Ohio, Librarian of the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton Co., from 1924, Librarian Denver Public Library 1911-24, President American Library Association 1920-21, Member of the Colorado Council of Defense and United States Food Administration in Colorado 1917-18, President Colorado Library Commission 1913-24, member of the Society of Colonial Wars, b.31 3 Sept. 1872; educ. Earlham Coll., B.L. (1896), New York State Library School, and University of Denver, Hon. Litt.D.; m. 29 Oct. 1917, Edna Florence, daughter of Charles Francis, and Sarah Crocker (Adams) Hendrie.
Lineage.Symon Hadley, of Ballynakill, King's Co., who went from England to Ireland, and having purchased lands there was styled as of Ballynakill in his petition to Parliament, ca. 1680, b. 1640; m. Catherine Talbot, and d. 1711, leaving (with an elder son, John, of Carreigh, Co. Westmeath, whose eldest son Benjamin had a daughter Elizabeth, who m. 25 Aug. 1737, Frederick, 3rd Viscount Boyne, who died-without-issue 2 Jan. 1772see Burke's Peerage), a younger son,
Symon Hadley, of Moate, Co., Westmeath,32 who settled in Chester Co., Pennsylvania in 1712, where he purchased a large plantation, part of which extended into what was later Newcastle Co., Delaware, J.P. (1726), and Judge of the New Castle Courts, b. 1676; m. 1697, Ruth Keran, and d. 1756, leaving issue, three sons, and five daughters. His second son,
Joshua Hadley,33 of Millcreek Hundred, Delaware, and later of Augusta Co., Virginia, b. 6 Mar 1703; m. 1st, Mary, daughter of Thomas Rowland, and had issue, one son and three daughters. He m. 2nd, 1735, Patience, daughter of Jeremiah Browne, and d. 1760, having by her had further issue, four sons and five daughters. His fourth son,
Joshua Hadley, of Hadley Township, Orange Co., North Carolina, b. 23 May 1743; m. 28 Sept 1761, his cousin, daughter of Thomas Lindley and Ruth Hadley, and d. 8 April 1816, leaving issue, with eight younger sons (1. Simon, m. Elizabeth Thompson; 2. William, m. Sarah Clark; 3. John, m. Lydia Harvey; 4. Jeremiah, m. Mary Hornaday; 5. Jonathan, m. Ann Long; 6. Jacob, m. 1st, Sarah Chambers, and 2nd, Phoebe Pickett; 7. Joshua, m. 1st, Lydia Hiatt, and 2nd, Rebecca Hinshaw; and 8. Joseph, m. Mary Hinshaw), and five daughters, an eldest son,
Thomas Hadley, of Orange Co., N. Carolina, and Morgan Co., Indiana, b. 10 Dec 1763; m. 10 Dec 1783, Mary, daughter of John Newlin and Mary Pyle, and d. 27 Sept 1846, leaving issue, five sons and five daughters. The youngest son,
William Hadley, of Morgan Co., Indiana, b. 8 July 1800; m. 15 April 1824, Ann, daughter of Eli Harvey and Mary Stanfield, and d. 23 Sept 1851, leaving issue, with two elder sons (Edwin, m. Nancy Wines, and Eli, m. 1st, Susanna Stanton, and 2nd, Emily Haworth), and four daughters, a youngest son,
Evan Hadley, M.D., of Indianapolis, Indiana, b. 4 Jan 1845; m. 26 June 1871, Ella, daughter of Michael Quinn, by Jane MacIntyre, his wife, and had issue,
1. Chalmers, of whom we treat.
2. Evan, of Mooresville, Morgan Co., Indiana, b. 29 Nov 1875.
3. Harvey, M.D., of Richmond, Indiana, b. 18 June 1878; m. Beatrice Elizabeth Bailey.
4. Paul, of Indianapolis, and Mooresville, b. 5 Aug 1880.
Residences.Birdwhistle, Compton Road, Hamilton Co., Ohio, and Indian Creek Park, Brookvale, Clear Creek Co., Colorado.
Clubs.Authors' (London); Mile High (Denver); The Literary (Cincinnati).
IILindley Hoag Hadley, of Washington, D.C., Counsellor-at-Law, Member of U.S. Congress, 1915-33, served 14 years on the Committee on Ways and Means, b. 19 June 1861; educ. Illinois Wesleyan University; m. 1 June 1887, Lavalette, daughter of Joseph Cross, and has issue,
1. Virginia Fleming, Teacher, Member of Gamma Phi Beta Sorority, Member of P.E.D. Sisterhood (931, Comstock Avenue, Syracuse, New York), b. 4 June 1892; educ. Univ. of Washington and San José State Teachers' College; m. 1 Oct 1913, George Russell Trafton, and has issue,
Robert Hadley Trafton, b. 18 July 1914.
2. Helen (81, Park Avenue, Bronxville, New York), m. 12 Oct 1921, MacLean Gander, and has issue,
1. Lindley Hadley, b. 28 Dec 1923.
2. James Thomas, b. 12 Dec 1926.
3. Roderick MacLean, b. 26 Dec 1930.
Lineage.Joseph Hadley, of Chatham Co, North Carolina, youngest son of Joshua Hadley, of Millcreek Hundred, Delaware (see preceding article), b. 5 July 1745; m. ca. 1770, Mary Cashat, and was succeeded by his son,
Joshua Hadley, of Orange Co, Indiana, b. 17 July 1780; m. 14 Jan 1801, Catharine, daughter of William Holladay, and d. 7 Jan 1857. His son,
Noah Hadley, of Parke Co, Indiana, b. 29 April 1807; m. 1830, Ruth, daughter of Jonathan Lindley, and d. 16 July 1834. His son,
Jonathan Hadley, of Parke Co, Indiana, b. 11 Mar 1831; m. 10 Mar 1853, Martha, daughter of John McCoy, and d. 2 Oct 1893, leaving issue,
1. Lindley Hoag, of whom we treat.
2. Hiram Elwood, sometime Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of Washington, b. 16 Jan 1854; educ. Earlham College, Indiana, and Northwestern University, Illinois; m. 16 Jan 1879, Martha (d. 15 Dec 1935), daughter of John Musgrave, and d. 13 Jan 1929, leaving issue,
3. Alonzo McCoy, of Bellingham, Washington, b. 4 Oct 1867; educ. Earlham College, Indiana; m. 12 June 1901, Edna, daughter of A. M. Beebe.
- 1. Roy Overman, of Seattle, Washington, b. 25 Oct 1879; m. 15 Mar 1905, Bertha Mary Shaw.
- 2. Clyde Musgrave, of Washington, D.C., b. 28 Mar 1883; m. 26 Jun 1912, Edna Adams Trueblood.
- 3. Earl Jonathan, of New York, N.Y., b. 9 Sept 1884; m. 28 April 1913, Jean Disbrow.
- 1. Inez Lavalette, of Bellington, Washington, b. 30 Aug 1888; m. 14 Mar 1917, John Crome Pierce.
- 2. Martha Katherine, of Vancouver, B.C., b. 29 May 1890; m. 2 Sept 1914, Bruce Mackenzie Farris.
Residence.Hotel Roosevelt, Washington, D.C.
Dennis Hadley, Sr. (1)1
(ca. 1817ca. 1895)
Dennis Hadley, the son of a slave woman and her owner, Simon D. Hadley, and a slave himself, was born around 18172 in Georgia. He was married first to Mary Nixon (or Dixon, ca. 1821-aft 1870). Mary was Indian or of Indian descent. Their children were:
1. Jane Hadley (ca. 1840-unk)
(m: Simon Jackson)
2. Martha Hadley (ca. Aug 1841-8 Dec 1919)
(m: 1. (?) Holland 2. Mack Nixon)
3. George Wesley Hadley (22 Aug 1846-23 Nov 1908)
(m: Carolina Clark)
4. Charlotte Hadley (May 1854-9 Jul 1914)
(m: Scott Johnson)
5. Joretha Hadley (unk-unk)
After Mary's death, Dennis married Elizabeth "Granny Lizzie" Parker on 19 Dec 1878 in Thomas Co, Georgia.3 His residence was where his great-grandson, Walter Reed Hadley, Jr. now lives.
As a free man, Dennis appears in the U.S. Census of 1870,4 the first U.S. census when these former slaves were counted as individuals and not as a number in the slave population.
NameAge Sex Color Occupation Birth
HADLEY, Denis59MMufarm laborerGA
Mary (Nixon)55FMukeeping houseVA
My foremost authority on the Hadley family is Alleen Hadley Sinquefield, who was born in Thomas Co on 17 Apr 1915 to Lemuel E. and Dosia Jane Larkins Hadley. She is the great-granddaughter of Dennis Hadley. As a little girl, Alleen had the habit of hanging around and listening to the adults as they talked. When her mother would send her away, she doubled back down the hall and took up a position to listen. Not only did she listen, but she remembers what she heard and observed! She says her memory goes back to when she was three years old.
I asked Alleen if she is familiar with any of the names listed above. The only ones she has heard of are Dennis, his wife Mary, and Charlotte (if the one listed is Dennis' and Mary's daughter). If you've read all of the text up to this point, you will recall that a Richard Wright promised slaves to his future bride Mary Hadley. The Dennis Wright in the above table may be a descendant of someone from that domicile. The Charlotte listed may be his daughter Charlotte who married Scott Johnson in 1875, so she would still be living at home in 1870. The other two, Caroline and Mary, could also be their daughters, unfortunately, the census for this particular year did not ask for relationship.
Dennis did have children outside of his marriages. One of them I believe was Dennis Hadley, Jr. While looking through the tax records, I came across Dennis' name and it was always listed as Dennis Hadley. On one occasion it was recorded as Dennis Hadley, Sr.5 Of course this perked up my curiosity because I had not seen another Dennis Hadley in the records for the areas and time period I was searching. So I knew it was the same Dennis, but where did the "Sr." come from?
As I searched further, I found a Dennis Hadley, Jr. who is recorded in the tax record for the year 1890.6How many other children Dennis had, if any, is not known. I spoke with Mrs. Willie Rene Hadley Ross who told me that her great-grandfather was Dennis Hadley. She does not know the name of her grandfather, Dennis' son. Her father's name was Herman Hadley who died in 1953. His brothers were named Archie and Sam.
In another record I found that Herman made a petition against his brother Archie as a lunatic7 on 26 Aug 1916. The "three nearest adult relatives" of Archie were Herman Hadley, Cherry Hadley and Scott Johnson. Scott was the husband of Charlotte Hadley, Dennis' (Sr.) daughter. (Archie was found not to be a lunatic and was not committed to the sanitarium, on 6 Sep 1916, the same day his marriage license shows he and Cherry Hadley were married (Hadley appears to have been her maiden name).
Without the name of Herman's and Archie's father, it is impossible to determine if Dennis (Jr.) or some other son of Dennis (Sr.) was their father. These are all pieces to a great big puzzle. Perhaps some day someone will come along and solve this mystery.
Since Dennis began to appear in the Deeds and Realty Mortgages records, I asked Alleen if she knew how he originally obtained land. She told me he received it from his father, Simon D. Hadley. (I wonder what that "D" stands for?) In browsing down the list of Hadleys in the index of the deeds book, it appears that Simon D. Hadley, prior to emancipation, was the only Hadley who had transactions in District 13, where Dennis settled.
Dennis first appears in the deeds and realty index on 3 Oct 1874 as the grantee of a warranty deed for 245 acres, lot 154, district 13 (book: BB-309). He had various other land transactions between his children and others, up until 1893.
I have placed the death of Dennis Hadley, Sr. to have been around 1895. Taxes appear for the "estate of Dennis hadley" as of 1896, and the last entry with his name in the deeds book appears is in 1893. His wife, Elizabeth, is recorded as a widow on the 1900 U.S. Census.
Well, I do believe the mystery is solved. I obtained the death certificate of Herman Hadley. On Herman's death certificate (his wife Ola Thomas Hadley was the informant), his age at death was recorded as 65. The name on the certificate (as well as his grave at Magnolia Cemetery) is "Homer." His date-of-death was 15 Oct 1953, which places his date-of-birth to have been ca. 1888. His father's name is recorded as "Dennis Hadley." His mother was Susie Dorch Kuro. This may not be the correct spelling. Often what the hearer hears is not what the speaker has spoken. This may account for the discrepancy in Herman's name, or Homer may have been a nickname. The mother Susie, if previously married, may very well be the Susan Johnson on a marriage certificate from 1875.8
Therefore, my conclusion is that this Dennis Hadley (Jr.) was the son of our Dennis Hadley (Sr.), and the father of Herman, Archie and Sam.
Jane Hadley (2)
Jane Hadley was born a slave in Thomas Co, Georgia to slave parents, Dennis and Mary Nixon Hadley. She married Simon Jackson, and the 1880 U.S. Census9 shows the family together as follows:
NameColor Sex Age Relationship
JACKSON, Simon BM 40
Jane (Hadley)Mu F 43 wife
AltonBM 14 son
WillyBM 11 son
GeorgeBM 8 son
Not much is known about Jane, except that Alleen told me she was killed by lightening while ironing in the field next to St. George Chapel C.M.E. Church. Until I found this census record, her son Willie was the only child I had previously heard about.
Martha Hadley (2)
(ca. Aug 18418 Dec 1919)
Martha Hadley was born a slave in Thomas Co, Georgia to slave parents Dennis and Mary Nixon Hadley. She was first married to (?) Holland. His first name or what became of him is not known. She secondly married Rev. Mack Nixon in Thomas Co on 27 Mar 1882.10 Mack had also been married before.
The 1880 U.S. Census11 records them as follows:
Name Color Sex Age Relationship Occupation
NIXON, MackBM 48blacksmith
MarthaMu F 35wifekeeping house
CrawforMuM 14sonwork on farm
PeterBM 12sonwork on farm
EllaBF 7daughterwork at home
JohnBM 1 1/12son
Once again there is a mystery to solve. Who were Crawford and Peter? They are listed as the sons of Mack Nixon, which is not necessarily correct. Often when a wife has children from a prior relationship, they will assume the name of the current husband, or the children will simply be recorded as such. For the lack of any evidence to the contrary, I leave them as the natural children of Mack, and the step-children of Martha.
The 1900 Census records Martha as being the mother of four childrentwo alive. The 1910 Census records two children with two alive. Therefore, take the last four children listed in the table above as Martha's and Mack's natural children. I know that Ella Nixon Washington and Carrie Nixon Wade were their children who were alive. Mattie and John would be the two deceased children. There were several grandchildren living with Mack and Martha as recorded in the 190012 and 1910 censuses, who were possibly the children of Mattie and/or John.
Mack and Martha were the parents of Ella Nixon, who married George Franklin Washington. I had erroneously stated in the previous family history book that Ella was Mack's step-daughter, basing my conclusion on the year Mack and Martha were married (which I had at the time gathered from census records), and the date ofElla's birth. As you may have noticed, their children were born prior to their marriage.
In the era in which they lived, sometimes marriages took place and were never recorded. And in the 19th century, they did what is called "jumping the broom." In other words, they jumped backwards over a broom and were pronounced husband and wife. Mack Nixon was, or was to become, "Rev." Mack Nixon (he was the seventh pastor of St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church). Maybe they wanted to ensure that the record showed they were indeed husband and wife. I do not know.
There was a name I saw often in the records but never gave it any thought. When I looked at the family's mailing list, there was the name "Yarborough." When I asked Alleen if she knew of any Yarboroughs in the family, she told me that Mack Nixon had a daughter by the name of Gertrude Yarborough. The 1920 U.S. Census13 shows the following:
NameRelationship Sex Color AgeMarital Status
YARBOR, EllaheadF B55W
Gertrude daughterF B23S
Flossieg-daughterF B2 1/12 S
Nicolasg-sonM B8/12 S
Ella was the widow of Nicholas Yarborough.14 The three grandchildren are the children of Gertrude.
Note: It appears that I stumbled upon the Yarborough name by mistake. I was informed by Sarah Eloise Washington Johnson that the Yarborough on our mailing list is a friend of hers and not related. She does however remember aunt Susie Martha Washington Heard talking about Gertrude Yarborough.
Martha Hadley Holland Nixon died in Thomas Co on 8 Dec 1919. The tax records for Mack Nixon ceased in 1916, and then appear in the name of Martha. In 1922, the tax record15 is listed for Martha's estate "by J.H. Holland." In 1924 it is listed as "Holland, J.H. for Martha Nixon."16 J.H. Holland was the informant on Martha's death certificate, which leads me to believe that he was her son or grandson. At the time of her death, his residence was recorded as Kissimmee, Florida.
Mack Nixon had a daughter (I believe from his first marriage) named Henretta. Her son, Oscar Simmons, was the informant on her death certificate and he recorded Mack Nixon as her father, but "unknown" for her mother's name. Oscar, who was born in 1888, would have known Martha. Since he did not state her to be Henretta's mother, she was probably the daughter of Mack's first wife.
Henretta was born Aug 1863 and died 31 Jul 1941. She married Austin Simmons (18209 Nov 1920) on 18 Dec 187917 in Thomas Co, Georgia.
Austin's first wife was Julia Scales18 (ca. 1848ca. 1879). Austin and Julia had the following children:
19 Alice b: ca. 186920 Hattie b: ca. 1870 Peter b: ca. 1876 Maria b: ca. 18791880 U.S. Census:21
- Lucia b: ca. 1867
Name Color Sex Age Relationship Occupation
SIMONS, Austin BM 40laborer
HenrettaMuF 17wifekeeping house
AliceBF 11daughterat home
Even though Maria could have been Henretta's daughter, I believe she was Julia's. While perusing through Emma Simmons Ponder's bible (Emma was Austin and Henretta's daughter), I did not come across a Maria, or anyone born around 1879. Julia Scales Simmons probably died during or soon after child birth.
Austin and Henretta had the following children:
Martha27 Feb 1881- 27 Nov 1951 (?) Jenkins
Mary Jane16 Jul 1882- 30 May 1918 1. Jenkins Mingo 2. Ben Bittle
Sam30 Sep 1883- 29 May 1974 Martha Williams
Emma S.15 Apr 1885- Apr 1977Lee Ponder
Mack5 Mar 1886- Oct 1958
Oscar16 Jul 1888- 2 Feb 1962 Pashens Dukes
Mamie6 Jan 1890-unkYoung Watson
Hezekiah3 Aug 1902-?
Johnnie26 Jan 1904- 5 Feb 1929
Annie Bell6 Sep 1906- 13 Apr 1997 Joseph Mitchell, Sr.
Ella Nixon (3)
See George Franklin Washington
Carrie Nixon (3)
Carrie Nixon was born Apr 1875 in Thomas Co, Georgia to mack and Martha Hadley Holland Nixon. The reason I became aware of Carrie (and Henretta as well) is through Alleen. I asked several people if they knew who the brothers and sisters of Ella were. No one I asked knew. I turned to my trusted confidant, and as usual, she had the answer. Alleen told me that Ella had sisters by the names of Retta Simmons and Carrie Wade. So, I searched through some of the records I already had, and there they were.
1920 U.S. Census:
NameRelationship Sex Color Age Marital Status
WADE, HoraceheadM B53 M
Carrie (Nixon)wifeF B47 M
Peter????sonM B20 S
May ElladaughterF B18 S
JoshuasonM B16 S
HenriettadaughterF B13 S
Amy BelledaughterF B12 S
Bernicedaughter F B9 S
DanielsonM B8 S
George Wesley Hadley (2)
(22 Aug 184623 Nov 1908)
George Wesley Hadley was born a slave in Thomas Co, Georgia to slave parents, Dennis and Mary Nixon Hadley. Around 1875 he married Carolina "Caroline" Clark, the daughter of Jim Clark. To George and Caroline, twelve children were born (through the various years of the census records, I came up with fourteen names).
Georgia Annca. 1874-unk1. Edward Wilson 2. Isaac H. Young
Andrewca. 1875-ca. 1894never married
Samuelca. 1876-ca. 1894never married
Jamesca. 1878-bef. 1908
Laura Jane16 Apr 1879- 18 Feb 1968 Rev. Isaac Edward Washington
Benettaca. 1880-unkWalter Washington
Fred9 Jun 1881- 21 Jul 1906Rosa Goosby
Lemuel E.18 May 1883- 24 Oct 1918 Dosia Jane Larkins
Walter Reed9 Sep 1890- 10 Mar 1967 1. Lillie Smith 2. Bessie Elizabeth Burns
Annie R.23Oct 1892-unk
DockDec 1893-ca. 1914
Fannie Belle1895-unkJames Paul Rogers, Jr.
George Wesley owned a cotton gin, saw mill and grits mill in the St. Paul Community of Thomas Co where they lived. His wife Caroline also owned and operated a small country store in the area.
George Wesley, while returning home from Thomasville one evening, was shot and eventually died from the wounds inflicted. The reason for the shooting and the identity of the murderer or murderers was never determined. He died on or about 23 Nov 1908.
Alleen, who spent a great deal of time with her grandmother Caroline, told me of how Caroline's African ancestors came to this country. Slave traders made friends with some South African girls who were daughters of Chief Copeland of the Copeland Tribe. After having gained their confidence and trust, they snatched them and took them aboard the slave ship. In the confusion of the roundup, Jim Clark, who was just a little boy at the time, was also seized. He and his aunts were brought to America by way of Spain. During the trip, one of the girls, who was distraught over the ordeal, refused to eat. Perhaps as an example to the others, the traders wrapped her in a blanket and threw her overboard. She was still alive at the time.
Jim Clark24 donated the property where St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church and Cemetery are located.25 George Wesley Hadley donated the land for St. George Chapel School and Church.26
Andrew and Samuel Hadley (3)
George and Caroline's sons, Andrew and Samuel, both in their late teens, were accidentally poisoned. The following story is true, only the names have been changed to protect, well, anyone who thinks they need protecting.
It seems that a certain man, whom I shall call Mr. Exodus, had a young daughter who became pregnant. One of the young Hadley boys was credited with the feat. He profoundly denied having taken any part in the endeavor. A friend of Mr. Exodus, I'll call him Mr. Luther, decided to help the Exodus family out by getting one of the Hadley boys to fess up and marry the young Miss Exodus. It didn't matter to him which one, either would do.
Now the boys had the habit of taking a water jug with them to work. They left the jug under a tree while they worked in the field, that way they wouldn't have to trudge all the way home when they needed a drink of water. One day Mr. Luther, hiding himself from the boys and when they had gone into the field, put some "love potion" in their water jug. The boys began to drink from the jug.
Soon after, they became ill with severe stomach pains and headed for home. Upon their arrival at home, their mother Caroline asked them if they had drunk any water. Their reply was they drank only the water they had taken with them. (There was an epidemic of some kind at the time.) The doctor was summoned and he asked if they had been poisoned. Caroline's answer was negative. The doctor thought surely that they had the symptoms of poisoning, but Caroline was sure it was the fever.
Meanwhile, the neighbors had gathered at the house to pray for the boys. Mr. Luther was also at the house and knew what had happened. Instead of retrieving the love potion from the shelf, he had mistakenly taken down rat poison instead. Rather than admit what he had done, he remained silent. One of the boys died around 10:00 that evening. The other died before the rising of the sun. One can only imagine the howling screams of a mother at the death of her two boys. George Wesley had no lack of grief himself, but men will be men.
Some years later the circus came to town. A man from the circus, perhaps the fortune teller, went around town gathering information about the towns people. As he was telling fortunes, George Wesley sat upon his horse listening. The man spoke to George and told him to come on up. George remained on his horse in silence. The man finally said to George, "You had two sons didn't you? Both dead now. You think they died from the fever but they didn't. They were poisoned by Mr. Luther."
George Wesley immediately turned his horse around and headed for home. Meanwhile, someone who had been at the scene ran and told Mr. Luther what had happened. Mr. Luther got himself and family out of the house, locked it up and headed for the woods and there hid themselves. George Wesley, not known for an even temperament, had gone home for his shotgun. He rode up to the Luther house and finding no one home, proceeded to shoot the house apart. Some years later, Caroline and her neighbors came to a reconciliation over the deaths of her boys. It was an unfortunate and tragic accident.
James Hadley (3)
Another son of George and Caroline's by the name of James, and a companion of his were on their way to hunt on the property of Henretta Nixon Simmons. He traveled up what is now U.S. Hwy 319. One must remember that in those days, it was not what you would call a highway. It was merely a trail, and as long as the bushes were cut back, one traveler could move off to the side and allow another to pass by. Well, James was traveling along in his horse pulled buggy. A white boy from Coolidge came up behind him wanting to pass. James proceeded on his way, and the wheels of his buggy locked up and he climbed down to investigate.
A fight ensued between James and the white boy. Upon beating up the white boy, James and his buddy continued on their journey. As is the law, James had "broken down" his shotgun because they would have to travel through town (Coolidge I believe it was). As they traveled along, the sheriff of Merrillville, who just happened to be a relative of the white boy, came upon James and shot him in the back of the head. Thus ended the life of another of George Wesley and Caroline's sons.
Laura Jane Hadley (3)
Laura Jane was born in Thomas Co, Georgia on 16 Apr 1879 to George Wesley and Carolina Clark Hadley. On 13 Apr 1897 she married Isaac Edward Washington in Thomas Co. The Washingtons had ten children: Andrew Malone, Carolyn, Samuel, Ethel, Ralph James, Hattie Ruth, Rachael, Ruby, Benjamin and Loretha.
Ralph James Washington (4)
Ralph James was born in Thomas Co, Georgia on 25 Oct 1908 to Rev. Isaac Edward and Laura Jane Hadley Washington. He attended a Baptist school in Macon, Georgia. His father wanted him to become a minister, but Ralph says that was not his calling.
When I first contacted Mr. Washington in the spring of 1997, I thought I was speaking to a much younger person. I spoke to him on the phone in the third person, thinking I was perhaps speaking with his son. I was invited to come to his home for an interview. When I arrived on 27 Apr 1997, the door was open and an energetic, handsome and young 89 year old came to the door.
Ralph has seen quite a bit of the world in his travels with the U.S. Army. He was drafted in 1942 while in Columbus, Georgia and spent thirteen of his twenty-one years overseas. He has served in WWII, the Korean War, and has traveled to such places as India, Burma, Japan, China and various European countries. In 1958 he went to the World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium. He says during his military career, whites and blacks worked together but lived separate lives. He was in the military when it was integrated under the presidency of Harry S. Truman in 1948. Ralph retired in Oct 1963 out of Ft. Campbell, Kentucky.
Mr. Washington was married for the first time around 1930 to Lillie Ghemetta Allen. They had a son named Wilman Washington who was born 28 Jan 1930. Wilman drowned and died on 22 Dec 1992. After his divorce from Lillie, he married Thelma Mariano. They had a daughter named Doris Dettie Washington, born 19 Oct 1934. Doris has remained single and resides in Florida. Ralph's subsequent wives were Ann Sherrell (1954) and Mary Harley (1971).
After his retirement from the army, Ralph owned and operated the Red Dot Cafe for several years in Thomasville. He says it was more trouble than it was worth and by the end of the 1970's closed it down.
Ralph remembers a time in Thomas Co when he says the people loved and cared for each other, and children were obedient. They were honest and hard working people. If a neighbor was sick, the others would come over and help out on his farm. If the wife was sick, the ladies would cook for her. Gone are the days when you could leave your home with the doors unlocked.
Dock Hadley (3)
Another of George Wesley and Caroline's sons by the name of Dock, along with his cousin Willie Jackson and one of their friends became inundated by alcohol one day. Yes, a fight ensued. Dock had the friend penned down and Willie gave Dock a pistol. The friend was able to wrestle the gun away from Dock and shot him. The friend ran away, but the end came to the life of another son of George Wesley and Caroline.
Fred and Georgia Ann Hadley (3)
George and Caroline's son Fred died from scarlet or yellow fever. A daughter, Georgia Ann, graduated from Allen Normal School and became a school teacher at Bethlehem and St. George Chapel Schools.
Charlotte Hadley (2)
(ca. May 18549 Jul 1914)
Charlotte Hadley was born a slave in Thomas Co, Georgia to slave parents, Dennis and Mary Nixon Hadley. Charlotte married Scott Johnson around 25 Dec 1875. The Johnsons, I was told, had five boys and seven girls (through the various censuses and conversations with relatives, I came up with eight girls). The 190027 census lists all of their children, except for Charity and Missouri (who appears in 191028). The 1900 census records twelve children. In 1910, Missouri was added, who was born ca. 1903. At that time, it records Charlotte as having thirteen children, with eleven alive.
1900 U.S. Census:
X = Mother of How Many Children?
Y = Number of these Children Living?
Name Relationship Month/Yr of Birth Age Marital Status X Y
JOHNSON, ScottheadApr 185355 M
Sharlotte (Hadley)wife May 1854 46 M12 12
WilliesonOct 187623 S
EmmadaughterJun 187821 wd2 2
Lizziedaughter Feb 188218 S
SpencersonJun 1884 15 S
SusandaughterFeb 189614 S
LillardaughterJun 188811 S
DennissonSep 18909 S
HagerdaughterMar 18955 S
MarthadaughterMay 18973 S
WashingtonsonMay 18973 S
Andyson??? 189811/12 S
Richard (Larkins)g-sonJul 18972 1/12 S
Net (Larkins)g-sonAug 189910/12 S
Charlotte, I am told, was deeply into religion. Actually, what I was told was that she was a fanatic. (What one person considers fanatical, God may call faith.) Anyhow, she went around telling people that God had called her to save the people of Coon Creek (St. Paul Community). She also had the habit of cleaning out a hog trough, pouring milk into it and making corn bread. This she would feed to the neighbor's children. (Children were often fed that way during slavery.)
Her husband made petition against her, and she was found by the court to be a lunatic and sent to the sanitarium at Milledgeville, Georgia on 20 Oct 1913.29 Charlotte was a mulatto with blonde hair. While at Milledgeville, her appearance was not appreciated and she was beaten until they eventually killed her. The marks from the keys they used to beat her with were found to be still on her body.
I sent for and received her medical record from Milledgeville State Hospital (now Central State Hospital). The record I received back was one-page. It states that Charlotte was received on 20 Oct 1913, and died 9 Jul 1914.The thing that puzzles me is the notation of an autopsy that was granted on 10 Feb 1914, five months before her death is recorded to have occurred. It says she was age 50 (?), married, housewife. There is a notation dated Apr 1913 thatdescribes her as homicidal, violent and disposed to do mischief with fire. And something about "Cause probably menopause." It also states she ate and slept poorly. Charlotte died at Milledgeville, according to the document, on 9 Jul 1914, less than one year after her arrival. Her body was sent to Scott Johnson of Thomasville.
Joretha Hadley (2)
Joretha Hadley was Dennis and Mary Nixon Hadley's daughter whom I have found no record of. We know that she did exist because she had a son by the name of Thomas T. Hadley, Sr. That information was provided to me by Alleen Hadley Sinquefield, who received it from her cousin, Susie Martha Washington Heard, Dennis' great-granddaughter. Different names are sometimes recorded for the same person. She may be on the 1870 U.S. Census by another name, perhaps the eight year old "Mary."
Thomas T. Hadley, Sr. (3)
Thomas is shown in 188030 living with his grandfather, Dennis and his wife Elizabeth Parker Hadley.
NameColor Sex Age Relationship Occupation
HADLEY, Dennis MuM 66farmer
LizabethBF 40wife keeping house
Thomas was born Jul or Nov 1876 and died 12 Mar 1912. The 190031 census records him when he was on his own as a single young man of twenty-three years. Alleen says they used to call him "the whitest man in Georgia, white or black."
Thomas met and eventually married Susie Thompson on 28 Feb 1904.32 The family is in the 1910 U.S. Census33 as follows:
NameRelationship Sex Color Age Marital Status
HADLEY, Tom headM C35M1
Sylvesterdaughter F C1S
LindadaughterF C?/12 S
Carrie was their daughter, not son.
Thomas built the house he resided in with his bride in the St. Paul Community. He carried the lumber from the mill to his home site, a distance of perhaps 2-3 miles, on his shoulders, two pieces at a time. Alleen recalls his wife Susie telling her that he furnished it with everything but a sifter.
Their first child, Joseph Hadley (20 Feb 1905Jul 1907), died after his clothes caught fire and he was burned. Malinda (Linda above) was an extraordinary seamstress, who sewed for a U.S. Representative in Washington, D.C., and others in those circles. She had a daughter by the name of Earlie Hadley who resides, or did reside inNew York. Carrie was quiet and raised Malinda's daughter, Earlie. I'm told that Silvester (changed her name to Sylvia) was the "wild" one in the bunch. Thomas and Susie also had sons named Simon "KC" Hadley, born ca. 1908, and Thomas T. Hadley, Jr., who was born in 1912, sometime after his father's death.
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