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Charles Richardson (b. 1751, d. 1823)Charles Richardson was born 1751, and died 1823.He married Mary Lewis.
Notes for Charles Richardson:
The following information is reproduced from a booklet researched and prepared by my cousin, Jack Richardson and his wife Jean, from Dalton, Georgia.
The Richardson Family
The family name is old English (the son of Richard) and it was well established in the British Isles in the early sixteenth century. Richardsons are found in the ancient records in at least fourteen English counties and three in Scotland. One family removed from County Norfolk in England to Ireland during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In 1666, Charles II granted large tracts of land in County Tyronne to a Simon Richardson. Some researchers believe that our Richardsons descendfrom this family but there is no proof.
Richardsons began arriving in America about 1630. By 1750, the name appears in the Colonial records from New England to the Carolinas. Thus far, however, we have been unable to establish a connection between these Colonial families and Charles Richardson of Rutherford
County, North Carolina, the first of our direct line that can be documented.
Nothing is known of the parentage or early life of Charles. We know that he was educated and, when he first appeared in Rutherford County, he had money in hand with which to buy his homestead. We also have the statement of his daughter Elizabeth (Lynch) to the 1880 Census taker (Rutherford County, Page 3, 21-23) that her father was born in Ireland and that her mother was a
native of North Carolina. This helps us to identif~r the time of his arrival in this country.
Ships papers in the Public Record Office, London, published in Passengers to America,
Tepper, 1977, Page 255, have this:
Ship RICH'D PENN, London to Philadelphia, Feb. 20-27, 1774.
PassengersAgeOccupationPurpose of voyage
Charles Richardson23GentlemanTo Settle
Thomas Richardson30MarinerFor Better Employment
Although it is impossible to prove, it seems to be an inescapable truth that this Charles was our ancestor. To begin, the age is correct, i.e., born about 1751. Further, no other Charles has been found on any other list of arrivals within this general time period. Charles and Thomas may have been relatives, even brothers, but as no other record of Thomas Richardson has been found, this is speculation.
The time of Charles' arrival was one of political turmoil in the Colonies, particularly in Philadelphia. Later the same year, in September, the first Continental Congress would convene in the city. The following year would see the first battles of the Revolution, Lexington and Concord. We may imagine that the newly landed British subject, by his own designation on the ship's log, a "Gentleman," may well have considered himself a bit above the rebellious colonists, and would take a dim view of the agitation to break away from the old country.
Record keeping was a much neglected duty during the turbulent years of the war. Many that were completed were subsequently lost or destroyed. Perhaps for these reasons, only one mention of a Charles Richardson has been found in the fifteen years that followed. It is probable that he left Philadelphia and came south soon after he landed. There were many Richardson families already firmly established in Colonial Virginia and the Carolinas, even in the Rutherford County area.
The May 1777, Orange County, North Carolina Court Minutes (Folio 1, Page 2) has this entry:
"Charles Richardson being called upon by the Court as a suspicious person, and reflising to take the Oath of Allegiance to this State agreeable to the directions of theGeneral Assembly.
Ordered (that) he be committed to the Common Gaol there to remain until he takes said Oath, and pays the Lawful Fees thereupon and that the Gaoler receive him accordingly."
There is nothing further about the case in the Court Minutes. Charles must have seen the error of his ways, signed the oath, paid the fees and obtained his release. Again, there is no documented proof that this was the Charles Richardson of Rutherford County. It is a fair assumption in view of his recent arrival and the fact that no other Charles Richardson can be found in any North Carolina record for the period 1777, 1789. A thorough search of Colonial and State records, Revolutionary Army Accounts, Loyalist Claims, Orange County Deed and Court Records, Tax Lists, etc., has been fruitless. Neither can he be found in the Old Military files of the National Archives.
Sometime about 1779 - 1780, Charles married Mary, a North Carolina girl, but no record of this union has been located and Mary's family name is not known. In later years, the elder son, William, gave his birthplace as North Carolina, further indication that Charles had remained somewhere in the state until he settled in Rutherford County.
Charles was not listed on the Rutherford County Tax Rolls in 1782 and 1785. The first record of his residence there is of January 8, 1789. On that day he bought from James Dickey 130 acres" - on the north side of Broad River" for 45 pounds. The deed was recorded July 15, 1789. This tract was part of a Royal Patent granted to John Templeton, September 25, 1766. Later in the year 1789, Charles received a State Grant of 50 acres adjoining his property. Again, in 1807, he was granted another 50 acres, this also adjoining his previously acquired lands.
In the 1790 Census of Rutherford County, Charles and his household; three boys under 16, four females and one slave, were listed in Captain Morgan's Company, First District. The 1800 Census lists Charles as "over 45" that is, born before 1755. Mary was then "26 to 45." In 1810, both were over 45. From these records we can place Mary's birth year between 1755 and 1765. They were not enumerated in the Census of 1820. From this it may be assumed they had given up their home and were living with one or more of the children. In that year William's household included an older male, possibly Charles. However, this does not account for Mary's whereabouts when the 1820 census was taken.
No cemetery record or gravestone has been found for either Charles or Mary, but Charles' will plus land transactions, allow us to calculate the year of his death. The will is dated October 6,1823. He was then about 72 years old (born 1751). All his property was left to Mary for as long as she lived. After her death, the real property would be divided equally between the five sons. The daughters would share in the balance of the estate.
Mary survived until April 29, 1847, according to her obituary in The Southern Christian Advocate. By the time of her death only four of her children were still residing in Rutherford County. She probably made her home with son Charles, Jr., or with Isabella, Elizabeth, or Mary during her last years.
WILL OF CHARLES RICHARDSON
Will Book One, Rutherford County, North Carolina
In the name of God Amen
I, Charles Richardson of the County of Rutherford and State of North Carolina, being in health and sound mind and memory and considering that my dissolution is drawing nigh according to the course of nature, after Recommending my soul to God who gave it and my body to the Earth to be buried in decent Christian Burial nothing doubting but I shall receive the same again by the mighty Power of God in the morning of the Resurrection, and as touching such worldly property as it has pleased God to Endow me with in this life, I do hereby will and bequest in manner following. And first my will is that all my just debts shall be paid out of my perishable property by my well belovedwife Mary Richardson to whom I bequeath 130 acres of land whereon I now live with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging together with two fifty acre tracts adjoining to it. I further bequeath to the said Mary all my stock of every kind together with all my household furniture of every kind, to use and to apply to her use as she may stand in need without molestation, and after her decease my further will is that the above described lands be exposed to sale and equally divided among my five sons (to wit) William, Charles, Hyman, Hiram and James. I further bequeath to my three daughters Isabella, Elizabeth and Mary each a feather bed, and all other property pertaining to my estate that may remain in my will is that it be equally divided into eight shares amongst my eight children as they may agree in respect of selling it off or dividing by consent. And I hereby revoke and disannul all other wills and testaments hitherto made by me, ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I Have hereunto set my hand and affixedmy seal this 6th day of October, 1823. This will to be proved and Recorded in the said County Court first succeeding after my decease.
Charles Richardson (s)
N.B.I further appoint William Richardson and Jacob Michal my executors to this will.
Charles Richardson (s)
Signed sealed pronounced and Delivered in presence of us who in each others presence havehereunto subscribed our names.
William Hall Senr (Jurat)
William Hall Jnr (Jurat)
This obituary of Mary Richardson is copied from The Southern Christian Advocate published in Charleston, South Carolina July 16,1847.
Died, in Rutherford County, North Carolina, April 29th, Mrs. Mary Richardson in the 88th year of her age. She was born in Cabarrus County,
North Carolina, January 27, 1760.
She was brought up under Presbyterian influence, and attached herself to that church when quite young. In 1795 she joined the M.E.Church, and soon afier experienced a change of heart, being one of the first that attached herself to the M.E. Church in this part of the country.
The writer of this notice conversed with her frequently for the last eight years, and though worn down by age and bodily infirmity, her mind
retained its vigor, especially on her favorite subjects, religion and the Bible. She loved to hear three of her grandsons preach the doctrines that she so much loved, and without any special affliction, she ceased to live on earth, and we doubt not, now lives with the spirits of the just, made perfect in heaven.
The three preacher grandsons mentioned in Mary's obituary were:
Alfred H. (b. 1814 d. 1854), son of William Richardson. Alfred served several circuits in North and South Carolina, lectured on temperance under the auspices of the State Temperance Convention, and distributed Bibles under appointment of an agencywhich promoted such distribution. He died in his early 40's. His widow, Celestia Ann, three of her children, and her mother, Mrs.Tillman, moved to Whitfield County sometime prior to 1860 and bought land in the neighborhood where William Richardson hadsettled. They lived there the rest of their lives.
John M. (b. 1803 d. 1870) also a son of William, was a well-known Methodist preacher inWhitfield County. During the Civil War he was supply preacher for the First Methodist Church in Dalton.
In 1868 John M. was the officiating minister at the wedding of George W. Hair and Emma Lavinia Cady, my great grandparents on Mother's side. William Cosby (b. 1815 d. 1902) another son of William, was ordained by Bishop James 0. Andrews in Columbia, South Carolina in 1844. During the period when he and his brother John M., as young men, were in the Habersham County gold fields, they were also preaching in Methodist churches in the area. When they settled in Whitfield County they and their families
were founding members of Bethel Methodist church.
Other descendants of Charles and Mary who have become ministers of the gospel are: Robert Douglas Richardson, son of John Harvey and Edna Cady Richardson. He was a pastor in California for many years.
Jack Henry Richardson, son of Bert E. and Johnnie Hair Richardson. He was a pastor in Georgia and Kentucky and a state missionary for the Georgia Baptist Convention for a total of forty years.
Robert Leslie Tigh, grandson of Robert Douglas Richardson, is a lay minister and has served as pastor of two churches in National City, California: South Bay Bible Church and Lincoln Acres Community Church. His grandfather also pastored these churches during his ministry.
The burial sites for Charles and Mary Richardson are inRutherford County, North Carolina. The exact location is unknown.
Children of Charles Richardson and Mary Lewis are:
- Isabella Richardson, b. 1780, d. date unknown.
- William Richardson, b. 1781, d. 1870.
- Elizabeth Richardson, b. 1784, d. 1880.
- Charles Jr. Richardson, b. 1785, d. date unknown.
- Mary Richardson, b. 1787, d. 1870.
- +Hiram Lewis Richardson, b. 1793, (Twin), d. 1863, Dawson. Georgia.
- Hyman Richardson, b. 1793, (Twin), d. date unknown.
- James Miller Richardson, b. 1797, d. Bef. 1870.