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Andreas Garr (b. June 14, 1685, d. December 11, 1756)Andreas Garr was born June 14, 1685 in Frankenhofen, Mittlefranken, Bavaria, Germany, and died December 11, 1756 in Madison County, Virginia.He married Eva SEIDELMANN on February 23, 1710/11 in Dinkelsbuhl, Bavaria, Germany.
Notes for Andreas Garr:
On 26 Apr 1732, Andreas Garr, with five of his children, led a company of 300 German Palatines out of Germany, Province of Bavaria, to escape persecution by the Roman Church.Destination America.They came first overland to Rotterdam, Holland, then to Crowen, England, then to America on the ship "Loyal Judith".The ship landed at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 12 Sep 1732.
Andreas was a weaver, a descendant of "an old and very good family", who in 1519 had been honored by Emperor Charles V.This family were devout Christians and when the Roman Catholic Church became so corrupt and Martin Luther led the break, he found ready followers in this worthy family.
Andreas inherited his father's trade and love of righteousness in religion.When he learned of America and its religious inducements nothing could keep him from coming.
Andreas and Eva had twelve children. Elizabeth, Eva Maria, Anna Margaretha and Hans George all died in Illenschwang, Bavaria.Three died of flu and diphtheria in Illenschwang, Andreas, Jr., John, Jr., and John Leonard. Andreas and Eva arrived in the Colony of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia with only five surviving children of twelve born.Rosina was the eldest surviving child on arrival, having celebrated her 19th birthday at sea just prior to the ship's arrival in the Colonies.("The Genealogy of John Garr" in the Library of Congress 1894)
From Illenschwang Church Records:
Andreas Gar, newly situated weaver and countryman of Dinkelsbuhl, son of John Gar, Wuertembergisch Weiltingesch, weaver in Frankenhofen, was married to Eva, daughter of George Seidelmann, countryman of Dinkelsbuhl and weaver here, after being duly proclaimed three times from the pulpit here, on the 23rd of February, 1711.
Andreas Gar has ordered that a clean wooden cross should be made by the carpenter of Neustaedtlein by Dinkelsbuhl from the three florins which he left; which the carpenter made as the bill shows.This was done in remembrance and on supposition that said Andreas Gar would possibly not have a cross to be carried before his funeral, or the funeral of one of the party, according the news that said Andreas shall not have reached Pennsylvania, or died immediately after landing.
Against this supposition they arrived in the month of Aug 1733, a letter from the oldest son of said Gar, addressed to his godfather, John Adam, Erbel, dated 1 Feb 1733, and written in Germantown, a place supposed to be twelve hours from Philadelphia. The letter says all reached Pennsylvania safe and living, but soon afterwards the other daughter, Maria Barbara, died.
"After this came a letter to my hand dated 18 Nov 1732, written by Andreas Gar himself:"
The contents of this letter are that they all arrived at their destination after a very long and dangerous voyage.
At Rotterdam over four hundred of his faith partook of Holy Communion. There they had to wait six weeks on account of the great number of people.
From there it took eighteen days to bring them to Cowes, in England, on account of contrary winds and heavy ships and there all the trunks were closely inspected on account of the high tariff. After laying there sixteen days, the ships crossed finally to sea.
His ship arrived in seven weeks and four days, but had to cross before the Gulf Stream eight days as the wind came against them; but (these are his own words) "God changed the wind, so we arrived safely in Philadelphia, and descending from the ship we thanked our dear Lord that He brought us all sound and safe to this beloved land."
"It is hard, trying, and long voyage. Thirteen, probably over thirteen hundred miles. There died six old persons and thirty-six children of small-pox."
"The wine is the life of man. Nice flour, dried meat, and dried fruits are very good. The land is good. Plenty of apples, and better than in Germany. One man preserved twenty-five barrels of apples. There is plenty of fruit, but as dear as in Germany. Cattle are twice as dear as in Germany. There are plenty of forges, smelting-works, foundries, and mills. Everything is free. Anybody can hunt, wherever he wishes, bears, wolves, etc."
"I belong to Germantown, six miles from Philadelphia. Am living with a weaver, and work this winter for half wages (could have got full wages in Illenschwang- Minister). A good hired man earns 100 florins; a woman forty. Have not yet seen any pine wood, but cedar wood. The most is oak forests. There came two ships with people, some in six weeks, some in eight weeks, and some in ten weeks, but the last one came in eighteen weeks. They suffered great misery, and those that did not die on the sea are mostly sick. I advise no people who have small children to come, as the voyage is too trying, but I do not regret it."
Until here are his own words. That this letter was from him, or from his son, is proven, not only by his handwriting, which was known, but also by his sign, which was given his cousin and him in my presence.
"Love of Christ is better that knowledge of everything."
(Copied into the church book in the month of January, 1734.
Attest: Kingly Protestant Pastorate)
Andreas' family history leads back to the early 1500's in Germany.At that time, Germany was known as Bavaria.His father was Johannes John Adam Garr, and his mother was Elizabeth Barbara Schuebel.His various grandfathers were mostly a family of Master Weavers.There are others that were bakers and even inn-keepers.Lineal descendant of the Gars were honored with a crest by the great Emperor Charles V, in 1519.The family was mentioned then as an "old and very good family."
More About Andreas Garr:
Record Change: January 23, 2004
More About Andreas Garr and Eva SEIDELMANN:
Marriage: February 23, 1710/11, Dinkelsbuhl, Bavaria, Germany.
Children of Andreas Garr and Eva SEIDELMANN are:
- +Johann Adam Gaar, b. November 24, 1711, Illenschwang, Bavaria, Germany, d. October 1793, Madison County, Virginia.